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Territorial Integrity
Territorial integrity is the principle under international law that nation-states should not attempt to promote secessionist movements or to promote border changes in other nation-states.[citation needed] Conversely it states that imposition by force of a border change is an act of aggression
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International Law
International law, also known as public international law and law of nations,[1] is the set of rules, norms, and standards generally accepted in relations between nations.[2][3] It establishes normative guidelines and a common conceptual framework for states to follow across a broad range of domains, including war, diplomacy, trade, and human rights. International law
International law
thus provides a mean for states to practice more stable, consistent, and organized international relations.[4] The sources of international law include international custom (general state practice accepted as law), treaties, and general principles of law recognised by most national legal systems
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2005 World Summit
The 2005 World Summit, 14–16 September 2005, was a follow-up summit meeting to the United Nations' 2000 Millennium Summit, which led to the Millennium Declaration of the Millennium Development Goals
Millennium Development Goals
(MDGs). Representatives (including many leaders) of the then 191 (now 193) member states met in New York City for what the United Nations described as "a once-in-a-generation opportunity to take bold decisions in the areas of development, security, human rights and reform of the United Nations."[1]Contents1 Summit 2 World Summit outcome2.1 UN Security Council and the protection of civilians in armed conflicts3 References 4 Further readingSummit[edit] The summit was billed as the "largest gathering of world leaders in history," and featured appearances of numerous heads of state and heads of government. The majority of those present addressed the U. N. General Assembly, and gave speeches reflecting on the U
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Secession
Secession
Secession
(derived from the Latin
Latin
term secessio) is the withdrawal of a group from a larger entity, especially a political entity, but also from any organization, union or military alliance. Threats of secession can be a strategy for achieving more limited goals.[1] It is, therefore, a process, which commences once a group proclaims the act of secession (e.g
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Organization For Security And Co-operation In Europe
The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
Europe
(OSCE) is the world's largest security-oriented intergovernmental organization. Its mandate includes issues such as arms control, promotion of human rights, freedom of the press, and fair elections. It employs around 3,460 people, mostly in its field operations but also in its secretariat in Vienna, Austria
Austria
and its institutions. It has its origins in the 1975 Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE) held in Helsinki, Finland. The OSCE is concerned with early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management, and post-conflict rehabilitation. Its 57 participating countries are located in Europe, northern and central Asia, and North America. The participating states cover much of the land area of the Northern Hemisphere
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Special
Special
Special
or the specials or variation, may refer to:.mw-parser-output .tocright float:right;clear:right;width:auto;background:none;padding:.5em 0 .8em 1.4em;margin-bottom:.5em .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-left clear:left .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-both clear:both .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-none clear:none Contents1 Policing 2 Literature 3 Film and television 4 Music4.1 Albums 4.2 Songs5 Computing 6 Other uses 7 See alsoPolicing[edit] Specials, Ulster
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Prince Hans-Adam II
Hans-Adam II (Johannes Adam Ferdinand Alois Josef Maria Marco d'Aviano Pius; born 14 February 1945) is the reigning Prince of Liechtenstein. He is the son of Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein (1906–1989) and his wife Countess Georgina von Wilczek (1921–1989). He also bears the titles Duke of Troppau
Duke of Troppau
and Jägerndorf, and Count Rietberg.Contents1 Early life 2 Powers 3 Personal wealth 4 Personal life 5 Viewpoints and book 6 Titles, styles and honours6.1 Titles and styles 6.2 Honours and awards6.2.1 National honours 6.2.2 Foreign honours6.3 Awards7 Ancestry 8 See also 9 References 10 External linksEarly life[edit]This section of a biography of a living person does not include any references or sources
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Liechtenstein
Coordinates: 47°08′N 9°33′E / 47.14°N 9.55°E / 47.14; 9.55 Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
(/ˈlɪktənstaɪn/ (listen) LIK-tən-styne; German: [ˈlɪçtn̩ʃtaɪn]), officially the Principality
Principality
of Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
(German: Fürstentum Liechtenstein),[7] is a doubly landlocked German-speaking microstate in Alpine Central Europe.[8] The principality is a constitutional monarchy headed by the Prince of Liechtenstein. Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
is bordered by Switzerland
Switzerland
to the west and south and Austria
Austria
to the east and north. It is Europe's fourth-smallest country, with an area of just over 160 square kilometres (62 square miles) and a population of 37,877.[9] Divided into 11 municipalities, its capital is Vaduz, and its largest municipality is Schaan
