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States And Territories Of India
India
India
is a federal union comprising twenty-nine states and seven union territories . The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and further into smaller administrative divisions
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Andhra Pradesh
^† The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 states that Hyderabad is joint capital of both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh states for a period of time not exceeding 10 years. A new capital is planned to be developed between Guntur and Vijaywada . Symbols of Andhra Pradesh EMBLEM Poorna kumbham LANGUAGE Telugu SONG Maa Telugu Talliki DANCE Kuchipudi ANIMAL Blackbuck BIRD Indian roller FLOWER Blue-Water Lilly FRUIT Mango TREE Neem RIVER Godavari , Krishna , Penna and Tungabhadra SPORT Kabaddi ANDHRA PRADESH (/ˌɑːndrə prəˈdɛʃ/ ) ( pronunciation (help ·info )) is one of the 29 states of India , situated on the southeastern coast of the country. The state is the seventh largest state in India covering an area of 162,970 km2 (62,920 sq mi). As per 2011 Census of India , the state is tenth largest by population with 49,386,799 inhabitants. On 2 June 2014, the north-western portion of the state was bifurcated to form a new state of Telangana
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Arunachal Pradesh
ARUNACHAL PRADESH /ˌɑːrəˌnɑːtʃəl prəˈdɛʃ/ is one of the 29 states of India , and holds the distinction of being the Northeastern-most state of the country. Arunachal Pradesh borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to the South, and shares international borders with Bhutan in the west, Myanmar in the East and China in the North. Itanagar is the capital of the state. Arunachal Pradesh has been claimed by both nations claiming to represent China , though it was the People\'s Republic of China that occupied it and withdrew after the 1962 war . The larger part of the state is disputed as China claims it to be a part of southern Tibet as the legitimacy of the Simla Accord signed by Tibet and India is not recognized by China. The state has huge potential for hydropower . _Land of the Dawn-Lit Mountains_ is the sobriquet for the state in Sanskrit , is also known as the _Orchid State of India_ or the _Paradise of the Botanists_. Geographically, it is the largest of the North-eastern states known as the Seven Sister States . As in other parts of Northeast India , the people native to the state trace their origins to the Tibeto-Burman people
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Assam
ASSAM (English: /əˈsæm/ _ listen (help ·info ) is a state in northeastern India. Located south of the eastern Himalayas , Assam comprises the Brahmaputra Valley and the Barak Valley along with the Karbi Anglong and Dima Hasao districts with an area of 30,285 sq mi (78,440 km2). Assam, along with Arunachal Pradesh , Nagaland , Manipur , Mizoram , Tripura , and Meghalaya , is one of the Seven Sister States _. Geographically, Assam and these states are connected to the rest of India via a 22 kilometres (14 mi) strip of land in West Bengal called the Siliguri Corridor or "Chicken's Neck". Assam shares an international border with Bhutan and Bangladesh ; and its culture, people and climate are similar to those of Southeast Asia – comprising the elements in India’s Look East policy . Assam is known for Assam tea and Assam silk . The first oil well in Asia was drilled here. The state has conserved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros from near extinction, along with the wild water buffalo , pygmy hog , tiger and various species of Asiatic birds. It provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant
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Bihar
BIHAR (/bᵻˈhɑːr/ ; Hindustani pronunciation: ) is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India . It is the 13th-largest state of India, with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi). The third-largest state of India by population, it is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, with Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges which flows from west to east. Bihar is an amalgamation of three main distinct regions, these are Magadh , Mithila and Bhojpur . On November 15, 2000, southern Bihar was ceded to form the new state of Jharkhand . Only 11.3% of the population of Bihar lives in urban areas, which is the lowest in India after Himachal Pradesh. Additionally, almost 58% of Biharis are below the age of 25, giving Bihar the highest proportion of young people of any Indian state. The official languages of the state are Hindi and Urdu . Other languages commonly used within the state include Bhojpuri , Maithili , Magahi , Bajjika , and Angika (Maithili is the only one of these to be officially accepted by the government)
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Chhattisgarh
CHHATTISGARH (CHATīSGAṛH, literally 'Thirty-Six Forts') is one of the 29 states of India , located in the centre-east of the country. It is the 10th largest state in India , with an area of 135,194 km2 (52,199 sq mi). With a population of 28 million, Chhattisgarh is the 17th most-populated state in the country . A resource-rich state, it is a source of electricity and steel for the country, accounting for 15% of the total steel produced. Chhattisgarh is one of the fastest-developing states in India. The state was formed on 1 November 2000 by partitioning 16 Chhattisgarhi -speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh . The capital city is Raipur . Chhattisgarh borders the states of Madhya Pradesh in the northwest, Maharashtra in the southwest, Telangana in the south, Andhra Pradesh ( East Godavari district ) in the south, Odisha in the southeast, Jharkhand in the northeast and Uttar Pradesh in the north. Currently the state comprises 27 districts
