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Spanish Naming Customs
Spanish naming customs
Spanish naming customs
are historical traditions for naming children practised in Spain. According to these customs, a person's name consists of a given name (simple or composite) followed by two family names (surnames). The first surname is usually the father's first surname, and the second the mother's first surname. In recent years, the order of the surnames can be decided at birth. Often, the practice is to use one given name and the first surname only (e.g. Miguel de Unamuno), with the full name being used in legal, formal, and documentary matters, or for disambiguation when the first surname is very common (e.g. Federico García Lorca). [1]. In these cases, it is common to use only the second surname, as in “Lorca” or “Zapatero”
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Basque Culture
The Basques
Basques
(/bɑːsks/ or /bæsks/; Basque: euskaldunak [eus̺kaldunak]; Spanish: vascos [ˈbaskos]; French: basques [bask]) are an indigenous ethnic group[6][7][8] characterised by the Basque language, a common culture and shared ancestry to the ancient Vascones and Aquitanians.[9] Basques
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Lineal Descendant
A lineal descendant, in legal usage, is a blood relative in the direct line of descent – the children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, etc. of a person
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Spain
Coordinates: 40°N 4°W / 40°N 4°W / 40; -4Kingdom of SpainReino de España  (Spanish) 4 other official names[a][b] Catalan:Regne d'EspanyaBasque:Espainiako ErresumaGalician:Reino de EspañaOccitan:Reiaume d'Espanha Flag Coat of arms Motto: "Plus ultra" (Latin) "Further Beyond"Anthem: "Marcha Real" (Spanish)[2] "Royal March" Show globeShow map of EuropeLocation of .mw-parser-output .nobold font-weight:normal Spain (dark green)– in Europe (green & dark grey)– in the European Union (green)Capitaland largest cityMadrid40°26′N 3°42′W / 40.433°N 3.700°W / 40.433; -3.700Official language and national languageSpanish[c]Ethnic groups (2019)[4]89.67% Spaniards10.33% othersReligion (2019)[5]67.0% Catholicism27.2% No religion3.1% Other religionsDemonym(s)S
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María José Rienda
María José Rienda
María José Rienda
Contreras (born 12 June 1975 in Granada, Spain) is a former World Cup alpine ski racer. Rienda Contreras has 6 World Cup victories, all in giant slalom. Her victories in 2005 were the first Spanish World Cup victories since Blanca Fernández Ochoa
Blanca Fernández Ochoa
won in December 1991. María José Rienda
María José Rienda
Contreras represented Spain
Spain
at the 2002 and 2006 Winter Olympics.Contents1 Biography 2 World Cup victories 3 See also 4 External linksBiography[edit] Her interest for this sport began when her father began to work on the Station of Sierra Nevada already at the age of nine she was possessing her first pair of skis. After some national success, she joined the Spanish national team at age 14. On 25 October 2003 Rienda Contreras scored her first World Cup podium, by coming third in the giant slalom in Sölden, Austria
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José María Morelos
José
José
is a predominantly Spanish form of the given name Joseph. While spelled alike, this name is pronounced differently in each language: in Spanish [xoˈse] and in Portuguese [ʒuˈzɛ] (or [ʒoˈzɛ]). In French, the name José, pronounced [ʒoˈze], is an old vernacular form of Joseph, which is also in current usage as a given name. José is also commonly used as part of male name composites, such as José Manuel, José
José
Maria or Antonio José, and also in female name composites like Maria José
José
or Marie-José. José
José
is also a Belgian Dutch male given name,[1] pronounced [ʒoːˈzeː], and for which the female written form is Josée as in French
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Baptism
Baptism
Baptism
(from the Greek noun βάπτισμα baptisma; see below) is a Christian
Christian
sacrament of admission and adoption,[1] almost invariably with the use of water, into the Christian Church
Christian Church
generally.[2][3] The canonical Gospels report that Jesus
Jesus
was baptized[4]—a historical event to which a high degree of certainty can be assigned.[5][6][7] Baptism
Baptism
has been called a holy sacrament and an ordinance of Jesus Christ
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Felipe Juan Froilán De Marichalar Y Borbón
HM King Juan Carlos
King Juan Carlos
I HM Queen SofíaHRH The Duchess of LugoHE Don Felipe HE Doña VictoriaHRH Infanta Cristina HE Don Iñaki UrdangarinHE Don Juan Valentín HE Don Pablo Nicolas HE Don Miguel HE Doña IreneExtended royal familyHRH The Duchess of BadajozHE Doña Simoneta HE The Viscount de la Torre HE Don Bruno HE Don Luis HE Don FernandoHRH The Duchess of Soria
Soria
and Hernani HE The Duke of Soria
Soria
and HernaniHE Don Alfonso HE Doña Maríav t eDon Felipe Juan Froilán de Todos los Santos de Marichalar y Borbón (born 17 July 1998 in Madrid) is the eldest son of the Duchess of Lugo, Infanta Elena of Spain
Infanta Elena of Spain
and Don Jaime de Marichalar
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Royal Family
A royal family is the immediate family of a king or queen regnant, and sometimes his or her extended family. The term imperial family appropriately describes the family of an emperor or empress, and the term papal family describes the family of a pope, while the terms baronial family, comital family, ducal family, grand ducal family, or princely family are more appropriate to describe the relatives of a reigning baron, count, duke, grand duke, or prince. However, in common parlance members of any family which reigns by hereditary right are often referred to as royalty or "royals." It is also customary in some circles to refer to the extended relations of a deposed monarch and his or her descendants as a royal family. A dynasty is sometimes referred to as "the House of ..."
