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Tie-breaking Methods
In games and sports, a tiebreaker or tiebreak is used to determine a winner from among players or teams that are tied at the end of a contest, or a set of contests.Contents1 General operation1.1 In matches 1.2 In tournaments and playoffs 1.3 In promotion/relegation and draft order2 Specific sports2.1 Association football 2.2 American football 2.3 Australian rules football2.3.1 Previous systems2.4 Baseball 2.5 Cricket 2.6 Field target 2.7 Ice hockey 2.8 Tennis 2.9 Snooker3 Outside sports 4 Chess 5 See alsoGeneral operation[edit] In matches[edit] In some situations, the tiebreaker may consist of another round of play. For example, if contestants are tied at the end of a quiz game, they each might be asked one or more extra questions, and whoever correctly answers the most from that extra set is the winner. In many sports, teams that are tied at the end of a match compete in an additional period of play called "overtime" or "extra time"
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Tie Break (other)
Tie Break may refer to:A Tiebreaker at the end of a set or game such as tennis Tie Break (Austrian band) -an Austrian boyband Tie Break (jazz ensemble)- a Polish jazz groupThis disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Tie Break. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the
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World Baseball Softball Confederation
World Baseball
Baseball
Softball
Softball
Confederation (WBSC; French: Confédération internationale de baseball et softball) is the world governing body for the sports of baseball and softball. It was established in 2013 by the merger of the International Baseball
Baseball
Federation (IBAF) and International Softball
Softball
Federation (ISF), the former world governing bodies for baseball and softball, respectively. Under WBSC's organizational structure, IBAF and ISF now serve as the Baseball Division and Softball
Softball
Division of WBSC
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FA Cup
The FA
The FA
Cup, known officially as The Football Association
The Football Association
Challenge Cup, is an annual knockout football competition in men's domestic English football. First played during the 1871–72 season, it is one of the oldest association football competitions in the world.[1] It is organised by and named after The Football Association
The Football Association
(The FA). For sponsorship reasons, from 2015 through to 2018 it is also known as The Emirates FA Cup
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American Football
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada[citation needed] and also known as gridiron,[nb 1] is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, which is the team controlling the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball, while the defense, which is the team without control of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and aims to take control of the ball for themselves. The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, and otherwise they turn over the football to the defense; if the offense succeeds in advancing ten yards or more, they are given a new set of four downs. Points are primarily scored by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal
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Australian Football League
The Australian Football League
Australian Football League
(AFL) is the pre-eminent professional competition in the sport of Australian rules football
Australian rules football
in Australia
Australia
and features only Australian teams. Through the AFL Commission, the AFL also serves as the sport's governing body, and is responsible for controlling the laws of the game. The league was founded as the Victorian Football League
Victorian Football League
(VFL) as a breakaway from the previous Victorian Football Association
Victorian Football Association
(VFA), with its inaugural season commencing in 1897
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AFL Grand Final
The AFL Grand Final
AFL Grand Final
is an annual Australian rules football
Australian rules football
match, traditionally held on the final Saturday in September or the first Saturday in October at the Melbourne
Melbourne
Cricket Ground in Melbourne, Australia, to determine the Australian Football League
Australian Football League
(AFL) premiers for that year. The game has become significant to Australian culture, spawning a number of traditions and surrounding activities which have grown in popularity since the interstate expansion of the Victorian Football League in the 1980s and the subsequent creation of the national AFL competition in the 1990s
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Baseball
Baseball
Baseball
is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team, called the pitcher, throws a ball which a player on the batting team tries to hit with a bat. The objectives of the offensive team (batting team) are to hit the ball into the field of play, and to run the bases - having its runners advance counter-clockwise around four bases to score what are called "runs". The objective of the defensive team (fielding team) is to prevent batters from becoming runners, and to prevent runners' advance around the bases.[1] A run is scored when a runner legally advances around the bases in order and touches home plate (the place where the player started as a batter). The team who scores the most runs by the end of the game is the winner. The first objective of the batting team is to have a player reach base safely
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Extra Innings
Extra innings is the extension of a baseball or softball game in order to break a tie. Ordinarily, a baseball game consists of nine innings (in softball and high school baseball games there are typically seven innings; in Little League, six), each of which is divided into halves: the visiting team bats first, after which the home team takes its turn at bat. However, if the score remains tied at the end of the regulation number of complete innings, the rules provide that "play shall continue until (1) the visiting team has scored more total runs than the home team at the end of a completed inning; or (2) the home team scores the winning run in an uncompleted inning." The rules of the game, including the batting order, availability of substitute players and pitchers, etc., remain intact in extra innings. Managers must display caution to avoid using all their substitute players, in case the game reaches extensive extra innings
