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The Guardian
_THE GUARDIAN_ is a British daily newspaper, known from 1821 until 1959 as _THE MANCHESTER GUARDIAN_. Along with its sister papers _The Observer _ and _ The Guardian Weekly _, _The Guardian_ is part of the _ Guardian Media Group _, owned by _The Scott Trust Limited _. The Trust was created in 1936 "to secure the financial and editorial independence of _The Guardian_ in perpetuity and to safeguard the journalistic freedom and liberal values of _The Guardian_ free from commercial or political interference." _The Scott Trust_ became a limited company in 2008, with a constitution to maintain the same protections for _The Guardian_. Profits are reinvested in journalism rather than to the benefit of an owner or shareholders. The paper's readership is generally on the mainstream left of British political opinion. The newspaper's reputation as a platform for liberal and left-wing editorial has led to the use of the "_Guardian_ reader" and "Guardianista" as often (but not always) pejorative epithets for those of left-leaning, earnest or politically correct tendencies. _The Guardian_ is edited by Katharine Viner , who succeeded Alan Rusbridger in 2015. In 2016, _The Guardian_'s print edition had an average daily circulation of roughly 162,000 copies in the country, behind _ The Daily Telegraph _ and _ The Times _
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The Guardian (other)
GUARDIAN may refer to: * Legal guardian , a person with the authority and duty to care for the interests of anotherGUARDIAN(S) or THE GUARDIAN(S) may also refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Businesses and organizations * 2 Media and entertainment * 2.1 Books and comics * 2.2 Card, computer, and video games * 2.3 Films * 2.4 Music * 2.5 Newspapers * 2.5.1 Canada * 2.5.2 United Kingdom * 2.5.3 United States * 2.5.4 Other countries * 2.6 Television * 2.7 Plays * 3 People * 4 Places * 5 Sports * 6 Military * 7 Religion * 8 Other uses * 9 See also BUSINESSES AND ORGANIZATIONS * Guardian Building Society
Guardian Building Society
, a former UK building society, now merged into the Cheltenham font-style: italic;">This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title GUARDIAN. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= Guardian additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Berliner (format)
BERLINER, or "MIDI", is a newspaper format with pages normally measuring about 315 by 470 millimetres (12.4 in × 18.5 in). The Berliner format is slightly taller and marginally wider than the tabloid /compact format; and is both narrower and shorter than the broadsheet format. CONTENTS * 1 Origin * 2 European newspapers * 3 United States and Canada newspapers * 4 Asian newspapers * 5 South American newspapers * 5.1 Argentina * 5.2 Brazil * 5.3 Chile * 5.4 Peru * 6 Other parts of the world * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links ORIGINThe Berliner format is an innovation in press and an alternative to the broadsheet format . The name refers to the city of Berlin
Berlin
, and was originally contrasted with "North German" and "French" sizes in the early 20th century
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Tabloid (newspaper Format)
A TABLOID is a newspaper with a compact page size smaller than broadsheet . There is no standard size for this newspaper format . The term tabloid journalism refers to an emphasis on such topics as sensational crime stories, astrology, celebrity gossip and television, and is not a reference to newspapers printed in this format. Some small-format papers with a high standard of journalism refer to themselves as compact newspapers. Larger newspapers, traditionally associated with higher-quality journalism, are called broadsheets , even if the newspaper is now printed on smaller pages. In common usage, tabloid and broadsheet are frequently more descriptive of a newspaper's market position than physical format. The Berliner format used by many prominent European newspapers is sized between the tabloid and the broadsheet. In a newspaper context, the term Berliner is generally used only to describe size, not to refer to other qualities of the publication
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Guardian Media Group
GUARDIAN MEDIA GROUP PLC (GMG) is a British mass media company owning various media operations including _ The Guardian _ and _The Observer _. The group is wholly owned by Scott Trust Limited , which exists to secure the financial and editorial independence of _The Guardian_ in perpetuity. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Group structure * 3 Corporate governance * 3.1 Board of directors * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe company was founded as the Manchester Guardian Ltd in 1907 when C. P. Scott bought the _Manchester Guardian_ (founded in 1821) from the estate of his cousin Edward Taylor. It became the Manchester Guardian and Evening News Ltd when it bought out the _Manchester Evening News_ in 1924, later becoming the GUARDIAN AND MANCHESTER EVENING NEWS LTD to reflect the change in the morning paper's title. It adopted its current name in 1993. In March 2007 GMG sold 49.9% of Trader Media Group to Apax Partners , in a deal that valued Trader Media Group at £1.35 billion. In December 2007 it was announced that GMG and Apax had made a successful bid to buy Emap's business-to-business arm for around £1 billion. In February 2010, the group sold its GMG Regional Media division (consisting of two companies MEN Media and S&B Media which operated 31 local and regional newspaper titles) to Trinity Mirror for £44.8 million
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John Edward Taylor
