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The Four Companions
The Four Companions, also called the Four Pillars of the Sahaba
Sahaba
is a Shi'a
Shi'a
term that refers to the four Sahaba
Sahaba
who stayed most loyal to Imam Ali
Imam Ali
after the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad:Abū Dhar al-Ghifāri Ammār ibn Yāsir Miqdad ibn Aswād al-Kindi Salman the PersianThose among Muhammad's companions who were closest to both Muhammad and Imam Ali
Imam Ali
were called Shias of Ali
Ali
"partisans of ‘Alī" during Muhammad's lifetime and it was for these primarily that the following hadith was said:Glad tidings, Ali! Verily you and your Shia will be in Paradise.These companions are later referred to as "Real Shi'a". Abdullah ibn Abbas, Muhammad
Muhammad
ibn Abi Bakr and Malik al-Ashtar
Malik al-Ashtar
were other such partisans
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Muhammad In Islam
Muḥammad ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn ʿAbdul-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim (Arabic: مُـحَـمَّـد ابْـن عَـبْـد الله ابْـن عَـبْـد الْـمُـطَّـلِـب ابْـن هَـاشِـم‎) (c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE), in short form Muhammad, is considered to be the last Messenger and Prophet of God
God
in all the main branches of Islam
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Alawites
The Alawis, also rendered as Alawites
Alawites
(Arabic: علوية‎ Alawiyyah/Alawīyah), are a syncretic sect of the Twelver
Twelver
branch of Shia Islam, primarily centered in Syria. The eponymously named Alawites
Alawites
revere Ali
Ali
( Ali
Ali
ibn Abi Talib), considered the first Imam of the Twelver
Twelver
school. However, they are generally considered to be Ghulat
Ghulat
by most other sects of Shia Islam.[citation needed] The sect is believed to have been founded by Ibn Nusayr
Ibn Nusayr
during the 9th century, and fully established as a religion
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Hadith Of The Pond Of Khumm
Ḥadīth (/ˈhædɪθ/[1] or /hɑːˈdiːθ/;[2] Arabic: حديث‎ ḥadīth, pl. Aḥādīth, أحاديث, ʼaḥādīth[3], also "Traditions") in Islam
Islam
denotes the words, actions, and the silent approval, of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Within Islam
Islam
the authority of Ḥadīth as a source for religious law ranks inferior only to the Qur'an
Qur'an
— which Muslims hold to be the word of Allah
Allah
revealed to his messenger Muhammad
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First Fitna
The First Fitna
First Fitna
(Arabic: فتنة مقتل عثمان‎ fitnat maqtal ʿUthmān "strife/sedition of the killing of Uthman") was a civil war within the Rashidun Caliphate
Rashidun Caliphate
which resulted in the overthrowing of the Rashidun
Rashidun
caliphs and the establishment of the Umayyad dynasty. It began when the caliph Uthman ibn Affan
Uthman ibn Affan
was assassinated by Egyptian rebels in 656 and continued through the four-year reign of Uthman's successor Ali ibn Abi Talib
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Second Fitna
Yazid I Umar ibn Sa'ad (686) † Marwan I Abd al-Malik Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad
Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad
(686) † Husayn ibn Numayr
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Twelver
OthersMourning of Muharram Arba'een
Arba'een
Pilgrimage IntercessionHoly citiesMecca Medina Najaf Karbala Mashhad Jerusalem Samarra Kadhimiya QomGroupsUsuli Akhbari Shaykhi Ni'matullāhī Safaviyya Qizilbash Alevism Alawism Bektashism and folk religion Malamatiyya–QalandariyyaHurufism–Bektashism Rifa'i–GalibiScholarshipLaw Marja' (list) Hawza Ayatollah (list) Allamah   Hujjat al-Islam Ijtihad
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Batin (Islam)
Bāṭin (Arabic: باطن‎) literally means "inner", "inward", "hidden", etc. The Quran, for instance, has a hidden meaning in contrast to its exterior or apparent meaning, the Zahir. Sufis believe that every individual has a batin in the world of souls. It is the inward self of the individual; when cleansed with the light of one's spiritual guide, it elevates a person spiritually.[1][2] This notion is connected to Allah's attribute of the Hidden One, who cannot be seen but exists in every realm. Muslim groups believe that batin[3] can be fully understood only by a figure with esoteric knowledge
