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South Korea
Coordinates : 36°N 128°E / 36°N 128°E / 36; 128 Republic
Republic
of Korea 대한민국 大韓民國 _DAEHAN MINGUK_ _ Flag Emblem MOTTO: "홍익인간 (弘益人間) " (Korean ) (de facto _) "Benefit broadly in the human world/Devotion to the Welfare of Humanity" ANTHEM: Aegukga "애국가 (愛國歌)" (Korean ) (_de facto _) "Patriotic Song" GOVERNMENT EMBLEM 대한민국정부 상징문양 (Korean) Government Emblem of South Korea
Korea
Area controlled by the Republic
Republic
of Korea
Korea
shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green
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North Korea
Coordinates : 40°00′N 127°00′E / 40.000°N 127.000°E / 40.000; 127.000 Democratic People's Republic of Korea 조선민주주의인민공화국 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國 _CHOSŏN MINJUJUŭI INMIN KONGHWAGUK_ _ Flag Emblem MOTTO: Chosŏn\'gŭl : 강성대국; MR : Kangsŏng Daeguk_ " Powerful and Prosperous Nation " ANTHEM: * " Aegukka " * Korean : 애국가, _The Patriotic Song_ Area controlled by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea shown in green Capital and largest city Pyongyang 39°2′N 125°45′E / 39.033°N 125.750°E / 39.033; 125.750 O
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Korea
KOREA is a historic country in East Asia , since 1945 divided into two distinct sovereign states : North Korea (officially the "Democratic People's Republic of Korea") and South Korea (officially the "Republic of Korea"). Located on the Korean Peninsula , Korea is bordered by China to the northwest and Russia to the northeast. It is separated from Japan to the east by the Korea Strait and the East Sea . Korea emerged as a singular political entity after centuries of conflict among the Three Kingdoms of Korea , which were unified as Later Silla to the south and Balhae to the north. Later Silla divided into three separate states during the Later Three Kingdoms period . Goryeo , which had succeeded Goguryeo , defeated the two other states and united the Korean Peninsula . Around the same time, Balhae collapsed and its last crown prince fled south to Goryeo. Goryeo (also spelled as _Koryŏ_), whose name developed into the modern exonym "Korea", was a highly cultured state that created the world's first metal movable type in 1234. However, multiple invasions by the Mongol Yuan Dynasty during the 13th century greatly weakened the nation, which eventually agreed to become a vassal state after decades of fighting
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ROK (other)
ROK, ROK or ROK may refer to: CONTENTS* 1 Geography * 1.1 Countries * 1.2 Other Places * 2 Games and software * 3 Organizations * 4 People * 5 Other uses * 6 See also GEOGRAPHYCOUNTRIES * Republic of Korea , official name for South Korea * Republic of Kosovo , official name for KosovoOTHER PLACES * Rök
Rök
, a parish in SwedenGAMES AND SOFTWARE * EverQuest: The Ruins of Kunark , an Everquest expansion * EverQuest
EverQuest
II: Rise of Kunark , an EverQuest
EverQuest
II expansionORGANIZATIONS * ROK, IATA code for Rockhampton Airport
Rockhampton Airport
* ROK, ticker symbol for Rockwell Automation
Rockwell Automation
* Rok plc , a British construction company which collapsed in 2010PEOPLE * ROK, handle referring to Richard O\'Keefe OTHER USES * Rok, name for Saint Roch in some Slavic languages * Rok (given name) * Rok River , river of Sweden * rök imperative of rökaSEE ALSO * RKO (other) * Roc (other) * Rock (other) * ROKS (other) * Roque (other) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title ROK. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Flag Of South Korea
The flag of South Korea
South Korea
, also known as the TAEGUKGI (also spelled as Taegeukgi, literally "supreme ultimate flag"), has three parts: a white rectangular background, a red and blue Taeguk , symbolizing balance, in its center, and four black trigrams selected from the original eight , one toward each corner. CONTENTS * 1 Symbolism * 2 History * 2.1 Historical progression of designs * 3 Specifications * 3.1 Dimensions * 3.2 Colors * 4 Similar versions * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links SYMBOLISMThe flag's background is white , a traditional color in Korean culture . White
White
was common in the daily attire of 19th-century Koreans, and it still appears in contemporary versions of traditional Korean garments, such as the hanbok . The color represents peace and purity. The circle in the middle is derived from the philosophy of yin-yang and represents balance in the universe . The red half represents positive cosmic forces, and the blue half represents the opposing negative cosmic forces. Together, the trigrams represent movement and harmony as fundamental principles
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Emblem Of South Korea
