HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1500] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

Switzerland
SWITZERLAND (/ˈswɪtsərlənd/ ), officially the SWISS CONFEDERATION, is a federal republic in Europe
Europe
. It consists of 26 cantons , and the city of Bern
Bern
is the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in western -Central Europe
Europe
, and is bordered by Italy
Italy
to the south, France
France
to the west, Germany
Germany
to the north, and Austria
Austria
and Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
to the east. Switzerland
Switzerland
is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps
Alps
, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura , spanning an area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi). While the Alps
Alps
occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately eight million people is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are to be found: among them are the two global cities and economic centres Zürich
Zürich
and Geneva . The establishment of the Old Swiss Confederacy
Old Swiss Confederacy
dates to the late medieval period, resulting from a series of military successes against Austria
Austria
and Burgundy
[...More...]

"Switzerland" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Switzerland (other)
SWITZERLAND is a country in Europe. SWITZERLAND may also refer to: * Bohemian Switzerland , a region in the north-western Czech Republic * Franconian Switzerland , an upland in Upper Franconia, northern Bavaria * Holstein Switzerland , a hilly area in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany * Norman Switzerland , a hilly area in Normandy, France * Saxon Switzerland , a mountainous area and national park near Dresden in Saxony, Germany * Switzerland, Florida , an unincorporated community in the United States * Switzerland, South Carolina , in the United States * Switzerland County, Indiana , a county in southeastern Indiana in the United States * Switzerland Township, Monroe County, Ohio , a civil township in southeastern Ohio in the United States * Switzerland (album) , a 2006 album by Electric Six * Little Switzerland (landscape) , an aesthetic term for land * Switzerland (software) , a packet monitor tool for ISP testing This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title SWITZERLAND. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Switzerland_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
[...More...]

"Switzerland (other)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Swiss (other)
SWISS is the adjectival form for SWITZERLAND (or the preceding OLD SWISS CONFEDERACY ). SWISS may also refer to: * Swiss people * Swiss franc , the currency of Switzerland * Swiss mercenaries * Swiss Guard CONTENTS * 1 Air lines * 2 Places * 3 Other uses * 4 See also AIR LINES * Swiss, or Swiss International Air Lines * Swiss Global Air Lines , subsidiary airline of Swiss International Air Lines * Swissair , former national air line of SwitzerlandPLACES * Swiss, Missouri * Swiss, North Carolina * Swiss, West Virginia * Swiss, Wisconsin OTHER USES * Swiss cheese * Swiss Re , one of the world’s leading reinsurance companies * Swiss roll , a type of cake * Swiss-system tournament , a type of competition used in chess and some other games * Swiss convention , a bidding convention in contract bridge * Swiss, a synonym for sans-serif fontsSEE ALSO * Languages of Switzerland , there are several, however, none are called "Swiss" * All pages beginning with "Swiss" * List of Swiss people * Switzerland (other) * Swisse , an Australian vitamin company This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title SWISS. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Swiss_(other) additional terms may apply
[...More...]

"Swiss (other)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Swiss Confederation (other)
SWISS CONFEDERATION (Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft in German) is the official name of SWITZERLAND . It may also refer to: * Old Swiss Confederacy , the precursor of modern-day Switzerland * Swiss Confederation (Napoleonic) , between 1803 and 1815 * Eidgenossenschaft , the German term * Chronicle of the Swiss Confederation , the oldest printed chronicle of Switzerland This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title SWISS CONFEDERATION. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Swiss_Confederation_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
[...More...]

"Swiss Confederation (other)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

German Language
_No official regulation_ ( German orthography regulated by the Council for German Orthography ). LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 de ISO 639-2 ger (B) deu (T) ISO 639-3 Variously: deu – German gmh – Middle High German goh – Old High German gct – Colonia Tovar German bar – Bavarian cim – Cimbrian geh – Hutterite German ksh – Kölsch nds – Low German sli – Lower Silesian ltz – Luxembourgish vmf – Mainfränkisch mhn – Mócheno pfl – Palatinate German pdc – Pennsylvania German pdt – Plautdietsch swg – Swabian German gsw – Swiss German uln – Unserdeutsch sxu – Upper Saxon wae – Walser German wep – Westphalian hrx – Riograndenser Hunsrückisch yec – Yenish GLOTTOLOG high1287 High Franconian uppe1397 Upper German LINGUASPHERE further information 52-AC (Continental West Germanic) > 52-ACB (Deutsch & Dutch) > 52-ACB-d ( Central German incl. 52-ACB–dl & -dm Standard/Generalised High German ) + 52-ACB-e & -f ( Upper German & Swiss German ) + 52-ACB-h (émigré German varieties incl
[...More...]

"German Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

French Language
Phonological history * Oaths of Strasbourg * Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts * Anglo-Norman GRAMMAR * Adverbs * Articles and determiners * Pronouns (personal )* Verbs * (conjugation * morphology ) ORTHOGRAPHY * Alphabet * Reforms * Circumflex * Braille PHONOLOGY * Elision * Liaison * Aspirated h * Help:IPA for French * v * t * e FRENCH (_le français_ (_ listen ) or la langue française_ ) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family . It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire , as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d\'oïl —languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French ( Francien ) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic ) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages , most notably Haitian Creole . A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as "FRANCOPHONE" in both English and French
[...More...]

