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Takhar
TAKHAR or TAAHKARR (in Serer and Cangin ) is a demi-god in the Serer religion worshipped by many Serers (an ethnic group found in Senegal
Senegal
, the Gambia
Gambia
and Mauritania
Mauritania
). Takhar
Takhar
is the god of justice and vengeance in Serer religion and worshipped at the foot of certain trees in the forest deemed to be sacred . The Serer priestly class play a crucial role in the evokation of the demi-god and the implementation of its laws that devotees adhere to. CONTENTS* 1 Worship * 1.1 Place of worship * 1.2 Priests of Takhar
Takhar
* 2 Patronage * 3 References * 4 Bibliography WORSHIPThe Serer people worship Takhar
Takhar
in order to appeal to him against the injuries, oppression or evil magic inflicted by other
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Serer Religion
The SERER RELIGION, or A ƭAT ROOG ("the way of the Divine"), is the original religious beliefs, practices, and teachings of the Serer people of Senegal
Senegal
in western Africa
Africa
. The Serer people believe in a universal supreme deity called Roog (or Rog). In the Cangin languages , Roog is referred to as Koox (var : Kooh ), Kopé Tiatie Cac , Kokh Kox , etc. The Serer people are found throughout the Senegambia region . Serer religious practices encompass ancient chants and poems, veneration of and offerings to deities as well as spirits (pangool ), astronomy , Initiation rites, medicine , cosmology and the history of the Serer people
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Takhar (other)
CONTENTS * 1 Religion * 2 Places * 3 People * 4 See also RELIGION Takhar
Takhar
, a god in the Serer religion PLACES* TUKHARA, known as TOKHARISTAN: alternate names for Bactria * Tokharoi, Tokhari or Tokharioi the Ancient Greek name for an inhabitant of Tukhara (sometimes Latinised as Tocharian)* the basis of the name of Takhar
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Serer People
Senegal
Senegal
(1.84 million), Gambia
Gambia
(31,900), Mauritania
Mauritania
and expats. LANGUAGES Serer proper , Cangin languages
Cangin languages
, Wolof French ( Senegal
Senegal
and Mauritania), English (Gambia), RELIGION Senegal
Senegal
2002: 90% Islam
Islam
, 9% Christianity
Christianity
and Serer religion (ƭat Roog) RELATED ETHNIC GROUPS Wolof people , Toucouleur people
Toucouleur people
and Lebou people The SERER PEOPLE are a West African
West African
ethnoreligious group
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Roog
ROOG or ROG (KOOX in the Cangin languages
Cangin languages
) is the Supreme God and Creator of the Serer religion of the Senegambia region. CONTENTS * 1 Names and titles * 2 Beliefs * 2.1 Gender * 3 Further reading * 4 References * 5 Bibliography NAMES AND TITLESIn Serer , roog means sky or the heavens . Roog
Roog
is sometimes referred to as Roog
Roog
Sene (Rog Seen, Rog Sene, Rooh Seen, etc.) which means Roog
Roog
the Immensity, or by extension, the merciful god
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Kopé Tiatie Cac
KOPé TIATIE CAC (also KOH and KOOPE; in Ndut language , meaning god grandfather or god the grandfather) is the Supreme Creator in the Serer religion . Kopé Tiatie Cac
Kopé Tiatie Cac
is the name used by the Ndut people to refer to the Supreme being . Among the Ndut and followers of Serer religion, Kopé Tiatie Cac
Kopé Tiatie Cac
is associated with death and plague (pisti). CONTENTS * 1 Ndut Cosmogony * 2 Worship * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Bibliography * 6 Further reading NDUT COSMOGONY Main article: Serer creation myth The Ndut people
Ndut people
who adhere to the tenets of Serer religion refer to the supreme god as Kopé Tiatie Cac
Kopé Tiatie Cac
in Cangin -Ndut. The name Kopé Tiatie Cac probably derived from the god Koox
Koox
(var : Kooh)
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Kokh Kox
KOKH KOX (or KOH, as pronounced in Noon ) is the creator god of the Noon people . The Noon are members of the Serer ethnic group of Senegal
Senegal
, the Gambia
Gambia
and Mauritania
Mauritania
. Kokh Kox
Kokh Kox
is one of the main deities in Serer religion . The Noon people refer to the supreme being as Kokh Kox
Kokh Kox
rather than Roog
Roog
, the name the majority of Serers refer to the supreme being in the Serer-Sine language . The name Kokh Kox derives from the deity Koox
Koox
, the name the Saafi people
Saafi people
regularly use to refer to the divine
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Tiurakh
TIURAKH (variations : Théourakh, Thiorak or Tulrakh) is one of the demi-gods of the Serer people of Senegal
Senegal
, the Gambia
Gambia
and Mauritania
Mauritania
. In the Serer religion
Serer religion
, Tiurakh
Tiurakh
is regarded as the god of wealth or property . Like his adversary Takhar
Takhar
(the god of justice), they are both venerated and worshipped at the foot of the tallest trees in Serer country . CONTENTS* 1 Worship * 1.1 Place of worship * 2 Views of Serer religion
Serer religion
* 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Bibliography WORSHIP See also: Serer ancient history Tiurakh
Tiurakh
is worshipped by the Serer people for materialistic reasons i.e
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Animism
