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Spanish Language
(see many more ) REGULATED BY Association of Spanish Language Academies ( Real Academia Española and 22 other national Spanish language academies) LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 es ISO 639-2 spa ISO 639-3 spa GLOTTOLOG stan1288 LINGUASPHERE 51-AAA-b Spanish language in the world SPANISH (/ˈspænᵻʃ/ (_ listen ); español_ (help ·info )), also called CASTILIAN (/kæˈstɪliən/ (_ listen ), castellano_ (help ·info )), is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers around the world. It is usually considered the world\'s second-most spoken native language , after Mandarin Chinese
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Español (other)
ESPAñOL is the Spanish language
Spanish language
. ESPAñOL may also refer to: * Spanish people * Djudeo-Espanyol or Judaeo-Spanish
Judaeo-Spanish
, a language spoken by JewsSEE ALSO * RCD Espanyol * Club Social, Deportivo y Cultural Español * Central Español
Central Español
This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title ESPAñOL. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Español_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Argant
ARGANT is an ancient variety of red wine grape . It originated in Spain
Spain
and may have been taken to eastern France
France
by the Romans. It was briefly popular, but little of it remains today. It used to be common in southwestern Germany
Germany
and in Austria
Austria
under the name Gänsfüßer ("goose-feet"). CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Distribution and Wines * 3 Vine and Viticulture
Viticulture
* 4 Synonyms * 5 See also * 6 Notes and references * 7 Further reading * 8 External links HISTORYAs the alternative name Espagnol suggests, tradition says that Argant came from Spain. It appears on a list of 14 varieties recommended for winemaking in the Jura in 1774 and plantings seem to have expanded over the next century, but were never very extensive and the story seems to have been one of decline since then
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Spain
Coordinates : 40°N 4°W / 40°N 4°W / 40; -4 Kingdom of Spain _Reino de España_ (Spanish ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Plus Ultra " (Latin ) "Further Beyond" ANTHEM: " Marcha Real
Marcha Real
" (Spanish ) "Royal March" Location of Spain (dark green) – in Europe
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Hispanic America
HISPANIC AMERICA (Spanish : _Hispanoamérica_, or _América hispana_), also known as SPANISH AMERICA (Spanish: _América española_), is the region comprising the Spanish-speaking nations in the Americas . These countries have significant commonalities with each other and with Spain , its former European metropolis . In all of these countries, Spanish is the main language, sometimes sharing official status with one or more indigenous languages (such as Guaraní , Quechua , Aymara , or Mayan ), or English (in Puerto Rico). Catholic Christianity is the predominant religion. Hispanic America is sometimes grouped together with Brazil under the term " Ibero-America ", meaning those countries in the Americas with cultural roots in the Iberian Peninsula
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Equatorial Guinea
Fang Bube Combe Pidgin English Annobonese , Igbo ETHNIC GROUPS (1994 ) * 81.7% Fang * 6.5% Bubi * 3.6% Ndowe * 1.6% Annobon * 1.1% Bujeba (Kwasio) * 5.4% Igbo and othersa DEMONYM * Equatorial Guinean * Equatoguinean GOVERNMENT Dominant-party presidential republic • PRESIDENT Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo • PRIME MINISTER
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L2 Speakers
A person's SECOND LANGUAGE or L2, is a language that is not the native language of the speaker, but that is used in the locale of that person. In contrast, a foreign language is a language that is learned in an area where that language is not generally spoken. Some languages, often called auxiliary languages , are used primarily as second languages or lingua francas . More informally, a second language can be said to be any language learned in addition to one's native language, especially in the context of second language acquisition , (that is, learning a new foreign language). A person's first language is not necessarily their dominant language, the one they use most or are most comfortable with. For example, the Canadian census defines _first language_ for its purposes as "the first language learned in childhood and still spoken", recognizing that for some, the earliest language may be lost, a process known as language attrition
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Language Family
A LANGUAGE FAMILY is a group of languages related through descent from a common _ancestral language_ or _parental language_, called the proto-language of that family. The term "family" reflects the tree model of language origination in historical linguistics , which makes use of a metaphor comparing languages to people in a biological family tree , or in a subsequent modification, to species in a phylogenetic tree of evolutionary taxonomy . Linguists therefore describe the _daughter languages_ within a language family as being _genetically related_. Estimates of the number of living languages vary from 5,000 to 8,000, depending on the precision of one's definition of "language", and in particular on how one classifies dialects . The 2013 edition of Ethnologue catalogs just over 7,000 living human languages. A "living language" is simply one that is used as the primary form of communication of a group of people
