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Stockinger (occupation)
A stocking frame was a mechanical knitting machine used in the textiles industry. It was invented by William Lee of Calverton near Nottingham
Nottingham
in 1589. Its use, known traditionally as framework knitting, was the first major stage in the mechanisation of the textile industry, and played an important part in the early history of the Industrial Revolution. It was adapted to knit cotton and to do ribbing, and by 1800 had been adapted as a lace making machine.Contents1 Description 2 History 3 Development 4 Influence on the Industrial Revolution 5 Derby
Derby
Rib machine 6 Lace
Lace
making 7 Postscript 8 See also 9 References 10 External linksDescription[edit]Six stages in the knitting machine cycleLee's machine consisted of a stout wooden frame. It did straight knitting, not tubular knitting
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Ruddington
Ruddington
Ruddington
is an English village (twinned with Grenay, France) situated 5 miles (8.0 km) south of Nottingham
Nottingham
in the Borough of Rushcliffe. It had a population of 6,441 at the 2001 UK census, increasing to 7,216 at the 2011 census.[1] An independent community, residents have previously conducted high-profile campaigns in an attempt to retain the rural identity as a village and prevent it being subsumed into the adjoining suburban districts of Clifton and West Bridgford
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Valenciennes Lace
Valenciennes
Valenciennes
lace is a type of bobbin lace which originated in Valenciennes, in the Nord département of France, and flourished from about 1705 to 1780.[1][2][3] Later production moved to Belgium
Belgium

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Water Frame
A water frame is a water-powered spinning frame designed for the production of cotton thread, first used in 1768. It was able to spin 128 threads at a time, which was an easier and faster method than ever before. It was developed by Richard Arkwright, who patented the technology in 1767.[1] The design was partly based on a spinning machine built for Thomas Highs
Thomas Highs
by clock maker John Kay, who was hired by Arkwright.[2] Being run on water power, it produced stronger and harder yarn than the then famous 'Spinning Jenny', thus, greatly ushering the factory system.Contents1 Principle of operation 2 Cromford 3 References 4 External linksPrinciple of operation[edit] The water frame is the name given to a spinning frame when water power is used to drive it. Both are credited to Richard Arkwright, who patented the technology in 1768
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Belper
Coordinates: 53°01′44″N 1°28′30″W / 53.029°N 1.475°W / 53.029; -1.475BelperKing Street Belper
Belper
parish highlighted within DerbyshirePopulation 21,823 (civil parish, 2011)[1]OS grid reference SK351476Civil parishBelperDistrictAmber ValleyShire countyDerbyshireRegionEast MidlandsCountry EnglandSovereign state United KingdomPost town BELPERPostcode district DE56Dialling code 01773Police DerbyshireFire DerbyshireAmbulance East MidlandsEU Parliament East MidlandsUK ParliamentMid DerbyshireList of places UK England Derbyshire Belper
Belper
is a town and civil parish in the local government district of Amber Valley
Amber Valley
in Derbyshire, England, located about 7 miles (11 km) north of Derby
Derby
on the River Derwent
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Milford, Derbyshire
Milford is a village in Derbyshire, England, on the River Derwent, between Duffield and Belper
Belper
on the A6 trunk road. Until the end of the 18th century it was no more than a few houses near the point, about a quarter of a mile further south, where a Roman road from the Wirksworth
Wirksworth
lead mines forded the river. The road still exists as it passes across the Chevin hill and descends into the village by what is now Sunny Hill. It is thought to have then proceeded along the east bank of the river to the Roman garrison of Derventio, in what is now Derby
Derby
where it connected with Rykneld Street.[1] However, next to it was Makeney where, in 1554, Burchard Kranich
Burchard Kranich
built the first Smeltmill[2] for extracting lead from its ore
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Derby
Derby
Derby
(/ˈdɑːrbi/ ( listen) DAR-bee) is a city and unitary authority area in Derbyshire, England. It lies on the banks of the River Derwent in the south of Derbyshire, of which it was traditionally the county town.[nb 1] At the 2011 census, the population was 248,700. Derby
Derby
gained city status in 1977. Derby
Derby
was settled by Romans – who established the town of Derventio – Saxons and Vikings, who made Derby
Derby
one of the Five Boroughs of the Danelaw. Initially a market town, Derby
Derby
grew rapidly in the industrial era. Home to Lombe's Mill, an early British factory, Derby
Derby
has a claim to be one of the birthplaces of the Industrial Revolution
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John Lombe
John Lombe
John Lombe
(1693 in Norwich
Norwich
– November 20, 1722 in Derby) was a silk spinner in the 18th century Derby, England. Biography[edit] Lombe was born in Norwich
Norwich
in approximately 1693, the son of a worsted weaver. He was a younger half-brother of Thomas Lombe, who after his death, would go on to amass a fortune as a silk merchant in Norwich and London. In the early 18th century, the centre for producing silk stockings by framework knitting had moved to the Midlands from London
London
and the demand for spun silk was outstripping demand. Lombe had obtained employment at an abortive silk mill built in Derby
Derby
