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Special Operations Executive
The SPECIAL OPERATIONS EXECUTIVE (SOE) was a British World War II organisation. Following Cabinet approval, it was officially formed by Minister of Economic Warfare Hugh Dalton on 22 July 1940, to conduct espionage, sabotage and reconnaissance in occupied Europe (and later, also in occupied Southeast Asia ) against the Axis powers , and to aid local resistance movements . One of the organisations from which SOE was created was also involved in the formation of the Auxiliary Units , a top secret "stay-behind " resistance organisation which would have been activated in the event of a German invasion of Britain . Few people were aware of SOE's existence. To those who were part of it or liaised with it, it was sometimes referred to as "the Baker Street Irregulars ", after the location of its London headquarters. It was also known as "Churchill's Secret Army" or the "Ministry of Ungentlemanly Warfare"
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland

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Allies Of World War II
The ALLIES OF WORLD WAR II, called the UNITED NATIONS from the 1 January 1942 declaration , were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945). The Allies promoted the alliance as seeking to stop German, Japanese and Italian aggression. At the start of the war on 1 September 1939, the Allies consisted of France , Poland and the United Kingdom , and dependent states , such as the British India . Within days they were joined by the independent Dominions of the British Commonwealth : Australia , Canada , New Zealand and South Africa . After the start of the German invasion of North Europe till the Balkan Campaign , Netherlands , Belgium , Greece and Yugoslavia joined the Allies
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Irregular Warfare
IRREGULAR WARFARE is defined in US joint doctrine as “A violent struggle among state and non-state actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant populations.” Irregular warfare favors indirect and asymmetric warfare approaches, though it may employ the full range of military and other capabilities, in order to erode the adversary’s power, influence, and will. It is inherently a protracted struggle that will test the resolve of a state and its strategic partners. Concepts associated with irregular warfare are older than the term itself
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Sabotage
SABOTAGE is a deliberate action aimed at weakening a polity or corporation through subversion, obstruction, disruption or destruction. In a workplace setting, sabotage is the conscious withdrawal of efficiency generally directed at causing some change in workplace conditions. One who engages in sabotage is a saboteur. Saboteurs typically try to conceal their identities because of the consequences of their actions. Any unexplained adverse condition might be sabotage. Sabotage
Sabotage
is sometimes called tampering, meddling, tinkering, malicious pranks, malicious hacking, a practical joke or the like to avoid needing to invoke legal and organizational requirements for addressing sabotage
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Raid (military)
RAID, also known as DEPREDATION, is a military tactic or operational warfare mission which has a specific purpose and is not normally intended to capture and hold terrain, but instead finish with the raiding force quickly retreating to a previous defended position prior to enemy forces being able to respond in a co-ordinated manner or formulate a counter-attack. A raiding group may consist of combatants specially trained in this tactic, such as commandos , or as a special mission assigned to any general troops . Raids are often a standard tactic in irregular warfare , employed by warriors , guerrilla fighters , or other irregular military forces
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Special Reconnaissance
SPECIAL RECONNAISSANCE (SR) is conducted by small units of highly trained military personnel , usually from special forces units or military intelligence organizations, who operate behind enemy lines, avoiding direct combat and detection by the enemy. As a role, SR is distinct from commando operations, but both are often carried out by the same units. The SR role frequently includes covert direction of air and missile attacks, in areas deep behind enemy lines, placement of remotely monitored sensors and preparations for other special forces. Like other special forces, SR units may also carry out direct action (DA) and unconventional warfare (UW), including guerrilla operations. SR was recognized as a key special operations capability by a former US Secretary of Defense William J. Perry
William J

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Baker Street Irregulars
The BAKER STREET IRREGULARS are fictional characters who appear in various Sherlock Holmes
Sherlock Holmes
stories, as street boys who are employed by Holmes as intelligence agents. The name has subsequently been adopted by other organizations, most notably a prestigious and exclusive literary society founded in the United States by Christopher Morley
Christopher Morley
in 1934. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Literary society * 2.1 Notable members * 3 Cultural references * 4 References * 5 External links BACKGROUNDThe original Baker Street Irregulars
Baker Street Irregulars
are fictional characters featured in the Sherlock Holmes
Sherlock Holmes
stories of Arthur Conan Doyle
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Frank Nelson (politician)
