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Sovići And Doljani Massacres
The Sovići and Doljani massacres were war crimes committed against Bosniaks
Bosniaks
by Croatian Defence Forces
Croatian Defence Forces
(HVO) on 17 April 1993, and afterwards in the villages of Doljani and Sovići. According to the ICTY, Croat/HVO forces attacked the villages of Doljani and Sovići, about 50 kilometers north of Mostar
Mostar
in the morning on 17 April 1993. The attack was part of a larger Croatian Defence Forces offensive aimed at taking Jablanica, the main Bosnian Muslim dominated town in the area. The HVO commanders had calculated that they needed two days to take Jablanica. Sovići's geopolitical location was of strategic significance for the HVO as it was en route to Jablanica
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Bosnia And Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina,[a] abbreviated B&H,[b] sometimes called Bosnia– Herzegovina
Herzegovina
and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe, located within the Balkan Peninsula. Sarajevo
Sarajevo
is the capital and largest city. Bosnia and Herzegovina
Herzegovina
is an almost landlocked country – it has a narrow coast at the Adriatic Sea, about 20 kilometres (12 miles) long surrounding the town of Neum. It is bordered by Croatia
Croatia
to the north, west and south; Serbia
Serbia
to the east; and Montenegro
Montenegro
to the southeast. In the central and eastern interior of the country the geography is mountainous, in the northwest it is moderately hilly, and the northeast is predominantly flatland
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2nd Corps Of The Army Of The Republic Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
The 2nd Corps was one of five, later seven corps in the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
established in early 1992.Contents1 History 2 Operational zones 3 Commanders 4 Units 5 Arms 6 Military operations and engagements 7 ReferencesHistory[edit] Just like the 1st Corps, the 2nd Corps was established early in 1992. This corps along with the 5th Corps had more success than the other Corps. Operational zones[edit] The 2nd Corps was responsible for the following districts: Tuzla (where were the he
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1992 Anti-war Protests In Sarajevo
Government of SR Bosnia and Herzegovina SDS paramilitary forcesLead figures Dragan Vikić Josip Pejaković Slobodan Milošević Radovan KaradžićNumber100,000 protesters20 snipersCasualties2 deaths (Olga Sučić & Suada Dilberović)On 5 April 1992, in response to events all over Bosnia and Herzegovina 100,000 people of all nationalities turned out for a peace rally in Sarajevo. Serb snipers in the iconic Holiday Inn
Holiday Inn
hotel under the control of the Serbian Democratic Party in the heart of Sarajevo opened fire on the crowd killing six people and wounding several more. Suada Dilberović and an ethnic Croat woman Olga Sučić were in the first rows, protesting on the Vrbanja bridge at the time. The bridge on which Sučić and Dilberović were killed was renamed in their honor
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Sarajevo Wedding Shooting
On 1 March 1992, a Serbian wedding in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, was shot at amidst the Bosnian independence referendum.[1] As the wedding procession wound its way through the old Muslim section of the city called Baščaršija, the wedding guests brandished Serbian flags. This was interpreted by the Muslims present as an act of deliberate provocation when an independence referendum had been held which was supported by most Bosnian Croats and Muslims but boycotted by most of the Bosnian Serbs.[2] Ramiz Delalić, was identified as the killer by witnesses. Known as "Celo", he was a minor Bosniak gangster who had become an increasingly brazen criminal since the fall of communism. Arrest warrants were issued against him and another suspected assailant.[3] The wedding guests had left the wedding of Milan Gardović and Dijana Tambur at the Church of the Holy Transfiguration to hold the wedding meal at the Old Orthodox Church in Sarajevo
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Bosnian Independence Referendum, 1992
An independence referendum was held in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
between 29 February and 1 March 1992, following the first free elections of 1990 and the rise of ethnic tensions that led to the breakup of Yugoslavia. Independence was strongly favored by Bosniak and Bosnian Croat voters while Bosnian Serbs
Bosnian Serbs
boycotted the referendum or were prevented from participating by Bosnian Serb authorities. The total turnout of voters was 63.4%, 99.7% of whom voted for independence. On 3 March, Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Alija Izetbegović declared the independence of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the parliament ratified the action
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Zulfikarpašić–Karadžić Agreement
In June 1991, representatives of Bosnian Muslims (Party of Democratic Action, SDA) and Bosnian Serbs (Serb Democratic Party, SDS) met to discuss the future status of SR Bosnia and Herzegovina
SR Bosnia and Herzegovina
during the Yugoslav crisis. On behalf of SDA president Alija Izetbegović, Adil Zulfikarpašić and Muhamed Filipović met with SDS president Radovan Karadžić, Nikola Koljević and Momčilo Krajišnik. The two sides reached an agreement[a] that BiH was to be sovereign and undivided, remaining in a Yugoslav confederation with Serbia and Montenegro. The Muslim-inhabited area of Sandžak
Sandžak
in SR Serbia
SR Serbia
was to become autonomous, while SAO Krajina
SAO Krajina
and SAO Bosanska Krajina
SAO Bosanska Krajina
was to abandon their unification plan
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Army Of Republika Srpska
The Army of Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska
(Serbian: Војска Републике Српске/Vojska Republike Srpske; ВРС/VRS), commonly referred to in English as the Bosnian Serb
Bosnian Serb
Army, was the military of Republika Srpska (RS), the self-proclaimed Serb secessionist republic, a territory within the newly independent Bosnia and Herzegovina (formerly part of Yugoslavia), which it defied, active during the Bosnian War