JOHN EDWARD TAYLOR (11 September 1791 – 6 January 1844) was an English business tycoon, editor and publisher, who was the founder of the _ Manchester Guardian _ newspaper in 1821, which was renamed in 1959 _ The Guardian _. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Membership of the Little Circle * 3 Manchester Guardian * 4 Death * 5 Legacy * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY LIFEHe was born at Ilminster , Somerset , England, to Mary Scott , the poet, and John Taylor , a Unitarian minister who moved after his wife's death to Manchester with his son to run a school there. John Edward was educated at his father's school and at Daventry Academy . He was apprenticed to a cotton manufacturer in Manchester and later became a successful merchant. MEMBERSHIP OF THE LITTLE CIRCLE Main article: Little Circle A moderate supporter of reform, from 1815 Taylor was a member of a group of Nonconformist Liberals , meeting in the Manchester home of John Potter, termed the _ Little Circle _
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Katharine Viner
KATHARINE SOPHIE VINER (born January 1971 ) is a British journalist and playwright. She became the first female editor-in-chief at _The Guardian _ on 1 June 2015 succeeding Alan Rusbridger . Viner previously headed _The Guardian_'s web operations in Australia and the US, before being selected for the editor-in-chief's position. CONTENTS * 1 Early life and education * 2 Career beginnings * 3 Australia and New York * 4 Editor-in-chief of _The Guardian_ * 4.1 Appointment * 4.2 Later developments * 5 Other work * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONRaised in Yorkshire , Viner is the daughter of teachers. Her grandfather, Vic Viner, was an able seaman involved in the Dunkirk evacuation . Viner was educated at Ripon Grammar School , where she was head girl. Her first newspaper article, published in _The Guardian_ in 1987 while she was still at school, was on the ending of the GCE O level examinations, which were being replaced in the UK by the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE). "Cramming five years of knowledge into two and a half hours does not seem to be a fair system," she wrote. Around 1988, Viner had a period of work experience at the _Ripon Gazette_, her local newspaper. Subsequently Viner read English at Pembroke College, Oxford
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Centre-left Politics
CENTRE-LEFT POLITICS or CENTER-LEFT POLITICS ( American English
American English
), also referred to as MODERATE-LEFT POLITICS, is an adherence to views leaning to the left-wing but closer to the centre on the left–right political spectrum than other left-wing variants. Centre-leftists believe in working within the established systems to improve social justice . The centre-left promotes a degree of social equality that it believes is achievable through promoting equal opportunity . The centre-left has promoted luck egalitarianism , which emphasizes the achievement of equality requires personal responsibility in areas in control by the individual person through their abilities and talents, and social responsibility in areas outside control by the individual person in their abilities or talents. The centre-left opposes a wide gap between the rich and the poor and supports moderate measures to reduce the economic gap, such as a progressive income tax , laws prohibiting child labour , minimum wage laws, laws regulating working conditions, limits on working hours, and laws to ensure the workers' right to organize. The centre-left, unlike the far-left , typically claims that complete equality of outcome is not possible, but instead that equal opportunity improves a degree of equality of outcome in society
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Kings Place
KINGS PLACE is a building in London
London
’s Kings Cross area, providing music and visual arts venues combined with seven floors of office space. It has housed the editorial offices of The Guardian
The Guardian
newspaper since December 2008 and is the former headquarters of Network Rail . Kings Place
Kings Place
is also the London
London
office of CGI , the global IT and management consultancy company. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Kings Place
Kings Place
Music Foundation (Charity) * 3 Location * 4 Architectural philosophy * 5 Features * 6 Facilities * 7 Hall One * 7.1 Acoustics * 7.2 Oak veneer * 8 Food and drink * 9 Offices * 10 Outreach programme * 11 References * 12 External links OVERVIEW Kings Place
Kings Place
was a commercial development providing 26,000 sq m of office space. Construction on the site began in 2005 and was completed in summer 2008; the opening festival started on 1 October 2008. In late 2008 the building became the home for The Guardian
The Guardian
and The Observer newspapers
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London
LONDON /ˈlʌndən/ ( listen ) is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom . Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain , London has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans , who named it _ Londinium _. London's ancient core, the City of London
City of London
, largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km2) medieval boundaries. Since at least the 19th century, "London" has also referred to the metropolis around this core, historically split between Middlesex , Essex , Surrey , Kent , and Hertfordshire , which today largely makes up Greater London
Greater London
, a region governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly . London is a leading global city in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism, and transportation. It is crowned as the world's largest financial centre and has the fifth- or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world . London is a world cultural capital. It is the world's most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the world\'s largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world . The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe
Europe
. It is also the 21st-most populous country , with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants
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Newspaper Circulation
A newspaper 's CIRCULATION is the number of copies it distributes on an average day. Circulation is one of the principal factors used to set advertising rates. Circulation is not always the same as copies sold, often called PAID CIRCULATION, since some newspapers are distributed without cost to the reader. Readership figures are usually higher than circulation figures because of the assumption that a typical copy of the newspaper is read by more than one person. In many countries, circulations are audited by independent bodies such as the Audit
