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Sugriva
In the Hindu
Hindu
epic Ramayana
Ramayana
, SUGRIVA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: सुग्रीव, lit. beautiful necked) was younger brother of Vali , whom he succeeded as ruler of the vanara or monkey kingdom of Kishkindha . Rumā
Rumā
was his first wife and Tara was his second wife. He was son of Surya
Surya
, the Hindu
Hindu
deity of sun
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Rama
RAMA (/ˈrɑːmə/ ; Sanskrit : राम, IAST : _Rāma_), also known as RAMACHANDRA, is a major deity of Hinduism . He is the seventh avatar of the god Vishnu , one of his most popular incarnations along with Krishna and Gautama Buddha . In Rama-centric traditions of Hinduism, he is considered the Supreme Being. Rama was born to Kaushalya and Dasharatha in Ayodhya , the ruler of the Kingdom of Kosala . His siblings included Lakshmana , Bharata , and Shatrughna . He married Sita . Though born in a royal family, their life is described in the Hindu texts as one challenged by unexpected changes such as an exile into impoverished and difficult circumstances, ethical questions and moral dilemmas
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Lakshmana
In the Hindu sacred text Ramayana , _LAKSHMANA_ (Sanskrit _Lakṣmaṇa_) also known as _SOUMITRI_, _BHARATANUJA_ ""Laxman"", ""Lakhan"" is the younger brother and close companion of God Rama , hero of the epic and avatar of God Vishnu . Lakshmana is twin brother of Shatrughna . According to the _Ramayana_, Lakshmana is one quarter(25%) component of the manifest of Lord Vishnu and is considered to be an avatar of Shesha , the 1000 headed serpent associated with Lord Vishnu, the Supreme deity
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Maharaja
MAHāRāJA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: महाराज, also spelled MAHARAJAH, MOHARAJA) is a Sanskrit
Sanskrit
title for a "great ruler", "great king " or "high king ". A few ruled mighty states informally called empires, including Ranjit Singh
Ranjit Singh
, founder of the Sikh empire , and Maharaja
Maharaja
Sri Gupta , founder of the ancient Indian Gupta empire , but 'title inflation' soon led to most being rather mediocre or even petty in real power, while compound titles were among the attempts to distinguish some among their ranks. The Maharaja
Maharaja
of Jammu and Kashmir , was the last Maharaja
Maharaja
to be an independent sovereign post the Indian independence , and ruled over the largest land area, being recognised as a hereditary 21-guns salute state by Britain
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Rumā
RUMā was the wife of Sugrīva . She is mentioned in Book IV ( Kishkindha
Kishkindha
Kanda) of Ramayana
Ramayana
. Ruma and Sugriva fell in love with each other and wanted to marry each other. But Ruma's father did not approve. Hence, Sugriva with the help of Hanuman, abducted Ruma and they married each other. Ruma was taken away from Sugriva by Vāli following the strife of two royal Vānara brothers. Later, the fact of Rumā
Rumā
being withheld by Vāli became the primary justification of Rama 's slaying Vāli and helping Sugrīva to become the sovereign of Kishkindha
Kishkindha
. When accused by Vāli of lowly, treacherous and unexpected assassination from the shades by Rama's arrow, Rāma says his assassination was a just punishment for the sin Vāli committed when he robbed Sugrīva of Rumā, his legally wedded spouse, and used her for his own pleasure
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Tara (Ramayana)
In the Hindu epic Ramayana
Ramayana
, TARA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: तारा, Tārā, literally "star"; ) is the Queen of Kishkindha
Kishkindha
and wife of the monkey (vanara ) King Vali . After being widowed, she becomes the Queen of Sugriva
Sugriva
, Vali's brother. Tara is described as the daughter of the monkey physician Sushena in the Ramayana, and in later sources, as an apsara (celestial nymph) who rises from the churning of the milky ocean . She marries Vali and bears him a son named Angada
Angada
. After Vali is presumed dead in a battle with a demon, his brother Sugriva
Sugriva
becomes king and appropriates Tara; however, Vali returns and regains Tara and exiles his brother, accusing him of treachery
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Ramayana
The _RAMAYANA_ (/rɑːˈmɑːjənə/ ; Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: रामायणम्, _Rāmāyaṇam_, pronounced ), originally titled _KAAVYAM RAMAYANAM KRITSNAM SITAAYAAS CHARITHAM MAHAT_, is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama
Rama
to rescue his wife Sita
Sita
from the demon king Ravana
Ravana
. Along with the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
, it forms the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
Itihasa
Itihasa

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Sanskrit
A few attempts at revival have been reported in Indian and Nepalese newspapers. India : 14135 Indians claimed Sanskrit to be their mother tongue in the 2001 Census of India : Nepal : 1669 Nepalis in 2011 Nepal census reported Sanskrit as their mother tongue. LANGUAGE FAMILY Indo-European * Indo-Iranian * Indo-Aryan * SANSKRIT EARLY FORM Vedic Sanskrit WRITING SYSTEM No native script. Written in various Brahmic scripts
