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Tetanocera Elata
TETANOCERA ELATA is a species of fly in the family Sciomyzidae . It is found in the Palearctic
Palearctic
Larvae of T. elata are known obligate feeders on slugs both as parasitoids and predators. REFERENCES * ^ Fauna Europaea * ^ Bei-Bienko, G.Y
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Fauna Europaea
FAUNA EUROPAEA is a database of the scientific names and distribution of all living multicellular European land and fresh-water animals. Its construction was initially funded by the European Union (2000–2004). The project is co-ordinated by the University of Amsterdam . REFERENCES * ^ " Fauna Europaea – all European animal species on the web". PubMed Central
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Palearctic
The PALEARCTIC or PALAEARCTIC is the largest of the eight biogeographic realms constituting the Earth's surface. It consists of Europe
Europe
, Asia
Asia
north of the foothills of the Himalayas
Himalayas
, North Africa
North Africa
, and the northern and central parts of the Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
. The Palearctic realm comprises the smaller terrestrial ecoregions of the Euro-Siberian region ; the Mediterranean Basin ; the Sahara and Arabian Deserts ; and Western , Central and East Asia
Asia
. The Palaearctic realm also has numerous rivers and lakes, forming several freshwater ecoregions. Some of the rivers were the source of water for the earliest recorded civilizations that used irrigation methods
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International Standard Book Number (identifier)
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Barcode Of Life Data Systems
BARCODE OF LIFE DATA SYSTEMS (commonly known as BOLD) is a sequence database specifically devoted to DNA barcoding . It also provides an online platform for analyzing DNA sequences . As of 2013 , BOLD included over 2.5 million DNA barcode sequences from over 190,000 species. REFERENCES * ^ Ratnasingham, Sujeevan; Paul D. N. Hebert (2007). "BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data System (http://www.barcodinglife.org)" . Molecular Ecology Notes. 7 (3): 355–364. PMC 1890991  . PMID 18784790 . doi :10.1111/j.1471-8286.2007.01678.x . * ^ Stoeckle, Mark (November–December 2013). "DNA Barcoding Ready for Breakout". GeneWatch. 26 (5)
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Johan Christian Fabricius
JOHAN CHRISTIAN FABRICIUS (7 January 1745 – 3 March 1808) was a Danish zoologist , specialising in "Insecta", which at that time included all arthropods : insects , arachnids , crustaceans and others. He was a student of Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus
, and is considered one of the most important entomologists of the 18th century, having named nearly 10,000 species of animals, and established the basis for the modern insect classification . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Works * 3 References * 4 Further reading * 5 External links BIOGRAPHY Johan Christian Fabricius was born on 7 January 1745 at Tønder
Tønder
in the Duchy of Schleswig
Duchy of Schleswig
, where his father was a doctor. He studied at the gymnasium at Altona and entered the University of Copenhagen in 1762
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Binomial Nomenclature
BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE, also called BINOMINAL NOMENCLATURE or BINARY NOMENCLATURE, is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms , although they can be based on words from other languages. Such a name is called a BINOMIAL NAME (which may be shortened to just "binomial"), a BINOMEN, BINOMINAL NAME or a SCIENTIFIC NAME; more informally it is also called a LATIN NAME. The first part of the name identifies the genus to which the species belongs; the second part – the SPECIFIC NAME or SPECIFIC EPITHET – identifies the species within the genus. For example, humans belong to the genus Homo
Homo
and within this genus to the species Homo
Homo
sapiens . Tyrannosaurus
Tyrannosaurus
rex is probably the most widely known binomial
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Arthropod
Condylipoda Latreille, 1802 An ARTHROPOD (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint" and πούς pous, "foot") is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton ), a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages . Arthropods form the phylum EUARTHROPODA, which includes insects , arachnids , myriapods , and crustaceans . The term ARTHROPODA as originally proposed refers to a proposed grouping of Euarthropods and the phylum Onychophora . Arthropods are characterized by their jointed limbs and cuticle made of chitin , often mineralised with calcium carbonate . The arthropod body plan consists of segments, each with a pair of appendages. The rigid cuticle inhibits growth, so arthropods replace it periodically by moulting . Their versatility has enabled them to become the most species-rich members of all ecological guilds in most environments
