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Tetraminx
The PYRAMINX (/ˈpɪrəmɪŋks/ ) is a regular tetrahedron puzzle in the style of Rubik\'s Cube . It was made and patented by Uwe Mèffert after the original 3 layered Rubik's Cube
Rubik's Cube
by Erno Rubik
Erno Rubik
, and introduced by Tomy
Tomy
Toys of Japan (then the 3rd largest toy company in the world) in 1981. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Optimal solutions * 3 Records * 4 Methods * 5 Variations * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links DESCRIPTION Pyraminx
Pyraminx
in the middle of a twist The Pyraminx
Pyraminx
was first conceived by Mèffert in 1970. He did nothing with his design until 1981 when he first brought it to Hong Kong for production. Uwe is fond of saying had it not been for Erno Rubik's invention of the cube, his Pyraminx
Pyraminx
would have never been produced
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Square-1 (puzzle)
The SQUARE-1, also known as Back to Square One and Cube 21, is a puzzle similar to the Rubik\'s Cube . Its distinguishing feature among the numerous Rubik's Cube
Rubik's Cube
variants is that it can change shape as it is twisted, due to the way it is cut, thus adding an extra level of challenge and difficulty. The Super Square One and Square Two puzzles have been recently introduced. The Super Square One has two additional layers that can be scrambled and solved independently of the rest of the puzzle, and the Square Two has extra cuts made to the top and bottom layer, making the edge and corner wedges the same size. The Square-1 puzzle scrambled. The same puzzle in its original (solved) state
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Helicopter Cube
The HELICOPTER CUBE is a Rubik\'s Cube
Cube
-like puzzle invented by Adam G. Cowan in 2005 and built in 2006. It is also in the shape of a cube , but cut differently, and twists around cube edges rather than cube faces. The purpose of the puzzle is to scramble the colors, and then restore them back to their original state of a single color per face. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Solutions * 3 Number of combinations * 4 See also * 5 References DESCRIPTION Helicopter cube, scrambled The Helicopter Cube
Cube
is made in the shape of a cube, cut into 8 corner pieces and 24 face center pieces. Each corner piece has 3 colors, and each face center piece has only a single color. Unlike the Rubik's Cube, its faces do not rotate; rather, the pieces are scrambled by rotating around a cube edge
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Sudoku Cube
The SUDOKU CUBE OR SUDOKUBE is a variation on a Rubik\'s Cube in which the faces have numbers one to nine on the sides instead of colours. The aim is to solve Sudoku
Sudoku
puzzles on one or more of the sides. The toy was created in 2006 by Jay Horowitz in Sebring , Ohio
Ohio
. CONTENTS * 1 Production * 2 Description * 3 Computer simulations * 4 References * 5 See also PRODUCTION A scrambled Sudokube puzzle The Sudoku
Sudoku
Cube was invented by veteran toy maker Jay Horowitz after he had the idea to combine Sudoku
Sudoku
and a Rubik's Cube. Horowitz already owned molds to produce Rubik's Cubes and was able to use them to produce his new design. Mass production is completed in China by American Classic Toy Inc, a company belonging to Horowitz
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Nine-Colour Cube
The NINE-COLOUR CUBE (see below for other names) is a cubic twisty puzzle . It was invented in 2005 by Milan Vodicka and mass-produced by Meffert\'s seven years later. Mechanically, the puzzle is identical to the Rubik\'s Cube
Cube
; however, unlike the Rubik's Cube, which only has 6 different colours, the Nine-Colour Cube
Cube
has 9 colours, with the individual pieces having one colour each. CONTENTS * 1 Name * 2 Overview * 2.1 Structure * 3 Number of combinations * 3.1 Solutions * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References NAMEThe puzzle is known under several different names. Milan Vodicka, the inventor, initially gave it the name "NINE-COLOUR SCRAMBLE CUBE", which reflected the key feature and the de facto objective of the puzzle. This name was later shortened by some to NINE-COLOUR CUBE
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Void Cube
The VOID CUBE is a 3-D mechanical puzzle similar to a Rubik\'s Cube , with the notable difference being that the center "cubies" are missing, which causes the puzzle to resemble a level 1 Menger sponge . The core used on the Rubik's Cube
Rubik's Cube
is also absent, creating holes straight through the cube on all three axes. Due to the restricted volume of the puzzle it employs an entirely different structural mechanism from a regular Rubik's Cube, though the possible moves are the same. The Void Cube
