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Spain
Coordinates : 40°N 4°W / 40°N 4°W / 40; -4 Kingdom of Spain _Reino de España_ (Spanish ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Plus Ultra " (Latin ) "Further Beyond" ANTHEM: " Marcha Real
Marcha Real
" (Spanish ) "Royal March" Location of Spain (dark green) – in Europe
Europe
(green "> (green) Capital and largest city
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Spain (other)
SPAIN is a country in Southwestern Europe. SPAIN may also refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Places and politics * 2 Music * 3 Other uses * 4 See also PLACES AND POLITICS * Spain
Spain
(European Parliament constituency) * Francoist Spain
Spain
, known as the Spanish State, the government of Spain
Spain
under Francisco Franco * Spain, South Dakota , an unincorporated community in the United States * Port of Spain
Spain
, the capital of Trinidad and TobagoMUSIC * Spain
Spain
(band) , a 1990s American jazz-rock band * Spain
Spain
(Between the Trees album) , 2009 * Spain
Spain
(Michel Camilo font-style: italic;">This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title SPAIN. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spain_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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España (other)
SPAIN , also known as España, is a country in southern Europe. ESPAñA may also refer to: * Spanish battleship Alfonso XIII , served 1915 to 1937 and renamed España in 1931 * Spanish battleship España , served in the Spanish Navy from 1913 to 1923 * España-class battleship * España (Chabrier) , a orchestral piece first performed in 1883 by Emmanuel Chabrier * España (river) , river in Spain * España Lake , lake in Bolivia * España (Waldteufel) , a orchestral piece (waltz) first performed in 1886 by Emile Waldteufel, and based on that by Chabrier * España 1936 , a Spanish documentary film * España 2000 , a Spanish political party * España Boulevard
España Boulevard
, a thoroughfare in the Philippines * España railway station , Philippines Association football clubs * Real C.D. España , Honduras * España F.C. , San Salvador, El Salvador * Club España , United StatesSEE ALSO * Spain
Spain
(other) * All pages with a title containing España This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title ESPAñA. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=España_(other) additional terms may apply
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Spanish Language
(see many more ) REGULATED BY Association of Spanish Language Academies ( Real Academia Española and 22 other national Spanish language academies) LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 es ISO 639-2 spa ISO 639-3 spa GLOTTOLOG stan1288 LINGUASPHERE 51-AAA-b Spanish language in the world SPANISH (/ˈspænᵻʃ/ (_ listen ); español_ (help ·info )), also called CASTILIAN (/kæˈstɪliən/ (_ listen ), castellano_ (help ·info )), is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers around the world. It is usually considered the world\'s second-most spoken native language , after Mandarin Chinese . Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages , which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century
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Flag Of Spain
The FLAG OF SPAIN (Spanish : Bandera de España, colloquially known as "la Rojigualda"), as it is defined in the Spanish Constitution of 1978 , consists of three horizontal stripes: red, yellow and red, the yellow stripe being twice the size of each red stripe. Traditionally, the middle stripe was defined by the more archaic term of gualda, and hence the popular name rojigualda (red-weld ). The origin of the current flag of Spain
Spain
is the naval ensign of 1785, Pabellón de la Marina de Guerra under Charles III of Spain
Charles III of Spain
. It was chosen by Charles III himself among 12 different flags designed by Antonio Valdés y Bazán (all projected flags were presented in a drawing which is in the Naval Museum of Madrid). The flag remained marine for much of the next 50 years, flying over coastal fortresses, marine barracks and other naval property. During the Peninsular War the flag could also be found on marine regiments fighting inland. Not until 1820 was the first Spanish land unit (The La Princesa Regiment) provided with one and it was not until 1843 that Queen Isabella II of Spain
Spain
would make the flag official. Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the color scheme of the flag remained intact, with the exception of the Second Republic period (1931–1939); the only changes centered on the coat of arms
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Coat Of Arms Of Spain
The COAT OF ARMS OF SPAIN symbolizes the country and the nation; the old kingdoms of Spain , the Royal Crown , the Imperial Crown , the Constitutional monarchy , the Spanish national motto: _Plus Ultra _, and the Pillars of Hercules with the Spanish geographic situation. The Monarch , the heir to the throne and some institutions like the Senate , the Council of State or the General Council of the Judiciary have their own arms
