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Squadron (aviation)
A SQUADRON in air force , army aviation , or naval aviation is a unit comprising a number of military aircraft and their aircrews , usually of the same type, typically with 12 to 24 aircraft, sometimes divided into three or four flights , depending on aircraft type and air force. Land based squadrons equipped with heavier type aircraft such as long-range bombers, or cargo aircraft, or air refueling tankers have around 12 aircraft as a typical authorization, while most fighter equipped units have an authorized number of 18 to 24. In most armed forces, two or more squadrons will form a group or a wing
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Squadron (other)
SQUADRON may refer to: * Squadron (army) , a military unit of cavalry, tanks, or equivalent subdivided into troops or tank companies * Squadron (aviation) , a military unit that consists of three or four flights with a total of 12 to 24 aircraft, depending on the type of aircraft and the air force, naval or army air service * Squadron (naval) , a military unit of three to ten warships that may be part of a larger task group, task force, or a naval fleet ; also an administrative unit for warships like submarines that usually operate alone * Squadron (TV series) , a 1982 BBC television series * Squadron, Ellenoff, Plesent font-style: italic;">This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title SQUADRON. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article
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United States Air Force
U.S. Department of Defense * Dept. of the Air Force HEADQUARTERS The Pentagon Arlington County, Virginia , U.S. MOTTO(S) _"Aim High ... Fly-Fight-Win"_ COLORS Ultramarine Blue and Golden Yellow MARCH The U.S
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F-86 Sabre
The NORTH AMERICAN F-86 SABRE, sometimes called the SABREJET, is a transonic jet fighter aircraft . Produced by North American Aviation , the Sabre is best known as the United States' first swept wing fighter that could counter the similarly-winged Soviet MiG-15 in high-speed dogfights over the skies of the Korean War (1950–1953). Considered one of the best and most important fighter aircraft in that war, the F-86 is also rated highly in comparison with fighters of other eras. Although it was developed in the late 1940s and was outdated by the end of the '50s, the Sabre proved versatile and adaptable and continued as a front-line fighter in numerous air forces until the last active operational examples were retired by the Bolivian Air Force in 1994. Its success led to an extended production run of more than 7,800 aircraft between 1949 and 1956, in the United States, Japan, and Italy. Variants were built in Canada and Australia
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Korean War
Military stalemate * North Korean invasion of South Korea repelled * Subsequent UN-led invasion of North Korea repelled * Subsequent Chinese invasion of South Korea repelled * Korean Armistice Agreement * Korean conflict ongoing Territorial changes *
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Military Organization
MILITARY ORGANIZATION or MILITARY ORGANISATION is the structuring of the armed forces of a state so as to offer military capability required by the national defense policy . In some countries paramilitary forces are included in a nation's armed forces, though not considered military. Armed forces that are not a part of military or paramilitary organizations, such as insurgent forces, often mimic military organizations, or use ad hoc structures. Military organization is hierarchical . The use of formalized ranks in a hierarchical structure came into widespread use with the Roman Army . In modern times, executive control, management and administration of military organization is typically undertaken by the government through a government department within the structure of public administration , often known as a Ministry of Defense , Department of Defense , or Department of War
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Section (military Unit)
A SECTION is a military sub-subunit . It usually consists of between six and 20 personnel, and is usually an alternate name for, and equivalent to, a squad . As such two or more sections usually make up an army platoon or an air force flight . However, in the French Army
French Army
and in armies based on the French model, a section is equivalent to a platoon
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Flight (military Unit)
A FLIGHT is a military unit in an air force , naval air service, or army air corps. It is usually composed of three to six aircraft , with their aircrews and ground staff; or, in the case of a non-flying GROUND FLIGHT, no aircraft and a roughly equivalent number of support personnel. In most usages, multiple flights make up a squadron . The "flight" is also a basic unit for intercontinental ballistic missiles . Foreign languages equivalents include escadrille (French ), escuadrilla (Spanish ), esquadrilha (Portuguese ) and Schwarm (German ). CONTENTS * 1 Origins * 2 Commonwealth usage * 2.1 Aircraft flights * 2.2 Ground flights * 3 American usage * 4 References * 5 External links ORIGINSThe use of the term "flight" to describe a collection of aircraft (typically four in the early days of aviation) dates back to around 1912
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Group (military Aviation Unit)
A GROUP is a military aviation unit , a component of military organization and a military formation . The terms group and WING differ significantly from one country to another, as well as between different branches of a national defence force. Air groups vary considerably in size and status, but generally take two forms: * A unit of two to four squadrons , commanded by a lieutenant colonel , colonel , commander , naval captain or an equivalent rank. The United States Air Force
United States Air Force
(USAF), groupes of the French Armée de l\'air , gruppen of the German Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
, United States Marine Corps Aviation , British Fleet Air Arm
Fleet Air Arm
and some other naval air services usually follow this pattern. * A larger formation, often comprising more than 10 squadrons, commanded by a major general , brigadier general , commodore , rear admiral , air commodore or air vice-marshal
