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Straight-4
The inline-four engine or straight-four engine is a type of inline internal combustion four-cylinder engine with all four cylinders mounted in a straight line, or plane along the crankcase. The single bank of cylinders may be oriented in either a vertical or an inclined plane with all the pistons driving a common crankshaft. Where it is inclined, it is sometimes called a slant-four. In a specification chart or when an abbreviation is used, an inline-four engine is listed either as I4 or L4 (for longitudinal, to avoid confusion between the digit 1 and the letter I). The inline-four layout is in perfect primary balance and confers a degree of mechanical simplicity which makes it popular for economy cars. However, despite its simplicity, it suffers from a secondary imbalance which causes minor vibrations in smaller engines
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MAN SE
MAN SE (German: [ɛmʔaːʔˈɛn ʔɛsˈʔeː]; abbreviation of Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg, German: [maˈʃiːnənfaˈbʁiːk ˈʔaʊ̯ksbʊɐ̯k ˈnʏɐ̯nbɛɐ̯k, -faˈbʁɪk]), formerly MAN AG (German: [ˈman ʔaːˈgeː]), is a German mechanical engineering company and parent company of the MAN Group. It is a subsidiary of automaker Volkswagen AG"> Volkswagen AG. MAN SE is based in Munich. Its primary output is for the automotive industry, particularly heavy trucks. Further activities include the production of diesel engines for various applications, like marine propulsion, and also turbomachinery. MAN supplies trucks, buses, diesel engines and turbomachinery
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Fiat Powertrain Technologies
Fiat Powertrain Technologies (FPT) was established in March 2005 as a Fiat Group division which included all the activities related to powertrains and transmissions. The company was formed following the dissolution of the alliance between Fiat and General Motors. Between 2005 and 2011, the company also included industrial and commercial powertrain activities that were subsequently spun-off as a separate entity named FPT Industrial who acted as a subsidiary of Fiat Industrial (now
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Isuzu
Isuzu Motors Ltd. (Japanese: いすゞ自動車株式会社, Hepburn: Isuzu Jidōsha Kabushiki-Kaisha, TYO: 7202), trading as Isuzu (Japanese pronunciation: [isɯzɯ], /iˈsz/), is a Japanese commercial vehicles and diesel engine manufacturing company headquartered in Tokyo. Its principal activity is the production, marketing and sale of Isuzu commercial vehicles and diesel engines. It also has a number of subsidiaries, included Anadolu Isuzu (a Turkish joint venture with Anadolu Group), Sollers-Isuzu (a Russian joint venture with Sollers JSC), SML Isuzu (formerly Swaraj Mazda), Jianxi Isuzu Motors (a Chinese joint venture with Jiangling Motors Company Group), Isuzu Astra Motor Indonesia, Isuzu Malaysia (Isuzu HICOM), Isuzu UK, Isuzu South Africa, Isuzu Philippines, Taiwan Isuzu Motors, Isuzu Vietnam, and Isuzu Motors India. The company was established in 1916
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Tata Motors
Tata Motors Limited (formerly TELCO, short for Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company) headquartered in Mumbai, is an Indian multinational automotive manufacturing company and a member of the Tata Group. Its products include passenger cars, trucks, vans, coaches, buses, sports cars, construction equipment and military vehicles. Tata Motors has auto manufacturing and assembly plants in Jamshedpur, Pantnagar, Lucknow, Sanand, Dharwad, and Pune in India, as well as in Argentina, South Africa, Great Britain and Thailand. It has research and development centres in Pune, Jamshedpur, Lucknow, and Dharwad, India and in South Korea, Great Britain and Spain. Tata Motors' principal subsidiaries purchased the English premium car maker Jaguar Land Rover (the maker of Jaguar and Land Rover cars) and the South Korean commercial vehicle manufacturer Tata Daewoo
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Toyota
Toyota Motor Corporation (Japanese: トヨタ自動車株式会社, Hepburn: Toyota Jidōsha KK, IPA: [toꜜjota], English: /tɔɪˈtə/) is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan. In 2017, Toyota's corporate structure consisted of 364,445 employees worldwide and, as of October 2016, was the fifth-largest company in the world by revenue. As of 2016, Toyota is the world's largest automotive manufacturer
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Truck
A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo. Trucks vary greatly in size, power, and configuration; smaller varieties may be mechanically similar to some automobiles. Commercial trucks can be very large and powerful, and may be configured to mount specialized equipment, such as in the case of fire trucks and concrete mixers and suction excavators. Modern trucks are largely powered by diesel engines, although small to medium size trucks with gasoline engines exist in the US, Canada, and Mexico
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Tractors
A tractor is an engineering vehicle specifically designed to deliver at a high tractive effort (or torque) at slow speeds, for the purposes of hauling a trailer or machinery used in agriculture or construction. Most commonly, the term is used to describe a farm vehicle that provides the power and traction to mechanize agricultural tasks, especially (and originally) tillage, but nowadays a great variety of tasks
