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Stupni Do Massacre
The Stupni Do massacre was a massacre committed by Croatian forces on Bosniak civilians during the Croat–Bosniak war in the village of Stupni Do in Vareš
Vareš
municipality. It was committed on 23 October 1993 by Croatian Defence Council
Croatian Defence Council
(HVO) units called "Apostoli" and "Maturice" led by Ivica Rajić, who pleaded guilty before ICTY
ICTY
for war crimes on October 2005. The Croat
Croat
forces took control of the village and massacred most of the captured people. They raped the women before killing them and looted all houses before setting them on fire
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Children
Biologically, a child (plural: children) is a human being between the stages of birth and puberty.[1][2] The legal definition of child generally refers to a minor, otherwise known as a person younger than the age of majority.[1] Child
Child
may also describe a relationship with a parent (such as sons and daughters of any age)[3] or, metaphorically, an authority figure, or signify group membership in a clan, tribe, or religion; it can also signify being strongly affected by a specific time, place, or circumstance, as in "a child of nature" or "a child of the Sixties".[4] There are many social issues that affect children, such as childhood education, bullying, child poverty, dysfunctional families, child labor, hunger, and child homelessness
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Dario Kordić
Dario Kordić (born 14 December 1960) is a Bosnian Croat former politician from HDZ
HDZ
BiH, military commander of the Croatian Defence Council (HVO) between 1992 and 1994, vice president of the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia, a self-proclaimed Croat territory in Bosnia and Herzegovina and convicted war criminal. He was sentenced to 25 years in prison in February 2001 for war crimes committed against the Bosniak
Bosniak
population during the 1992–94 Bosniak-Croat war,[1] and was released in June 2014 after having served two thirds of his sentence.[2]Contents1 Early life 2 Bosnian War 3 War crimes 4 See also 5 References 6 SourcesEarly life[edit]This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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Bosnia And Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina,[a] abbreviated B&H,[b] sometimes called Bosnia– Herzegovina
Herzegovina
and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe, located within the Balkan Peninsula. Sarajevo
Sarajevo
is the capital and largest city. Bosnia and Herzegovina
Herzegovina
is an almost landlocked country – it has a narrow coast at the Adriatic Sea, about 20 kilometres (12 miles) long surrounding the town of Neum. It is bordered by Croatia
Croatia
to the north, west and south; Serbia
Serbia
to the east; and Montenegro
Montenegro
to the southeast. In the central and eastern interior of the country the geography is mountainous, in the northwest it is moderately hilly, and the northeast is predominantly flatland
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Ultimatum
An ultimatum (Latin: the last one) is a demand whose fulfillment is requested in a specified period of time and which is backed up by a threat to be followed through in case of noncompliance. An ultimatum is generally the final demand in a series of requests. As such, the time allotted is usually short, and the request is understood not to be open to further negotiation. The threat which backs up the ultimatum can vary depending on the demand in question and on the other circumstances.[citation needed] The word is used in diplomacy to signify the final terms submitted by one of the parties in negotiation for settlement of any subject of disagreement. It is accompanied by an intimation as to how refusal will be regarded. English diplomacy has devised the adroit reservation that refusal will be regarded as an "unfriendly act", a phrase which serves as a warning that the consequences of the rupture of negotiations will be considered from the point of view of forcing a settlement
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Bosnian Muslims
North America United States · Canada South America Argentina · Bolivia · Brazil Chile · Colombia · Peru Oceania Australia · New ZealandCulture Kinship · Architecture · Cultural Heritage Sites · Literature · Music (Sevdalinka) · Art · Cinema Cuisine · SportHistory History of Bosniaks RulersLanguage Bosnian Shtokavian South Slavic Serbo-Croatian (Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian)Related nations Muslims by nationality · Croats Montenegrins
Montenegrins
 · Serbs Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs
 · Slovenes South Slavsv t eThe Bosniaks
Bosniaks
(Bosnian: Bošnjaci, pronounced [boʃɲǎːtsi]; singular masculine: Bošnjak, feminine: Bošnjakinja) are a South Slavic nation and ethnic group inhabiting mainly the area of Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Weapon
A weapon, arm, or armament is any device used with intent to inflict damage or harm to living creatures, structures, or systems. Weapons are used to increase the efficacy and efficiency of activities such as hunting, crime, law enforcement, self-defense, and warfare. In broader context, weapons may be construed to include anything used to gain a strategic, material or mental advantage over an adversary or enemy target. While ordinary objects such as sticks, stones, cars, or pencils can be used as weapons, many are expressly designed for the purpose – ranging from simple implements such as clubs, swords and guns, to complicated modern intercontinental ballistic missiles, biological and cyberweapons
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Negotiation
Negotiation
Negotiation