by George Sorocold for the silk spinner Thomas Cotchett of Derby, built on the River Derwent. The Italians had been using power spinning since the early 15th century,[1] with a description published by Vittorio Zonca
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Wool
Wool
Wool
is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids.[1] Wool
Wool
mainly consists of protein together with a few percent lipids. In this regard it is chemically quite distinct from the more dominant textile, cotton, which is mainly cellulose.[1]Contents1 Characteristics 2 Processing2.1 Shearing 2.2 Scouring3 Fineness and yield 4 History 5 Production 6 Marketing6.1 Australia 6.2 Other countries7 Yarn 8 Uses 9 Events 10 See also10.1 Production 10.2 Processing 10.3 Refined products 10.4 Organizations 10.5 Miscellaneous wool11 References 12 External linksCharacteristics[edit]Champion hogget fleece, Walcha Show Wool
Wool
is produced by follicles which are small cells located in the skin
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Derby Rib
Jedediah Strutt (1726 – 7 May 1797) or Jedidiah Strutt – as he spelled it[1] – was a hosier and cotton spinner from Belper, England. Strutt and his brother-in-law William Woollat developed an attachment to the stocking frame that allowed the production of ribbed stockings. Their machine became known as the Derby Rib machine, and the stockings it produced quickly became popular.Contents1 Early life 2 The Derby Rib 3 Cotton mills 4 Family 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksEarly life[edit] He was born in South Normanton near Alfreton in Derbyshire into a farming family in 1726. In 1740 he became an apprentice wheelwright in Findern. In 1754 he inherited a small stock of animals from an uncle and married Elizabeth Woolatt in 1755 in Derbyshire
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Purl Stitch
Knitting is a method by which yarn is manipulated to create a textile or fabric for use in many types of garments. Knitting creates multiple loops of yarn, called stitches, in a line or tube. Knitting has multiple active stitches on the needle at one time. Knitted fabric consists of a number of consecutive rows of intermeshing of loops
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Ribbing (knitting)
In knitting, ribbing is a pattern in which vertical stripes of stockinette stitch alternate with vertical stripes of reverse stockinette stitch. These two types of stripes may be separated by other stripes in which knit and purl stitches alternate vertically; such plissé stripes add width and depth to ribbing but not more elasticity. The number of knit and purl stripes (wales) are generally equal, although they need not be. When they are equal, the fabric has no tendency to curl, unlike stockinette stitch. Such ribbing looks the same on both sides and is useful for garments such as scarves. Ribbing is notated by (number of knit stitches) × (number of purl stitches). Thus, 1×1 ribbing has one knit stitch, followed by one purl stitch, followed by one knit stitch, and so on. Ribbing has a strong tendency to contract laterally, forming small pleats in which the purl stitches recede and the knit stitches come forward
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Houldsworth Mill, Reddish
Houldsworth Mill, also known as Reddish
Reddish
Mill, is a former mill in built in 1865 in Reddish, Stockport, Greater Manchester, England
England
(grid reference SJ895935). Designed by Abraham Stott, it was constructed for Henry Houldsworth, a prominent mill owner at the time. It is currently a Grade II* listed building.[1]Contents1 History 2 After cotton 3 Architecture 4 Restoration 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit]Houldsworth Mill c.1900 Reddish
Reddish
mill was built by Stott
Stott
and Sons for William Houldsworth, it opened in 1865, it covers 64 acres (260,000 m2), and employed 454 workers. In 1898 it amalgamated with the Fine Cotton
Cotton
Spinners Association
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Richard Arkwright
Sir Richard Arkwright
Richard Arkwright
(23 December 1732 – 3 August 1792) was an English inventor and a leading entrepreneur during the early Industrial Revolution. Although his patents were eventually overturned, he is credited with inventing the spinning frame, which following the transition to water power was renamed the water frame. He also patented a rotary carding engine that transformed raw cotton into cotton lap. Arkwright's achievement was to combine power, machinery, semi-skilled labour and the new raw material of cotton to create mass-produced yarn. His skills of organization made him, more than anyone else, the creator of the modern factory system, especially in his mill at Cromford, Derbyshire, now preserved as part of the Derwent Valley Mills World Heritage Site
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Alfred Elmore
Alfred Elmore
Alfred Elmore
RA (1815–1881) was a Victorian history and genre painter. He was born in Clonakilty, Ireland, the son of Dr. John Richard Elmore, a surgeon who retired from the British Army to Clonakilty. His family moved to London, where Elmore studied at the Royal Academy of Arts. His early works were in the troubadour style of Richard Parkes Bonington, but he soon graduated to religious work, notably The Martyrdom of Thomas à Becket, commissioned by Daniel O'Connell
Daniel O'Connell
for Westland Row Church in Dublin
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Protection Of Stocking Frames, Etc. Act 1788
The Protection of Stocking Frames, etc. Act 1788
Protection of Stocking Frames, etc. Act 1788
(28 Geo. 3 c
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