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International Institute For Strategic Studies
Coordinates: 51°30′41″N 0°06′49″W / 51.511502°N 0.113550°W / 51.511502; -0.113550International Institute for Strategic StudiesArundel House, Temple, LondonAbbreviation IISSFormation 1958; 60 years ago (1958)Type International relations
International relations
think tankHeadquarters London, England, United KingdomDirector-General and Chief ExecutiveJohn ChipmanWebsite www.iiss.orgThe International Institute for Strategic Studies
International Institute for Strategic Studies
(IISS) is a British research institute (or think tank) in the area of international affairs. Since 1997 its headquarters have been Arundel House, in London, England
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De Facto
In law, government and official unit, the term de facto (/deɪ ˈfæktoʊ, di -/ day FAK-toh, dee -⁠;[1] Latin: de facto [deː ˈfaktoː], "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even though they are not officially recognized by laws.[2][3][4] It is commonly used to refer to what happens in practice, in contrast with de jure ("by law"), which refers to things that happen according to law.Contents1 Examples1.1 Standards 1.2 National languages 1.3 Politics1.3.1 Segregation2 Other uses2.1 Relationships 2.2 Relationships not recognised outside Australia 2.3 Non-marital relationship contract 2.4 Family law – custody3 Other uses of the term 4 See also 5 ReferencesExamples[edit] Standards[edit] Main article: De facto standard A de facto standard is a standard (formal or informal) that has achieved a dominant position by tradition, enforcement, or market dominance
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Uti Possidetis
Uti possidetis ( Latin
Latin
for "as you possess") is a principle in international law that territory and other property remains with its possessor at the end of a conflict, unless otherwise provided for by treaty; if such a treaty does not include conditions regarding the possession of property and territory taken during the war, then the principle of uti possidetis will prevail.[1] Originating in Roman law, the phrase is derived from the Latin
Latin
expression uti possidetis, ita possideatis, meaning "may you continue to possess such as you do possess" (lit., "as you possess, thus may you possess")
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United Nations Security Council Resolution 1674
United Nations Security Council
United Nations Security Council
Resolution 1674, adopted unanimously on April 28, 2006, after reaffirming resolutions 1265 (1999) and 1296 (2000) concerning the protection of civilians in armed conflict and Resolution 1631 (2005) on co-operation between the United Nations
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United Nations Security Council
The United Nations
United Nations
Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations,[1] charged with the maintenance of international peace and security[2] as well as accepting new members to the United Nations[3] and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.[4] Its powers include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions; it is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states. The Security Council held its first session on 17 January 1946. Like the UN as a whole, the Security Council was created following World War
War
II to address the failings of a previous international organization, the League of Nations, in maintaining world peace
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World Summit Outcome Document
The 2005 World Summit, 14–16 September 2005, was a follow-up summit meeting to the United Nations' 2000 Millennium Summit, which led to the Millennium Declaration of the Millennium Development Goals
Millennium Development Goals
(MDGs). Representatives (including many leaders) of the then 191 (now 193) member states met in New York City for what the United Nations described as "a once-in-a-generation opportunity to take bold decisions in the areas of development, security, human rights and reform of the United Nations."[1]Contents1 Summit 2 World Summit outcome2.1 UN Security Council and the protection of civilians in armed conflicts3 References 4 Further readingSummit[edit] The summit was billed as the "largest gathering of world leaders in history," and featured appearances of numerous heads of state and heads of government. The majority of those present addressed the U. N. General Assembly, and gave speeches reflecting on the U
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International Court Of Justice Advisory Opinion On Kosovo's Declaration Of Independence
Accordance with International Law of the Unilateral Declaration of Independence In Respect of Kosovo
Kosovo
was a request for an advisory opinion referred to the International Court of Justice
International Court of Justice
by the United Nations General Assembly regarding the 2008 Kosovo
Kosovo
declaration of independence. The territory of Kosovo
Kosovo
is the subject of a dispute between Serbia
Serbia
and the Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
established by the declaration
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Breakaway States
Presented below is a list of lists of active, separatist movements:List of active separatist movements in Africa List of active separatist movements in Asia List of active separatist movements in Europe List of active separatist movements in North America List of active separatist movements in Oceania List of active separatist movements in South AmericaSee also[edit]SeparatismList of active separatist movements recognized by intergovernmental organizations List of rebel groups that control territoryIndependence Independence
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