HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1500] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

Specialty (medicine)
A SPECIALTY (or SPECIALITY) in medicine is a branch of medical practice. After completing medical school , physicians or surgeons usually further their medical education in a specific specialty of medicine by completing a multiple year residency to become a MEDICAL SPECIALIST. CONTENTS * 1 History of medical specialization * 2 Classification of medical specialization * 3 Specialties that are common worldwide * 4 List of specialties recognized in the European Union and European Economic Area * 5 List of North American medical specialties and others * 6 Physician
Physician
compensation * 7 Specialties by country * 7.1 Australia and New Zealand * 7.2 Canada * 7.3 Germany * 7.4 India * 7.5 United States
United States
* 8 Other uses * 9 Training * 10 Satisfaction * 11 See also * 12 Notes * 13 References HISTORY OF MEDICAL SPECIALIZATIONTo a certain extent, medical practitioners have always been specialized. According to Galen
Galen
, specialization was common among Roman physicians. The particular system of modern medical specialities evolved gradually during the 19th century. Informal social recognition of medical specialization evolved before the formal legal system. The particular subdivision of the practice of medicine into various specialities varies from country to country, and is somewhat arbitrary
[...More...]

"Specialty (medicine)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Talk
TALK may refer to: * Conversation , interactive communication between two or more people * Speech , the production of a spoken language * Interaction , face to face conversations * Compulsive talking , beyond the bounds of what is considered to be a socially acceptable amount of talking * Communication , the encoding and decoding of exchanged messages between peopleCONTENTS * 1 Software * 2 Books * 3 Film and TV * 4 Music * 4.1 Albums * 4.2 Songs SOFTWARE * Google Talk , a Windows- and web-based instant messaging program * talk (software) , a Unix messaging program * AppleTalk , an early networking protocol designed by Apple for their Macintosh computersBOOKS * _Talk_ (play) , a play by Carl Hancock Rux * _Talk_ (magazine) , an American magazineFILM AND TV * _Talk_ (film) , a 1994 Australian film * Talk show , a broadcast program format * Talk radio , a radio formatMUSIC * Talk Talk , a British rock group active from 1981 to 1991ALBUMS * _Talk_ (Yes album) , 1994 * _Talk_ (Paul Kelly album) , 1981SONGS * "Talk" (Coldplay song) * "Talk" (DJ Snake song) * "Talk", by Kreesha Turner on the album _Passion _ * "Talk", by Tracy Bonham on the album _ The Liverpool Sessions _ * "Talk", by M.I.A
[...More...]

"Talk" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Medicine
MEDICINE is the science and practice of the diagnosis , treatment , and prevention of disease . Medicine
Medicine
encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness . Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences , biomedical research , genetics , and medical technology to diagnose , treat, and prevent injury and disease, typically through pharmaceuticals or surgery , but also through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy , external splints and traction , medical devices , biologics , and ionizing radiation , amongst others. Medicine
Medicine
has existed for thousands of years, during most of which it was an art (an area of skill and knowledge) frequently having connections to the religious and philosophical beliefs of local culture. For example, a medicine man would apply herbs and say prayers for healing, or an ancient philosopher and physician would apply bloodletting according to the theories of humorism . In recent centuries, since the advent of modern science , most medicine has become a combination of art and science (both basic and applied , under the umbrella of MEDICAL SCIENCE). While stitching technique for sutures is an art learned through practice, the knowledge of what happens at the cellular and molecular level in the tissues being stitched arises through science
[...More...]

"Medicine" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Medical School
A MEDICAL SCHOOL is a tertiary educational institution—or part of such an institution—that teaches medicine , and awards a professional degree for physicians and surgeons. Such medical degrees include the Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS, MBChB, BMBS), Doctor of Medicine
Medicine
(MD), or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO). Many medical schools offer additional degrees, such as a Doctor of Philosophy , Master\'s degree , a physician assistant program, or other post-secondary education. Medical schools can also employ medical researchers and operate hospitals. Around the world, criteria, structure, teaching methodology, and nature of medical programs offered at medical schools vary considerably. Medical schools are often highly competitive, using standardized entrance examinations , as well as grade point average and leadership roles, to narrow the selection criteria for candidates. In most countries, the study of medicine is completed as an undergraduate degree not requiring prerequisite undergraduate coursework. However, an increasing number of places are emerging for graduate entrants who have completed an undergraduate degree including some required courses. In the United States
United States
and Canada, almost all medical degrees are second entry degrees , and require several years of previous study at the university level
[...More...]