The NATIONAL EMBLEM OF THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA ( Hangul : 대한민국의 국장 / Hanja
Hanja
: 大韓民國의 國章) consists of the taeguk symbol present on the country\'s national flag surrounded by five stylized petals and a ribbon bearing the inscription "The Republic of Korea " (Daehan Minguk), the official name of the country , in Hangul characters. The Taegeuk represents peace and harmony. The five petals all have meaning and are related to Korea's national flower, the Hibiscus syriacus , or Rose of Sharon (mugunghwa (무궁화/無窮花). The emblem was adopted in 1963. * Emblem of South Korea, 1948-1963 * Emblem of South Korea, 1963-1997 * Seal of the President of the Republic of Korea , with two phoenixes facing each other over a rose of Sharon. * Emblem of the National Government, a stylized Taeguk . * Emblem of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea . A rose of Sharon enclosed by another. * Emblem of the National Assembly of the Republic of Korea . The word "국회" meaning 'National Assembly' (gukhoe / 國會 in Hanja
Hanja
) appears in Hangeul
Hangeul
in the center of a rose of Sharon
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Hongik Ingan
HONGIK INGAN ( Hangul : 홍익인간; Hanja
Hanja
: 弘益人間) is the unofficial national motto of South Korea
South Korea
. The phrase is English translated as "Benefit Broadly in the Human World/Devotion to the Welfare of Humanity". The phrase may also be translated as "Live and work for the benefit of all mankind." The Korean Spirit and Cultural Promotion Project's blog describes Hongik Ingan as "the original founding philosophy of Korea, which transcends the boundaries of ideology and religion." This philosophy is represented in the lives of Queen Seondeok, Shin Saimdang, and Shin Saimdang's son, Yi Yulgok, "who were all distinguished by their self-discipline, reverence, compassion and" devotion to duty in the face of hardships. Queen Seondeok of Silla , the first female monarch in Korean history ruled the Silla
Silla
Kingdom from 632 to 647 C.E. Shin Saimdang lived from 1504 C.E. to c. 1551 C.E. She grew up on her maternal grandparents' house without male siblings, relatively free from the patriarchial order of the society. Saimdang was a courtesy name meaning "generosity". That Saimdang has a courtesy name—a privilege normally granted only to male aristocrats—is a tribute to her efforts to overcome the limitations that society placed on women. Yi Yulgok (1536 C.E. – 1584 C.E) was a son of Shin Saimdang
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Korean Language
The Language Research Institute, Academy of Social Science 사회과학원 어학연구소 / 社會科學院 語學研究所 (Democratic People's Republic of Korea) National Institute of the Korean Language 국립국어원 / 國立國語院 (Republic of Korea) China Korean Language Regulatory Commission 중국조선어규범위원회 中国朝鲜语规范委员会 (People's Republic of China) LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 ko ISO 639-2 kor ISO 639-3 Variously: kor – Modern Korean jje – Jeju okm – Middle Korean oko – Old Korean oko – Proto Korean LINGUIST LIST okm Middle Korean oko Old Korean GLOTTOLOG kore1280 LINGUASPHERE 45-AAA-a Countries with native Korean-speaking populations (established immigrant communities in green). THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters
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De Facto
_DE FACTO_ (/deɪ ˈfæktoʊ/ ), Latin for "in fact", describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally authorized. It is commonly used to refer to what happens in practice, in contrast with _de jure _ ("in law"), which refers to things that happen according to law. Unofficial customs that are widely accepted are sometimes called the _de facto_ standard . CONTENTS* 1 Examples * 1.1 Segregation (during the Civil Rights era in the United States) * 1.2 Standards * 1.3 National languages * 1.4 Politics * 2 Other uses * 2.1 Relationships * 2.2 Relationships not recognized outside Australia * 2.3 Non-marital relationship contract * 2.4 Family law – custody * 3 Other uses of the term * 4 See also * 5 References EXAMPLESSEGREGATION (DURING THE CIVIL RIGHTS ERA IN THE UNITED STATES) De facto racial discrimination and segregation in the United States during the 1950s and 1960s was simply discrimination that was _not_ segregation by law (de jure). Jim Crow laws , which were enacted in the 1870s, brought legal racial segregation against black Americans residing in the American South . These laws were legally ended in 1964 by the Civil Rights Act of 1964
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Aegukga
"AEGUKGA", also known as "THE PATRIOTIC SONG" or "THE SONG OF LOVE FOR THE COUNTRY", is the national anthem of South Korea
South Korea
. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 History * 2.1 Origin * 2.2 Copyright
