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States Of Germany
Germany
Germany
is a federal republic consisting of sixteen STATES (German : Land, plural Länder; informally also Bundesland, plural Bundesländer). Since today's Germany
Germany
was formed from an earlier collection of several states, it has a federal constitution, and the constituent states retain a measure of sovereignty. With an emphasis on geographical conditions, Berlin
Berlin
and Hamburg
Hamburg
are frequently called Stadtstaaten (city-states ), as is the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen , which in fact includes the cities of Bremen
Bremen
and Bremerhaven
Bremerhaven
. The remaining 13 states are called Flächenländer (literally: ‘area states’). The creation of the Federal Republic of Germany
Federal Republic of Germany
in 1949 was through the unification of the western states (which were previously under American, British, and French administration) created in the aftermath of World War II
World War II

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States Of Germany (other)
STATES OF GERMANY may refer to: * List of states in the Holy Roman Empire , the states of the Holy Roman Empire between 962–1806 * States of the German Confederation , member states of the German Confederation between 1815–1866 * States of the German Empire (1871–1918) * States of the Weimar Republic * States of Germany , Bundesländer or Länder, the modern states of Germany This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title STATES OF GERMANY. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=States_of_Germany_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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German Language
_No official regulation_ ( German orthography regulated by the Council for German Orthography ). LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 de ISO 639-2 ger (B) deu (T) ISO 639-3 Variously: deu – German gmh – Middle High German goh – Old High German gct – Colonia Tovar German bar – Bavarian cim – Cimbrian geh – Hutterite German ksh – Kölsch nds – Low German sli – Lower Silesian ltz – Luxembourgish vmf – Mainfränkisch mhn – Mócheno pfl – Palatinate German pdc – Pennsylvania German pdt – Plautdietsch swg – Swabian German gsw – Swiss German uln – Unserdeutsch sxu – Upper Saxon wae – Walser German wep – Westphalian hrx – Riograndenser Hunsrückisch yec – Yenish GLOTTOLOG high1287 High Franconian uppe1397 Upper German LINGUASPHERE further information 52-AC (Continental West Germanic) > 52-ACB (Deutsch & Dutch) > 52-ACB-d ( Central German incl. 52-ACB–dl & -dm Standard/Generalised High German ) + 52-ACB-e & -f ( Upper German & Swiss German ) + 52-ACB-h (émigré German varieties incl
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Lower Saxony
LOWER SAXONY (German : _Niedersachsen_ , Low German : _Neddersassen_) is a German state (_Bundesland_) situated in northwestern Germany
Germany
. It is the second largest state by land area, with 47,624 square kilometres (18,388 sq mi), and fourth largest in population (7.9 million) among the sixteen _Länder _ of Germany
Germany
. In rural areas Northern Low Saxon , a dialect of Low German , and Saterland Frisian , a variety of Frisian , are still spoken, but the number of speakers is declining. Lower Saxony
Lower Saxony
borders on (from north and clockwise) the North Sea
North Sea
, the states of Schleswig-Holstein , Hamburg
Hamburg
, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern , Brandenburg
Brandenburg
, Saxony-Anhalt
Saxony-Anhalt
, Thuringia , Hesse
Hesse
and North Rhine- Westphalia , and the Netherlands
Netherlands
. Furthermore, the state of Bremen
Bremen
forms two enclaves within Lower Saxony, one being the city of Bremen
Bremen
, the other, its seaport city of Bremerhaven
Bremerhaven

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Free Hanseatic City Of Bremen