"Medical School" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Physician
A PHYSICIAN, MEDICAL PRACTITIONER, MEDICAL DOCTOR, or simply DOCTOR is a professional who practises medicine , which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis , and treatment of disease , injury , and other physical and mental impairments. Physicians may focus their practice on certain disease categories, types of patients and methods of treatment—known as specialities —or they may assume responsibility for the provision of continuing and comprehensive medical care to individuals, families, and communities—known as general practice . Medical practice properly requires both a detailed knowledge of the academic disciplines (such as anatomy and physiology ) underlying diseases and their treatment—the _science _ of medicine—and also a decent competence in its applied practice—the art or _craft _ of medicine. Both the role of the physician and the meaning of the word itself vary around the world. Degrees and other qualifications vary widely, but there are some common elements, such as medical ethics requiring that physicians show consideration, compassion, and benevolence for their patients
[...More...]

"Physician" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Surgeon
In medicine , a SURGEON is a doctor who performs surgical operations . Surgeons may be physicians , podiatrists , dentists , or veterinarians . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Titles in the Commonwealth * 3 Military titles * 4 Specialties * 5 Pioneer surgeons * 6 Organizations and fellowships * 7 References HISTORY Al-Zahrawi , the Islamic Golden Age physician widely considered the '"Father of Modern Surgery" The first person to document a surgery was the 6th Century BC Indian physician-surgeon, Sushruta . He specialised in cosmetic plastic surgery and had documented even an operation of open rhinoplasty . His magnum opus _Suśruta-saṃhitā_ is one of the most important surviving ancient treatises on medicine and is considered a foundational text of Ayurveda and surgery. The treatise addresses all aspects of general medicine, but the translator G. D. Singhal dubbed Suśruta "the father of surgical intervention" on account of the extraordinarily accurate and detailed accounts of surgery to be found in the work. After the eventual decline of Sushruta School of Medicine in India, surgery had been largely ignored until the Islamic Golden Age surgeon Al-Zahrawi (936-1013), reestablished surgery as an effective medical practice. He is considered the greatest medieval surgeon to have appeared from the Islamic World, and has been described as the father of surgery
[...More...]

"Surgeon" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Medical Education
MEDICAL EDUCATION is education related to the practice of being a medical practitioner; either the initial training to become a physician (i.e., medical school and internship ), or additional training thereafter (e.g., residency and fellowship ). Medical education
Medical education
and training varies considerably across the world. Various teaching methodologies have been utilised in medical education, which is an active area of educational research. CONTENTS * 1 Entry-level education * 2 Postgraduate education
Postgraduate education
* 3 Continuing medical education * 4 Online learning * 5 Example of medical education systems * 6 Integration with health policy * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links ENTRY-LEVEL EDUCATION Main article: Medical school
Medical school
Faculty of Medicine
Medicine
(Comenius University in Bratislava ) Slovakia
Slovakia
Entry-level medical education programs are tertiary-level courses undertaken at a medical school . Depending on jurisdiction and university, these may be either undergraduate-entry (most of Europe, Asia, south America and oceania), or graduate-entry programs (mainly Australia, North America). Some jurisdictions and universities provide both undergraduate entry programs and graduate entry programs (Australia, South Korea)
[...More...]

"Medical Education" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Residency (medicine)
RESIDENCY is a stage of graduate medical training . A RESIDENT or HOUSE OFFICER is a physician (one who holds the degree of M.D. , D.O. , or MBBS, MBChB, or BMed ) who practices medicine usually in a hospital or clinic under the direct or indirect supervision of an attending physician . Successful completion of a residency program is a requirement to obtaining an unrestricted license to practice medicine in many jurisdictions. Residency training may be followed by fellowship or "sub-specialty" training. Whereas medical school teaches physicians a broad range of medical knowledge, basic clinical skills, and supervised experience practicing medicine in a variety of fields, medical residency gives in-depth training within a specific branch of medicine. A physician may choose a residency in anesthesiology , ophthalmology , cardiothoracic surgery , dermatology , emergency medicine , family medicine , internal medicine , neurology , neurosurgery , obstetrics and gynecology , otolaryngology , pathology , pediatrics , plastic and reconstructive surgery , psychiatry , physical medicine and rehabilitation , radiology , radiation oncology , oral and maxillofacial surgery , general surgery , urology or other medical specialties
[...More...]

"Residency (medicine)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Galen
AELIUS GALENUS or CLAUDIUS GALENUS (/ɡəˈliːnəs/ ; Greek : Κλαύδιος Γαληνός; September 129 AD – c. 200/c. 216), often Anglicized as GALEN and better known as GALEN OF PERGAMON (/ˈɡeɪlən/ ), was a prominent Greek physician , surgeon and philosopher in the Roman Empire . Arguably the most accomplished of all medical researchers of antiquity , Galen influenced the development of various scientific disciplines, including anatomy , physiology , pathology , pharmacology , and neurology , as well as philosophy and logic . The son of Aelius Nicon , a wealthy architect with scholarly interests, Galen received a comprehensive education that prepared him for a successful career as a physician and philosopher. Born in Pergamon (present-day Bergama , Turkey ), Galen traveled extensively, exposing himself to a wide variety of medical theories and discoveries before settling in Rome , where he served prominent members of Roman society and eventually was given the position of personal physician to several emperors . Galen's understanding of anatomy and medicine was principally influenced by the then-current theory of humorism (also known as the four humors – black bile, yellow bile, blood, and phlegm), as advanced by ancient Greek physicians such as Hippocrates . His theories dominated and influenced Western medical science for more than 1,300 years
[...More...]

