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Technology
TECHNOLOGY ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia ) is the collection of techniques , skills , methods and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation . Technology
Technology
can be the knowledge of techniques, processes, and the like, or it can be embedded in machines which can be operated without detailed knowledge of their workings. The simplest form of technology is the development and use of basic tools . The prehistoric discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Revolution
Neolithic Revolution
increased the available sources of food and the invention of the wheel helped humans to travel in and control their environment
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Good (economics)
In economics , GOODS are materials that satisfy human wants and provide utility , for example, to a consumer making a purchase of a satisfying product . A common distinction is made between goods that are tangible property , and services , which are non-Physical. A good may be a consumable item that is useful to people but scarce in relation to its demand, so that human effort is required to obtain it. In contrast, free goods, such as air, are naturally in abundant supply and need no conscious effort to obtain them. Personal goods are things such as televisions, living room furniture, wallets, cellular telephones, almost anything owned or used on a daily basis that is not food related. Commercial goods are construed as any tangible product that is manufactured and then made available for supply to be used in an industry of commerce. Commercial goods could be tractors, commercial vehicles, mobile structures, airplanes and even roofing materials
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Useful Arts
USEFUL ART, or USEFUL ARTS or TECHNICS, is concerned with the skills and methods of practical subjects such as manufacture and craftsmanship. The phrase has now gone out of fashion, but it was used during the Victorian era
Victorian era
and earlier as an antonym to the performing art and the fine art
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Value (personal And Cultural)
In ethics, VALUE denotes the degree of importance of some thing or action, with the aim of determining what actions are best to do or what way is best to live (normative ethics ), or to describe the significance of different actions. It may be described as treating actions themselves as abstract objects, putting value to them. It deals with right conduct and living a good life, in the sense that a highly, or at least relatively highly, valuable action may be regarded as ethically "good" (adjective sense), and an action of low in value, or somewhat relatively low in value, may be regarded as "bad". What makes an action valuable may in turn depend on the ethic values of the objects it increases, decreases or alters. An object with "ethic value" may be termed an "ethic or philosophic good" (noun sense). Values can be defined as broad preferences concerning appropriate courses of action or outcomes. As such, values reflect a person's sense of right and wrong or what "ought" to be
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Club (weapon)
A CLUB (also known as a CUDGEL, BATON, TRUNCHEON, COSH, NIGHTSTICK, or BLUDGEON) is among the simplest of all weapons : a short staff or stick, usually made of wood , wielded as a weapon since prehistoric times. There are several examples of blunt-force trauma caused by clubs in the past, including at the site of Nataruk
Nataruk
in Turkana, Kenya, described as the scene of a prehistoric conflict between bands of hunter-gatherers 10,000 years ago. In popular culture, clubs are associated with primitive cultures, especially cavemen . Most clubs are small enough to be swung with one hand, although larger clubs may require the use of two to be effective. Various specialized clubs are used in martial arts and other fields, including the law-enforcement baton . The military mace is a more sophisticated descendant of the club, typically made of metal and featuring a spiked, knobbed or flanged head attached to a shaft
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Reactionary
A REACTIONARY is a person who holds political views that favor a return to the status quo ante , the previous political state of society, which they believe possessed characteristics (discipline , respect for authority , etc.) that are negatively absent from the contemporary status quo of a society. As an adjective, the word reactionary describes points of view and policies meant to restore the status quo ante. Political reactionaries are at the right-wing of a political spectrum; yet, reactionary ideologies can be radical, in the sense of political extremism , in service to re-establishing the status quo ante
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Conspicuous Leisure
CONSPICUOUS LEISURE is a term introduced by the American economist and sociologist Thorstein Veblen
Thorstein Veblen
, in The Theory of the Leisure Class (1899). The term denotes visible leisure for the sake of displaying and attaining social status . The term is generally reserved for those forms of leisure that seem to be fully motivated by social factors, such as taking long vacations to exotic places and bringing souvenirs back. Conspicuous leisure
Conspicuous leisure
is observed in all societies where stratification exists. Conspicuous leisure
Conspicuous leisure
contributes to the glorification of non-productivity, thus validating the behavior of the most powerful classes and leading the lower classes to admire rather than revile the leisure class. This aids the leisure class in retaining their status and material position
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Efficiency
EFFICIENCY is the (often measurable) ability to avoid wasting materials, energy, efforts, money, and time in doing something or in producing a desired result. In a more general sense, it is the ability to do things well, successfully, and without waste. In more mathematical or scientific terms, it is a measure of the extent to which input is well used for an intended task or function (output). It often specifically comprises the capability of a specific application of effort to produce a specific outcome with a minimum amount or quantity of waste, expense, or unnecessary effort. Efficiency, of course, refers to very different inputs and outputs in different fields and industries. Efficiency is very often confused with effectiveness . In general, efficiency is a measurable concept, quantitatively determined by the ratio of useful output to total input