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Vali (Ramayana)
In the Hindu
Hindu
epic Ramayana
Ramayana
, vanara VALI was king of Kishkindha
Kishkindha
, husband of Tara and ruma, a son of Indra
Indra
, elder brother of Sugriva and father of Angada
Angada
. He was killed by Lord Rama
Rama
, an Avatar
Avatar
of Vishnu
Vishnu
. In Hare Krishna
Krishna
belief-system, Vali was reincarnated as Jara(the hunter) who killed Krishna
Krishna
with an arrow tipped with a shard of iron from a club borne by Samba (Krishna's son by Jaambavati). Vali (Sanskrit : वाली, nominative singular of the root वालिन् (VALIN) is also known as BALI in several Indian languages. His other names include: Indonesian : Subali Malay : Balya Yuan : BARI, Thai : Phali Lao : PALICHAN
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Vanara
VāNARA (Sanskrit : वानर) refers to a group of people living in forests in the Hindu
Hindu
epic the Ramayana
Ramayana
and its various versions . In the Ramayana, the Vanaras help Rama
Rama
defeat Ravana
Ravana
. CONTENTS * 1 Identification * 2 In the Ramayana
Ramayana
* 3 Other texts * 4 Shapeshifting * 5 Notable Vanaras * 6 References IDENTIFICATION When Ravana
Ravana
carried Sita
Sita
first on his shoulders and then in the chariot, she threw some of her jewels towards the monkeys There are three main theories about the etymology of the word "Vanara": * It derives from the word vana ("forest"), and means "belonging to the forest" or "forest-dwelling". * It derives from the words vana ("forest") and nara ("man"), thus meaning "forest man"
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Kishkindha
KISHKINDHA (Kannada : ಕಿಷ್ಕಿಂಧೆ Kiṣkindhe; IAST : Kiṣkindhā, Devanagari : किष्किन्‍धा) is the monkey ( Vanara ) kingdom of the Vanara King Sugriva , the Elder brother of Bali , in the Indian theology of Ramayana
Ramayana
times. This was the kingdom where he ruled with the assistance of his friend, Hanuman . View of Kishkindha
Kishkindha
This kingdom is identified to be the regions around the Tungabhadra river (then known as Pampa Saras) near Hampi
Hampi
and belongs to Koppal district, Karnataka
Karnataka
. The mountain near to the river with the name Rishimukha where Sugriva lived with Hanuman, during the period of his exile also is found with the same name
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Surya
SURYA (/ˈsʊərjə/ , Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: सूर्य, IAST
IAST
: ‘'Sūrya’') means the Sun
Sun
in Nepal
Nepal
and India
India
. Synonyms of Surya in ancient Indian literature include ADITYA, ARKA, BHANU, SAVITR, PUSHAN, RAVI, MARTANDA, MITRA and VIVASVAN. Surya
Surya
also connotes the solar deity in Hinduism
Hinduism
, particularly in the Saura tradition found in states such as Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Odisha. He is one of the five deities considered as equivalent aspects and means to realizing Brahman
Brahman
in the Smarta Tradition
Smarta Tradition
. His iconography is often depicted riding a chariot harnessed by horses, often seven in number which represent the seven colour rays of the rainbow
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Sita
_SITA_ (Sanskrit: Sītā.; also spelled: _SîTA_, _SEETA_ or _SEETHA_ , _ listen (help ·info ) meaning furrow_), also known as _SIYA_, _VAIDEHI_, _JANAKI_, _MAITHILI_, or _BHOOMIJA_, is the central female character of the Hindu epic Ramayana and daughter of King Janaka of Videha and his wife queen Sunaina. She was the elder sister of Urmila and cousins Mandavi and Shrutakirti. She is consort of Hindu god Rama (avatar of Vishnu ) and is an avatar of Lakshmi (Adi Shakti of Lord Vishnu), goddess of Wealth, Elements, Senses, Fortune and Prosperity and wife of Vishnu. She is esteemed as a paragon of spousal and feminine virtues for all Hindu women. Sita is known for her dedication, self-sacrifice, courage and purity
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Rakshasa
A RAKSHASA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: rākṣasa) is a mythological being in Hindu mythology . As this mythology influenced other religions, the rakshasa was later incorporated into Buddhism
Buddhism
. Rakshasas are also called 'Maneaters' (Nri-chakshas, Kravyads). A female rakshasa is known as a RAKSHASI. A female Rakshasa
Rakshasa
in human form is a MANUSHYA-RAKSHASI. The terms Asura and Rakshasa
Rakshasa
are sometimes used interchangeably
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Ravana
RAVANA ( IAST : Rāvaṇa; /ˈrɑːvənə/ ; Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: रावण), Tamil : இராவணன், is the primary antagonist in the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana
Ramayana
where he is depicted as a Rakshasa
Rakshasa
, the Great king of Lanka
Lanka
. Ravana
Ravana
is the son of Vishrava and Kaikesi and grandson of Pulastya . Ravana, a devotee of Shiva
Shiva
, is depicted and described as a great scholar, a capable ruler and a maestro of the veena (plucked stringed instrument). He is also described as extremely powerful and has ten heads. His paramount ambition was to overpower and dominate the devas . His ten heads represent his knowledge of the six shastras and the four