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Animal
ANIMALS are eukaryotic , multicellular organisms that form the biological kingdom ANIMALIA. With few exceptions, animals are motile (able to move), heterotrophic (consume organic material), reproduce sexually , and their embryonic development includes a blastula stage. The body plan of the animal derives from this blastula, differentiating specialized tissues and organs as it develops; this plan eventually becomes fixed, although some undergo metamorphosis at some stage in their lives. Zoology is the study of animals. Currently there are over 66 thousand (less than 5% of all animals) vertebrate species, and over 1.3 million (over 95% of all animals) invertebrate species in existence. Classification of animals into groups (taxonomy ) is accomplished using either the hierarchical Linnaean system; or cladistics , which displays diagrams (phylogenetic trees ) called cladograms to show relationships based on the evolutionary principle of the most recent common ancestor
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Taxonomy (biology)
TAXONOMY (from Ancient Greek τάξις (taxis ), meaning 'arrangement', and -νομία (-nomia), meaning 'method ') is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics. Organisms are grouped together into taxa (singular: taxon) and these groups are given a taxonomic rank ; groups of a given rank can be aggregated to form a super-group of higher rank, thus creating a taxonomic hierarchy. The principal ranks in modern use are domain , kingdom , phylum (division is sometimes used in botany in place of phylum), class , order , family , genus and species . The Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus
is regarded as the father of taxonomy, as he developed a system known as Linnaean taxonomy for categorization of organisms and binomial nomenclature for naming organisms
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Insect
See text . SYNONYMS * Ectognatha * EntomidaINSECTS or INSECTA (from Latin
Latin
insectum, a calque of Greek ἔντομον , "cut into sections") are by far the largest group of hexapod invertebrates within the arthropod phylum . Definitions and circumscriptions vary; in one approach insects comprise a class within the Phylum
Phylum
Arthropoda. As the term is used here, it is synonymous with ECTOGNATHA. Insects have a chitinous exoskeleton , a three-part body (head , thorax and abdomen ), three pairs of jointed legs , compound eyes and one pair of antennae . They are the most diverse group of animals on the planet, including more than a million described species and representing more than half of all known living organisms . The number of extant species is estimated at between six and ten million, and potentially represent over 90% of the differing animal life forms on Earth
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Fly
True FLIES are insects of the order DIPTERA, the name being derived from the Greek δι- di- "two", and πτερόν pteron "wings". Insects of this order use only a single pair of wings to fly, the hindwings having evolved into advanced mechanosensory organs known as halteres , which act as high speed sensors of rotational movement and allow dipterans to perform advanced aerobatics. Diptera is a large order containing an estimated 1,000,000 species including horse-flies , crane flies , hoverflies and others, although only about 125,000 species have been described
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Sciomyzidae
Huttonininae (disputed) Phaeomyiinae (disputed) Salticellinae (disputed) Sciomyzinae SYNONYMS Huttoninidae (disputed) Phaeomyiidae (disputed) Tetanoceridae Play media Pherbellia annulipes hunting on decaying wood (video, 1m 6s) Play media Limnia unguicornis on a blade of grass (video, 34s) The family SCIOMYZIDAE belongs to the typical flies (Brachycera ) of the order Diptera . They are commonly called MARSH FLIES, and in some cases SNAIL-KILLING FLIES due to the food of their larvae . Here, the HUTTONINIDAE, PHAEOMYIIDAE and TETANOCERIDAE are provisionally included in the Sciomyzidae. Particularly the latter seem to be an unequivocal part of this group and are ranked as tribe of subfamily Sciomyzinae by most modern authors, while the former two are very small lineages that may or may not stand outside the family and are provisionally ranked as subfamilies here
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Tetanocera Elata
TETANOCERA ELATA is a species of fly in the family Sciomyzidae . It is found in the Palearctic
Palearctic
Larvae of T. elata are known obligate feeders on slugs both as parasitoids and predators. REFERENCES * ^ Fauna Europaea * ^ Bei-Bienko, G.Y
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