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The Roulettes
THE ROULETTES were a British rock and roll group formed in London
London
in 1962. They were shortly recruited to play as the backing group to singer Adam Faith , in order for him to compete with the beat bands then emerging from Merseyside. With Faith, they subsequently enjoyed a run of chart hits in the 1960s, billed as Adam Faith with The Roulettes on the Parlophone
Parlophone
label. They backed Faith on the UK chart hits; 'The First Time', 'We Are in Love', 'I Love Being in Love With You', 'If He Tells You', and 'Someone's Taken Maria Away' (between 1964–65) In 1962, The Roulettes signed with Pye Records and began releasing their own material, in 1963 they switched to the same label as Adam Faith, (Parlophone) but none of their singles reached the charts. Their only album 'Stakes And Chips' was released in 1965 with similar success. As well as backing Adam Faith on record, they accompanied him on tour until October 1965, most notably backing him on a 'Live' album. Early in 1967 they joined the Philips Fontana label but still the charts eluded them, although they toured Europe until later that year when the group split up
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London
LONDON /ˈlʌndən/ ( listen ) is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom . Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain , London has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans , who named it _ Londinium _. London's ancient core, the City of London
City of London
, largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km2) medieval boundaries. Since at least the 19th century, "London" has also referred to the metropolis around this core, historically split between Middlesex , Essex , Surrey , Kent , and Hertfordshire , which today largely makes up Greater London
Greater London
, a region governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly . London is a leading global city in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism, and transportation. It is crowned as the world's largest financial centre and has the fifth- or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world . London is a world cultural capital. It is the world's most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the world\'s largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic
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Rock Music
ROCK MUSIC is a genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll " in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and the United States. It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, a style which drew heavily on the African-American genres of blues and rhythm and blues , and from country music . Rock music also drew strongly on a number of other genres such as electric blues and folk , and incorporated influences from jazz , classical and other musical styles. Musically, rock has centered on the electric guitar , usually as part of a rock group with electric bass and drums and one or more singers . Typically, rock is song -based music usually with a 4/4 time signature using a verse–chorus form , but the genre has become extremely diverse. Like pop music , lyrics often stress romantic love but also address a wide variety of other themes that are frequently social or political. By the late 1960s "classic rock" period, a number of distinct rock music subgenres had emerged, including hybrids like blues rock , folk rock , country rock , raga rock , and jazz-rock , many of which contributed to the development of psychedelic rock , which was influenced by the countercultural psychedelic and hippie scene
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Beat Music
BEAT MUSIC, BRITISH BEAT, or MERSEYBEAT (after bands from Liverpool and nearby areas beside the River Mersey ) is a pop and rock music genre that developed in the United Kingdom in the early 1960s. Beat music is a fusion of rock and roll (mainly Chuck Berry guitar style and the midtempo beat of artists like Buddy Holly ), doo-wop , skiffle and R&B . The genre provided many of the bands responsible for the British Invasion of the American pop charts starting in 1964, and provided the model for many important developments in pop and rock music, including the format of the rock group around lead , rhythm and bass guitars with drums . CONTENTS * 1 Use of the term * 2 Characteristics * 3 History * 4 British Invasion * 5 Decline and influence * 6 Notable artists * 6.1 Merseybeat * 6.2 Other British beat groups * 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 External links USE OF THE TERMThe exact origins of the terms 'beat music' and 'Merseybeat' are uncertain. Beat music seems to have had little to do with the Beat Generation literary movement of the 1950s, and more to do with driving rhythms , which the bands had adopted from their rock and roll, rhythm and blues and soul music influences
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Rock And Roll
ROCK AND ROLL (often written as ROCK "> Sign commemorating the role of Alan Freed and Cleveland , Ohio in the origins of rock and roll The term "rock and roll" now has at least two different meanings, both in common usage. The _ American Heritage Dictionary _ and the _ Merriam-Webster Dictionary _ both define rock and roll as synonymous with rock music . _ Encyclopædia Britannica _, on the other hand, regards it as the music that originated in the mid-1950s and later developed "into the more encompassing international style known as rock music". The phrase "rocking and rolling" originally described the movement of a ship on the ocean, but was used by the early twentieth century, both to describe the spiritual fervor of black church rituals and as a sexual analogy. Various gospel, blues and swing recordings used the phrase before it became used more frequently – but still intermittently – in the 1940s, on recordings and in reviews of what became known as "rhythm and blues" music aimed at a black audience. In 1934, the song "Rock and Roll" by the Boswell Sisters appeared in the film _ Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round _. In 1942, _Billboard _ magazine columnist Maurie Orodenker started to use the term "rock-and-roll" to describe upbeat recordings such as "Rock Me" by Sister Rosetta Tharpe