Void Cube
was invented by Katsuhiko Okamoto . Gentosha Education, in Japan, holds the license to manufacture Void Cubes. CONTENTS * 1 Solution * 2 Internal mechanism * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links SOLUTIONThe Void Cube
Void Cube
is slightly more difficult than a regular Rubik's Cube due to parity . The lack of center cubes alters the parity considerations
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V-Cube 8
The V-CUBE 8 is an 8×8×8 version of Rubik\'s Cube . Unlike the original puzzle (but like the 4×4×4 and 6×6×6 cubes), it has no fixed facets: the center facets (36 per face) are free to move to different positions. The design was covered by Panagiotis Verdes
Panagiotis Verdes
' patent from 2007 but Verdes Innovations SA did not produce it for sale until 2014. Other 8×8×8 cubes are produced by the Chinese companies ShengShou and YuXin. Methods for solving the 3×3×3 cube work for the edges and corners of the 8×8×8 cube, as long as one has correctly identified the relative positions of the colors — since the center facets can no longer be used for identification. CONTENTS* 1 Mechanics * 1.1 Permutations * 2 Solutions * 3 Records * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links MECHANICSThe puzzle consists of 296 pieces ("cubies") on the surface
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V-Cube 7
The V-CUBE 7 is a combination puzzle in the form of a 7×7×7 cube. The first mass-produced 7×7×7 was invented by Panagiotis Verdes
Panagiotis Verdes
and is produced by the Greek company Verdes Innovations SA. Other such puzzles have since been introduced by a number of Chinese companies, some of which have mechanisms which improve on the original. Like the 5×5×5 , the V-Cube 7
V-Cube 7
has both fixed and movable center facets. CONTENTS* 1 Mechanics * 1.1 Permutations * 2 Solution * 3 Records * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links MECHANICS The V-Cube 7
V-Cube 7
in a scrambled state Issue with corners in a large cube The V-Cube 7
V-Cube 7
in solved state The puzzle consists of 218 unique miniature cubes ("cubies") on the surface
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Pocket Cube
The POCKET CUBE (also known as the MINI CUBE or the ICE CUBE) is the 2×2×2 equivalent of a Rubik\'s Cube . The cube consists of 8 pieces, all corners. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Permutations * 3 World Records * 3.1 Top 5 solvers by single solve * 3.2 Top 5 solvers by average of 5 solves * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYIn March 1970, Larry D. Nichols invented a 2×2×2 "Puzzle with Pieces Rotatable in Groups" and filed a Canadian patent application for it. Nichols's cube was held together with magnets. Nichols was granted U.S. Patent
Patent
3,655,201 on April 11, 1972, two years before Rubik invented his Cube. Nichols assigned his patent to his employer Moleculon Research Corp., which sued Ideal in 1982. In 1984, Ideal lost the patent infringement suit and appealed
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Rubik's Revenge
The RUBIK\'S REVENGE (also known as the MASTER CUBE) is a 4×4×4 version of Rubik\'s Cube . It was released in 1981. Invented by Péter Sebestény, the Rubik's Revenge
Rubik's Revenge
was nearly called the SEBESTéNY CUBE until a somewhat last-minute decision changed the puzzle's name to attract fans of the original Rubik's Cube. Unlike the original puzzle (and the 5×5×5 cube ), it has no fixed facets: the centre facets (four per face) are free to move to different positions. Methods for solving the 3×3×3 cube work for the edges and corners of the 4×4×4 cube, as long as one has correctly identified the relative positions of the colours — since the centre facets can no longer be used for identification
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Professor's Cube
The PROFESSOR\'S CUBE is a mechanical puzzle , a 5×5×5 version of the Rubik\'s Cube . It has qualities in common with both the original 3×3×3 Rubik's Cube
Rubik's Cube
and the 4×4×4 Rubik\'s Revenge , and knowing how to solve either can help when working on the 5×5×5 cube. CONTENTS * 1 Naming * 2 Workings * 2.1 Durability * 3 Permutations * 4 Solution * 5 World records * 5.1 Top 5 solvers by single solve * 5.2 Top 5 solvers by average of 5 solves * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links NAMING The V-Cube 5 in original packaging Early versions of the 5×5×5 cube sold at Barnes "> Scrambled The original Professor's Cube
Professor's Cube