Audit
Bureau of Circulations to assure advertisers that a given newspaper does indeed reach the number of people claimed by the publisher. There are international open access directories such as _Mondo Times_, but these generally rely on numbers reported by newspapers themselves. In many developed countries, newspaper circulation is falling due to social and technological changes such as the availability of news on the internet. On the other hand, in some developing countries circulation is increasing as these factors are more than cancelled out by rising incomes, population, and literacy
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The Observer
_THE OBSERVER_ is a British newspaper, published on Sundays . In the same place on the political spectrum as its sister papers _The Guardian _ and _ The Guardian Weekly _, whose parent company Guardian Media Group Limited acquired it in 1993, it takes a social liberal or social democratic line on most issues. First published in 1791, it is the world's oldest Sunday newspaper. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Origins * 1.2 Nineteenth century * 1.3 Twentieth century * 1.4 Twenty-first century * 2 Supplements and features * 3 The Newsroom * 4 Bans * 5 Editors * 6 Awards * 7 Conventions sponsored * 8 Bibliography * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links HISTORYORIGINSThe first issue, published on 4 December 1791 by W.S. Bourne , was the world's first Sunday newspaper . Believing that the paper would be a means of wealth, Bourne instead soon found himself facing debts of nearly £1,600. Though early editions purported editorial independence, Bourne attempted to cut his losses and sell the title to the government. When this failed, Bourne's brother (a wealthy businessman) made an offer to the government, which also refused to buy the paper but agreed to subsidise it in return for influence over its editorial content. As a result, the paper soon took a strong line against radicals such as Thomas Paine , Francis Burdett and Joseph Priestley
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The Guardian Weekly
_THE GUARDIAN WEEKLY_ is an internationally focused English-language newspaper based in London, UK. It is one of the world's oldest international newspapers and has readers in more than 170 countries. Editorial content is drawn from its sister publications, the British daily newspaper _ The Guardian _ and Sunday newspaper _ The Observer _, and all three are published by the Guardian Media Group and owned by The Scott Trust Limited . _The Weekly_ also contains articles from _ The Washington Post _. _ The Guardian Weekly_ is edited by Abby Deveney, who succeeded Natalie Bennett in March 2012. The editorial team in 2016 included Deveney, deputy editor Graham Snowdon, production editor Neil Willis, deputy production editor Emily El-Nusairi and assistant editors Isobel Montgomery and Jim Falzarano. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Early years * 1.2 Evolution and editorship 1969-2007 * 1.3 Since 2007 * 2 Format * 3 Worldwide readership * 4 Notable readers * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYEARLY YEARSThe first edition of the _MANCHESTER GUARDIAN WEEKLY_ was printed on 4 July 1919, a week after the signing of the Treaty of Versailles . The _MANCHESTER GUARDIAN_ viewed itself as a leading liberal voice and wanted to extend its reach, particularly in the United States , in the changing political climate after the First World War
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International Standard Serial Number
An INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SERIAL NUMBER (ISSN) is an eight-digit serial number used to uniquely identify a serial publication . The ISSN is especially helpful in distinguishing between serials with the same title. ISSN are used in ordering, cataloging, interlibrary loans, and other practices in connection with serial literature. The ISSN system was first drafted as an International Organization for Standardization (ISO) international standard in 1971 and published as ISO 3297 in 1975. ISO subcommittee TC 46/SC 9 is responsible for maintaining the standard. When a serial with the same content is published in more than one media type , a different ISSN is assigned to each media type. For example, many serials are published both in print and electronic media . The ISSN system refers to these types as PRINT ISSN (P-ISSN) and ELECTRONIC ISSN (E-ISSN), respectively. Conversely, as defined in ISO 3297:2007, every serial in the ISSN system is also assigned a LINKING ISSN (ISSN-L), typically the same as the ISSN assigned to the serial in its first published medium, which links together all ISSNs assigned to the serial in every medium
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Oclc
OCLC, currently incorporated as OCLC
OCLC
ONLINE COMPUTER LIBRARY CENTER, INCORPORATED, is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs". It was founded in 1967 as the OHIO COLLEGE LIBRARY CENTER. OCLC
OCLC
and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat , the largest online public access catalog (OPAC) in the world. OCLC
OCLC
is funded mainly by the fees that libraries have to pay for its services (around $200 million annually as of 2016 ). CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Services * 3 Software * 4 Research * 5 Advocacy
Advocacy
* 6 Online database: WorldCat * 7 Identifiers and linked data * 8 Company acquisitions * 9 Criticism * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 Further reading * 13 External links HISTORY OCLC
OCLC
began in 1967, as the Ohio
Ohio
College Library Center, through a collaboration of Ohio
Ohio
university presidents, vice presidents, and library directors who wanted to create a cooperative, computerized network for Ohio
Ohio
libraries. The group first met on July 5, 1967 on the campus of the Ohio
Ohio
State University to sign the articles of incorporation for the nonprofit organization
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