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Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
(commonly known as Kotte /ˈkoʊteɪ/) is the official capital of Sri Lanka.[1] Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
is a satellite city and within the urban area of Sri Lanka's capital, Colombo.Contents1 History 2 Legislature 3 Municipal structure3.1 Zones4 Demographics 5 Infrastructure5.1 Transport 5.2 Health 5.3 Education6 Climate 7 Sports and recreation 8 Notable residents 9 See also 10 References 11 External linksHistory[edit]Map of Kotte (1557-1565)The village of Darugama lay at the confluence of two streams, the Diyawanna Oya
Diyawanna Oya
and the Kolonnawa
Kolonnawa
Oya. As Darugama was a naturally secure place, it was not easy for enemies to enter it
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Hinduism In Sri Lanka
ArtsBharatanatyam Kathak Kathakali Kuchipudi Manipuri Mohiniyattam Odissi Sattriya Bhagavata Mela Yakshagana Dandiya Raas Carnatic musicRites of passageGarbhadhana Pumsavana Simantonayana Jatakarma Namakarana Nishkramana Annaprashana Chudakarana Karnavedha Vidyarambha Upanayana Keshanta Ritushuddhi Samavartana Vivaha AntyeshtiAshrama DharmaAshrama: Brahmacharya Grihastha Vanaprastha SannyasaFestivalsDiwali Holi Shivaratri Navaratri Durga
Durga
Puja Ramlila Vijayadashami-DussehraRaksha Bandhan Ganesh Chat
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Sri Lankan Tamil People
Sri Lankan Tamils
Tamils
(Tamil: இலங்கை தமிழர், ilankai tamiḻar ? also Tamil: ஈழத் தமிழர், īḻat tamiḻar ?) or Ceylon Tamils, also known as Eelam
Eelam
Tamils[16] in Tamil, are members of the Tamil ethnic group native to the South Asian island state of Sri Lanka. According to anthropological and archaeological evidence, Sri Lankan Tamils
Tamils
have a very long history in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and have lived on the island since at least around the 2nd century BC.[17][18][a] Most modern Sri Lankan Tamils
Tamils
claim descent from residents of Jaffna Kingdom, a former kingdom in the north of the island and Vannimai
Vannimai
chieftaincies from the east
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Moat
A moat is a deep, broad ditch, either dry or filled with water, that is dug and surrounds a castle, fortification, building or town, historically to provide it with a preliminary line of defence. In some places moats evolved into more extensive water defences, including natural or artificial lakes, dams and sluices. In older fortifications, such as hillforts, they are usually referred to simply as ditches, although the function is similar. In later periods, moats or water defences may be largely ornamental
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Defensive Wall
A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors. In ancient to modern times, they were used to enclose settlements. Generally, these are referred to as city walls or town walls, although there were also walls, such as the Great Wall
Wall
of China, Walls of Benin, Hadrian's Wall, Anastasian Wall, the Cyclopean
Cyclopean
Wall
Wall
Rajgir[1] and the metaphorical Atlantic Wall, which extended far beyond the borders of a city and were used to enclose regions or mark territorial boundaries. In mountainous terrain, defensive walls such as letzis were used in combination with castles to seal valleys from potential attack
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Laterite
Laterite
Laterite
is a soil and rock type rich in iron and aluminium, and is commonly considered to have formed in hot and wet tropical areas. Nearly all laterites are of rusty-red coloration, because of high iron oxide content. They develop by intensive and long-lasting weathering of the underlying parent rock. Tropical weathering (laterization) is a prolonged process of chemical weathering which produces a wide variety in the thickness, grade, chemistry and ore mineralogy of the resulting soils. The majority of the land area containing laterites is between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. Laterite
Laterite
has commonly been referred to as a soil type as well as being a rock type. This and further variation in the modes of conceptualizing about laterite (e.g. also as a complete weathering profile or theory about weathering) has led to calls for the term to be abandoned altogether
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Sapumal Kumaraya
Bhuvanekabahu VI of Kotte (Sinhalese: සපුමල් කුමාරයා, translit. Sapumal Kumārayā, Tamil: செண்பகப் பெருமாள், translit. Ceṇpaka Perumāḷ), known also as Sapumal Kumaraya and Chempaka Perumal, was by self admission an adopted son of Parakramabâhu VI whose principal achievement was the conquest of Jaffna Kingdom in the year 1447 or 1450.[1] He ruled the kingdom for 17 years when he was apparently summoned to the south after the demise of his adopted father. According to a primary source Rajavaliya, he killed the grand son of Parakrama Bahu VI namely Vira Parakrama Bahu or Jaya Bahu (1468 – c
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Portugal
Portugal
Portugal
(Portuguese pronunciation: [puɾtuˈɣaɫ]), officially the Portuguese Republic
Republic
(Portuguese: República Portuguesa [ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ puɾtuˈɣezɐ]),[note 1] is a sovereign state located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe, bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