comes from the Latin neg (no) and otsia (leisure) referring to businessmen who, unlike the patricians, had no leisure time in their industriousness; it held the meaning of business (le négoce in French) until the 17th century when it took on the diplomatic connotation as a dialogue between two or more people or parties intended to reach a beneficial outcome over one or more issues where a conflict exists with respect to at least one of these issues.[1][2] Thus, negotiation is a process of combining divergent positions into a joint agreement under a decision rule of unanimity. It is aimed to resolve points of difference, to gain advantage for an individual or collective, or to craft outcomes to satisfy various interests. It is often conducted by putting forward a position and making concessions to achieve an agreement
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ECMM
The European Union
European Union
Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM) is an unarmed peacekeeping mission operated by the European Union
European Union
in Georgia. EUMM was conceived in September 2008 following the EU-mediated ceasefire agreement, which ended the Russo-Georgian War. The mission has around 200 monitors from various EU member states and operates with an annual budget of roughly 18 million Euros.[4] Its Headquarters are in Tbilisi, with Field Offices in Gori, Mtskheta
Mtskheta
and Zugdidi. EUMM started its monitoring activities on 1 October 2008 and has since been patrolling both day and night, particularly in areas adjacent to the Administrative Boundary Lines with the Russian-backed separatist regions of Abkhazia
Abkhazia
and South Ossetia
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Rifle
Evolution of the modern rifle: Top: Baker rifle, an early 19th-century flintlock rifle. Second: Pattern 1853 Enfield, a mid 19th-century caplock rifled musket. Third: Dreyse needle gun, the first standard issue military breechloading rifle. Fourth: Henry rifle, the first successful lever action repeating rifle. Fifth: Lebel Model 1886 rifle, a late 19th-century bolt-action rifle and the first to use smokeless powder. Sixth: M1 Garand, an early 20th-century semi-automatic rifle and the first to be adopted as standard military issue. Seventh: АК-47, a mid 20th-century gas-operated, magazine-fed automatic rifle. Eighth: FAMAS, a late 20th-century selective fire, bullpup assault rifle.A rifle is a portable long-barrelled firearm designed for precision shooting, to be held with both hands and braced against the shoulder during firing, and with a barrel that has a helical pattern of grooves ("rifling") cut into the bore walls
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Tunnel
A tunnel is an underground passageway, dug through the surrounding soil/earth/rock and enclosed except for entrance and exit, commonly at each end. A pipeline is not a tunnel, though some recent tunnels have used immersed tube construction techniques rather than traditional tunnel boring methods. A tunnel may be for foot or vehicular road traffic, for rail traffic, or for a canal. The central portions of a rapid transit network are usually in tunnel. Some tunnels are aqueducts to supply water for consumption or for hydroelectric stations or are sewers. Utility tunnels are used for routing steam, chilled water, electrical power or telecommunication cables, as well as connecting buildings for convenient passage of people and equipment. Secret tunnels are built for military purposes, or by civilians for smuggling of weapons, contraband, or people. Special
Special
tunnels, such as wildlife crossings, are built to allow wildlife to cross human-made barriers safely
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Geneva
Geneva
Geneva
(/dʒɪˈniːvə/, French: Genève [ʒənɛv], Arpitan: Genèva [dzəˈnɛva], German: Genf [ɡɛnf], Italian: Ginevra [dʒiˈneːvra], Romansh: Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland
Switzerland
(after Zürich) and is the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland
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Kiseljak
+387 30 wparts =Website http://www.opcina-kiseljak.org/ Kiseljak
Kiseljak
is a small town and municipality in central Bosnia and Herzegovina, located northwest of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
and south of Zenica. Kiseljak
Kiseljak
lies in the valley of the Fojnica
Fojnica
River, the Lepenica and the Kreševka River, which are a tributary of the Bosna, and it is on the intersection of roads from Visoko, Fojnica, Kreševo
Kreševo
and Rakovica
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Milivoj Petković
Milivoj Petković
Milivoj Petković
(born 11 October 1949) is a Bosnian Croat army officer who is among six defendants convicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), in relation to the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia
Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia
during the Bosnian War. He was sentenced to 20 years in jail but only served four.[1] The ICTY
ICTY
Appeals Chamber affirmed almost all of the convictions against Petković and his co-defendants, as well as their original length of sentence, on 29 November 2017.[2]Contents1 Background 2 Indictment 3 References 4 External linksBackground[edit] Milivoj Petković
Milivoj Petković
was born in Šibenik, Dalmatia, FPR Yugoslavia. He was a career military officer, graduating from the Yugoslav People's Army ("JNA") military academy. In July 1991 he left the JNA to join the new Croatian Army
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Kakanj
Kakanj
Kakanj
is an industrial town and a municipality in central Bosnia and Herzegovina, located north of Visoko
Visoko
and southeast of Zenica. It was built along the slopes of wide hills on either side of the Zgošća river
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