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Indo-European Languages
_Pontic Steppe_ * Domestication of the horse * Kurgan * Kurgan culture * Steppe cultures * Bug-Dniester * Sredny Stog * Dnieper-Donets * Samara * Khvalynsk * Yamna * Mikhaylovka culture _Caucasus_ * Maykop East-Asia * Afanasevo _Eastern Europe_ * Usatovo * Cernavodă * Cucuteni _Northern Europe_* Corded ware * Baden
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Italic Languages
_Pontic Steppe_ * Domestication of the horse * Kurgan * Kurgan culture * Steppe cultures * Bug-Dniester * Sredny Stog * Dnieper-Donets * Samara * Khvalynsk * Yamna * Mikhaylovka culture _Caucasus_ * Maykop East-Asia * Afanasevo _Eastern Europe_ * Usatovo * Cernavodă * Cucuteni _Northern Europe_* Corded ware * Baden
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Romance Languages
_Pontic Steppe_ * Domestication of the horse * Kurgan * Kurgan culture * Steppe cultures * Bug-Dniester * Sredny Stog * Dnieper-Donets * Samara * Khvalynsk * Yamna * Mikhaylovka culture _Caucasus_ * Maykop East-Asia * Afanasevo _Eastern Europe_ * Usatovo * Cernavodă * Cucuteni _Northern Europe_* Corded ware * Baden
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Western Romance Languages
WESTERN ROMANCE LANGUAGES are one of the two subdivisions of a proposed subdivision of the Romance languages based on the La Spezia–Rimini line . They include the Gallo-Romance and Iberian-Romance branches as well as northern Italian. The subdivision is based solely on the use of the "s" for pluralization and the weakening of some consonants, but that makes the categorization highly problematic because there is much higher lexical similarity between all dialects of Italian and French than between French and Spanish. There is also much higher morphological similarity between Spanish and Italian dialects than between Italian and French. Based on mutual intelligibility , Dalby counts a dozen languages: Portuguese , Spanish , Asturian-Leonese , Aragonese , Catalan , Gascon , Provençal , Gallo-Wallon , French , Franco-Provençal , Romansh , and Ladin
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Iberian Romance Languages
The IBERIAN ROMANCE, IBERO-ROMANCE or simply IBERIAN LANGUAGES are the Romance languages
Romance languages
that developed on the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
, an area consisting primarily of Spain
Spain
, Portugal
Portugal
, Gibraltar
Gibraltar
and Andorra , and in southern France
France
. Originating in Iberia, the most widely spoken Iberian Romance languages are Castilian (Spanish) , Portuguese , Catalan and Galician . These languages also have their own regional and local dialects. Based on mutual intelligibility , Dalby counts seven "outer" languages, or language groups: Portuguese +Galician , Spanish , Asturian+Leonese , "Wider"-Aragonese , "Wider"-Catalan , Provençal+Lengadocian , and "Wider"-Gascon
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West Iberian Languages
WEST IBERIAN is a branch of the Romance languages
Romance languages
that includes Castilian (Spanish and Judaeo-Spanish/Ladino ), Astur-Leonese (Asturian , Extremaduran , Leonese , Mirandese and Cantabrian ), and the modern descendants of Galician-Portuguese
Galician-Portuguese
(Galician , Portuguese , and the Fala language
Fala language
). According to historical linguistic analysis, these languages are significantly closer to each other in historical terms than to any other living language in the peninsula—including Catalan , the other major Romance language of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula

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Castilian Languages
The CASTILIAN LANGUAGES are Castilian (Spanish) and its closest relatives. Besides derivatives of Spanish such as Ladino , this refers principally to Extremaduran . NAMEThe term "Castilian languages" is used in the 17th edition of Ethnologue. This grouping is used virtually nowhere else. REFERENCES * ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Castilic". Glottolog 3.0 . Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. This Indo-European languages
Indo-European languages
-related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Castilian_languages additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Old Spanish Language
OLD SPANISH, also known as OLD CASTILIAN (Spanish : castellano antiguo, romance castellano) or MEDIEVAL SPANISH (Spanish : español medieval), originally a colloquial Latin
Latin
spoken in the provinces of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
that provided the root for the early form of the Spanish language
Spanish language
that was spoken on the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
from the 10th century until roughly the beginning of the 15th century, before a consonantal readjustment gave rise to the evolution of modern Spanish. The poem Cantar de Mio Cid
Cantar de Mio Cid
(The Poem of the Cid), published around 1200, remains the best known and most extensive work of literature in Old Spanish
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