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Thomas Hobbes
THOMAS HOBBES (/hɒbz/ ; 5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679), in some older texts THOMAS HOBBES OF MALMESBURY, was an English philosopher who is considered one of the founders of modern political philosophy . Hobbes is best known for his 1651 book _ Leviathan _, which established the social contract theory that has served as the foundation for most later Western political philosophy. In addition to political philosophy, Hobbes also contributed to a diverse array of other fields, including history , jurisprudence , geometry , the physics of gases , theology , ethics , and general philosophy
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Hobbes (other)
HOBBES is primarily used to refer to: THOMAS HOBBES (1588–1679), English philosopher and creator of the social contract theory HOBBES may also refer to: * Fredric Hobbs , experimental filmmaker * Roger Hobbes , English politician * Hobbe (Fable) , a race of goblin like creatures from the Fable video game series * Hobbes (Calvin and Hobbes character) , a tiger from the comic strip Calvin and Hobbes * Hobbes, a character in the Fablescomic book series * Miranda Hobbes , a character on Sex and the City * Ralgha nar Hhallas , known as "Hobbes", a character in the computer game series Wing Commander * John Oliver Hobbes , pen-name of Pearl Mary Teresa CraigieSEE ALSO * Hobbs (other) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title HOBBES. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article
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Thomas Hobbes (priest)
THOMAS HOBBES was Dean of Exeter during 1509. NOTES * ^ Ursula Radford (1955). "An Introduction to the Deans of Exeter"
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Thomas Hobbs (other)
THOMAS HOBBS may refer to: * Thomas Hobbes or Hobbs (1588–1679), English philosopher * Thomas Saunders Hobbs (1856–1927), English-born Ontario merchant and politician * Thomas Hobbs (MP) , Member of Parliament for Weymouth in 1555; see Weymouth and Melcombe Regis * Thomas Hobbs, actor in Prince Charles's Men and the King\'s Men , the latter from 1626 to 1637 * Thomas Hobbs (priest) (d. 1509) Dean of WindsorSEE ALSO * Thomas Hobbes (priest) , Dean of Exeter * Thomas Hobbs, Jr., House , on the National Register of Historic Places listings in York County, Maine This disambiguation page lists articles about people with the same name. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thomas_Hobbs additional terms may apply
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Westport, Wiltshire
WESTPORT, sometimes called WESTPORT ST. MARY, was a village and civil parish in Wiltshire
Wiltshire
, England, immediately west of the town of Malmesbury
Malmesbury
. The philosopher Thomas Hobbes was born in Westport in 1588; his father, also Thomas Hobbes, lived at Westport while serving as curate of Brokenborough . Westport no longer exists as a separate village and is not named on modern maps. The built-up area was incorporated in the borough of Malmesbury
Malmesbury
in 1934; the rural parts of the parish were incorporated in 1896 into the parish of St Paul Malmesbury
Malmesbury
Without . REFERENCES * ^ Ekblom (1917) p. 170 * ^ Baggs, A.P.; Freeman, Jane; Stevenson, Janet H (1991). Crowley, D.A., ed. "Victoria County History: Wiltshire: Vol 14 pp229-240 - Parishes: Westport". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 31 July 2017
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Malmesbury
MALMESBURY /ˈmɑːlmzbri/ or /ˈmɑːmzbri/ is a market town and civil parish in the southern Cotswolds in the county of Wiltshire
Wiltshire
, England. Technology company Dyson is headquartered in Malmesbury, which remains a market town and became prominent in the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
as a centre for learning focused on and around Malmesbury Abbey
Malmesbury Abbey
, the bulk of which forms a rare survival of the dissolution of the monasteries . Once the site of an Iron Age fort, in the Anglo-Saxon period it became the site of a monastery famed for its learning and one of Alfred the Great
Alfred the Great
's fortified burhs for defence against the Vikings. Æthelstan
Æthelstan
, the first king of England, was buried in Malmesbury Abbey
Malmesbury Abbey
when he died in 939
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England
ENGLAND is a country that is part of the United Kingdom . It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain (which lies in the North Atlantic ) in its centre and south; and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly , and the Isle of Wight . The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries
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Derbyshire
DERBYSHIRE (/ˈdɑːrbᵻʃər/ ( listen ) or /ˈdɑːrbɪʃɪər/ ; abbreviated DERBYS. or DERBS.) is a county in the East Midlands
East Midlands
of England. A substantial portion of the Peak District National Park lies within Derbyshire, containing the southern extremity of the Pennine range of hills which extend into the north of the county. The county contains part of the National Forest , and borders on Greater Manchester
Manchester
to the northwest, West Yorkshire
West Yorkshire
to the north, South Yorkshire to the northeast, Nottinghamshire to the east, Leicestershire
Leicestershire
to the southeast, Staffordshire
Staffordshire
to the west and southwest and Cheshire
Cheshire
also to the west
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Magdalen Hall, Oxford
HERTFORD COLLEGE (/ˈhɑːrtfərd/ HART-fərd ) is a constituent college of the University of Oxford
University of Oxford