"French Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Italian Language
ITALIAN (_ italiano_ (help ·info ) or _lingua italiana_ ) is a Romance language . By most measures, Italian, together with Sardinian, is the closest to Latin of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy , Switzerland , San Marino , Vatican City and western Istria (in Slovenia and Croatia ). It used to have official status in Albania , Malta and Monaco , where it is still widely spoken, as well as in former Italian East Africa and Italian North Africa regions where it plays a significant role in various sectors. Italian is also spoken by large expatriate communities in the Americas and Australia . It has official minority status in Bosnia and Herzegovina , Croatia , Slovenia and Romania . Many speakers are native bilinguals of both standardized Italian and other regional languages . Italian is a major European language, being one of the official languages of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe and one of the working languages of the Council of Europe . It is the third most widely spoken first language in the European Union with 65 million native speakers (13% of the EU population) and it is spoken as a second language by 14 million EU citizens (3%)
[...More...]

"Italian Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Romansh Language
ROMANSH (also spelled ROMANSCH, RUMANTSCH, or ROMANCHE; Romansh: _ rumantsch_ (help ·info ), _rumàntsch_, _ romauntsch_ (help ·info ) or _ romontsch_ (help ·info )) is a Romance language spoken predominantly in the southeastern Swiss canton of Grisons (Graubünden), where it has official status alongside German and Italian and is used as the medium of instruction in schools in Romansh-speaking areas. Romansh has also been recognized as a national language of Switzerland
Switzerland
since 1938 and as an official language along with German , French and Italian since 1996. It is sometimes grouped with Ladin and Friulian as a Rhaeto-Romance language , though this is disputed. Romansh is a descendant of the spoken Latin
Latin
language of the Roman Empire , which by the 5th century AD replaced the Celtic and Raetic languages previously spoken in the area, although Romansh retains a small number of words from these languages. Romansh has also been heavily influenced by German in vocabulary and morphosyntax . The language gradually retreated to its current area over the centuries, being replaced by Alemannic and Bavarian dialects. The earliest writing identified as Romansh dates from the 10th or 11th century, although major works do not appear until the 16th century when several regional written varieties began to develop
[...More...]

"Romansh Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Latin Language
LATIN (Latin: _lingua latīna_, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages . The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet . Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium , in the Italian Peninsula . Through the power of the Roman Republic , it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages , such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian . Latin
Latin
and French have contributed many words to the English language . Latin
Latin
and Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
roots are used in theology , biology , and medicine . By the late Roman Republic (75 BC), Old Latin had been standardised into Classical Latin . Vulgar Latin was the colloquial form spoken during the same time and attested in inscriptions and the works of comic playwrights like Plautus
Plautus
and Terence
Terence

[...More...]

"Latin Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Flag Of Switzerland
The FLAG OF SWITZERLAND consists of a red flag with a white cross (a bold, equilateral cross) in the centre. It is one of only two square sovereign-state flags , the other being the flag of Vatican City . The civil and state ensign of Switzerland, used by Swiss ships, boats and non-governmental bodies, is rectangular in shape and has the more common proportions of 3:2. Only the dimensions of the cross are formally established since 1889: "The coat of arms of the federation is, within a red field, an upright white cross, whose arms of equal length are one and a sixth times as long as they are wide." The size of the cross in relation to the field is not formally established except on the naval ensign, for which the ratio of the size of the cross to the height is 5:8, and to the length is 5:12. A ratio of 2:3 or 7:10 to the span of the flag is usual. Use of the white cross as a military ensign (attached to the cantonal flags in the form of strips of linen) has been used in the Old Swiss Confederacy since the 14th century, but the modern design of a white cross suspended in a square red field was introduced only during the Napoleonic period , first used in 1800 during the Hundred Days by general Niklaus Franz von Bachmann , and was introduced as the official national flag in 1889
[...More...]

"Flag Of Switzerland" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Coat Of Arms Of Switzerland
The COAT OF ARMS OF SWITZERLAND shows the same white cross as the flag of Switzerland , but on a red shield. The appearance of the coat of arms or shield varies greatly, but the federal resolution of 12 December 1889 on the coat of arms decrees that the four arms have equal lengths, in a ratio to their width of 7:6, and includes a drawing of the coat of arms. Like the Swiss flag, the coat of arms is used on many items, such as Swiss francs , Swiss car number plates , and Swiss-branded exports such as Swiss Army knives
[...More...]

