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Thermal Seeker
Infrared
Infrared
homing is a passive weapon guidance system which uses the infrared (IR) light emission from a target to track and follow it. Missiles which use infrared seeking are often referred to as "heat-seekers", since infrared is radiated strongly by hot bodies. Many objects such as people, vehicle engines and aircraft generate and emit heat, and as such, are especially visible in the infrared wavelengths of light compared to objects in the background. Infrared
Infrared
seekers are passive devices, which, unlike radar, provide no indication that they are tracking a target
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Heatseeker (other)
A heatseeker is a type of missile guided by infrared homing. Heatseeker may also refer to:"Heatseeker" (song), a song by AC/DC Heatseeker (video game), a 2007 jet fighter game Top Heatseekers, Billboard song and album charts for new and developing acts Heatseeker (film), A film about martial artsThis disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Heatseeker. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the
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Assault Rifle
An assault rifle is a selective-fire rifle that uses an intermediate cartridge and a detachable magazine.[1][2][3][4][5] Assault rifles were first used during World War II.[6][7][8] Though Western nations were slow to accept the assault rifle concept, by the end of the 20th century they had become the standard weapon in most of the world's armies, replacing full-powered rifles and sub-machine guns in most roles.[8] Examples include the StG 44, AK-47
AK-47
and the M16 rifle.[8] The term assault rifle is generally attributed to Adolf Hitler, who for propaganda purposes used the German word "Sturmgewehr" (which translates to "storm r
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Tizard Committee
The Committee for the Scientific Survey of Air Defence (CSSAD),[1] also known as the Tizard Committee after its chairman, Henry Tizard, was a pre- World War II
World War II
scientific mission to study the needs of anti-aircraft warfare in the UK. The Committee is best known for its role in shepherding the development of radar and the building of the Chain Home
Chain Home
radar array and its associated control centres
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Edward Victor Appleton
Sir Edward Victor Appleton
Edward Victor Appleton
GBE KCB FRS[3] (6 September 1892 – 21 April 1965) was an English physicist,[4][5] Nobel Prize winner (1947) and pioneer in radiophysics
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University Of Berlin
Humboldt University of Berlin
Berlin
(German: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, abbreviated HU Berlin) is a university in the central borough of Mitte
Mitte
in Berlin, Germany. It was established by Frederick William III on the initiative of Wilhelm von Humboldt, Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Friedrich Ernst Daniel Schleiermacher
Friedrich Ernst Daniel Schleiermacher
as the University of Berlin (Universität zu Berlin) in 1809, and opened in 1810,[5] making it the oldest of Berlin's four universities. From 1810 until its closure in 1945, it was named Friedrich Wilhelm University (German: Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität).[6][7] During the Cold War
Cold War
the university found itself in East Berlin and was de facto split in two when the Free University of Berlin opened in West Berlin
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AEG
Allgemeine Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft AG[1] (AEG) (German: "General electricity company") was a German producer of electrical equipment founded as the Deutsche Edison-Gesellschaft für angewandte Elektricität in 1883 in Berlin
Berlin
by Emil Rathenau. After World War II its headquarters moved to Frankfurt
Frankfurt
am Main. In 1967 AEG
AEG
joined with its subsidiary Telefunken
Telefunken
AG creating Allgemeine Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft AEG-Telefunken. In 1985 Daimler-Benz
Daimler-Benz
purchased the AEG- Telefunken
Telefunken
Aktiengesellschaft, which was renamed to AEG
AEG
Aktiengesellschaft
Aktiengesellschaft
and wholly integrated the company in 1996 into Daimler-Benz
Daimler-Benz
AG (1998:DaimlerChrysler)
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Messerschmitt Bf 110
The Messerschmitt Bf 110, often known non-officially as the Me 110,[2] was a twin-engine heavy fighter (Zerstörer—German for "Destroyer") and fighter-bomber (Jagdbomber or Jabo) developed in Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
in the 1930s and used by the Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
during World War II. Hermann Göring was a proponent of the Bf 110. It was armed with two MG FF 20 mm cannon, four 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17 machine guns, and one 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 15 machine gun
MG 15 machine gun
or twin-barrel MG 81Z for defence
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Dornier Do 17
The Dornier Do 17, sometimes referred to as the Fliegender Bleistift ("flying pencil"), was a light bomber of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
during World War II. It was produced by Claudius Dornier's company, Dornier Flugzeugwerke. The aircraft was designed as a Schnellbomber
Schnellbomber
