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State Emblem Of India
The State Emblem
Emblem
of India, as the national emblem of India
India
is called, is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka
Lion Capital of Ashoka
at Sarnath, preserved in the Varanasi Sarnath
Sarnath
Museum in India
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Armiger
Heraldry
Heraldry
portalv t eIn heraldry, an armiger is a person entitled to use a heraldic achievement (e.g., bear arms, an "armour-bearer") either by hereditary right, grant, matriculation, or assumption of arms. Such a person is said to be armigerous.Contents1 Etymology 2 Modern period 3 See also 4 References 5 Further readingEtymology[edit] The Latin word armiger literally means "arms-bearer". In high and late medieval England, the word referred to an esquire attendant upon a knight, but bearing his own unique armorial device
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Portuguese India
The State of India
India
(Portuguese: Estado da Índia), also referred as the Portuguese State of India
India
(Estado Português da Índia, EPI) or simply Portuguese India
India
(Índia Portuguesa), was a state of the Portuguese Overseas Empire, founded six years after the discovery of a sea route between Portugal
Portugal
and the Indian Subcontinent
Indian Subcontinent
to serve as the governing body of a string of Portuguese fortresses and colonies overseas. The first viceroy, Francisco de Almeida, established his headquarters in Cochin
Cochin
(Cochim, Kochi). Subsequent Portuguese governors were not always of viceroy rank
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Kolkata
Kolkata
Kolkata
/koʊlˈkɑːtə/ (Bengali pronunciation: [kolkat̪a]), formerly Calcutta /kælˈkʌtə/ until 2001, is the capital of the Indian state
Indian state
of West Bengal. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata
Port of Kolkata
is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port. The city is widely regarded as the "cultural capital" of India, and is also nicknamed the "City of Joy". In 2011, the city had a population of 4.5 million, while the population of the city and its suburbs was 14.1 million, making it the third-most populous metropolitan area in India
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Supreme Court Of India
The Supreme Court of India
India
is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review. Consisting of the Chief Justice of India
India
and 30 sanctioned other judges, it has extensive powers in the form of original, appellate and advisory jurisdictions.[3] As the final court of appeal of the country, it takes up appeals primarily against verdicts of the high courts of various states of the Union and other courts and tribunals. It safeguards fundamental rights of citizens and settles disputes between various governments in the country. As an advisory court, it hears matters which may specifically be referred to it under the constitution by the President of India. It also may take cognisance of matters on its own (or suo moto), without anyone drawing its attention to them
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Central Bureau Of Investigation
The Central Bureau of Investigation
Central Bureau of Investigation
(CBI) is the premier investigating agency of India.[3] Operating under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, the CBI is headed by the Cabinet Minister who reports directly to the Prime Minister. The agency has been known to investigate several economic crimes, special crimes, cases of corruption and other high-profile cases.[3] The CBI headquarters are located at Lodhi Road
Lodhi Road
in New Delhi.Contents1 History1.1 Special
Special
Police Establishment (SPE) 1.2 CBI takes shape 1.3 D. P
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Research And Analysis Wing
The Research and Analysis Wing
Research and Analysis Wing
(R&AW or RAW) (IAST: Anusaṃdhān Aur Viśleṣaṇ Viṃg) is the primary foreign intelligence agency of India
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Mughal Empire
The Mughal Empire
Empire
(Urdu: مغلیہ سلطنت‬‎, translit. Mughliyah Saltanat)[8][2] or Mogul Empire[9] was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526
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British East India Company
The East India
India
Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India
India
Company and informally as John Company,[1] was an English and later British joint-stock company,[2] that was formed to pursue trade with the "East Indies"[citation needed] (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China
Qing China
and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent. Originally chartered as the "Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies", the company rose to account for half of the world's trade[citation needed], particularly in basic commodities including cotton, silk, indigo dye, salt, saltpetre, tea, and opium
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Marathas
The Maratha
Maratha
(IPA: [ˈˈməraʈʰa"]; IAST:Marāṭhā; archaically transliterated as Marhatta or Mahratta) is a group of castes in India found predominantly in the state of Maharashtra. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, "Marathas are people of India, famed in history as yeoman warriors and champions of Hinduism"[1][note 1]. The Maratha
Maratha
group of castes is a largely rural class of peasant cultivators, landowners, and soldiers
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Coat Of Arms Of The United Kingdom
The royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom, or the Royal Arms for short, is the official coat of arms of the British monarch,[1][2] currently Queen Elizabeth II. These arms are used by the Queen in her official capacity as monarch of the United Kingdom. Variants of the Royal Arms are used by other members of the British royal family; and by the British government
British government
in connection with the administration and government of the country. In Scotland, there exists a separate version of the Royal Arms, a variant of which is used by the Scotland Office
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British Raj
Indian languagesGovernment ColonyMonarch of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Emperor/Empressa •  1858–1901 Victoria •  1901–1910 Edward VII •  1910–1936 George V •  1936 Edward VIII •  1936–1947 George VI Viceroy
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Star Of India (flag)
The Star of India can refer to a group of flags used during the period of British rule in the Indian subcontinent. British India had a range of flags for different purposes during its existence. The flags included the Union Flag
Union Flag
with the insignia of the Order of the Star of India superimposed, or the Red or Blue Ensign
Blue Ensign
with the Star of India superimposed. The official state flag for use on land was the Union Flag
Flag
of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and it was this flag that was lowered on Independence Day in 1947. While the Blue Ensign
Blue Ensign
was used for military and naval purposes, the Red Ensign
Red Ensign
was used for representing India in most international events
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Constituent Assembly Of India
An idea for a Constituent Assembly of India
India
was proposed in 1934 by M. N. Roy, a pioneer of the Communist movement in India
India
and an advocate of radical democracy. It became an official demand of the Indian National Congress in 1935, C. Rajagopalachari
C. Rajagopalachari
voiced the demand for a constituent Assembly on 15th November 1939 based on adult franchise, and was accepted by the British in August 1940. On 8 August 1940, a statement was made by Viceroy Lord Linlithgow about the expansion of the Governor-General's Executive Council and the establishment of a War Advisory Council. This offer, known as the August Offer, included giving full weight to minority opinions and allowing Indians to draft their own constitution
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Nandalal Bose
Nandalal Bose
Nandalal Bose
(Nondo-lal Boshū) (3 December 1882 – 16 April 1966) was one of the pioneers of modern Indian art
Indian art
and a key figure of Contextual Modernism. A pupil of Abanindranath Tagore, Bose was known for his "Indian style" of painting. He became the principal of Kala Bhavan, Santiniketan
Santiniketan
in 1922. He was influenced by the Tagore family and the murals of Ajanta; his classic works include paintings of scenes from Indian mythologies, women, and village life. Today, many critics consider his paintings among India's most important modern paintings.[2][3][4] In 1976, the Archaeological Survey of India, Department of Culture, Govt
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