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Plus Ultra (motto)
PLUS ULTRA, Latin for "further beyond", is the national motto of Spain
Spain
. It is taken from the personal motto of Charles V , Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain, and is a reversal of the original phrase Non plus ultra ("not further beyond"). This was said to have been inscribed as a warning on the Pillars of Hercules
Pillars of Hercules
at the Strait of Gibraltar , which marked the edge of the known world. Charles adopted the motto following the discovery of the New World by Columbus, and it also has metaphorical suggestions of taking risks and striving for excellence. CONTENTS * 1 Charles V * 2 Spain
Spain
* 3 Other uses * 4 See also * 5 References CHARLES VThe motto was suggested to the young king in 1516 by his physician and adviser Luigi Marliano . It was emblematic of Marliano's vision of a Christian empire spanning beyond the boundaries of the Old World. It was associated in particular with the desire to bring the Reconquista
Reconquista
past Gibraltar and into North Africa: at Charles's triumphal entry into Burgos
Burgos
in 1520, a triumphal arch was set up bearing on one side the motto Plus ultra
Plus ultra
and on the other "All of Africa weeps because it knows that you have the key have to be its master". The motto is first recorded on the back of Charles's chair in the church of St Gudule, Brussels
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Latin Language
LATIN (Latin: _lingua latīna_, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages . The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet . Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium , in the Italian Peninsula . Through the power of the Roman Republic , it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages , such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian . Latin
Latin
and French have contributed many words to the English language . Latin
Latin
and Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
roots are used in theology , biology , and medicine . By the late Roman Republic (75 BC), Old Latin had been standardised into Classical Latin . Vulgar Latin was the colloquial form spoken during the same time and attested in inscriptions and the works of comic playwrights like Plautus
Plautus
and Terence
Terence

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Marcha Real
The _MARCHA REAL_ (Spanish pronunciation: , "Royal March") is the national anthem of Spain . It is one of only four national anthems (along with those of Bosnia and Herzegovina , Kosovo and San Marino ) in the world to have no official lyrics. One of the oldest in the world, the anthem was first printed in a document dated 1761 and entitled _Libro de la Ordenanza de los Toques de Pífanos y Tambores que se tocan nuevamente en la Ynfantª Española_ ( Book of the Ordenance of Newly Played Military Drum and Fife Calls by The Spanish Infantry), by Manuel de Espinosa. There, it is entitled _La Marcha Granadera_ ("March of the Grenadiers "). According to the document, Manuel de Espinosa de los Monteros is the composer. There is a false belief that its author was Frederick II of Prussia , a great lover of music. That started in 1861 when it appears for the first time published in _La España militar_ (Military Spain). In 1864, the colonel Antonio Vallecillo published the story in the diary _El Espíritu Público_ (The Public Spirit), claiming the supposed Prussian origin of Marcha Real popular. According to Vallecillo, the anthem was a gift from Frederick II to the soldier Juan Martín Álvarez de Sotomayor, who was serving in the Prussian Court to learn the military tactics developed by Frederick II's army, under orders of King Charles III
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Europe
EUROPE —a concept dating back to classical antiquity — is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia . Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The eastern boundary with Asia is an arbitrary historical and social construct , as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. The primarily physiographic term "continent" as applied to Europe also incorporates cultural and political elements whose discontinuities and lines of demarcation are not reflected by the continent's current overland boundaries with Asia. Europe is considered by historical convention as separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains , the Ural River , the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways of the Turkish Straits . Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth's surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is divided into about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of about 740 million (about 11% of world population ) as of 2015
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European Union
