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The Art Journal
THE ART JOURNAL, published in London
London
, was the most important Victorian magazine on art. It was founded in 1839 by Hodgson & Graves, print publishers, 6 Pall Mall, with the title the ART UNION MONTHLY JOURNAL (or The Art
Art
Union), the first issue of 750 copies appearing 15 February 1839. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Editorship * 3 Contributors * 4 References HISTORYHodgson & Graves hired Samuel Carter Hall
Samuel Carter Hall
as editor, assisted by James Dafforne . Hall soon became principal proprietor, but he was unable to turn a profit on his own. The London
London
publisher George Virtue then purchased into Hall's Art
Art
Union Monthly Journal in 1848, retaining Hall as editor. Virtue renamed the periodical The Art Journal in 1849
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Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
The PRE-RAPHAELITE BROTHERHOOD (later known as the PRE-RAPHAELITES) was a group of English painters , poets , and critics, founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt , John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti . The three founders were joined by William Michael Rossetti , James Collinson , Frederic George Stephens and Thomas Woolner to form the seven-member "brotherhood". Their principles were shared by other artists, including Marie Spartali Stillman and Ford Madox Brown . A later, medievalising strain inspired by Rossetti included Edward Burne-Jones and extended into the twentieth century with artists such as John William Waterhouse . The group's intention was to reform art by rejecting what it considered the mechanistic approach first adopted by Mannerist artists who succeeded Raphael and Michelangelo
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Dictionary Of National Biography
The _DICTIONARY OF NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY_ (_DNB_) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history , published from 1885. The updated _OXFORD DICTIONARY OF NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY_ (_ODNB_) was published on 23 September 2004 in 60 volumes and online, with 50,113 biographical articles covering 54,922 lives. CONTENTS * 1 First series * 2 Supplements and revisions * 3 Concise dictionary * 4 _Oxford Dictionary of National Biography_ * 5 First series contents * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 External links FIRST SERIESSeeking to emulate national biographical collections published elsewhere in Europe, such as the _ Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie _ (1875), in 1882 the publisher George Smith (1824–1901), of Smith, Elder ">_ George Murray Smith conceived of the DNB_, subsidised it, and saw it finally into print before he died in 1901
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Titian
TIZIANO VECELLI or TIZIANO VECELLIO (pronounced ; c. 1488/1490 – 27 August 1576), known in English as TITIAN /ˈtɪʃən/ , was an Italian painter , the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school . He was born in Pieve di Cadore , near Belluno (in Veneto
Veneto
, Republic of Venice ). During his lifetime he was often called _da Cadore_, taken from the place of his birth. Recognized by his contemporaries as "The Sun Amidst Small Stars" (recalling the famous final line of Dante\'s _Paradiso _), Titian
Titian
was one of the most versatile of Italian painters, equally adept with portraits, landscape backgrounds, and mythological and religious subjects
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Sidney Lee
SIR SIDNEY LEE, FBA (5 December 1859 – 3 March 1926) was an English biographer, writer and critic. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Works * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYLee was born SOLOMON LAZARUS LEE in 1859 at 12 Keppel Street, Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
, London
London
. He was educated at the City of London
London
School and at Balliol College, Oxford
Balliol College, Oxford
, where he graduated in modern history in 1882. In 1883, Lee became assistant-editor of the Dictionary of National Biography . In 1890 he became joint editor, and on the retirement of Sir Leslie Stephen in 1891, succeeded him as editor. Lee wrote over 800 articles in the Dictionary, mainly on Elizabethan authors or statesmen
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Impressionism
IMPRESSIONISM is a 19th-century art movement characterized by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition , emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of _movement_ as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles. Impressionism originated with a group of Paris-based artists whose independent exhibitions brought them to prominence during the 1870s and 1880s. The Impressionists faced harsh opposition from the conventional art community in France. The name of the style derives from the title of a Claude Monet work, _Impression, soleil levant_ (_Impression, Sunrise _), which provoked the critic Louis Leroy to coin the term in a satirical review published in the Parisian newspaper _ Le Charivari _
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Thomas Wright (antiquarian)
THOMAS WRIGHT (23 April 1810 – 23 December 1877) was an English antiquarian and writer. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Selected works * 3 Notes * 4 References * 5 External links LIFEWright was born near Ludlow
Ludlow
, Shropshire
Shropshire
, descended from a Quaker family formerly living at Bradford
Bradford
. He was educated at Ludlow
Ludlow
Grammar School and at Trinity College, Cambridge
Trinity College, Cambridge
, whence he graduated in 1834. While at Cambridge he contributed to the Gentleman\'s Magazine and other periodicals, and in 1835 he came to London to devote himself to a literary career. His first separate work was Early English Poetry in Black Letter, with Prefaces and Notes (1836, 4 vols. 12mo), which was followed during the next forty years by an extensive series of publications, many of lasting value
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Llewellynn Jewitt