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Politician
A POLITICIAN (from "politics" + "-ian", from the Greek title of Aristotle\'s book Πολιτικά "Politika", meaning "Civic Affairs") is a person active in party politics , or a person holding or seeking office in government. In democratic countries, politicians seek elective positions within a government through elections or, at times, temporary appointment to replace politicians who have died, resigned or have been otherwise removed from office. In non-democratic countries, they employ other means of reaching power through appointment, bribery, revolutions and intrigues. Some politicians are experienced in the art or science of government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution
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Age Of Enlightenment
The ENLIGHTENMENT (also known as the AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT or the AGE OF REASON; in French : le Siècle des Lumières, lit. 'the Century of Lights'; and in German : Aufklärung, 'Enlightenment') was an intellectual and philosophical movement which dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, The Century of Philosophy. The Enlightenment included a range of ideas centered on reason as the primary source of authority and legitimacy, and came to advance ideals like liberty , progress , tolerance , fraternity , constitutional government , and separation of church and state . In France, the central doctrines of les Lumières were individual liberty and religious tolerance in opposition to an absolute monarchy and the fixed dogmas of the Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church

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Pollution
POLLUTION is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change. Pollution
Pollution
can take the form of chemical substances or energy , such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants , the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Pollution
Pollution
is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution
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Natural Environment
The NATURAL ENVIRONMENT encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally , meaning in this case not artificial . The term is most often applied to the Earth
Earth
or some parts of Earth. This environment encompasses the interaction of all living species , climate , weather, and natural resources that affect human survival and economic activity
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Service (economics)
In economics , a SERVICE is a transaction in which no physical goods are transferred from the seller to the buyer. The benefits of such a service are held to be demonstrated by the buyer's willingness to make the exchange. Public services are those that society (nation state, fiscal union, region) as a whole pays for. Using resources , skill , ingenuity , and experience , service providers benefit service consumers. CONTENTS* 1 Five I\'s * 1.1 Intangibility * 1.2 Inventory (perishability) * 1.3 Inseparability * 1.4 Inconsistency (variability) * 1.5 Involvement * 2 Service quality * 3 Specification * 4 Delivery * 5 Service-commodity goods continuum * 6 Service types * 7 List of countries by tertiary output * 8 See also * 9 References FIVE I\'SServices can be described in terms of their key characteristics, sometimes called the "Five I's of Services". INTANGIBILITYServices are by definition intangible
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Ancient Greek
ANCIENT GREEK includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece
Greece
and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD. It is often roughly divided into the Archaic period (9th to 6th centuries BC), Classical period (5th and 4th centuries BC), and Hellenistic period (3rd century BC to the 6th century AD). It is antedated in the second millennium BC by Mycenaean Greek
Mycenaean Greek
. The language of the Hellenistic phase is known as Koine (common). Koine is regarded as a separate historical stage of its own, although in its earliest form it closely resembled Attic Greek and in its latest form it approaches Medieval Greek . Prior to the Koine period, Greek of the classic and earlier periods included several regional dialects
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Productivity
PRODUCTIVITY describes various measures of the efficiency of production . A productivity measure is expressed as the ratio of output to inputs used in a production process, i.e. output per unit of input. Productivity
Productivity
is a crucial factor in production performance of firms and nations. Increasing national productivity can raise living standards because more real income improves people's ability to purchase goods and services, enjoy leisure, improve housing and education and contribute to social and environmental programs. Productivity
Productivity
growth also helps businesses to be more profitable. There are many different definitions of productivity and the choice among them depends on the purpose of the productivity measurement and/or data availability
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Telephone
A TELEPHONE, or PHONE, is a telecommunications device that permits two or more users to conduct a conversation when they are too far apart to be heard directly. A telephone converts sound , typically and most efficiently the human voice , into electronic signals that are transmitted via cables and other communication channels to another telephone which reproduces the sound to the receiving user. In 1876, Scottish emigrant Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell
was the first to be granted a United States patent for a device that produced clearly intelligible replication of the human voice. This instrument was further developed by many others. The telephone was the first device in history that enabled people to talk directly with each other across large distances. Telephones rapidly became indispensable to businesses, government, and households, and are today some of the most widely used small appliances
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