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Sundanese Language
Sundanese /sʌndəˈniːz/[4] (Basa Sunda /basa sʊnda/, in Sundanese script ᮘᮞ ᮞᮥᮔ᮪ᮓ, literally "language of Sunda") is a Malayo-Polynesian language
Malayo-Polynesian language
spoken by the Sundanese. It has approximately 39 million native speakers in the western third of Java; they represent about 15% of the Indonesia's total population.Contents1 Dialects 2 Writing 3 Phonology 4 Register 5 Basic grammar5.1 Root word5.1.1 Root verb 5.1.2 Plural form5.2 Active form 5.3 Negation 5.4 Question 5.5 Passive form 5.6 Adjectives 5.7 Prepositions5.7.1 Place 5.7.2 Time 5.7.3 Miscellaneous6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External linksDialects[edit] Sundanese appears to be most closely related to Madurese and Malay, and more distantly related to Javanese
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Brebes
For the capital of this regency see Brebes, BrebesBrebes Regency Kabupaten BrebesRegencySealNickname(s): BrebesLocation in Central JavaBrebes Regency Kabupaten BrebesLocation in IndonesiaCoordinates: 7°04′S 108°53′E / 7.067°S 108.883°E / -7.067; 108.883Coordinates: 7°04′S 108°53′E / 7.067°S 108.883°E / -7.067; 108.883Country IndonesiaProvince Central JavaGovernment • Regent Hajjah Idza PriyantiArea • Total 1,902.37 km2 (734.51 sq mi)Population (2014) • Total 1,755,136 • Density 920/km2 (2,400/sq mi)Demonym(s) Brebian Warga Brebes (id) Wong Brebes (jv)Time zone WIB (UTC+7)Area code(s) 0283Website www.brebeskab.go.idBrebes (Javanese: ꦧꦽꦧꦼꦱ꧀) is a regency (Indonesian: kabupaten) in the northwestern part of Central Java
Central Java
province in Indonesia
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Writing System
A writing system is any conventional method of visually representing verbal communication. While both writing and speech are useful in conveying messages, writing differs in also being a reliable form of information storage and transfer.[1] The processes of encoding and decoding writing systems involve shared understanding between writers and readers of the meaning behind the sets of characters that make up a script. Writing
Writing
is usually recorded onto a durable medium, such as paper or electronic storage, although non-durable methods may also be used, such as writing on a computer display, on a blackboard, in sand, or by skywriting. The general attributes of writing systems can be placed into broad categories such as alphabets, syllabaries, or logographies. Any particular system can have attributes of more than one category
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Kuningan
Kuningan is a city in eastern West Java, Indonesia, between Cirebon and Tasikmalaya, about 200 km east of Jakarta. The area is near Mount Cereme/Ciremai (3.078 m), the highest mountain in West Java. The mountain is located in the western part of the region. The eastern part is a valley. The city's landmark is a horse, called Kuda Kuningan and its motto is Kuningan Aman (Safe) Sehat (Healthy) Rindang (Leafy) Indah (Beautiful) which always be called Kuningan ASRI.Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kuningan.Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kuningan. Indonesia
Indonesia
portalCoordinates: 6°59′S 108°29′E / 6.983°S 108.483°E / -6.983; 108.483This West Java
West Java
location article is a stub
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Indramayu
Indramayu
Indramayu
is the capital of Indramayu Regency
Indramayu Regency
in the West Java province of Indonesia, and located in the north coastal area of West Java, east from Jakarta, north-east from the city of Bandung, and north-west of the city of Cirebon. Indramayu
Indramayu
is situated below sea level, which means that it is risky if there is high tide in stormy conditions. The town is only protected by some dunes and barrages at the seaside. The climate is quite dry. The rainfall is quite variable, with a precipitation of 2,571 mm in 2014 but half that in 2012[3] and 745 mm in 2016[1], partly due to the climate phenomena El Nino
El Nino
and La Nina. The number of (registered) citizens of Indramayu Regency
Indramayu Regency
is about 1,600,000, but in the town itself just over 100,000 people reside
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Majalengka
Majalengka
Majalengka
is a district and town in the West Java
West Java
province of Indonesia; it is the capital of Majalengka
Majalengka
Regency
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Garut Regency
A regent (from the Latin
Latin
regens,[1] "[one] ruling"[2]) is "a person appointed to administer a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated."[3] The rule of a regent or regents is called a regency. A regent or regency council may be formed ad hoc or in accordance with a constitutional rule. "Regent" is sometimes a formal title. If the regent is holding his position due to his position in the line of succession, the compound term prince regent is often used; if the regent of a minor is his mother, she is often referred to as "queen regent". If the formally appointed regent is unavailable or cannot serve on a temporary basis, a Regent
Regent
ad interim may be appointed to fill the gap. In a monarchy, a regent usually governs due to one of these reasons, but may also be elected to rule during the interregnum when the royal line has died out