"Coat Of Arms Of Switzerland" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Unus Pro Omnibus, Omnes Pro Uno
_UNUS PRO OMNIBUS, OMNES PRO UNO_ is a Latin
Latin
phrase that means "_ONE FOR ALL, ALL FOR ONE_" in English . CONTENTS * 1 Earlier uses * 2 Traditional motto of Switzerland
Switzerland
* 3 Three Musketeers * 4 See also * 5 References EARLIER USESIn a meeting in 1618 between leaders of the Bohemian, Catholic and Protestant communities, which resulted in the defenestrations of Prague , a representative of the Protestants read a letter affirming, "As they also absolutely intended to proceed with the execution against us, we came to a unanimous agreement among ourselves that, regardless of any loss of life and limb, honor and property, we would stand firm, with all for one and one for all... nor would we be subservient, but rather we would loyally help and protect each other to the utmost, against all difficulties." TRADITIONAL MOTTO OF SWITZERLAND Switzerland
Switzerland
has no _official_ motto defined in its constitution or legislative documents. The phrase, in its German (_Einer für alle, alle für einen_), French (_un pour tous, tous pour un_), Italian (_Uno per tutti, tutti per uno_) and Romansh (_In per tuts, tuts per in_) versions, came into widespread use in the 19th century
[...More...]

"Unus Pro Omnibus, Omnes Pro Uno" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Swiss Psalm
The SWISS PSALM (German : Schweizerpsalm , French : Cantique suisse , Italian : Salmo svizzero , Romansh : Psalm Svizzer ) is the national anthem of Switzerland . It was composed in 1841, by Alberich Zwyssig (1808–1854). Since then, it has been frequently sung at patriotic events. The Federal Council declined however on numerous occasions to accept the psalm as the official anthem. This was because the council wanted the people to express their say on what they wanted as a national anthem. From 1961 to 1981 it provisionally replaced Rufst du, mein Vaterland ("When You Call, My Country", French Ô monts indépendants; Italian Ci chiami o patria, Romansh E clomas, tger paeis), the anthem by Johann Rudolf Wyss (1743–1818) which was set to the melody of God Save the Queen . On 1 April 1981, the Swiss Psalm was declared the official Swiss national anthem. In 2014-2015, the Société suisse d’utilité publique has organized a public competition and unofficial vote to change the lyrics of the national anthem. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 First anthem * 1.2 Second anthem * 2 Lyrics * 3 Idea of a new anthem * 3.1 2014-2015 public competition and unofficial vote * 4 Images * 5 Notes and references * 6 External links HISTORYFIRST ANTHEMUntil the end of the 19th century, there was no Swiss national anthem
[...More...]

"Swiss Psalm" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Europe
EUROPE —a concept dating back to classical antiquity — is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia . Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The eastern boundary with Asia is an arbitrary historical and social construct , as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. The primarily physiographic term "continent" as applied to Europe also incorporates cultural and political elements whose discontinuities and lines of demarcation are not reflected by the continent's current overland boundaries with Asia. Europe is considered by historical convention as separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains , the Ural River , the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways of the Turkish Straits . Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth's surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is divided into about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of about 740 million (about 11% of world population ) as of 2015
[...More...]

"Europe" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

De Jure
In law and government, _DE JURE_ (/deɪ ˈdʒʊrɪ/ ; Latin: _de iure_, "in law") describes practices that are legally recognized by official laws. In contrast, _de facto _ ("in fact" or "in practice") describes situations that are generally known to exist in reality, even if not legally authorized. The terms are often used to contrast different scenarios, for example, "I know that, de jure, this is supposed to be a parking lot, but now that the flood has left four feet of water here, it’s a de facto swimming pool". EXAMPLESIt is possible to have multiple simultaneous conflicting (_de jure_) legalities, possibly none of which is in force (_de facto_). After seizing power in 1526, Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi made his brother, Umar Din , the lawful (_de jure_) Sultan of Adal . Ahmad, however, was in practice (_de facto_) the actual Sultan, and his brother was a figurehead. Between 1805 and 1914, the ruling dynasty of Egypt ruled as _de jure_ viceroys of the Ottoman Empire , but acted as _de facto_ independent rulers who maintained a polite fiction of Ottoman suzerainty . However, from about 1882, the rulers had only _de jure_ rule over Egypt, as it had by then become a British puppet state . Thus, Egypt was by Ottoman law _de jure_ a province of the Ottoman Empire, but _de facto_ was part of the British Empire . In American law , particularly after _ Brown v
[...More...]

"De Jure" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Bern
The city of BERN (German: (_ listen )) or BERNE (French: ; Italian : Berna_ ; Romansh : _Berna_ _ ; Bernese German : Bärn_ ) is the de facto capital of Switzerland , referred to by the Swiss as their (e.g. in German) _Bundesstadt,_ or "federal city ". With a population of 141,762 (November 2016), Bern is the fifth-most populous city in Switzerland. The Bern agglomeration, which includes 36 municipalities, had a population of 406,900 in 2014. The metropolitan area had a population of 660,000 in 2000. Bern is also the capital of the canton of Bern , the second-most populous of Switzerland's cantons. The official language in Bern is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German , but the most-spoken language is an Alemannic Swiss German dialect, Bernese German . In 1983, the historic old town (actually called in German : _Innere Stadt_) in the centre of Bern became a UNESCO World Heritage Site . Bern is ranked among the world’s top ten cities for the best quality of life (2010)
[...More...]

"Bern" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
.