LLEWELLYNN FREDERICK WILLIAM JEWITT (or LLEWELLYN) (24 November 1816 – 5 June 1886) was a noted illustrator, engraver, natural scientist and author of The Ceramic Art of Great Britain (1878). His output was prodigious and covered a large range of interests. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Books * 3 References * 4 External links BIOGRAPHYJewitt was born at Kimberworth
Kimberworth
, Rotherham , the seventeenth and final child of artist, author and schoolmaster Arthur Jewitt and his wife Martha. His education, largely from his father, who was master at Kimberworth
Kimberworth
Endowed School, started in Duffield , Derbyshire where his family moved in 1818. On Christmas Day of 1838 he married Elizabeth Sage, daughter of Isaac Sage of Derby, hurriedly returning to London the same day so as not to fall behind in his work
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Leslie Stephen
SIR LESLIE STEPHEN KCB (28 November 1832 – 22 February 1904) was an English author, critic, historian , biographer , and mountaineer , and father of Virginia Woolf and Vanessa Bell . CONTENTS* 1 Life * 1.1 Marriage * 1.1.1 (1) Harriet (Minny) Thackeray 1867–1875 * 1.1.2 (2) Julia Duckworth 1878–1895 * 1.2 Career * 1.3 Mountaineering * 2 Works * 3 Death * 4 References * 5 Bibliography * 5.1 Anne Thackeray Ritchie * 6 External links * 7 External images LIFEStephen was born at Kensington Gore in London, and son of Sir James Stephen and Lady Jane Catherine (née Venn) Stephen. His father was Colonial Undersecretary of State and a noted abolitionist . He was the fourth of five children, his siblings including James Fitzjames Stephen (1829–1894) and Caroline Emilia Stephen (1834–1909)
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Raphael
RAFFAELLO SANZIO DA URBINO (Italian: ; March 28 or April 6, 1483 – April 6, 1520), known as RAPHAEL (/ˈræfeɪəl/ , US : /ˈræfiəl, ˌrɑːfaɪˈɛl/ ), was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance . His work is admired for its clarity of form, ease of composition, and visual achievement of the Neoplatonic ideal of human grandeur. Together with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci , he forms the traditional trinity of great masters of that period. Raphael was enormously productive, running an unusually large workshop and, despite his death at 37, leaving a large body of work. Many of his works are found in the Vatican Palace , where the frescoed Raphael Rooms were the central, and the largest, work of his career. The best known work is _ The School of Athens _ in the Vatican Stanza della Segnatura
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Old Master
In art history , "OLD MASTER" (or "OLD MASTER") refers to any painter of skill who worked in Europe before about 1800, or a painting by such an artist. An "old master print " is an original print (for example an engraving or etching ) made by an artist in the same period. The term "old master drawing " is used in the same way. In theory, "Old Master" applies only to artists who were fully trained, were Masters of their local artists\' guild , and worked independently, but in practice, paintings produced by pupils or workshops are often included in the scope of the term. Therefore, beyond a certain level of competence, date rather than quality is the criterion for using the term
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Portal
PORTAL may refer to: * Portal (architecture) , a monumental gate or door, or the extremities (ends) of a tunnel * Portals in fiction , magical or technological doorways that connect two locations, dimensions, or points in time * _ Portal _, a video game series developed by Valve Corporation CONTENTS* 1 Computing * 1.1 Gateways to information * 1.2 Other computing * 2 Art, entertainment, and media


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Art
ART is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks ), expressing the author's imaginative or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power. In their most general form these activities include the production of works of art, the criticism of art, the study of the history of art, and the aesthetic dissemination of art. The oldest documented forms of art are visual arts , which include creation of images or objects in fields including today painting, sculpture, printmaking , photography, and other visual media. Architecture is often included as one of the visual arts; however, like the decorative arts , or advertising, it involves the creation of objects where the practical considerations of use are essential—in a way that they usually are not in a painting, for example
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Victorian Era
In the history of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, the VICTORIAN ERA was the period of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. The era followed the Georgian period and preceded the Edwardian period , and its later half overlaps with the first part of the Belle Époque era of continental Europe . Defined according to sensibilities and political concerns, the period is sometimes considered to begin with the passage of the Reform Act 1832
Reform Act 1832
. The period is characterised as one of relative peace among the great powers (as established by the Congress of Vienna ), increased economic activity, "refined sensibilities" and national self-confidence for Great Britain
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Main Page
The 1983 ATLANTIC HURRICANE SEASON was the least active Atlantic hurricane season in 53 years. Although the season begins by convention on June 1, there were no tropical depressions until July 23, and only four of the season's seven depressions became tropical storms . Tropical Depression Three became Hurricane Alicia_(satellite image pictured)_ on August 17 and made landfall in Texas the next day, breaking thousands of glass windows in Houston's skyscrapers, killing 22 people and causing $1.7 billion in damage. The storm that became Hurricane Barry formed on August 25, crossed Florida, and made landfall near Brownsville, Texas
Brownsville, Texas
, dissipating five days later. Hurricane Chantal stayed out at sea, and was absorbed by a front on September 15. Tropical Depression Six formed on September 19 and caused heavy rains in the Caribbean
Caribbean

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