Bosnian War
(1992–95)
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Black Swans (special Forces)
The Black Swans (Bosnian: Crni Labudovi) was a paramilitary unit[5] and special forces unit within the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was a "Patriotic League" unit formed in 1992 in Sapna, under the 2nd Corps (later 1st Corps) which eventually numbered 800 men. It was one of several Bosniak special units.[6][7] It earned a reputation for battlefield bravery. The first commander, Senad Mehdin Hodžić, was a former member of the Special
Special
anti-terrorist unit of the Yugoslav Ministry of Internal Affairs. (MUP). When he took command of the Black Swans, he would be known as "Kapetan Labud" or Captain Swan. Captain Hajro Mešić then went on to take the commanding position for a while. The most successful and lasting commander was Brigadier Hase Tirić. The Black Swans' areas of operation included Konjic, Igman
Igman
and Jablanica
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Green Berets (Bosnian Paramilitary)
Zelene beretke
Zelene beretke
(English, "Green Berets") was a paramilitary organization founded in Sarajevo
Sarajevo
in early 1992. They were founded by demobilized soldiers and conscripts from the Yugoslav National Army who were mostly ethnic Bosniaks
Bosniaks
and supporters of Bosnian nationalism. Unlike the ARBiH, the ZB was very closely integrated with the Party of Democratic Action. They were integrated into a newly founded Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
in the second half of 1992. The Green Berets
Green Berets
as a gear of choice and name was selected both as a reference to United States Army Special
Special
Forces (although no actual relation existed) and as a common colour brand of the predominant ethnic group that composed the unit, namely Bosniaks
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Bosniaks
North America United States · Canada South America Argentina · Bolivia · Brazil Chile · Colombia · Peru Oceania Australia · New ZealandCulture Kinship · Architecture · Cultural Heritage Sites · Literature · Music (Sevdalinka) · Art · Cinema Cuisine · SportHistory History of Bosniaks RulersLanguage Bosnian Shtokavian South Slavic Serbo-Croatian (Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian)Related nations Muslims by nationality · Croats Montenegrins
Montenegrins
 · Serbs Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs
 · Slovenes South Slavsv t eThe Bosniaks
Bosniaks
(Bosnian: Bošnjaci, pronounced [boʃɲǎːtsi]; singular masculine: Bošnjak, feminine: Bošnjakinja) are a South Slavic nation and ethnic group inhabiting mainly the area of Bosnia and Herzegovina
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7th Corps Of The Army Of The Republic Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
The 7th Corps was one of seven corps of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
and its headquarters were in Travnik. It was reorganized in January 1995.[citation needed] History[edit] This Corps was formed on February 26, 1994
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6th Corps Of The Army Of The Republic Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
The 6th Corps, along with the 7th Corps, of the Bosnian army was formed a little later than the first 5 Corps. 6th Corps History[edit] The 6th Corps of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was formed on 9 June 1993. Konjic
Konjic
became the headquarters of the 6th Corps. 6th Corps was formed from 4th Corps Northern Herzegovina Operational Group to occupy northern Herzegovina from the HVO and eventually reach the Adriatic coast
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5th Corps Of The Army Of The Republic Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
When the unit was formed the Corps had the following armament:[1]T-55 tank (1) 76 mm ZIS (2) mortar 60mm, 82mm, and 120mm automatic rifles (1,094) semi-automatic rifles (479) light machine-guns (152) machine-guns (120) sniper rifles (48) Osa anti-tank launchers (10) Zolja anti-tank launchers (28) M57 anti-tank launchers (9) RBR (11) RPG (9) anti-aircraft guns PAM(3) recoilless guns BS (2) numerous variants of hunting riflesEngagementsOperation Oganj 92 Operation Gorica-03 Operation Tiger '94 Operation Free Grabez '94 Operation Pecigrad '94 Operation Storm
Operation Storm
'95 Operation Sana
Operation Sana
'95CommandersCurrent commander Hajrudin Osmanagić Ramiz Dreković Atif DudakovicInsignia5th Corps patch Winged stallionThe Fifth Corps was one of seven corps in the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
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4th Corps Of The Army Of The Republic Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
The 4th Corps of the Bosnian army was one of five later seven corps formed in 1992.[1]Contents1 Operational Zone 2 Commanders 3 4th Corps Units 4 ReferencesOperational Zone[edit] The 4th Corps was mainly responsible for then Mostar, the headquarters of the 4th Corps, and the Mostar
Mostar
region, but also Livno, Tomislavgrad and Trebinje, Konjic, Prozor, Jablanica.[2] Commanders[edit]1st Commander: Colonel Arif Pašalić (until 6 Nov
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3rd Corps Of The Army Of The Republic Of Bosnia And Herzegovina
The 3rd Corps of the Bosnian Army was one of five, later seven. It was established by the order of the Commander of Main Staff of the Bosnian Army Sefer Halilović on 9 November 1992 under Alija Izetbegović. This Corps was formed to unite the rest of the Territorial Defence Force of the Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina and some Bosnian Special
Special
Forces and Civilian Forces.Contents1 Operational Zone 2 Command2.1 Commanders3 Operational Groups 4 3rd Corps UnitsOperational Zone[edit] The operational zone for the 3rd Corps were the districts of : Banja Luka, Bosanska Dubica, Bosanska Gradiška, Breza, Bugojno, Busovača, Čelinac, Donji Vakuf, Gornji Vakuf, Jajce, Kakanj, Kotor Varoš, Kupres, Laktaši, Mrkonjić Grad, Novi Travnik, Prnjavor, Skender Vakuf, Srbac, Šipovo, Travnik, Vitez, Zavidovići, Zenica
Zenica
and Žepče
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