("fast bomber"), a light bomber which, in theory, would be so fast that it could outrun defending fighter aircraft. The Dornier was designed with two engines mounted on a "shoulder wing" structure and possessed a twin tail fin configuration. The type was popular among its crews due to its handling, especially at low altitude, which made the Do 17 harder to hit than other German bombers. Designed in the early 1930s, it was one of the three main Luftwaffe bomber types used in the first three years of the war. The Do 17 made its combat debut in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War, operating in the Condor Legion
Condor Legion
in various roles
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Night Fighters
A night fighter (also known as all-weather fighter or all-weather interceptor for a period of time post-World War II[1]) is a fighter aircraft adapted for use at night or in other times of bad visibility. Night fighters began to be used in World War I
World War I
and included types that were specifically modified to operate at night. During World War II, night fighters were either purpose-built or day fighters modified to be effective night fighting combat aircraft, often employing radar or other systems for providing some sort of detection capability in low visibility
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Tank
A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability. The first tanks were designed to overcome the deadlock of trench warfare; in the 2010s, they are a mainstay of modern ground forces and a key part of combined arms combat. Modern tanks are versatile mobile land weapon system platforms, mounting a large-calibre cannon in a rotating gun turret, supplemented by mounted machine guns or other weapons
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Zielgerät 1229
The ZG 1229 Vampir 1229 (ZG 1229), also known in its code name Vampir, was an active infrared device developed for the Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
for the Sturmgewehr 44 assault rifle during World War II, intended primarily for night use.Contents1 Design 2 Use 3 In popular culture 4 ReferencesDesign[edit] The ZG 1229 Vampir weighed in at 2.25 kilograms (about 5 lbs.) and was fitted with lugs on the StG 44
StG 44
at C.G. Haenel at Suhl, the weapons production facility. The grenadier carrying this was known as a Nachtjäger (night-hunter). As well as the sight and infrared spotlight, there was a 13.5 kilogram (about 30 lbs.) wooden cased battery for the light, and a second battery fitted inside a gas mask container to power the image converter. This was all strapped to a Tragegestell 39 (pack frame 1939). The searchlight consisted of a conventional tungsten light source shining through a filter permitting only infrared light
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StG 44
The StG 44
StG 44
(abbreviation of Sturmgewehr 44, "assault rifle 44") is a German selective-fire rifle developed during World War II. It is also known under the designations MP 43 and MP 44 (Maschinenpistole 43, Maschinenpistole 44 respectively). The StG 44
StG 44
was the first successful and widely produced design to use a new shorter cartridge, which permitted controllable automatic fire from a weapon more compact than a battle rifle, coupled with the recognition that most aimed rifle fire in combat situations did not exceed a few hundred metres.[5] By all accounts, the StG 44
StG 44
fulfilled its role effectively, particularly on the Eastern Front, offering a greatly increased volume of fire compared to standard infantry rifles
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Enzian
The Enzian
Enzian
(named for a genus of mountain flower, in English the Gentian) was a German WWII surface-to-air anti-aircraft missile that was the first to use a radio controlled guidance system.[1] During the missile's development in the late stages of the war it was plagued by organisational problems and was cancelled before becoming operational.Contents1 Development 2 Survivors 3 Cultural references 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksDevelopment[edit]The Australian War Memorial's Enzian
Enzian
missile in 2012 Messerschmitt "Enzian" missile (at the background in yellow and red) displayed at RAF museum CosfordAs early as 1943 it was becoming clear Messerschmitt's Me 163 interceptor would be difficult to use in combat. After flying to the 25,000–30,000 ft (7,600–9,100 m) altitude of allied bombers, it had only a few minutes to find them and make an attack before running out of fuel
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Frederick Lindemann
Frederick Alexander Lindemann, 1st Viscount Cherwell, CH, PC, FRS[1] (/ˈtʃɑːrwɛl/ CHAR-wel; 5 April 1886 – 3 July 1957) was a British physicist and an influential scientific adviser to the British government from the early 1940s to the early 1950s, particularly to Winston Churchill
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German Air Ministry
The Ministry of Aviation (German: Reichsluftfahrtministerium), abbreviated RLM, was a government department during the period of Nazi Germany
Germany
(1933–45). It is also the original name of the Detlev-Rohwedder-Haus
Detlev-Rohwedder-Haus
building on the Wilhelmstrasse
Wilhelmstrasse
in central Berlin, Germany, which today houses the German Finance Ministry (Bundesministerium der Finanzen). The Ministry was in charge of development and production of all aircraft developed, designed and built in Germany
Germany
during the existence of the Third Reich, overseeing all matters concerning both military and civilian designs — it handled military aviation matters as its top priority, particularly for the Luftwaffe
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