ANIMISM (from Latin _anima_, "breath , spirit , life ") is the religious belief that objects, places, and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual essence. Potentially, animism perceives all things—animals, plants, rocks, rivers, weather systems, human handiwork, and perhaps even words—as animated and alive. Animism is the oldest known type of belief system in the world that even predates paganism . It is still practiced in a variety of forms in many traditional societies. Animism is used in the anthropology of religion as a term for the belief system of many indigenous tribal peoples , especially in contrast to the relatively more recent development of organized religions . Although each culture has its own different mythologies and rituals, "animism" is said to describe the most common, foundational thread of indigenous peoples' "spiritual" or "supernatural" perspectives
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Baol
The KINGDOM OF BAOL or BAWOL in central Senegal
Senegal
was one of the kingdoms that arose from the split-up of the Empire of Jolof (Diolof) in 1555. The ruler (Teigne or Teen ) reigned from a capital in Diourbel
Diourbel
. The Kingdom encompassed a strip of land extending east from the ocean to the capital city and included the cities of Touba and MBacke. It was directly south of the Kingdom of Cayor
Cayor
and north of the Kingdom of Sine . The first King of Baol
Baol
is Ji the Great. Baol
Baol
was famous for its horses. It has special breeds, which were faster and stronger than most of the horses on the plain. Baol citizens are good riders. Baol
Baol
was ethnically a Wolof kingdom, but it included communities of Serer-Safen and other Serer groups. The social and political systems were basically the same as those of Cayor
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Cekeen Tumulus
The TUMULI OF CEKEEN are located in the Diourbel Department
Diourbel Department
of the Diourbel Region
Diourbel Region
. The Diourbel Region
Diourbel Region
and the city of Diourbel
Diourbel
were part of the precolonial Kingdom of Baol , now part of present-day Senegal
Senegal
. CONTENTS * 1 Purpose * 2 World Heritage Status * 3 See also * 4 References PURPOSEIn this area, a tumulus was used as a burial mound for chiefs. A deceased chief would be joined by other members of his court along with important objects such as furniture and other implements. In this case, he and his escort would be situated in the chief's hut, whereupon the hut was buried with soil and rocks. Thousands of such tumuli exist in Senegal, but it is in Cekeen that the biggest and most densely scattered occur
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Fandène
FANDèNE (Serer : FANđAN, or FANDANE or MBEL FANDANE) is a small village in Senegal
Senegal
about 7 km from Thiès
Thiès
. It is inhabited by the Serer people . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Population * 3 Geography * 4 Activities * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 Bibliography * 8 External links HISTORY Fandène
Fandène
or Fandane was one of the villages of the precolonial Serer Kingdom of Sine
Kingdom of Sine

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Fatick
FATICK is a town in Senegal
Senegal
, located between M\'bour and Kaolack and inhabited by the Serer people . Its 2005 population was estimated at 24,243. It is the capital of the Fatick Region
Fatick Region
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Administration * 3 Geography * 4 Climate * 5 Population * 6 Economy * 7 Notable people from Fatick
Fatick
* 8 References HISTORY Main articles: Serer ancient history
Serer ancient history
and Serer religion The city has several ancient sites classified as historical monuments and added to the World heritage list. There is also the site of Mind Ngo Mindiss where libations and offerings are made, located in the Sine River
Sine River

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Saloum
The KINGDOM OF SALOUM ( Serer language
Serer language
: Saluum or Saalum) was a Serer /Wolof kingdom in present-day Senegal
Senegal
. Its kings may have been of Mandinka / Kaabu
Kaabu
origin. The capital of Saloum
Saloum
was the city of Kahone . It was a sister kingdom of Sine . Their history, geography and culture were intricately linked and it was common to refer to them as the Sine-Saloum
Sine-Saloum
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 People and language * 3 Commerce and geography * 4 Notes * 5 References HISTORY Apartment of the Maad Saloum (king of Saloum) in 1821. Carte des peuplades du Sénégal de l'abbé Boilat (1853): an ethnic map of Senegal
Senegal
at the time of French colonialism
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Senegambian Stone Circles
The SENEGAMBIAN STONE CIRCLES lie in The Gambia
Gambia
north of Janjanbureh and in central Senegal
Senegal
. Approximate area: 30,000 km². They are sometimes divided into the Wassu (Gambian) and Sine-Saloum (Senegalese) circles, but this is purely a national division. CONTENTS* 1 Location * 1.1 Wassu * 1.2 Kerbatch * 1.3 Wanar * 2 Sine Ngayene * 3 Locations * 4 Additional stone circles in Senegambia * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 External links * 8 References LOCATIONThe stone circles and other megaliths found in Senegal
Senegal
and Gambia
Gambia
are sometimes divided into four large sites: Sine Ngayene and Wanar in Senegal, and Wassu and Kerbatch in the Central River Region in Gambia. Researchers are not certain when these monuments were built, but the generally accepted range is between the third century B.C. and the sixteenth century AD
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