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Cianjur Regency
Cianjur
Cianjur
Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. The area of the regency is 3,840.16 km2 and its population at the 2010 Census was 2,171,281;[1] the latest official estimate (as at January 2014) is 2,335,024. The town of Cianjur
Cianjur
is its capital. Northern parts of the regency form a valley (above the 'neck'), and are far more densely populated than southern regions
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Unicode
Unicode
Unicode
is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems. The latest version contains a repertoire of 136,755 characters covering 139 modern and historic scripts, as well as multiple symbol sets
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Replacement Character
Specials is a short Unicode
Unicode
block allocated at the very end of the Basic Multilingual Plane, at U+FFF0–FFFF. Of these 16 code points, five are assigned as of Unicode
Unicode
10.0:U+FFF9 INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION ANCHOR, marks start of annotated text U+FFFA INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION SEPARATOR, marks start of annotating character(s) U+FFFB INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION TERMINATOR, marks end of annotation block U+FFFC  OBJECT REPLACEMENT CHARACTER, placeholder in the text for another unspecified object, for example in a compound document. U+FFFD � REPLACEMENT CHARACTER used to replace an unknown, unrecognized or unrepresentable character U+FFFE <noncharacter-FFFE> not a character. U+FFFF <noncharacter-FFFF> not a character.FFFE and FFFF are not unassigned in the usual sense, but guaranteed not to be a Unicode
Unicode
character at all
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International Phonetic Alphabet
The International
International
Phonetic Alphabet
Alphabet
(IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet
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Linguasphere Observatory
The Linguasphere Observatory (or "Observatoire", based upon its original French and legal title: Observatoire Linguistique) is a transnational linguistic research network.Contents1 History 2 The Lingua sphere Register and Linguascale referential framework2.1 Examples 2.2 Languages of London 2.3 See also3 "Langues de la Liberté/Languages of Liberty" 4 "In the galaxy of languages, each person's voice is a star" 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit] It was created in Quebec
Quebec
in 1983 and was subsequently established and registered in Normandy
Normandy
as a non-profit association under the honorary presidency of the late Léopold Sédar Senghor, a French-language poet and the first president of Senegal
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Glottolog
Glottolog
Glottolog
is a bibliographic database of the world's lesser-known languages, developed and maintained first at the former Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, and since 2015 at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History in Jena, Germany. Glottolog
Glottolog
provides a catalogue of the world's languages and language families, and a bibliography on the world's less-spoken languages
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ISO 639-3
ISO 639-3:2007, Codes for the representation of names of languages – Part 3: Alpha-3 code for comprehensive coverage of languages, is an international standard for language codes in the ISO 639 series. It defines three-letter codes for identifying languages. The standard was published by ISO on 1 February 2007.[1] ISO 639-3 extends the ISO 639-2 alpha-3 codes with an aim to cover all known natural languages
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ISO 639-2
ISO 639-2:1998, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 2: Alpha-3 code, is the second part of the ISO 639 standard, which lists codes for the representation of the names of languages. The three-letter codes given for each language in this part of the standard are referred to as "Alpha-3" codes. There are 487 entries in the list of ISO 639-2 codes. The US Library of Congress
Library of Congress
is the registration authority for ISO 639-2 (referred to as ISO 639-2/RA)
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ISO 639-1
ISO 639-1:2002, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code, is the first part of the ISO 639 series of international standards for language codes. Part 1 covers the registration of two-letter codes. There are 184 two-letter codes registered as of December 2018. The registered codes cover the world's major languages. These codes are a useful international and formal shorthand for indicating languages.Examples of ISO 639-1 codesCode ISO 639-1 language name EndonymEnglish French Germanen English anglais Englisch Englishes Spanish espagnol Spanisch españolpt Portuguese portugais Portugiesisch portuguêszh Chinese chinois Chinesisch 中文, ZhōngwénMany multilingual web sites—such as—use these codes to prefix URLs of specific language versions of their web sites: for example, en.Wikipedia.org is the English version of. See also IETF language tag
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