design by Udo Krell works by using an expanded 3×3×3 cube as a mantle with the center edge pieces and corners sticking out from the spherical center of identical mechanism to the 3×3×3 cube
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V-Cube 6
The V-CUBE 6 is a 6×6×6 version of Rubik\'s Cube . The first mass-produced 6×6×6 was invented by Panagiotis Verdes
Panagiotis Verdes
and is produced by the Greek company Verdes Innovations SA. Other such puzzles have since been introduced by a number of Chinese companies, some of which have mechanisms which improve on the original. Unlike the original puzzle (but like the 4×4×4 cube ), it has no fixed facets: the center facets (16 per face) are free to move to different positions. Methods for solving the 3×3×3 cube work for the edges and corners of the 6×6×6 cube, as long as one has correctly identified the relative positions of the colors — since the center facets can no longer be used for identification
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BrainTwist
The HOBERMAN BRAINTWIST is a 3D mechanical puzzle designed and marketed by Chuck Hoberman 's company Hoberman Designs. The puzzle is in the same family as the Rubik\'s Cube and other puzzles that involve manipulating and scrambling colored face elements with the goal of returning them to their original order from a randomized state, commonly called twisty puzzles . This puzzle is unique in that in addition to solving one set of tetrahedral faces the puzzle can be flipped inside-out through an intermediate stellated shape to reveal another (dual) tetrahedron with a set of 4 different colored faces. The puzzle also has an alternate solution in which the apices are each a uniform color. CONTENTS * 1 Basic elements * 2 Manipulation * 3 Solutions * 4 External links BASIC ELEMENTSThe BrainTwist
BrainTwist
consists of 12 colored triangular elements each with a detent to aid in aligning the apices of the puzzle after rotating them
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Dodecahedron
In geometry , a DODECAHEDRON (Greek δωδεκάεδρον, from δώδεκα dōdeka "twelve" + ἕδρα hédra "base", "seat" or "face") is any polyhedron with twelve flat faces. The most familiar dodecahedron is the regular dodecahedron , which is a Platonic solid
Platonic solid
. There are also three regular star dodecahedra , which are constructed as stellations of the convex form. All of these have icosahedral symmetry , order 120. The pyritohedron is an irregular pentagonal dodecahedron, having the same topology as the regular one but pyritohedral symmetry while the tetartoid has tetrahedral symmetry . The rhombic dodecahedron , seen as a limiting case of the pyritohedron, has octahedral symmetry . The elongated dodecahedron and trapezo-rhombic dodecahedron variations, along with the rhombic dodecahedra, are space-filling . There are a large number of other dodecahedra
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Tuttminx
A TUTTMINX (/ˈtʊtmɪŋks/ or /ˈtʌtmɪŋks/ ) is a Rubik\'s Cube -like twisty puzzle, in the shape of a truncated icosahedron . It was invented by Lee Tutt . It has a total of 150 movable pieces to rearrange, compared to 20 movable pieces of the Rubik’s Cube. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Number of combinations * 3 Variations * 4 See also * 5 References DESCRIPTIONThe Tuttminx
Tuttminx
has a total of 32 face centre pieces (12 pentagon and 20 hexagon), 60 corner pieces and 90 edge pieces. The face centres each have a single colour, which identifies the colour of that face in the solved state. The edge pieces have two colours and the corner pieces have three colours. Each hexagonal face contains a centre piece, 6 corner pieces and 6 edge pieces, while each pentagonal face contains a centre piece, 5 corner pieces and 5 edge pieces
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Truncated Icosahedron
In geometry , the TRUNCATED ICOSAHEDRON is an Archimedean solid
Archimedean solid
, one of 13 convex isogonal nonprismatic solids whose faces are two or more types of regular polygons . It has 12 regular pentagonal faces, 20 regular hexagonal faces, 60 vertices and 90 edges. It is the Goldberg polyhedron GPV(1,1) or {5+,3}1,1, containing pentagonal and hexagonal faces. This geometry is associated with footballs (soccer balls) typically patterned with white hexagons and black pentagons. Geodesic domes such as those whose architecture Buckminster Fuller
Buckminster Fuller
pioneered are often based on this structure. It also corresponds to the geometry of the fullerene C60 ("buckyball") molecule. It is used in the cell-transitive hyperbolic space-filling tessellation, the bitruncated order-5 dodecahedral honeycomb
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