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Superior Software
SUPERIOR SOFTWARE LTD (also known as SUPERIOR INTERACTIVE) is a video game publisher . It was one of the main publishers for the BBC
BBC
Micro and Acorn Electron computers in the 1980s and early 1990s. It currently releases games for Microsoft Windows ; mostly updates of its original games. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Releases * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORY Superior Software
Superior Software
was established in 1982 by Richard Hanson and John Dyson, two graduates of the University of Leeds
Leeds
, England
England
. They had previously programmed software published by Micro Power
Micro Power
, and they wrote Superior's first four-game releases for the BBC Micro
BBC Micro
: three were written by Hanson and one by Dyson. Describing the early days, Hanson commented: We set up Superior Software
Superior Software
with just £100 — John and I each put £50 into a company bank account; and we placed a small black-and-white advertisement in one of the early home computer magazines ... £100 was the most money that we would lose from the Superior Software
Superior Software
venture if it had not worked out
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Video Game Publisher
A VIDEO GAME PUBLISHER is a company that publishes video games that they have either developed internally or externally by a video game developer . As with book publishers or publishers of DVD
DVD
movies, video game publishers are responsible for their product's manufacturing and marketing , including market research and all aspects of advertising . They often finance the development, sometimes by paying a video game developer (the publisher calls this _external development_) and sometimes by paying an internal staff of developers called a _studio_. The large video game publishers also distribute the games they publish, while some smaller publishers instead hire distribution companies (or larger video game publishers) to distribute the games they publish. Other functions usually performed by the publisher include deciding on and paying for any licenses used by the game; paying for localization ; layout, printing, and possibly the writing of the user manual; and the creation of graphic design elements such as the box design. Large publishers may also attempt to boost efficiency across all internal and external development teams by providing services such as sound design and code packages for commonly needed functionality
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Leeds
LEEDS /liːdz/ ( listen ) is a city in West Yorkshire
West Yorkshire
, England. Historically in Yorkshire's West Riding , the history of Leeds
Leeds
can be traced to the 5th century, when the name referred to a wooded area of the Kingdom of Elmet
Elmet
. The name has been applied to many administrative entities over the centuries. It changed from being the name of a small manorial borough in the 13th century, through several incarnations, to being the name attached to the present metropolitan borough. In the 17th and 18th centuries Leeds
Leeds
became a major centre for the production and trading of wool. During the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
, Leeds
Leeds
developed into a major mill town ; wool was the dominant industry but flax , engineering, iron foundries , printing, and other industries were important. From being a compact market town in the valley of the River Aire
River Aire
in the 16th century Leeds
Leeds
expanded and absorbed the surrounding villages to become a populous urban centre by the mid-20th century. Leeds
Leeds
has a population of around 781,700 (2016) making it the third largest city in the United Kingdom. The city lies within the United Kingdom's fourth-most populous urban area , with a population of 2.3 million
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England
ENGLAND is a country that is part of the United Kingdom . It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain (which lies in the North Atlantic ) in its centre and south; and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly , and the Isle of Wight . The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery , which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language , the Anglican Church , and English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations
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Repton (video Game)
REPTON is a computer game originally developed by 16-year-old Briton Tim Tyler for the BBC Micro
BBC Micro
and Acorn Electron and released by Superior Software
Superior Software
in 1985. The game spawned a series of follow up games which were released throughout the 1980s. The series sold around 125,000 copies between 1985 and 1990 with Repton 2 selling 35,000 itself. The games have since been remade for several modern systems, including iRepton for the iPhone / iPod Touch in 2010, followed by Android Repton 1 and Android Repton 3 in 2016. The author was inspired by a review of the recently released Boulder Dash , but had never played the game. Compared with Boulder Dash, Repton was a much more calm and organized playing experience with the emphasis on puzzle-solving as opposed to arcade-style improvisation. This remained true as more types of object were added in the sequels
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Citadel (video Game)
For the 1989 video game, see Citadel: Adventure of the Crystal Keep . For the 2013 video game, see Citadels (video game) . This article NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message ) CITADEL DEVELOPER(S) Superior Software
Superior Software
DESIGNER(S) Michael Jakobsen PLATFORM(S) BBC Micro
BBC Micro