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EMI
BROKEN UP: EMI Music Publishing
EMI Music Publishing
acquired by consortium led by: * Sony/ATV Music Publishing and comprising Sony Corporation of America * The Estate of Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
* Mubadala Development Company PJSC * Jynwel Capital Limited
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Adam Faith
TERENCE "TERRY" NELHAMS-WRIGHT (23 June 1940 – 8 March 2003), known as ADAM FAITH, was a British teen idol , singer, actor and financial journalist. He was one of the most charted acts of the 1960s. He became the first UK artist to lodge his initial seven hits in the Top 5 . He was also one of the first UK acts to record original songs regularly. CONTENTS * 1 Early life and education * 2 Music career * 3 Film and television career * 4 Later years and death * 5 Discography * 5.1 Singles * 5.2 Albums * 5.3 EPs * 5.4 Compilation albums * 5.5 US singles * 5.6 US albums * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONTerence Nelhams-Wright was born at 4 Churchfield Road , Acton , London , England. Known as Terry Nelhams, he was unaware his surname was Nelhams-Wright until he applied for a passport and obtained his birth certificate . The third in a family of five children, Nelhams grew up in a council house in a working class area of London, where he attended John Perryn Junior School. He started work at 12, delivering and selling newspapers while still at school. His first full-time job was odd-job boy for a silk screen printer . MUSIC CAREERFaith became one of Britain's significant early pop stars . At the time, he was distinctive for his hiccupping glottal stops and exaggerated pronunciation
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Unit 4 + 2
UNIT 4 + 2 were a British pop band , who had a number one hit in the UK Singles Chart in 1965 with the song " Concrete and Clay ". The track topped the UK chart for one week. CONTENTS* 1 Career * 1.1 Early days * 1.2 Success * 1.3 Later years * 1.4 Cover versions * 2 Band member details * 3 Discography * 3.1 Singles * 3.2 Albums * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Bibliography * 7 External links CAREEREARLY DAYSIn 1962, Brian Parker, then the guitar player and songwriter with The Hunters , decided to form his own vocal harmony group. He asked his friend David 'Buster' Meikle to join him. They asked singer Tommy Moeller and Peter Moules, who were at school together, to join their group which they called Unit 4. Unit 4 was later joined by Russ Ballard on guitar and Robert 'Bob' Henrit on drums (forming the + 2) for a six piece, four-part vocal harmony group. Moeller was lead singer and frontman, from the first show as the Unit 4 vocal group to the last show as Unit 4 + 2 as vocal group with instruments. Due to ill-health and a dislike of performing live, Brian Parker left the band, but remained involved as co-songwriter with Tommy Moeller for all of the band's original recordings. His place at live performances was taken by Howard 'Lem' Lubin
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Russ Ballard
RUSSELL GLYN BALLARD (31 October 1945) is an English singer, songwriter and musician. Originally coming to prominence as the lead singer and guitarist for the band Argent , Ballard became known by the late 1970s as a songwriter and producer. His compositions " New York Groove ", "You Can Do Magic ", " Since You Been Gone ", "Liar", "Winning ", "I Know There\'s Something Going On ", " So You Win Again " and "God Gave Rock and Roll to You " were hits for other artists during the 1970s and 1980s. He also scored several minor hits under his own name in the early and mid-1980s. CONTENTS* 1 Career * 1.1 Solo recordings * 2 Ballard and KISS * 3 Ballard songs covered by other acts * 4 Solo discography * 4.1 Studio albums * 4.2 Singles * 5 See also * 6 References CAREERBallard was born in Waltham Cross
Waltham Cross
, Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
, England. Ballard was initially a guitarist, joining Buster Meikle & The Day Breakers in 1961 together with his older brother Roy and their friend the drummer Bob Henrit
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Bob Henrit
ROBERT JOHN "BOB" HENRIT (born 2 May 1944, in Broxbourne , Hertfordshire, England) is an English drummer who has been a member of several musical groups , including Buster Meikle & The Daybreakers, Unit 4 + 2 , the Roulettes , Argent and the Kinks . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links BIOGRAPHY Bob Henrit was originally the drummer with Buster Meikle "> * ^ A B C D E F Eder, Bruce "Robert Henrit Biography", Allmusic , retrieved 2010-02-13 * ^ "A Rare Interview With Keith Moon". DRUM! Magazine. Retrieved 2014-06-12. * ^ Strong, Martin C. (2002) The Great Rock Discography, 6th edn., Canongate, ISBN 1-84195-312-1 , p
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world . The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe
Europe
. It is also the 21st-most populous country , with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants
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Band (music)