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Nobility
Nobility
Nobility
is a social class in aristocracy, normally ranked immediately under royalty, that possesses more acknowledged privileges and higher social status than most other classes in a society and with membership thereof typically being hereditary. The privileges associated with nobility may constitute substantial advantages over or relative to non-nobles, or may be largely honorary (e.g., precedence), and vary by country and era
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Provinces Of Spain
Spain
Spain
and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces (Spanish: provincias, IPA: [pɾoˈβinθjas]; sing. provincia).[note 1] Ceuta, Melilla
Melilla
and the Plazas de soberanía
Plazas de soberanía
are not part of any provinces.Contents1 Provincial organization 2 Provinces 3 See also 4 Notes 5 External linksProvincial organization[edit]This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)The layout of Spain's provinces closely follows the pattern of the territorial division of the country carried out in 1833
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Norm (sociology)
From a sociological perspective, social norms are informal understandings that govern the behavior of members of a society.[1] Social psychology
Social psychology
recognizes smaller group units, such as a team or an office, may also endorse norms separately or in addition to cultural or societal expectations.[2] In other words, norms are regarded as collective representations of acceptable group conduct as well as individual perceptions of particular group conduct.[3] They can be viewed as cultural products (including values, customs, and traditions)[4] which represent individuals' basic knowledge of what others do and t
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Blessed Virgin Mary (Roman Catholic)
In the Catholic Church, the veneration of Mary, mother of Jesus, encompasses various Marian devotions
Marian devotions
which include prayer, pious acts, visual arts, poetry, and music devoted to the Blessed Virgin Mary.[2][3] Popes have encouraged it, while also taking steps to reform some manifestations of it.[note 1] The Holy See
Holy See
has insisted on the importance of distinguishing "true from false devotion, and authentic doctrine from its deformations by excess or defect".[4] There are significantly more titles, feasts, and venerative Marian practices among Roman Catholics than in other Western Christian traditions.[5] The term hyperdulia indicates the special veneration due to Mary, greater than the ordinary dulia for other saints, but utterly unlike the latria due only to God. The term "Mariolatry" is a Protestant
Protestant
pejorative label for perceived excessive Catholic devotion to Mary
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Gentry
The term gentry (genterie; Old French
Old French
gentil: "high-born", "noble") describes the "well-born, genteel, and well-bred people" of the social class below the nobility of a society.[1][2] As families of long descent, who never obtained the right to bear a coat of arms, their inherited socio-economic position connected them to the landed estates (manorialism) and to the upper levels of the clergy
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Matriarchy
Matriarchy
Matriarchy
is a social system in which females (most notably in mammals) hold the primary power positions in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property at the specific exclusion of males - at least to a large degree. While those definitions apply in general English, definitions specific to the disciplines of anthropology and feminism differ in some respects. Most anthropologists hold that there are no known anthropological societies that are unambiguously matriarchal, but some authors believe exceptions may exist or may have. Matriarchies may also be confused with matrilineal, matrilocal, and matrifocal societies
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Patriarchy
In sociology, patriarchy is a social system in which males hold primary power and predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property. In the domain of the family, fathers or father-figures hold authority over women and children
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