in England. It is located on Catte Street in the centre of Oxford, directly opposite the main gate to the Bodleian Library . The College is known for its iconic bridge, the Bridge of Sighs . As of 2015, the college had a financial endowment of £56m. There are 612 students (409 undergraduates and 187 graduates), plus various visiting students from universities all over the world. Some famous alumni include William Tyndale
William Tyndale
, John Donne , Thomas Hobbes , Jonathan Swift
Jonathan Swift
and Evelyn Waugh
Evelyn Waugh

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17th-century Philosophy
17TH-CENTURY PHILOSOPHY in the Western world is generally regarded as being the start of modern philosophy , and a departure from the medieval approach , especially Scholasticism . Early 17th-century philosophy is often called the AGE OF REASON or AGE OF RATIONALISM and is considered to succeed the Renaissance philosophy era and precede the Age of Enlightenment . CONTENTS * 1 Europe * 2 List of 17th-century philosophers * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links EUROPEIn the West, 17th-century philosophy is usually taken to start with the work of René Descartes , who set much of the agenda as well as much of the methodology for those who came after him. The period is typified in Europe by the great system-builders — philosophers who present unified systems of epistemology , metaphysics , logic , and ethics , and often politics and the physical sciences too
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Social Contract
In both moral and political philosophy , the SOCIAL CONTRACT or POLITICAL CONTRACT is a theory or model, originating during the Age of Enlightenment , that typically addresses the questions of the origin of society and the legitimacy of the authority of the state over the individual . Social contract arguments typically posit that individuals have consented, either explicitly or tacitly , to surrender some of their freedoms and submit to the authority of the ruler or magistrate (or to the decision of a majority), in exchange for protection of their remaining rights . The question of the relation between natural and legal rights , therefore, is often an aspect of social contract theory. The term takes its name from _The Social Contract _ (_Du contrat social ou Principes du droit politique_), a 1762 book by Jean-Jacques Rousseau that discussed this concept
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Political Realism
REALISM is a school of thought in international relations theory , theoretically formalising the Realpolitik statesmanship of early modern Europe . Although a highly diverse body of thought, it can be thought of as unified by the belief that world politics ultimately is always and necessarily a field of conflict among actors pursuing power. Crudely, realists are of three kinds in what they take the source of ineliminable conflict to be. Classical realists believe that it follows from human nature, neorealists focus upon the structure of the anarchic state system, and neoclassical realists believe that it is a result of a combination of the two and certain domestic variables. Realists also disagree about what kind of action states ought to take to navigate world politics, dividing between (although most realists fall outside the two groups) defensive realism and offensive realism
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Empiricism
EMPIRICISM is a theory that states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience . It is one of several views of epistemology , the study of human knowledge, along with rationalism and skepticism . Empiricism emphasizes the role of empirical evidence in the formation of ideas, over the idea of innate ideas or traditions ; empiricists may argue however that traditions (or customs) arise due to relations of previous sense experiences. Empiricism in the philosophy of science emphasizes evidence, especially as discovered in experiments . It is a fundamental part of the scientific method that all hypotheses and theories must be tested against observations of the natural world rather than resting solely on a priori reasoning, intuition , or revelation
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Determinism
Related concepts and fundamentals: * Agnosticism
Agnosticism
* Epistemology
Epistemology
* Presupposition * Probability
Probability
* v * t * e DETERMINISM is the philosophical position that for every event there exist conditions that could cause no other event. "There are many determinisms, depending on what pre-conditions are considered to be determinative of an event or action." Deterministic theories throughout the history of philosophy have sprung from diverse and sometimes overlapping motives and considerations. Some forms of determinism can be empirically tested with ideas from physics and the philosophy of physics . The opposite of determinism is some kind of indeterminism (otherwise called _nondeterminism_). Determinism
Determinism
is often contrasted with free will
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Materialism
MATERIALISM is a form of philosophical monism which holds that matter is the fundamental substance in nature , and that all things, including mental things and consciousness , are results of material interactions. Materialism is closely related to physicalism , the view that all that exists is ultimately physical. Philosophical physicalism has evolved from materialism with the discoveries of the physical sciences to incorporate more sophisticated notions of physicality than mere ordinary matter, such as: spacetime , physical energies and forces , dark matter , and so on. Thus the term "physicalism" is preferred over "materialism" by some, while others use the terms as if they are synonymous . Philosophies contradictory to materialism or physicalism include idealism , pluralism , dualism , and other forms of monism
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