SIR FRANK NELSON KCMG (1883 – 11 August 1966) was a British civil servant and Conservative Party politician. He was educated at Bedford School
Bedford School
and Neuenheim College, Heidelberg. After leaving school he travelled to India as an assistant with Symons, Barlow and Co, rising to be a senior partner. During the First World War he served with the Bombay Light Horse . In 1922 he was made chairman of the Bombay Chamber of Commerce, and was then made President of the Associatied Chambers of Commerce of India and Ceylon in 1923. From 1922 to 1924 Nelson was a member of the legislative council of Bombay. In 1924 he was knighted and returned to England
England
, where he was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Stroud at the general election in October 1924 . He was reelected in 1929 but resigned his seat in May 1931 in order to go into business
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Charles Jocelyn Hambro
Air Commodore Sir CHARLES JOCELYN HAMBRO, KBE MC (3 October 1897 – 28 August 1963) was a merchant banker and intelligence officer . CAREERHambro was born into a banking family of Danish origin which had settled in Dorset
Dorset
and the City of London in the early 19th century. He was the son of Sir Eric Hambro , a partner in C. J. Hambro
C. J. Hambro
& Son (later to become Hambros Bank ) and a Conservative Member of Parliament for Wimbledon between 1900 and 1907. Between 1910 and 1915, he was educated at Eton College , joining the cricket team in 1914 and becoming the Captain in 1915. After leaving he immediately went to the Royal Military College, Sandhurst
Royal Military College, Sandhurst
, being made an ensign in the Coldstream Guards on 22 December 1915. He was immediately posted to the Western Front , serving for two years until demobilisation
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Colin Gubbins
Major-General SIR COLIN MCVEAN GUBBINS KCMG , DSO , MC (2 July 1896 – 11 February 1976) was the prime mover of the Special
Special
Operations Executive (SOE) in the Second World War
Second World War
. Gubbins was also responsible for setting up the secret Auxiliary Units , a commando force based around the Home Guard, to operate on the flanks and to the rear of German lines if the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
were invaded during Operation Sea Lion , Germany's planned invasion
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World War Ii
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations * Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War (more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIES AXIS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS Joseph Stalin Franklin D
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Cabinet Of The United Kingdom
The CABINET OF THE UNITED KINGDOM is the collective decision-making body of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, composed of the Prime Minister and 21 cabinet ministers, the most senior of the government ministers . Ministers of the Crown , and especially Cabinet ministers, are selected primarily from the elected members of House of Commons , and from the House of Lords
House of Lords
, by the Prime Minister . Cabinet ministers are heads of government departments , mostly with the office of "Secretary of State for ". The collective co-ordinating function of the Cabinet is reinforced by the statutory position that all the Secretaries of State jointly hold the same office, and can exercise the same powers. The Cabinet is the ultimate decision-making body of the executive within the Westminster system of government in traditional constitutional theory
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Minister Of Economic Warfare
The MINISTER OF ECONOMIC WARFARE was a British government position which existed during the Second World War . The minister was in charge of the Special Operations Executive
Special Operations Executive
and the MINISTRY OF ECONOMIC WARFARE. CONTENTS * 1 See also * 2 Ministers of Economic Warfare 1939–1945 * 3 Director-General, Ministry of Economic Warfare * 4 References SEE ALSO * Blockade of Germany (1939–45) MINISTERS OF ECONOMIC WARFARE 1939–1945 * Ronald Cross (3 September 1939 – 15 May 1940) * Hugh Dalton
Hugh Dalton
(15 May 1940 – 22 February 1942) * Roundell Palmer, 3rd Earl of Selborne (22 February 1942 – 23 May 1945)DIRECTOR-GENERAL, MINISTRY OF ECONOMIC WARFARE * Sir Frederick W
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Hugh Dalton
EDWARD HUGH JOHN NEALE DALTON, BARON DALTON PC (16 August 1887 – 13 February 1962) was a British Labour Party economist and politician who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer
Chancellor of the Exchequer
from 1945 to 1947. He shaped Labour Party foreign-policy in the 1930s, opposed pacifism, promoted rearmament against the German threat, and strongly opposed the appeasement policy of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
Neville Chamberlain
in 1938. He served in Churchill's wartime coalition cabinet. As Chancellor, he pushed his cheap money policy too hard, and mishandled the sterling crisis of 1947. Dalton's political position was already in jeopardy in 1947, when, he, seemingly inadvertently, revealed a sentence of the budget to a reporter minutes before delivering his budget speech. Prime Minister Clement Attlee
Clement Attlee
accepted his resignation, but he later returned to the cabinet in relatively minor positions
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Reconnaissance
Reconnaissance is a mission to obtain information by visual observation or other detection methods, about the activities and r