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Delhi
DELHI (/ˈdɛli/ , Hindustani pronunciation: _DILLI_), officially the NATIONAL CAPITAL TERRITORY OF DELHI or NCT, is a city and a union territory of India . It is bordered by Haryana on three sides and by Uttar Pradesh to the east. The NCT covers an area of 1,484 square kilometres (573 sq mi). According to 2011 census, Delhi's city population was about 11 million, the second highest in India after Mumbai , while the whole NCT population was about 16.8 million, making it the world's 3rd largest city proper by population . Delhi's urban area is now considered to extend beyond the NCT boundary to include an estimated population of over 26 million people making it the world's second largest urban area . As of 2016 recent estimates of the metro economy of its urban area have ranked Delhi either the top or second most productive metro area of India. Delhi is the second wealthiest city after Mumbai in India, with a total wealth of $450 billion and home to 18 billionaires and 23,000 millionaires. Delhi has been continuously inhabited since the 6th century BC. Through most of its history, Delhi has served as a capital of various kingdoms and empires
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Goa
GOA /ˈɡoʊ.ə/ ( listen ) is a state in India
India
within the coastal region known as the Konkan in India. It is bounded by Maharashtra
Maharashtra
to the north and Karnataka
Karnataka
to the east and south, with the Arabian Sea forming its Western coast. It is India's smallest state by area and the fourth smallest by population . Goa
Goa
has the highest GDP per capita among all Indian states, that is two and a half times that of the country. It was ranked the best placed state by the "Eleventh Finance Commission" for its infrastructure and ranked on top for the best quality of life in India
India
by the National Commission on Population based on the 12 Indicators. Panaji is the state's capital, while Vasco da Gama is its largest city. The historic city of Margao still exhibits the cultural influence of the Portuguese , who first landed in the early 16th century as merchants and conquered it soon thereafter. Goa
Goa
is a former Portuguese province; the Portuguese overseas territory of Portuguese India
India
existed for about 450 years until it was annexed by India
India
in 1961. Goa
Goa
is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year for its beaches, places of worship and world heritage architecture
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Gujarat
† The state of Bombay was divided into two states i.e. Maharashtra and Gujarat by the Bombay (Reorganisation) Act 1960 Symbols of Gujarat (_de facto _) LANGUAGE Gujarati SONG " Jai Jai Garavi Gujarat " by Narmad CALENDAR Saka ANIMAL Asiatic lion BIRD Greater flamingo FLOWER Marigold (_galgota_) FRUIT Mango TREE Banyan GUJARAT (/ˌɡʊdʒəˈrɑːt/ _Gujǎrāt_ ( listen )) is a state in Western India , It has an area of 196,024 km2 (75,685 sq mi) with a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi), most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula, and a population in excess of 60 million. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the north, Maharashtra to the south, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and the Arabian Sea and the Pakistani province of Sindh to the west. Its capital city is Gandhinagar , while its largest city is Ahmedabad . Gujarat is home to the Gujarati -speaking people of India. The state encompasses some sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation , such as Lothal , Dholavira and Gola Dhoro. Lothal is believed to be one of the world's first seaports
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Haryana
HARYANA (IPA: ) is one of the 29 states in India , situated in North India . It was carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1 November 1966 on a linguistic basis. It stands 21st in terms of its area, which is spread about 44,212 km2 (17,070 sq mi). As of 2011 census of India , the state is eighteenth largest by population with 25,353,081 inhabitants. The city of Chandigarh is its capital while the National Capital Region city of Faridabad is the most populous city of the state and the city of Gurugram is financial hub of NCR with major Fortune 500 companies located in it. Haryana is one of the wealthiest states of India and has the third highest per capita income in the country at ₹119,158 (US$1,900) in the year 2012–13 and ₹132,089 (US$2,100) in the year 2013–14, The state is one of the most economically developed regions in South Asia, and its agricultural and manufacturing industries have experienced sustained growth since the 1970s. Since 2000, the state has emerged as the largest recipient of investment per capita in India. It is bordered by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north, and by Rajasthan to the west and south. The river Yamuna defines its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh
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Himachal Pradesh
HIMACHAL PRADESH ( (_ listen ); literally "Snow-land") is a state of India located in Northern India . It is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab and Chandigarh on the west, Haryana on the south-west, Uttarakhand on the south-east and by the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east. The name was coined from Sanskrit Him_ means 'snow' and _achal_ means 'mountain', by Acharya Diwakar Datt Sharma , one of the state's most eminent Sanskrit scholars. Himachal Pradesh is known for its natural environment, hill stations, and temples. Himachal Pradesh has been ranked fifteenth in the list of the highest per capita incomes of Indian states and union territories for year 2013-14. Many perennial rivers flow in the state, and numerous hydroelectric projects set up. Himachal produces surplus hydroelectricity and sells it to other states such as Delhi , Punjab, and Rajasthan . Hydroelectric power projects, tourism, and agriculture form important parts of the state's economy. The state has several valleys, and about 90% of the population lives in rural areas. Practically all houses have a toilet and 100% hygiene has been achieved in the state. The villages have good connectivity with roads, public health centres, and now with high-speed broadband