"Galen" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Interventional Radiology
INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY (IR), sometimes known as VASCULAR AND INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY (VIR), is a medical sub-specialty which provides minimally invasive image-guided diagnosis and treatment of disease. Although the range of procedures performed by interventional radiologists is broad, the unifying concept behind these procedures is the application of image guidance and minimally invasive techniques in order to minimize risk to the patient. Interventional radiologist OCCUPATION NAMES Doctor, Medical Specialist OCCUPATION TYPE Specialty ACTIVITY SECTORS Medicine
Medicine
DESCRIPTION EDUCATION REQUIRED * Doctor of Medicine
Medicine
(MD) * Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine
Medicine
(DO) * Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS/MBChB) Fields of employment Hospitals , Clinics RELATED JOBS Radiologist Training for interventional radiology occurs in the residency portion of medical education , and has gone through developments. In 2000, the Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR) created a program named "Clinical Pathway in IR", which modified the "Holman Pathway" that was already accepted by the American Board of Radiology to including training in IR; this was accepted by ABR but was not widely adopted
[...More...]

"Interventional Radiology" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Immunology
IMMUNOLOGY is a branch of biology that covers the study of immune systems in all organisms . It was the Russian biologist Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov who boosted studies on immunology, and received the Nobel Prize in 1908 for his work. He jabbed the thorn of a rose on a starfish and noted that, 24 hours later, cells were surrounding the tip. It was an active response of the body, trying to maintain its integrity. It was Mechnikov who first observed the phenomenon of phagocytosis, in which the body defends itself against a foreign body, and coined the term. Immunology
Immunology
charts, measures, and contextualizes the: physiological functioning of the immune system in states of both health and diseases; malfunctions of the immune system in immunological disorders (such as autoimmune diseases , hypersensitivities , immune deficiency , and transplant rejection ); the physical, chemical and physiological characteristics of the components of the immune system in vitro , in situ , and in vivo . Immunology
Immunology
has applications in numerous disciplines of medicine, particularly in the fields of organ transplantation, oncology, virology, bacteriology, parasitology, psychiatry, and dermatology. Prior to the designation of immunity from the etymological root immunis, which is Latin
Latin
for "exempt"; early physicians characterized organs that would later be proven as essential components of the immune system
[...More...]

"Immunology" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Adolescent Medicine
ADOLESCENT MEDICINE or HEBIATRICS is a medical subspecialty that focuses on care of patients who are in the adolescent period of development, generally ranging from the last years of elementary school until graduation from high school (some doctors in this subspecialty treat young adults attending college at area clinics, in the subfield of college health ). Patients have generally entered puberty , which typically begins between the ages of 11 and 13 for boys. In developed nations, the period of adolescence is extended both by an earlier start, as onset of puberty is beginning earlier, and a later end, requiring more years of education or training before economic independence from parents. Issues with a high prevalence during adolescence are frequently addressed by providers
[...More...]

"Adolescent Medicine" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Anaesthesiologist
An ANESTHESIOLOGIST ( American English ) or ANAESTHETIST (British English ) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine . Terminology varies between countries. In the United States
United States
, the term anesthesiologist refers to a physician who has completed medical school training and an accredited anesthesiology residency program. In contrast, in the UK and Europe generally, and in most of the former commonwealth countries, the word anaesthetist is used to refer only to the doctors, while their assistants may be termed anaesthetic nurses , anaesthetic technicians, operating department practitioners or physician associates , depending on local practice. Anesthesiologists provide medical care to patients in many different ways. They provide care during preoperative evaluation, in consultation with the surgical team, and assist physicians in the creation of a plan for anesthetic intervention tailored for each individual patient. Anesthesiologists often provide more intensive care techniques such as assistance with airway management, intraoperative life support and provision of pain control, intraoperative diagnostic stabilisation, and proper postoperative management of patients. An anesthesiologist's scope of practice also involves in-hospital and pre-hospital emergencies, work within intensive care units , acute pain units, and chronic pain consultations
[...More...]

"Anaesthesiologist" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Aviation Medicine
AVIATION MEDICINE, also called FLIGHT MEDICINE or AEROSPACE MEDICINE, is a preventive or occupational medicine in which the patients/subjects are pilots, aircrews, or astronauts. The specialty strives to treat or prevent conditions to which aircrews are particularly susceptible, applies medical knowledge to the human factors in aviation and is thus a critical component of aviation safety . A military practitioner of aviation medicine may be called a flight surgeon and a civilian practitioner is an aviation medical examiner . One of the biggest differences between the military and civilian flight