A MUSICAL ENSEMBLE, also known as a MUSIC GROUP or MUSICAL GROUP, is a group of people who perform instrumental and/or vocal music , with the ensemble typically known by a distinct name. Some music ensembles consist solely of instruments, such as the jazz quartet or the orchestra . Some music ensembles consist solely of singers, such as choirs and doo wop groups. In both popular music and classical music , there are ensembles in which both instrumentalists and singers perform, such as the rock band or the Baroque chamber group for basso continuo (harpsichord and cello ) and one or more singers. In classical music , TRIOS or QUARTETS either blend the sounds of musical instrument families (such as piano , strings , and wind instruments ) or group together instruments from the same instrument family, such as STRING ENSEMBLES (e.g., string quartet ) or WIND ENSEMBLES (e.g., wind quintet ). Some ensembles blend the sounds of a variety of instrument families, such as the orchestra , which uses a string section , brass instruments , woodwinds and percussion instruments , or the concert band , which uses brass, woodwinds and percussion. In JAZZ ENSEMBLES, the instruments typically include wind instruments (one or more saxophones , trumpets , etc.), one or two chordal "comping" instruments (electric guitar , piano, or Hammond organ ), a bass instrument (bass guitar or double bass ), and a drummer or percussionist
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Record Chart
A RECORD CHART also called a MUSIC CHART is a ranking of recorded music according to popularity during a given period of time. Examples of music charts are the Hit parade , the Billboard Hot 100 or Top 40 . Many different criteria are used in different charts, including sales of records , cassettes and compact discs , the amount of radio airplay, and since the introduction of digital technology, the number of downloads and the amount of streaming activity. Some charts are specific to a particular musical genre and most to a particular geographical location (although download charts are not easily pinned down in this way). The most common period of time covered by a chart is one week with the chart being printed or broadcast at the end of this time. Summary charts for years and decades are then calculated from their component weekly charts. Component charts have become an increasingly important way to measure the commercial success of individual songs. CONTENTS * 1 Chart hit * 2 Other terminology * 3 See also * 4 External links * 5 References CHART HITA chart hit is an extremely popular recording, identified by its inclusion in a chart that uses sales or other criteria to rank popular releases. Chart-topper and related terms (like number one, No. 1 hit, top of the charts, chart hit, and so forth) are widely used in common conversation and in marketing, and are loosely defined
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Hit Single
A HIT SINGLE is a recorded song or instrumental released as a single that has become very popular. Though it sometimes means any widely played or big-selling song, the term "hit" usually refers to a single that has appeared in an official music chart through repeated radio airplay or significant commercial sales. Historically, before the dominance of recorded music, commercial sheet music sales of individual songs were similarly promoted and tracked as singles and albums are now. For example, in 1894, Edward B. Marks and Joe Stern released The Little Lost Child , which sold more than a million copies nationwide, based mainly on its success as an illustrated song , analogous to today's music videos . CONTENTS * 1 Chart hits * 2 Sales figures * 3 Hit singles worldwide * 4 Albums of hit singles * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links CHART HITSIn the United States
United States
and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, a single is usually considered a hit when it reaches the official Billboard Magazine’s Hot 100 or the Top 75 of the ' UK Singles Chart ' and stays there for at least one week. The Guinness Book of British Hit Singles has used this definition since the 1970s
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Parlophone
PARLOPHONE RECORDS LIMITED (also known as PARLOPHONE RECORDS) is a German-British record label founded in Germany
Germany
in 1896 by the Carl Lindström Company as PARLOPHON. The British branch of the company was founded in 8 August 1923 as THE PARLOPHONE CO. LTD., which developed a reputation in the 1920s as a leading jazz record label. On 5 October 1926, the Columbia Graphophone Company acquired Parlophone's business, name and release library, and later merged with the Gramophone Company on 31 March 1931 to become Electric & Musical Industries Limited (EMI ). George Martin
George Martin
joined EMI
EMI
in 1950 as assistant label manager, taking over as manager in 1955. Martin produced and released a mix of product including comedy recordings of the Goons , the pianist Mrs Mills , and teen idol Adam Faith
Adam Faith
. In 1962, Martin signed the Liverpool
Liverpool
-based band The Beatles
The Beatles
, and during the 1960s, with artists such as Cilla Black , Billy J. Kramer , The Fourmost , and contemporary Manchester
Manchester
band The Hollies also signed to the label, Parlophone
Parlophone
became one of the world's most famous and prestigious record labels
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Europe
EUROPE —a concept dating back to classical antiquity — is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia . Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The eastern boundary with Asia is an arbitrary historical and social construct , as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. The primarily physiographic term "continent" as applied to Europe also incorporates cultural and political elements whose discontinuities and lines of demarcation are not reflected by the continent's current overland boundaries with Asia. Europe is considered by historical convention as separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains , the Ural River , the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways of the Turkish Straits . Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth's surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is divided into about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of about 740 million (about 11% of world population ) as of 2015
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