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Diesel Engine
The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an Internal combustion engine">internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel, which is injected into the Combustion chamber">combustion chamber, is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to the mechanical compression ( Adiabatic compression">adiabatic compression). This contrasts with spark-ignition engines such as a Petrol engine">petrol engine (gasoline engine) or Gas engine">gas engine (using a gaseous fuel as opposed to petrol), which use a spark plug to ignite an air-fuel mixture. Diesel engines work by compressing only the air. This increases the air temperature inside the cylinder to such a high degree that atomised diesel fuel injected into the combustion chamber ignites spontaneously
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Diesel Locomotive
A diesel locomotive is a type of railway locomotive in which the prime mover is a diesel engine. Several types of diesel locomotive have been developed, differing mainly in the means by which mechanical power is conveyed to the driving wheels (drivers). Early internal combustion engine-powered locomotives and railcars used kerosene and gasoline as their fuel. Soon after Dr. Rudolf Diesel patented his first compression ignition engine in 1898, it was considered for railway propulsion. Progress was slow, however, as several problems had to be overcome. Power transmission was a primary concern. As opposed to steam and electric engines, internal combustion engines work efficiently only within a limited range of turning frequencies. In light vehicles, this could be overcome by a clutch. In heavy railway vehicles, mechanical transmission never worked well or wore out too soon
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Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
The gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR), or gross vehicle mass (GVM) is the maximum operating weight/mass of a vehicle as specified by the manufacturer including the vehicle's chassis, body, engine, engine fluids, fuel, accessories, driver, passengers and cargo but excluding that of any trailers. The term is used for motor vehicles and trains. The weight of a vehicle is influenced by passengers, cargo, even fuel level, so a number of terms are used to express the weight of a vehicle in a designated state. Gross combined weight rating (GCWR) refers to the total mass of a vehicle, including all trailers. GVWR and GCWR both describe a vehicle that is in operation and are used to specify weight limitations and restrictions. Curb weight describes a vehicle which is "parked at the curb" and excludes the weight of any occupants or cargo. Dry weight further excludes the weight of all consumables, such as fuel and oils
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Isuzu Forward
The Isuzu Forward (Japanese: いすゞ・フォワード) (also known as the Isuzu F-Series) is a line of medium-duty commercial vehicles manufactured by Isuzu since 1970. All F-series trucks are cab over designs and the cabin comes fully built from the factory. Most models come with a diesel engine; but, some markets get CNG derivatives as well. The F-series is available a variety of cab styles, engines, 4WD or 2WD depending on the market it is sold
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Light Commercial Vehicles
A light commercial vehicle is the official term used within the European Union, Australia, New Zealand, and occasionally in both Canada and Ireland (where Commercial Van is more frequently used) for a commercial carrier vehicle with a gross vehicle weight of not more than 3.5 tonnes; the term light goods vehicle (LGV) may also be used by member countries which can be confused with Large goods vehicle (also 'LGV') which is the official EU term for a vehicle with a gross vehicle weight of over 3.5 tonnes. Qualifying light commercial vehicles include pickup trucks, vans and three-wheelers all commercially based goods or passenger carrier
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Hino Ranger
The Hino Ranger (Japanese: 日野レンジャー) is a medium-duty commercial vehicle produced by Hino Motors, a 50.1% subsidiary of Toyota Motor Corporation. It was introduced in 1969 with the original model. The Ranger is part of Hino's F-Series Truck with model code such as FC, FD, FE, FF, FG, FL, and FM. The further the alphabet means the higher payload. The 4WD models are FT and GT. The SG is Tractor Head to pull container. In certain countries, the Ranger is only available as medium or heavy truck, while the small or low payload models like FA and FB were replaced by Hino Dutro. In Japan, the small Ranger FA was rebadged as Toyota Dyna. Hino has competed in the Dakar Rally in 1991, with the Ranger FT 4WD truck driven by Yoshimasa Sugawara, a Japanese rally driver. He always finished in the Top 10 in Camion Category
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Kubota Corporation
Increase $ 14.7 billion (FY 2014) (¥ 1,508 billion) (FY 2014)
Increase $ 1.28 billion (FY 2014) (¥ 131.66 billion) (FY 2014)
Number of employees
38,291 (consolidated as of March 31, 2017)
Website Official website
Footnotes / references
Kubota Corporation (株式会社クボタ, Kabushiki-kaisha Kubota) is a tractor and heavy equipment manufacturer based in Osaka, Japan
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