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Switzerland
SWITZERLAND (/ˈswɪtsərlənd/ ), officially the SWISS CONFEDERATION, is a federal republic in Europe
Europe
. It consists of 26 cantons , and the city of Bern
Bern
is the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in western -Central Europe
Europe
, and is bordered by Italy
Italy
to the south, France
France
to the west, Germany
Germany
to the north, and Austria
Austria
and Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
to the east
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Swiss Confederation (other)
The SWISS CONFEDERATION is the official name of SWITZERLAND. SWISS CONFEDERATION may also refer to: * Swiss Confederation
Swiss Confederation
(Napoleonic) , between 1803 and 1815SEE ALSO * Chronicle of the Swiss Confederation
Swiss Confederation
, the oldest printed chronicle of Switzerland * Eidgenossenschaft , the German term * Old Swiss Confederacy
Old Swiss Confederacy
, the precursor of modern-day Switzerland This disambiguation page lists articles about distinct geographical locations with the same name. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Swiss_Confederation_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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German Language
_No official regulation_ ( German orthography regulated by the Council for German Orthography )
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French Language
Phonological history * Oaths of Strasbourg * Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts * Anglo-Norman GRAMMAR * Adverbs * Articles and determiners * Pronouns (personal )* Verbs * (conjugation * morphology ) ORTHOGRAPHY * Alphabet * Reforms * Circumflex * Braille PHONOLOGY * Elision * Liaison * Aspirated h * Help:IPA for French * v * t * e FRENCH (_le français_ (_ listen ) or la langue française_ ) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family . It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire , as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d\'oïl —languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French ( Francien ) has largely supplanted
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Italian Language
ITALIAN (_ italiano_ (help ·info ) or _lingua italiana_ ) is a Romance language . By most measures, Italian, together with Sardinian, is the closest to Latin of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy , Switzerland , San Marino , Vatican City and western Istria (in Slovenia and Croatia ). It used to have official status in Albania , Malta and Monaco , where it is still widely spoken, as well as in former Italian East Africa and Italian North Africa regions where it plays a significant role in various sectors. Italian is also spoken by large expatriate communities in the Americas and Australia . It has official minority status in Bosnia and Herzegovina , Croatia , Slovenia and Romania
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Romansh Language
ROMANSH (also spelled ROMANSCH, RUMANTSCH, or ROMANCHE; Romansh: _ rumantsch_ (help ·info ), _rumàntsch_, _ romauntsch_ (help ·info ) or _ romontsch_ (help ·info )) is a Romance language spoken predominantly in the southeastern Swiss canton of Grisons (Graubünden), where it has official status alongside German and Italian and is used as the medium of instruction in schools in Romansh-speaking areas. Romansh has also been recognized as a national language of Switzerland
Switzerland
since 1938 and as an official language along with German , French and Italian since 1996. It is sometimes grouped with Ladin and Friulian as a Rhaeto-Romance language , though this is disputed. Romansh is a descendant of the spoken Latin
Latin
language of the Roman Empire , which by the 5th century AD replaced the Celtic and Raetic languages previously spoken in the area, although Romansh retains a small number of words from these languages
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Latin Language
LATIN (Latin: _lingua latīna_, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages . The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet . Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium , in the Italian Peninsula . Through the power of the Roman Republic , it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages , such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian . Latin
Latin
and French have contributed many words to the English language . Latin
Latin
and Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
roots are used in theology , biology , and medicine
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Flag Of Switzerland
The FLAG OF SWITZERLAND consists of a red flag with a white cross (a bold, equilateral cross) in the centre. It is one of only two square sovereign-state flags , the other being the flag of Vatican City . The civil and state ensign of Switzerland, used by Swiss ships, boats and non-governmental bodies, is rectangular in shape and has the more common proportions of 3:2. Only the dimensions of the cross are formally established since 1889: "The coat of arms of the federation is, within a red field, an upright white cross, whose arms of equal length are one and a sixth times as long as they are wide." The size of the cross in relation to the field is not formally established except on the naval ensign, for which the ratio of the size of the cross to the height is 5:8, and to the length is 5:12. A ratio of 2:3 or 7:10 to the span of the flag is usual
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Coat Of Arms Of Switzerland
The COAT OF ARMS OF SWITZERLAND shows the same white cross as the flag of Switzerland
Switzerland
, but on a red shield. The appearance of the coat of arms or shield varies greatly, but the federal resolution of 12 December 1889 on the coat of arms decrees that the four arms have equal lengths, in a ratio to their width of 7:6, and includes a drawing of the coat of arms. Like the Swiss flag, the coat of arms is used on many items, such as Swiss francs , Swiss car number plates , and Swiss-branded exports such as Swiss Army knives
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Unus Pro Omnibus, Omnes Pro Uno
UNUS PRO OMNIBUS, OMNES PRO UNO is a Latin
Latin
phrase that means "ONE FOR ALL, ALL FOR ONE" in English. CONTENTS * 1 Earlier uses * 2 Traditional motto of Switzerland * 3 Three Musketeers * 4 See also * 5 References EARLIER USESIn a meeting in 1618 between leaders of the Bohemian, Catholic and Protestant communities, which resulted in the defenestrations of Prague , a representative of the Protestants read a letter affirming, "As they also absolutely intended to proceed with the execution against us, we came to a unanimous agreement among ourselves that, regardless of any loss of life and limb, honor and property, we would stand firm, with all for one and one for all... nor would we be subservient, but rather we would loyally help and protect each other to the utmost, against all difficulties." TRADITIONAL MOTTO OF SWITZERLANDSwitzerland has no official motto defined in its constitution or legislative documents
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Swiss Psalm
The SWISS PSALM (German : Schweizerpsalm , French : Cantique suisse , Italian : Salmo svizzero , Romansh : Psalm Svizzer ) is the national anthem of Switzerland
Switzerland
. It was composed in 1841, by Alberich Zwyssig (1808–1854). Since then, it has been frequently sung at patriotic events. The Federal Council declined however on numerous occasions to accept the psalm as the official anthem. This was because the council wanted the people to express their say on what they wanted as a national anthem. From 1961 to 1981 it provisionally replaced Rufst du, mein Vaterland ("When You Call, My Country", French Ô monts indépendants; Italian Ci chiami o patria, Romansh E clomas, tger paeis), the anthem by Johann Rudolf Wyss (1743–1818) which was set to the melody of God Save the Queen . On 1 April 1981, the Swiss
Swiss
Psalm was declared the official Swiss
Swiss
national anthem
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Europe
EUROPE —a concept dating back to classical antiquity — is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia . Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The eastern boundary with Asia is an arbitrary historical and social construct , as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. The primarily physiographic term "continent" as applied to Europe also incorporates cultural and political elements whose discontinuities and lines of demarcation are not reflected by the continent's current overland boundaries with Asia
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De Jure
In law and government, _DE JURE_ (/deɪ ˈdʒʊrɪ/ ; Latin: _de iure_, "in law") describes practices that are legally recognized by official laws. In contrast, _de facto _ ("in fact" or "in practice") describes situations that are generally known to exist in reality, even if not legally authorized. The terms are often used to contrast different scenarios, for example, "I know that, de jure, this is supposed to be a parking lot, but now that the flood has left four feet of water here, it’s a de facto swimming pool". EXAMPLESIt is possible to have multiple simultaneous conflicting (_de jure_) legalities, possibly none of which is in force (_de facto_). After seizing power in 1526, Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi made his brother, Umar Din , the lawful (_de jure_) Sultan of Adal . Ahmad, however, was in practice (_de facto_) the actual Sultan, and his brother was a figurehead
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