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Jammu And Kashmir
JAMMU AND KASHMIR (/ˈdʒæmuː ənd ˌkæʃˈmɪər, ˈdʒʌ-, ˈkæʃmɪər/ ( listen ) ) is a state in northern India
India
, often denoted by the acronym J"> Maharaja of Kashmir, Hari Singh (1895–1961) The Instrument of Accession of Kashmir
Kashmir
to India was accepted by Governor General Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma . Maharaja Hari Singh
Maharaja Hari Singh
became the ruler of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir
Kashmir
in 1925, and he was the reigning monarch at the conclusion of the British rule in the subcontinent in 1947. With the impending independence of India, the British announced that the British Paramountcy over the princely states would end, and the states were free to choose between the new Dominions of India
India
and Pakistan
Pakistan
or to remain independent. It was emphasised that independence was only a `theoretical possibility' because, during the long rule of the British in India, the states had come to depend on British Indian government for a variety of their needs including their internal and external security. Jammu
Jammu
and Kashmir
Kashmir
had a Muslim majority (77% Muslim by the previous census in 1941 )
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Jharkhand
JHARKHAND (lit. "Bushland" or The land of forest) is a state in eastern India carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000. The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 79,710 km2 (30,778 sq mi). The industrial city of Ranchi is its capital and Dumka its sub capital. Dhanbad is the largest industrial city in the state. Jharkhand accounts for 40% of the mineral resources of India but it suffers widespread poverty as 39.1 per cent of the population is below the poverty line and 19.6 per cent of the children under five years of age are malnourished. The State is primarily a rural state as only 24 percent of the population resides in cities
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Karnataka
KARNATAKA is a state in the south western region of India . It was formed on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act . Originally known as the State of Mysore , it was renamed _Karnataka_ in 1973. The capital and largest city is Bangalore (Bengaluru). Karnataka is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Goa to the northwest, Maharashtra to the north, Telangana to the northeast, Andhra Pradesh to the east, Tamil Nadu to the southeast, and Kerala to the southwest. The state covers an area of 191,976 square kilometres (74,122 sq mi), or 5.83 percent of the total geographical area of India. It is the seventh largest Indian state by area . With 61,130,704 inhabitants at the 2011 census, Karnataka is the eighth largest state by population , comprising 30 districts . Kannada , one of the classical languages of India, is the most widely spoken and official language of the state. The two main river systems of the state are the Krishna and its tributaries, the Bhima , Ghataprabha , Vedavathi , Malaprabha , and Tungabhadra , in the north, and the Kaveri and its tributaries, the Hemavati , Shimsha , Arkavati , Lakshmana Thirtha and Kabini , in the south
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Kerala
KERALA (/ˈkɛrələ/ ), historically known as KERALAM, is an Indian state in South India on the Malabar Coast . It was formed on 1 November 1956 following the States Reorganisation Act by combining Malayalam -speaking regions. Spread over 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi), it is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census , Kerala is the thirteenth-largest Indian state by population and is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvananthapuram . Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state. The region has been a prominent spice exporter since 3000 BCE. The Chera Dynasty was the first prominent kingdom based in Kerala, though it frequently struggled against attacks by the neighbouring Cholas and Pandyas . In the 15th century, the spice trade attracted Portuguese traders to Kerala, and paved the way for the European colonisation of India. After independence , Travancore and Cochin joined the Republic of India and Travancore- Cochin was given the status of a state in 1949
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Madhya Pradesh
MADHYA PRADESH (MP) (/ˈmɑːdjə prəˈdɛʃ/ , (help ·info ), meaning Central Province) is a state in central India . Its capital is Bhopal and the largest city is Indore . Nicknamed the "heart of India" due to its geographical location in India, Madhya Pradesh is the second-largest state in the country by area. With over 75 million inhabitants, it is the fifth-largest state in India by population. It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest. Its total area is 308,252 km². Before 2000, when Chhattisgarh was a part of Madhya Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh was the largest state in India and the distance between the two furthest points inside the state, Singoli and Konta , was 1500 km. The area covered by the present-day Madhya Pradesh includes the area of the ancient Avanti mahajanapada , whose capital Ujjain (also known as Avantika) arose as a major city during the second wave of Indian urbanisation in the sixth century BCE. Subsequently, the region was ruled by the major dynasties of India
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