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Alevism
Part of a series on Nizari-Ismāʿīli Batiniyya, Hurufiyya, Kaysanites
Kaysanites
and Twelver
Twelver
Shī‘ismAlevismBeliefsAllah Quran Haqq–Muhammad–Ali Prophet Muḥammad ibn `Abd Allāh Muhammad-Ali Islamic prophet Zahir Ba
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Nizari
The Nizaris (Arabic: النزاريون‎ al-Nizāriyyūn) are the largest branch of the Ismaili
Ismaili
Shi'i
Shi'i
Muslims, the second-largest branch of Shia Islam
Shia Islam
(the largest being the Twelver).[1] Nizari
Nizari
teachings emphasize human reasoning (ijtihad, the individual use of one's reason when using both the Quran
Quran
and Hadith
Hadith
as resources), pluralism (the acceptance of racial, ethnic, cultural and intra-religious differences) and social justice
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Hadith Of The Two Weighty Things
The Hadith
Hadith
al-Thaqalayn refers to a saying (hadith) about which translates to "the two weighty things." In this hadith Muhammad referred to the Qur'an
Qur'an
and Ahl al-Bayt
Ahl al-Bayt
("people of the house", Muhammad's family) as the two weighty things. In the context of this Hadith, Muhammad's family refers to Ali ibn Abi Talib, Fatima bint Muhammad, and their children/descendants. This hadith is accepted by both Shia and Sunni Muslims
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Taiyabi Ismaili
The Ṭaiyabi Ismailis are the only surviving sect of the Musta’li Ismaili branch of Ismaili Islam. The other Mustaali
Mustaali
branch, Hafizis are extinct. The Taiyabi
Taiyabi
have split into three major branches: Dawoodi, Sulaymani, and Alavi Bohras. The Taiyabi
Taiyabi
originally split from the Fatimid Caliphate-supporting Hafizi
Hafizi
branch by supporting the right of at-Tayyib Abu'l-Qasim to the Imamate.Contents1 History1.1 Da'i Zoeb bin Moosa 1.2 Sulaymani-Dawoodi-Alavi split2 References 3 External linksHistory[edit] Upon the death of the twentieth Imam, al-Amir bi-Ahkami'l-Lah (d. AH 526 (1131/1132)), his two-year old child at-Tayyib Abu'l-Qasim (b. AH 524 (1129/1130)) was appointed twenty-first Imam. As he was not in position to run the dawah, Queen Arwa al-Sulayhi, the Da'i al-Mutlaq, acted as his regent
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Musta'li
The Musta‘lī (Arabic: مستعلي‎) are a sect of Isma'ilism named for their acceptance of al- Musta'li
Musta'li
as the legitimate nineteenth Fatimid caliph and legitimate successor to his father, al-Mustansir Billah. In contrast, the Nizari—the other living branch of Ismailism, presently led by Aga Khan
Aga Khan
IV—believe the nineteenth caliph was al-Musta'li's elder brother, Nizar
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Dawoodi Bohra
The Dawoodi Bohras are a sect within the Ismā'īlī
Ismā'īlī
branch of Shia Islam.[1][2] Dawoodi mainly reside in the western cities of India
India
and also in Pakistan, Yemen
Yemen
and East Africa.[3] The main language of the community is "Lisan al-Dawat", a dialect of Gujarati with inclusions from Arabic, Urdu and other languages. The Script used is Perso-Arabic. When in communal attire, a Dawoodi male has a form of tunic called kurta, equally lengthy overcoat dress called saya, and an izaar typically donned underneath, all of which are mostly white, along with a white and golden cap called topi. Most men have a beard
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Sulaymani
Sulaymani
Sulaymani
Bohras (Sulaymanis) are a Musta‘lī Ismaili
Ismaili
community that predominantly reside in Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
(Najran), Yemen, Pakistan
Pakistan
and India
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Alavi Bohras
The Alavi Bohras
Alavi Bohras
(Arabic: علوي بھرۃ‎) are a Taiyebi Musta'alavi Isma'ili Shi'i Muslim
Muslim
community from Gujarat, India.[2] In India, during the time of the 18th Fatimid
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