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Wing (military Aviation Unit)
In military aviation , a WING is a unit of command. In most military aviation services, a wing is a relatively large formation of planes. In Commonwealth countries a wing usually comprises three squadrons , with several wings forming a group (around 10 squadrons). Each squadron will contain around 20 planes. Pattern in some NATO countries British and USN USAF and USMC Canadian Usual rank of commanding officer Group Wing Air division OF-6
OF-6
or OF-7
OF-7
Wing Group Wing OF-4
OF-4
or OF-5 Squadron Squadron Squadron OF-3 or OF-4
OF-4
CONTENTS* 1 Commonwealth usage * 1.1 Origins * 1.2 Current use * 2 Canadian usage * 3 United States * 3.1 United States Air Force
United States Air Force
the term "wing" was re-used for these new organizational units
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Russian Aviation Regiment
An AVIATION REGIMENT (Russian : авиационный полк) {aviaciónnyj polk) was a type of unit employed to organise aircraft and their crews in air combat in the Military Air Forces of the Red Army during the Second World War
Second World War
, the Soviet Air Forces , Soviet Air Defence Forces (PVO) and Soviet Naval Aviation , and since 1991 remain major formations within the Russian Air Force and the Russian Naval Aviation . The aviation regiments were constituent units of the aviation divisions and aviation corps, and, the separate aviation regiment, as part of the Air Armies . The aviation regiments were homogeneously equipped with aircraft designed for specific operations, mostly the bomber , assault , fighter and reconnaissance types. Fighter and assault air regiments organisationally consisted of four aviation squadrons of 15 aircraft each, for a total of 63 aircraft on their flight log
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Aviation Division
An AVIATION DIVISION (Russian : авиационная дивизия) was a type of formation of the Military Air Forces of the Red Army
Red Army
during the Second World War
Second World War
, the Soviet Air Forces
Soviet Air Forces
, Soviet Air Defence Forces (PVO) and Aviation of the Military Naval Fleet , and since 1991 remain major formations within the Military Air Forces of the Russian Federation . Before the start of the Second World War, the aviation divisions formed parts of the Long Range Aviation (13.5% of aircraft), and Frontal Aviation (Military Air Forces of the Military Districts in peacetime; 40.5% of aircraft) of the Red Army
Red Army
Fronts , and units assigned to the Combined Arms Armies as the Army Aviation (43.7% of aircraft)
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Tactical Air Force
The term TACTICAL AIR FORCE was used by the air forces of the British Commonwealth during the later stages of World War II , for formations of more than one fighter group . A tactical air force was intended to achieve air supremacy and perform ground attack missions. Unlike the numbered air forces of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF), the Tactical Air Forces did not include strategic bombing /heavy bomber capability. The USAAF situation changed in late 1943 when the 12th Air Force transferred its heavy bombers to the newly formed 15th Air Force . Later, when the Allied air forces in the MTO were reorganized into the Mediterranean Allied Air Forces (MAAF), the US 12th Air Force and the RAF Desert Air Force became part of the Mediterranean Allied Tactical Air Force and the US 15th Air Force and No. 205 Group RAF became part of the Mediterranean Allied Strategic Air Force
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Air Army (Soviet Union)
An AIR ARMY was a type of formation of the Soviet Air Forces from 1936 until the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. Air armies continued to be used in the successor Russian Air Force until 2009, and, with a brief break under Serdyukov, from 2015. The first three Air Armies, designated 'Air Armies of Special Purpose' were created between 1936 and 1938. 2nd Air Army was created on 15 March 1937 in the Far East. Somewhat later, the 3rd Air Army was created in the North Caucasus Military District . However, air armies were excluded from the organisational reform of the air forces approved on 25 July 1940. On 5 November 1940, the three existing air armies were reformed as the long range bombardment aviation of the Stavka
Stavka
of the Red Army
Red Army
due to poor combat performance during the conflict with Finland
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Command (military Formation)
A COMMAND in military terminology is an organisational unit for which a military commander is responsible. A commander is normally specifically appointed to the role in order to provide a legal framework for the authority bestowed. Naval and military officers have legal authority by virtue of their officer\'s commission , but the specific responsibilities and privileges of command are derived from the publication of appointment. The relevant definition of "command" according to the US Department of Defense is as follows: (DOD) 3. A unit or units, an organization, or an area under the command of one individual. Also called CMD. See also area command; combatant command ; combatant command (command authority)
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Numbered Air Force
A NUMBERED AIR FORCE (NAF) is a type of organization in the United States Air Force that is subordinate to a Major Command (MAJCOM) and has assigned to it operational units such as wings, squadrons, and groups. A COMPONENT NUMBERED AIR FORCE (C-NAF) has the additional role as an Air Force Component Command exercising command and control over air and space forces supporting a Unified Combatant Command . Unlike MAJCOMs, which have a management role, a NAF is a tactical organization with an operational focus, and does not have the same functional staff as a MAJCOM. Numbered air forces are typically commanded by a major general or a lieutenant general . Numerical designations for Numbered Air Forces are written out, _without_ the use of ordinal numbers (e.g., Eighth Air Force
Eighth Air Force
instead of 8th Air Force), but Arabic numerals are used in abbreviations (e.g., 8 AF)
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