The FREE HANSEATIC CITY OF BREMEN (German : _Freie Hansestadt Bremen_, pronounced ) is the smallest of Germany's 16 states . A more informal name, but used in some official contexts, is _Land Bremen_ ("State of Bremen"). The state consists of two enclaves with two cities ( Bremen and Bremerhaven ) in the North of Germany, surrounded by the larger state of Lower Saxony . CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Politics * 3.1 Political system * 3.2 2003 state reelections * 3.3 2007 state elections * 3.4 Coat of arms * 4 Education * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links GEOGRAPHYThe state of Bremen consists of two separated enclaves . These enclaves contain Bremen , officially the 'City' (_Stadtgemeinde Bremen_) which is the state capital and located in both enclaves, and the city of Bremerhaven (_Stadt Bremerhaven_). Both are located on the River Weser ; Bremerhaven is further downstream than the main parts of Bremen and serves as a North Sea harbour (the name _Bremerhaven_ means "Bremen's harbour"). Both enclaves are completely surrounded by the neighbouring State of Lower Saxony (_Niedersachsen_). The two cities are the only administrative subdivisions the state has
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Bremen (state)
The Free Hanseatic City of Bremen
Bremen
(German: Freie Hansestadt Bremen, pronounced [ˈbʁeːmən]) is the smallest of Germany's 16 states. A more informal name, but used in some official contexts, is Land Bremen ("State of Bremen"). The state consists of two enclaves with two cities ( Bremen
Bremen
and Bremerhaven) in the North of Germany, surrounded by the larger state of Lower Saxony.Contents1 Geography 2 History 3 Politics3.1 Political system 3.2 2003 state reelections 3.3 2007 state elections 3.4 Coat of arms4 Education 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksGeography[edit] The state of Bremen
Bremen
consists of two separated enclaves. These enclaves contain Bremen, officially the 'City' (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) which is the state capital and located in both enclaves, and the city of Bremerhaven
Bremerhaven
(Stadt Bremerhaven). Both are located on the River Weser; Bremerhaven
Bremerhaven
is further downstream than the main parts of Bremen
Bremen
and serves as a North Sea
North Sea
harbour (the name Bremerhaven
Bremerhaven
means "Bremen's harbour"). Both enclaves are completely surrounded by the neighbouring State of Lower Saxony
Lower Saxony
(Niedersachsen)
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Hamburg
HAMBURG (German pronunciation: (_ listen ), local pronunciation ( listen ); Low German /Low Saxon : Hamborg_ — (_ listen )), officially the FREE AND HANSEATIC CITY OF HAMBURG (German : Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg_) is the second largest city and a state of Germany , with a population of over 1.7 million people. The official name reflects Hamburg\'s history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League , a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire , a city-state , and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany , it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919, the civic republic was ruled by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten . Though repeatedly destroyed by the Great Fire of Hamburg , the floods , and military conflicts including WW2 bombing raids , the city managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. On the river Elbe , Hamburg is a major port and a global service, media, logistics and industrial hub, with headquarters and facilities of Airbus , Blohm + Voss , Aurubis , Beiersdorf , and Unilever . The radio and television broadcaster NDR , Gruner + Jahr (Europe's largest printing and publishing firm), Der Spiegel and Die Zeit are also based in Hamburg
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Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
MECKLENBURG-VORPOMMERN ( ; often MECKLENBURG-WEST POMERANIA in English and commonly shortened to "Meck-Pomm" or even "McPom" in German) is a federal state in northern Germany . The capital city is Schwerin . The state was formed through the merger of the historic regions of Mecklenburg and Western Pomerania after the Second World War , dissolved in 1952 and recreated at the time of the German reunification in 1990. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern is the sixth largest German state by area, and the least densely populated. The coastline of the Baltic Sea , including islands such as Rügen and Usedom , as well as the Mecklenburg Lake District , features many holiday resorts and unspoilt nature, making Mecklenburg-Vorpommern one of Germany\'s leading tourist destinations . Three of Germany's fourteen national parks are in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, in addition to several hundred nature conservation areas. Major cities include Rostock , Schwerin , Neubrandenburg , Stralsund , Greifswald , Wismar and Güstrow . The University of Rostock (est. 1419) and the University of Greifswald (est. 1456) are among the oldest in Europe. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was the site of the 33rd G8 summit in 2007