and to the north and east by Spain
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Urbanisation
Urbanization
Urbanization
refers to the population shift from rural to urban areas, "the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas", and the ways in which each society adapts to the change.[1] It is predominantly the process by which towns and cities are formed and become larger as more people begin living and working in central areas.[2] The United Nations
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J. R. Jayewardene
Junius Richard Jayewardene (Sinhalese: ජුනියස් රිචඩ් ජයවර්ධන,Tamil: ஜூனியஸ் ரிச்சட் ஜயவர்தனா; 17 September 1906 – 1 November 1996), commonly abbreviated in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
as J. R., was the leader of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
from 1977 to 1989, serving as Prime Minister from 1977 to 1978 and as the second President of Sri Lanka
President of Sri Lanka
from 1978 till 1989. He was a leader of the nationalist movement in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) who served in a variety of cabinet positions in the decades following independence
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Sinhalese People
The Sinhalese (Sinhala: සිංහල ජාතිය Sinhala Jathiya, also known as Hela) are an Indo-Aryan-speaking ethnic group native to the island of Sri Lanka.[15] They constitute about 75% of the Sri Lankan population and number greater than 16.2 million.[16][2] The Sinhalese identity is based on language, historical heritage and religion. The Sinhalese people
Sinhalese people
speak the Sinhalese language, an Indo-Aryan language, and are predominantly Theravada
Theravada
Buddhists,[17] although a small percentage of Sinhalese follow branches of Christianity. The Sinhalese are mostly found in North central, Central, South, and West Sri Lanka
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Sri Lankan Moor
Sri Lankan Moors (Tamil: இலங்கைச் சோனகர், translit. Ilaṅkaic Cōṉakar; Sinhalese: ලංකා යෝනක, translit. Lanka Yonaka formerly Ceylon Moors; colloquially referred to as Muslims or Moors) are an ethnic minority group in Sri Lanka, comprising 9.3%[3][better source needed] of the country's total population
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Ibn Batuta
Muhammad
Muhammad
Ibn Battuta
Ibn Battuta
(or Ibn Baṭūṭah) (/ˌɪbənbætˈtuːtɑː/; Arabic: محمد ابن بطوطة‎; fully ʾAbū ʿAbd al-Lāh Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd al-Lāh l-Lawātī ṭ-Ṭanǧī ibn Baṭūṭah; Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله اللواتي الطنجي بن بطوطة) (February 25, 1304 – 1368 or 1369) was a Moroccan scholar who widely travelled the medieval world.[1][2] Over a period of thirty years, Ibn Battuta visited most of the Islamic world and many non-Muslim lands, including North Africa, the Horn of Africa, West Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia
South Asia
and China
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Burgher People
Burgher people, also known simply as Burghers, are a small Eurasian ethnic group in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
descended from Portuguese, Dutch, British[2][3] and other European men who settled in Sri Lanka[4][5] and developed relationships with native Sri Lankan women.[6] The Portuguese and Dutch had held some of the maritime provinces of the island for centuries before the advent of the British Empire.[7][8][9] With the establishment of Ceylon
Ceylon
as a crown colony at the end of the 18th century, most of those who retained close ties with the Netherlands
Netherlands
departed
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Malays (ethnic Group)
Historically Hinduism, Buddhism, Nature
Nature
worship, and Animism Predominantly Sunni
Sunni
IslamRelated ethnic groupsOther Austronesian
Austronesian
peoples^ note: Highly naturalised population of mixed origins, but using the 'Malay' identityMalays (Malay: Orang Melayu, Jawi: أورڠ ملايو) are an Austronesian
Austronesian
ethnic group that predominantly inhabit the Malay Peninsula, eastern Sumatra
Sumatra
and coastal Borneo, as well as the smaller islands which lie between these locations — areas that are collectively known as the Malay world
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Indian Tamils Of Sri Lanka
Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
are Tamil people
Tamil people
of Indian origin in Sri Lanka. They are also known as Hill Country Tamils, Up-Country Tamils or simply Indian Tamils. They are partly descended from workers sent from South India
South India
to Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
in the 19th and 20th centuries to work in coffee, tea and rubber plantations. Some also migrated on their own as merchants and as other service providers. These Tamil-speakers mostly live in the central highlands, also known as the Malayakam or Hill Country yet others are also found in major urban areas and in the Northern Province. Although they are all termed as Tamils today, some have Telugu and Malayalee
Malayalee
origins as well as diverse South Indian caste origins. They are instrumental in the plantation sector economy of Sri Lanka
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