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Nippon Professional Baseball
Nippon Professional Baseball
Baseball
(日本野球機構, Nippon Yakyū Kikō) or NPB is the highest level of baseball in Japan. Locally, it is often called Puro Yakyū (プロ野球), meaning Professional Baseball. Outside Japan, it is often just referred to as "Japanese baseball". The roots of the league can be traced back to the formation of the "Greater Japan
Japan
Tokyo
Tokyo
Baseball
Baseball
Club" (大日本東京野球倶楽部, Dai-Nippon Tōkyō Yakyū Kurabu) in 1934 and the original Japanese Baseball
Baseball
League. NPB was formed when that league reorganized in 1950. The league currently consists of two six-team circuits, the Central League and the Pacific League
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Minor League Baseball
Minor League Baseball
Baseball
is a hierarchy of professional baseball leagues in the Americas that compete at levels below Major League Baseball (MLB) and provide opportunities for player development and a way to prepare for the major leagues. All of the minor leagues are operated as independent businesses. Most are members of the umbrella organization known as Minor League Baseball
Baseball
(MiLB), which operates under the Commissioner of Baseball
Baseball
within the scope of organized baseball. Several leagues, known as independent baseball leagues, do not have any official links to Major League Baseball. Except for the Mexican League, teams in the organized minor leagues are generally independently owned and operated but are directly affiliated with one major league team through a standardized Player Development Contract (PDC)
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Longest Professional Baseball Game
The Pawtucket Red Sox and the Rochester Red Wings, two teams from the Triple-A International League, played the longest game in professional baseball history. It lasted 33 innings, with 8 hours and 25 minutes of playing time. 32 innings were played April 18/19, 1981, at McCoy Stadium in Pawtucket, Rhode Island and the final 33rd inning was played June 23, 1981. Pawtucket won the game, 3–2.Contents1 The game 2 Records set in the game 3 Line score 4 Box scores4.1 Batting 4.2 Pitching5 Game notes and statistics 6 Players involved 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External linksThe game[edit] The game began on Saturday, April 18, 1981 at 8:25 p.m.,[1] after a delay of about 30 minutes due to problems with stadium lights, with 1,740 in attendance. It continued through the night and into Easter morning
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Super Over
A Super Over,[1][2] also called a one-over eliminator[3][4] or simply an eliminator,[5] is a tie-breaking method used in limited-overs cricket matches. The super over is a reduced version of the match that consists only of one over (six balls) and two wickets for each team. The official result of the match would be a "tie" but within the context of the tournament or series, the winning team of the "Super Over" is declared the winner of the match and the victory is seen as equivalent of one earned in a regular match. Runs scored in super overs do not count towards a player's statistical record.[citation needed] The Super Over was first used in 2008 in Twenty20 cricket, replacing the bowl-out method that was previously used for breaking a tie
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Golden Goal
The golden goal or golden point is a rule used in association football, bandy, lacrosse, field hockey, ice hockey and korfball to decide the winner of a match (typically a knock-out match) in which scores are equal at the end of normal time. It is a type of sudden death. Under this rule, the game will end when a goal or point is scored; the team that scores that goal or point during extra time will be the winner. Introduced formally in 1992, though with some history before that, the rule ceased to apply to most FIFA
FIFA
authorized football games in 2004. The similar silver goal supplemented the golden goal between 2002 and 2004. The golden goal is still used in NCAA matches and in FIH sanctioned field hockey games, as well as in FIRS sanctioned roller hockey games. A related concept is used in National Rugby League
National Rugby League
games
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Field Target
Field target
Field target
is an outdoor air gun discipline originated by the National Air Rifle
Rifle
and Pistol
Pistol
Association in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
in 1980.[1][2]Contents1 UK rules 2 Equipment 3 Physics and technique 4 Rules in other countries4.1 Malta 4.2 The Netherlands 4.3 New Zealand 4.4 Poland 4.5 Spain 4.6 United States 4.7 Hungary 4.8 Germany 4.9 Estonia5 World Field Target Federation5.1 Administration 5.2 Championships5.2.1 Categories 5.2.2 Host country 5.2.3 Results5.2.3.1 Men's PCP Category 5.2.3.2 PCP Category Firsts 5.2.3.3 Team PCP Category6 Sources 7 See also 8 External links 9 ReferencesUK rules[edit] In UK (United Kingdom) rules, competitors aim to shoot the small “kill” zone that forms part of a larger metal faceplate
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Air Rifle
An air gun is any kind of gun that launches projectiles pneumatically with compressed air or other gases that are pressurized mechanically without involving any chemical reactions, in contrast to a firearm, which relies on an exothermic chemical oxidation (deflagration) of combustible propellants to generate propulsive energy. Both the long gun and handgun forms (air rifle and air pistol) typically propel metallic projectiles, that are either diabolo-shaped pellets, or spherical shots called BBs. Certain types of air guns (usually rifles) may also propel darts or arrows. The first air guns were developed as early as the 1500s. They have been used in hunting, sporting and warfare
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