, Acorn Electron RELEASE 1985 GENRE(S) Platform , puzzle MODE(S) Single-player CITADEL is a computer game developed for the BBC Micro
BBC Micro
and released by Superior Software
Superior Software
in 1985. It was also ported to the Acorn Electron . A platform game with some puzzle solving elements, the game's plot involves finding five crystals hidden in various locations in a large castle, together with areas outside it (including a wasteland, a pyramid, a sea and an island) and returning them to their rightful place. Upon returning the crystals, the player must teleport to a separate set of locations to complete the game. Once the game is completed, the player is left free to roam the castle in order to achieve the maximum possible score if they have not done so already. The only way to see the final congratulatory message is to reach 99 points
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Thrust (video Game)
THRUST is a 1986 computer game programmed by Jeremy Smith (co-author of Exile ) for the BBC Micro
BBC Micro
and published by Superior Software
Superior Software
. The player's aim is to manoeuvre a spaceship by rotating and thrusting, as it flies over a two-dimensional landscape and through caverns. The gameplay of Thrust was heavily inspired by Atari's Gravitar . CONTENTS * 1 Development * 2 Gameplay * 3 Ports and sequels * 3.1 Unofficial * 4 Games similar to or inspired by Thrust * 5 References * 6 External links DEVELOPMENT Superior Software
Superior Software
agreed to publish it as a full price game but they required an Acorn Electron conversion (to release it as a joint BBC/Electron package). While this was being created, it was also ported to other systems beginning with the Commodore 64 . All other versions were to be published by Firebird Software at a budget price. The C64 version actually made it to release a couple of months before the BBC/Electron version and became a number one best seller (hence the claim on the BBC/Electron cover). GAMEPLAY Acorn Electron screenshot of Thrust - due to technical limitations specific to the Electron, this version ran in two colour mode The aim is to pilot a spacecraft which must pick up a pod using a tractor beam and fly it into space
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Ravenskull (computer Game)
RAVENSKULL is a British graphic adventure video game . It was originally developed by Martin Edmondson and Nicholas Chamberlain for the BBC Micro
BBC Micro
and Acorn Electron and released by Superior Software
Superior Software
in 1986. CONTENTS * 1 Gameplay * 2 Plot * 3 Development * 4 Releases * 5 References * 6 External links GAMEPLAY This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (February 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message ) The adventurer collects a treasure piece (BBC Micro) The player may choose from one of four character types: an Adventurer, a Wizard, a Warrior or an Elf. The choice defines both the graphics for the character's player and the treasure pieces to be collected. PLOT THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (February 2015)The player is tasked with entering Baron Strieg's Castle Ravenskull in order to defend the village of Austberg and retrieve a stolen silver crucifix, which has been split into quarters and found on four different levels of the castle. The castle is defended on all four levels by the vicious Ravenbees. Direct contact would cause the player to lose a life
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Zarch
ZARCH (also known under its ported name of VIRUS) is a computer game developed by David Braben (better known as the co-author of Elite ) in 1987 , for the release of the Acorn Archimedes
Acorn Archimedes
computer. Zarch
Zarch
started off as a demo called Lander which was bundled with almost all releases of the Acorn Archimedes. In 1988, Zarch
Zarch
was ported (under the new name, Virus) to the Atari ST , Commodore Amiga
Amiga
(coded by Jez San and his Argonaut team), and IBM PC (coded by Chris Sawyer ). It was later ported to the ZX Spectrum
ZX Spectrum
by Steven Dunn. A few clones/games based on Zarch
Zarch
have also been created fairly recently, namely a version for Linux
Linux
, also called Zarch, a remake for Windows (written in Blitz BASIC
Blitz BASIC
) called Z-Virus, and a version crossing Zarch
Zarch
with Pac-Man called ZarchMan
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Bonecruncher
BONECRUNCHER is a computer game for the Acorn Electron , BBC Micro
BBC Micro
, Commodore 64 and Amiga
Amiga
first published by Superior Software
Superior Software
in 1987. It is a puzzle game which uses the 'rocks and diamonds' mechanics of Boulder Dash
Boulder Dash
. CONTENTS * 1 Gameplay * 2 Development and release * 3 Critical reception * 4 References * 5 External links GAMEPLAY BBC Micro
BBC Micro
screenshot showing Fozzy (red), Bono (green), a skeleton and a Glook (white) The player controls a dragon called Bono, who operates a soap business. He collects bones from around the chambers of his castle and uses them to make soap in a cauldron . He then delivers the soap to sea-monsters, situated at various exits from the castle. The game uses the 'rocks and diamonds' mechanics as popularised in the game Boulder Dash, and Superior's own Repton series, whereby the player can dig through earth and push boulders but where boulders will fall from above if area below them is cleared. The main difference in this game is that, although the characters are depicted in side profile, the camera is meant to be overhead so objects are not subject to gravity in the same way. The 'boulders' are living creatures known as Glooks and rather than just heading down the screen, they will head in the direction of a bathing sea-monster
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Pipeline (game)