The EUROPEAN UNION (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe . It has an area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi), and an estimated population of over 510 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs, and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture , fisheries , and regional development . Within the Schengen Area , passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002, and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency . The EU traces its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Economic Community (EEC), established, respectively, by the 1951 Treaty of Paris and 1957 Treaty of Rome . The original members of what came to be known as the European Communities , were the Inner Six ; Belgium , France , Italy , Luxembourg , the Netherlands and West Germany
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Madrid
MADRID (/məˈdrɪd/ , Spanish: , locally ) is the capital city of the Kingdom of Spain
Spain
and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain
Spain
as a whole. The city has almost 3.2 million inhabitants with a metropolitan area population of approximately 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union
European Union
(EU) after London
London
and Berlin
Berlin
, and its metropolitan area is the third-largest in the EU after those of London
London
and Paris
Paris
. The municipality itself covers an area of 604.3 km2 (233.3 sq mi). Madrid
Madrid
lies on the River Manzanares in the centre of both the country and the Community of Madrid (which comprises the city of Madrid, its conurbation and extended suburbs and villages); this community is bordered by the autonomous communities of Castile and León and Castile-La Mancha . As the capital city of Spain, seat of government , and residence of the Spanish monarch , Madrid
Madrid
is also the political, economic and cultural centre of the country. The current mayor is Manuela Carmena from Ahora Madrid
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Aragonese Language
ARAGONESE (/ˌærəɡɒˈniːz/ ; _aragonés_ in Aragonese) is a Romance language spoken in several dialects by 10,000 to 30,000 people in the Pyrenees valleys of Aragon , Spain, primarily in the comarcas of Somontano de Barbastro , Jacetania , Alto Gállego , Sobrarbe , and Ribagorza/Ribagorça . It is the only modern language which survived from medieval Navarro-Aragonese in a form distinctly different from Spanish . Informally known as _fabla_ ("talk" or "speech"), Aragonese is also commonly referred to by the names of its local dialects such as _cheso_ (from Valle de Hecho ) or _patués_ (from the Benasque Valley). CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Modern Aragonese * 2 Dialects * 3 Phonology * 3.1 Traits * 3.1.1 Shared with Catalan * 3.1.2 Shared with Catalan and Spanish * 3.1.3 Shared with Spanish * 3.1.4 Shared with neither * 3.2 Vowels * 3.3 Consonants * 4 Orthography * 5 Grammar * 5.1 Articles * 5.2 Lexicology * 5.3 Gender * 5.4 Pronouns * 6 Literature * 6.1 Early modern period * 6.2 Contemporary literature * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links HISTORY The gradual retreat of Aragonese under the pressure of Castilian
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Astur-Leonese Languages
ASTUR-LEONESE is a group of closely related Romance languages of the West Iberian branch , including: * Asturian , _ASTURIANU_ or _BABLE_, encompassing the vernaculars spoken in the Spanish province of Asturias , except the westernmost ones, which are more often considered dialects of Galician (see _Eonavian_ below). This is the area with most speakers left. * Leonese , _LLIONéS_, encompassing the vernaculars spoken in northern and western parts of the province of León , and a few western areas in the provinces of Zamora and Salamanca , in Spain. The distinction between _Asturian_ and _Leonese_ cannot be made in purely linguistic terms. Leonese was spoken in the past in a much larger area; however, it is now approaching extinction. * The now-extinct dialects of the neighbour parishes of Rio de Onor and Guadramil , in the northern border of the District of Bragança , in Portugal; * Mirandese , _MIRANDéS_, in villages around the border town of Miranda do Douro , in the eastern border of the District of Bragança like Angueira , Macedo de Cavaleiros and further south in Sendim , Portugal.In addition: * Cantabrian , _CáNTABRU_, encompassing the vernaculars spoken in Cantabria . Some of them, especially western ones, are further grouped with the traditional name _MONTAñéS_ while eastern ones are included in _PASIEGU_
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Basque Language
BASQUE (/bæsk/ or /bɑːsk/ ; Basque: _euskara_, IPA: ) is the language spoken by the Basques . Linguistically, Basque is unrelated to the other languages of Europe and indeed, as a language isolate , to any other known language. The Basques are indigenous to, and primarily inhabit, the Basque Country , a region that straddles the westernmost Pyrenees in adjacent parts of northern Spain and southwestern France . The Basque language is spoken by 27% of Basques in all territories (714,135 out of 2,648,998). Of these, 93% (663,035) are in the Spanish area of the Basque Country and the remaining 7% (51,100) are