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Saxony-Anhalt
SAXONY-ANHALT (German : _Sachsen-Anhalt_, pronounced ) is a landlocked federal state of Germany
Germany
surrounded by the federal states of Lower Saxony , Brandenburg
Brandenburg
, Saxony
Saxony
and Thuringia . Its capital is Magdeburg
Magdeburg
and its largest city is Halle (Saale) . Saxony-Anhalt
Saxony-Anhalt
covers an area of 20,447.7 square kilometres (7,894.9 sq mi) and has a population of 2.34 million. It is the 8th largest state in Germany
Germany
by area and the 10th largest by population. The state of Saxony-Anhalt
Saxony-Anhalt
grew out of the former Prussian Province of Saxony
Saxony
and Free State of Anhalt during Prussia's dissolution after World War II
World War II
. In 1945 the US army administration and, subsequently, the Soviet army administration organised the former province's territory into the new state. The state became a part of the newly established German Democratic Republic
German Democratic Republic
in 1947 but in 1952 the state was dissolved and its territory was divided into the East German districts of Halle and Magdeburg
Magdeburg
, with the exception of the city of Torgau which joined Leipzig
Leipzig

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Saxony
The FREE STATE OF SAXONY (German : _der Freistaat Sachsen_ ; Upper Sorbian : _Swobodny stat Sakska_) is a landlocked federal state of Germany
Germany
, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
, Saxony
Saxony
Anhalt , Thuringia
Thuringia
, and Bavaria
Bavaria
, as well as the countries of Poland
Poland
(Lower Silesian and Lubusz Voivodeships ) and the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
(Karlovy Vary , Liberec and Ústí nad Labem Regions ). Its capital is Dresden , and its largest city is Leipzig
Leipzig
. Saxony
Saxony
is the tenth largest of Germany's sixteen states, with an area of 18,413 square kilometres (7,109 sq mi), and the sixth most populous, with 4 million people. Located in the middle of a large, formerly all German-speaking part of Europe, the history of the state of Saxony
Saxony
spans more than a millennium. It has been a medieval duchy , an electorate of the Holy Roman Empire , a kingdom , and twice a republic. The area of the modern state of Saxony
Saxony
should not be confused with Old Saxony
Old Saxony
, the area inhabited by Saxons
Saxons

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Brandenburg
BRANDENBURG (German pronunciation: (_ listen ); Low German : Brannenborg_, Lower Sorbian : _Bramborska_, Upper Sorbian : _Braniborsko_) is one of the sixteen federated states of Germany . It lies in the northeast of the country covering an area of 29,478 square kilometers and has 2.48 million inhabitants. The capital and largest city is Potsdam . Brandenburg surrounds but does not include the national capital and city-state Berlin forming a metropolitan area. Originating in the medieval Northern March , the Margraviate of Brandenburg grew to become the core of the Kingdom of Prussia , which would later become the Free State of Prussia with part being the province of Brandenburg . Brandenburg is one of the federal states that were re-created in 1990 upon the reunification of the former East Germany and West Germany
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Berlin
BERLIN (/bɜːrˈlɪn, ˌbɜːr-/ , German: ( listen )) is the capital and the largest city of Germany
Germany
as well as one of its 16 constituent states . With a population of approximately 3.7 million, Berlin
Berlin
is the second most populous city proper in the European Union and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union. Located in northeastern Germany
Germany
on the banks of the rivers Spree and Havel
Havel
, it is the centre of the Berlin- Brandenburg
Brandenburg
Metropolitan Region , which has roughly 6 million residents from more than 180 nations , making it the sixth most populous urban area in the European Union. Due to its location in the European Plain , Berlin
Berlin
is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. Around one-third of the city's area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers, canals and lakes. First documented in the 13th century and situated at the crossing of two important historic trade routes , Berlin
Berlin
became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1417–1701), the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire
German Empire
(1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933) and the Third Reich (1933–1945)
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Thuringia
The FREE STATE OF THURINGIA (English: /θəˈrɪndʒiə/ ; German : _Freistaat Thüringen_, pronounced ) is a federal state in central Germany . It has an area of 16,171 square kilometres (6,244 sq mi) and 2.29 million inhabitants, making it the sixth smallest by area and the fifth smallest by population of Germany's sixteen states. Most of Thuringia is within the watershed of the Saale , a left tributary of the Elbe . The capital is Erfurt . Thuringia has been known as "the green heart of Germany" (_das grüne Herz Deutschlands_) from the late 19th century, due to the dense forest covering the land. It is home to the Rennsteig , Germany's most well-known hiking trail , and the winter resort of Oberhof making it a well known winter sports destination. Half of Germany's 136 Winter Olympic gold medals (through the Sochi games in 2014) have been won by Thuringian athletes. Johann Sebastian Bach spent the first part of his life (1685–1717) and important further stages of his career in Thuringia. Goethe and Schiller lived in Weimar and both worked at the University of Jena , which today hosts Thuringia's most important science centre
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Hesse
HESSE (/ˈhɛs/ or /ˈhɛsi/ ) or HESSIA (German : _Hessen_ , Hessian dialect
Hessian dialect
: _Hesse_ ) is a federal state (_Land_) of the Federal Republic of Germany
Germany
, with just over six million inhabitants. The state capital is Wiesbaden
Wiesbaden
; the largest city is Frankfurt
Frankfurt
am Main . Until the unification of Germany, the territory of Hesse
Hesse
was occupied by the Grand Duchy of Hesse , the Duchy of Nassau , the free city of Frankfurt
Frankfurt
and the Electorate of Hesse , known also as Hesse-Cassel. Due to divisions after World War II, the modern federal state does not cover the entire cultural region of Hesse, which includes both the State of Hesse
Hesse
and the area known as Rhenish Hesse (Rheinhessen) in the neighbouring state of Rhineland-Palatinate . The English name "Hesse" originates in the Hessian dialects . The variant "Hessia" comes from medieval Latin _Hassia_. The German term _Hessen_ is used by the European Commission because their policy is to leave regional names untranslated (paragraphs 1.31 and 1.35). The term "Hesse" ultimately derives from a Germanic tribe called the Chatti
Chatti
, who settled in the region in the first century B.C
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North Rhine-Westphalia
NORTH RHINE-WESTPHALIA (German: _Nordrhein-Westfalen_, pronounced ( listen ), commonly shortened to NRW) is the most populous state of Germany , with a population of approximately 18 million, and the fourth largest by area. Its capital is Düsseldorf ; the most popular city is Cologne . Four of Germany's ten largest cities— Cologne , Düsseldorf , Dortmund , and Essen —are located within the state, as well as the second largest metropolitan area on the European continent, Rhine-Ruhr . North Rhine- Westphalia was formed in 1946 as a merger of the provinces of North Rhine and Westphalia , both formerly parts of Prussia , and the Free State of Lippe . It makes up almost a quarter of the population and a quarter of the economy of Germany
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Rhineland-Palatinate
RHINELAND-PALATINATE (German : _Rheinland-Pfalz_, pronounced ; French : _Rhénanie-Palatinat_) is one of the 16 states (German: _Bundesländer_) of the Federal Republic of Germany . It has an area of 19,846 square kilometres (7,663 sq mi) and about four million inhabitants. Its state capital and largest city is Mainz . Rhineland-Palatinate is located in western Germany and was formed after World War II by the French military government from parts of regions historically not belonging together. The state has developed its own identity since, built on its natural and cultural heritage of extensive winegrowing, picturesque landscapes and its many castles . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Demographics * 3.1 Religion * 3.1.1 Jewish culture * 4 Economy * 4.1 Industry * 4.2 Agriculture and viticulture * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links HISTORYThe state of Rhineland-Palatinate dates from 30 August 1946
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