PIPELINE is a video game for the BBC Micro
BBC Micro
and Acorn Electron , originally published by Superior Software
Superior Software
in 1988. It is an overhead view action role-playing game set on a mining platform. The game was very well received by the gaming press. It was more recently remade for Microsoft Windows as Pipeline Plus. CONTENTS * 1 Gameplay * 2 Development * 3 Release * 4 Reception * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links GAMEPLAYThe game is a fast four-way scrolling arcade adventure with a look similar to previous Superior hits Repton and Ravenskull , but with a higher frame rate . It is set on a mining platform above Io , the sulfur-rich moon of Jupiter
Jupiter
. Pipeline was bundled with graphics and level design programs, allowing players to design their own game scenarios incorporating keys and doors, patrolling guards, explosions, throwable objects, moving walls, transport puzzles in the style of Sokoban , pipes, teleports and other simple kinds of puzzle logic. DEVELOPMENT In game screenshot (BBC Micro) The game was written by Ian Holmes and William Reeve of Cambridge, England and published by the leading BBC Micro
BBC Micro
game company of the time, Superior Software
Superior Software
of Leeds
Leeds

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Exile (1988 Video Game)
EXILE is a single-player action-adventure video game originally published for the Acorn Electron and BBC Micro
BBC Micro
in 1988 by Superior Software and later ported to the Commodore 64 , Amiga
Amiga
, CD32 and Atari ST , all published by Audiogenic . Exile's game physics engine qualifies it to be the first game to have a complete Newtonian motion model. At the time of its release it was considered to push the boundaries of what was possible on home computers , particularly on the 8-bit platforms. It remains probably the most complex game available for the BBC Micro. The game was designed and programmed by Peter Irvin (author of Starship Command , a space shoot-em-up with an innovative control system) and Jeremy Smith (author of Thrust , a game based on cave exploration with a simpler physics model). It is also an early example of a Metroidvania
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BBC Micro
16–32 KiB (Model A/B) 64–128 KiB (Model B+) 128 KiB (Master) Plus 32–128 KB ROM, expandable to 272 KiB STORAGE100–800 KB (DFS) 160–1280 KB (ADFS floppy disks) 20 MB (ADFS hard disk) DISPLAY PAL
PAL
/ NTSC , UHF
UHF
/composite /TTL RGB
RGB
GRAPHICS640×256, 8 colours (various framebuffer modes) 78×75, 8 colours ( Teletext
Teletext
) SOUND Texas Instruments SN76489 , 4 channels, mono TMS5220 speech synthesiser with phrase ROM (optional) INPUT Keyboard, twin analogue joysticks with fire buttons, lightpen CONNECTIVITY Printer parallel, RS-423 serial, user parallel, Econet (optional), 1 MHz bus, Tube second processor interface POWER 50 W PREDECESSOR Acorn Atom SUCCESSOR Acorn Archimedes RELATED ARTICLES Acorn Electron The BBC
BBC
MICROCOMPUTER SYSTEM, or BBC
BBC
MICRO, is a series of microcomputers and associated peripherals designed and built by the Acorn Computer company for the BBC
BBC
Computer Literacy Project, operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation . Designed with an emphasis on education, it was notable for its ruggedness, expandability, and the quality of its operating system
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Acorn Electron
The ACORN ELECTRON is a budget version of the BBC Micro educational/home computer made by Acorn Computers Ltd . It has 32 kilobytes of RAM , and its ROM includes BBC BASIC v2 along with its operating system . The Electron was able to save and load programs onto audio cassette via a supplied converter cable that connected it to any standard tape recorder that had the correct sockets. It was capable of basic graphics, and could display onto either a television set, a colour ( RGB
RGB
) monitor or a "green screen " monitor. For a short period, the Electron was reportedly the best selling micro in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Popular upgrades * 2.1 Acorn Plus 1 * 2.1.1 Compatibility * 2.2 Acorn Plus 2 * 2.3 Acorn Plus 3 * 2.3.1 ADFS quirks * 2.4 First Byte Joystick Interface * 2.5 P.R.E.S. Advanced Plus 3 * 2.6 P.R.E.S
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Microsoft Windows
MICROSOFT WINDOWS, or simply WINDOWS, is a metafamily of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft
Microsoft
. It consists of several families of operating systems, each of which cater to a certain sector of the computing industry with the OS typically associated with IBM PC compatible
IBM PC compatible
architecture. Active Windows families include Windows NT
Windows NT
and Windows Embedded
Windows Embedded
; these may encompass subfamilies, e.g. Windows Embedded
Windows Embedded
Compact (Windows CE) or Windows Server . Defunct Windows families include Windows 9x
Windows 9x
, Windows Mobile and Windows Phone
Windows Phone
. Microsoft
Microsoft
introduced an operating environment named _Windows_ on November 20, 1985, as a graphical operating system shell for MS-DOS
MS-DOS
in response to the growing interest in graphical user interfaces (GUIs). Microsoft
Microsoft
Windows came to dominate the world's personal computer (PC) market with over 90% market share , overtaking Mac OS , which had been introduced in 1984. Apple came to see Windows as an unfair encroachment on their innovation in GUI development as implemented on products such as the Lisa and Macintosh
Macintosh
(eventually settled in court in Microsoft's favor in 1993)
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University Of Leeds
The UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS is a redbrick university located in