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Taiwan
Taiwan
Taiwan
(/ˌtaɪˈwɑːn/ ( listen)), officially the Republic of China
China
(ROC), is a state in East Asia.[15][16][17] Its neighbors include the People's Republic of China
China
(PRC) to the west, Japan
Japan
to the northeast, and the Philippines
Philippines
to the south. It is the most populous state and largest economy that is not a member of the United Nations. The island of Taiwan, formerly known as Formosa, was inhabited by aborigines before the 17th century, when Dutch and Spanish colonies opened the island to mass Han immigration. After a brief rule by the Kingdom of Tungning, the island was annexed by the Qing dynasty, the last dynasty of China. The Qing ceded Taiwan
Taiwan
to Japan
Japan
in 1895 after the Sino-Japanese War
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[n 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position, and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position
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Ethnic Groups
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, society, culture or nation.[1][2] Ethnicity is usually an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage, ancestry, origin myth, history, homeland, language or dialect, symbolic systems such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing style, art, and physical appearance. Ethnic groups, derived from the same historical founder population, often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool
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Constitutional Republic
A republic (Latin: res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers. The primary positions of power within a republic are not inherited. It is a form of government under which the head of state is not a monarch.[1][2][3] In American English, the definition of a republic refers specifically to a form of government in which elected individuals represent the citizen body[2] and exercise power according to the rule of law under a constitution, including separation of powers with an elected head of state, referred to as a constitutional republic[4][5][6][7] or representative democracy. [8] As of 2017[update], 159 of the world's 206 sovereign states use the word "republic" as part of their official names – not all of these are republics in the sense of having elected governments, nor is the word "republic" used in the names of all nations with elected governments
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Unitary State
A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate. The majority of states in the world have a unitary system of government. Of the 193 UN member states, 165 are governed as unitary states. In a unitary state, sub-national units are created and abolished (an example being the 22 mainland regions of France
France
being merged into 13), and their powers may be broadened and narrowed, by the central government. Although political power may be delegated through devolution to local governments by statute, the central government remains supreme; it may abrogate the acts of devolved governments or curtail their powers. The United Kingdom
The United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is an example of a unitary state
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Republic Of China (other)
The Republic of China is a state in East Asia, commonly known as Taiwan. Republic of China may also refer to:The Republic of China (1912–1949), China from the end of the Qing dynasty to the end of the civil warThe Provisional Government of the Republic of China (1912), a government established in 1912 The Beiyang government, the government of northern China, 1913–1928 The Nationalist government, the Kuomintang-ruled government of China, 1928–1948The Fujian People's Government, also known as the People's Revolutionary Government of the Republic of China, 1933–1934 The Provisional Government of the Republic of China (1937–40), puppet government of Japan The Reformed Government of the Republic of China, puppet government of Japan The Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China, puppet government of Japan, 1940–1945 The Government of the Republic of China, the current government of TaiwanSee also[edit]Minguo calendar China (disamb
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Official Script
An official script is a writing system that is specifically designated to be official in the constitutions or other applicable laws of countries, states, and other jurisdictions. Akin to an official language, an official script is much rarer. It is used primarily where an official language is in practice written with two or more scripts. As, in these languages, use of script often has cultural or political connotations, proclamation of an official script is sometimes criticised as having a goal of influencing culture or politics or both. Desired effects also may include easing education, communication and some other aspects of life.Contents1 List of official scripts 2 Historical 3 See also 4 ReferencesList of official scripts[edit] Below is a partial list of official scripts used in different countries
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Demonym
A demonym (/ˈdɛmənɪm/; δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.[1] It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously gentilic was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the Oxford
Oxford
English Dictionary and Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary.[2][3][4] Examples of demonyms include Swahili for a person of the Swahili coast and Cochabambino for a person from the city of Cochabamba. Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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Tsai Chi-chang
Tsai Chi-chang
Tsai Chi-chang
(Chinese: 蔡其昌; pinyin: Cài Qíchāng) is a Taiwanese politician. He was elected to the Legislative Yuan
Legislative Yuan
in Taichung's first constituency in 2012 and re-elected in 2016. He is currently the Deputy Speaker of Legislative Yuan, having served in this role since 1 February 2016.[1][2] Education[edit] Tsai obtained his bachelor and master's degrees in history from Tunghai University
Tunghai University
and master's degree in executive business administration from National Chung Hsing University.[3] References[edit]^ Hsu, Stacy (2 February 2016). "First non-KMT legislative speaker is Su". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2 February 2016.  ^ "LY elects first-ever pan-green leaders". China Post
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Semi-presidential System
A semi-presidential system is a system of government in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter two being responsible to the legislature of a state
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National Flag Anthem Of The Republic Of China
The National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China
Republic of China
(Chinese: 中華民國國旗歌; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Míngúo Gúoqígē; also unofficially known as the "National Banner Song") is played during the raising and lowering of the Flag of the Republic of China
Flag of the Republic of China
(ROC)
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Pratas Islands
The Pratas Islands, also known as the Dongsha Islands, are an atoll in the north of the South China Sea
South China Sea
consisting of three islets about 340 kilometers (211 mi) southeast of Hong Kong. Excluding their associated EEZ and territorial waters, the islets comprise about 240 ha (590 acres), including 64 ha (160 acres) of lagoon area.[2] The People's Republic of China
Republic of China
claims the islands, but the Republic of China
Republic of China
(Taiwan) controls them and has declared them a national park
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Traditional Chinese
Traditional Chinese characters
Chinese characters
(traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字; simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字; Pinyin: Zhèngtǐzì/Fántǐzì) are Chinese characters
Chinese characters
in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau
Macau
or in the Kangxi Dictionary
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Formosan Languages
The Formosan languages
Formosan languages
are the languages of the indigenous peoples of Taiwan. Taiwanese aborigines
Taiwanese aborigines
(those recognized by the government) currently comprise about 2.3% of the island's population. However, far fewer can still speak their ancestral language, after centuries of language shift. Of the approximately 26 languages of the Taiwanese aborigines, at least ten are extinct, another four (perhaps five) are moribund,[2][3] and several others are to some degree endangered. The aboriginal languages of Taiwan
Taiwan
have significance in historical linguistics, since in all likelihood Taiwan
Taiwan
was the place of origin of the entire Austronesian
Austronesian
language family
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Matsu Dialect
Matsu dialect
Matsu dialect
(Eastern Min: Mā-cū-huâ / 馬祖話) is the local dialect of Matsu Islands, Republic of China. Native speakers also call it Bàng-huâ (平話), meaning the language spoken in everyday life. It is recognised one of the statutory languages for public transport announcements in Lienchiang County, ROC.[1] It is a subdialect[clarification needed] of Fuzhou dialect, Eastern Min
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Taiping Island
Taiping Island, better known internationally as Itu Aba Island, and also known by various other names, is the largest of the naturally occurring Spratly Islands in the South China Sea.[1][2][3][4][5] The island is elliptical in shape being 1.4 kilometres (0.87 mi) in length and 0.4 kilometres (0.25 mi) in width, with an area of 46 hectares (110 acres). It is part of the Tizard Bank (Zheng He Reefs; 郑和群礁). The runway of the Taiping Island Airport is easily the most prominent feature on the island, running its entire length. The island is administered by the Republic of China (Taiwan), as part of Cijin, Kaohsiung. It is also claimed by the Mainland China, the Philippines and Vietnam
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