Copyright
* 3 Lyrics * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links ETYMOLOGYThe Encyclopedia of Korean Culture defines "Aegukga" as "the song to wake up the mind to love the country". "Aegukga" in itself is differentiated from a national anthem. While a national anthem is the official symbol of the country, Aegukga
Aegukga
refers to any song, official or unofficial, that contains love towards its country, such as Hungary 's Szózat
Szózat
. However, the nationally designated "Aegukga" plays the role of symbolizing the country. In general, the term Aegukga
Aegukga
refers to the national anthem of South Korea
South Korea
. Nevertheless, there are still more than ten other extant "Aegukgas" in South Korea
South Korea
. HISTORYORIGINIn the 1890s, the previously established Joseon dynasty began to contact other countries for the first time, including the United States , United Kingdom , and Russia . The meeting with foreign countries gave rise to patriotism, which then created several "Aegugkas"
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Seoul
SEOUL (/soʊl/ ; 서울; Korean: ( listen )), officially the SEOUL SPECIAL CITY – is the capital and largest metropolis of the Republic of Korea
Korea
(commonly known as South Korea). Seoul
Seoul
is the world's 16th largest city , and forms the heart of the Seoul Capital Area , which includes the surrounding Incheon
Incheon
metropolis and Gyeonggi province. The Seoul Capital Area houses about half of the country's population of 51.44 million people with 678,102 international residents. Situated on the Han River , Seoul's history stretches back more than two thousand years when it was founded in 18 BCE by Baekje
Baekje
, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea . It continued as the capital of Korea under the Joseon Dynasty . The Seoul Capital Area contains five UNESCO World Heritage
World Heritage
Sites : Changdeok Palace
Palace
, Hwaseong Fortress , Jongmyo Shrine , Namhansanseong and the Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty . Seoul
Seoul
is surrounded by mountains, the tallest being Mt. Bukhan , the world's most visited national park per square foot
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Official Script
An OFFICIAL SCRIPT is a writing system that is specifically designated to be official in the constitutions or other applicable laws of countries, states, and other jurisdictions . Akin to an official language , an official script is much rarer. It is used primarily where an official language is in practice written with two or more scripts. As, in these languages, use of script often has cultural or political connotations, proclamation of an official script is sometimes criticised as having a goal of influencing culture or politics or both. Desired effects also may include easing education , communication and some other aspects of life. CONTENTS * 1 List of official scripts * 2 Historical * 3 See also * 4 References LIST OF OFFICIAL SCRIPTSBelow is a partial list of official scripts used in different countries. Those in italics are states that have limited international recognition
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Hangul
The KOREAN ALPHABET, 한글 , known as HANGUL in South Korea (also transcribed HANGEUL) and as 조선글(CHOSŏN\'GŭL) /조선문자(CHOSŏN MUNTCHA) in North Korea , is the alphabet that has been used to write the Korean language since the 15th century. It was created in 1443 under King Sejong the Great during the Joseon Dynasty . Now the alphabet is the official script of both South Korea and North Korea, and co-official in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County of China's Jilin Province . In South Korea, primarily Hangul is used to write the Korean language, as using Hanja ( Chinese characters ) in typical Korean writing fell out of common usage during the late 1990s. In its classical and modern forms, the alphabet has 19 consonant and 21 vowel letters. However, instead of being written sequentially like the letters of the Latin script, Hangul letters are grouped into blocks, such as 한 _han_, each of which transcribes a syllable . That is, although the syllable 한 _han_ may look like a single character, it is actually composed of three letters: _h_, _a_, and ㄴ _n_. Each syllabic block consists of two to six letters, including at least one consonant and one vowel . These blocks are then arranged horizontally from left to right or vertically from top to bottom
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Ethnic Groups
An ETHNIC GROUP or ETHNICITY is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestral , language , social , cultural or national experiences . Ethnicity is often an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. In some cases, it can be adopted if a person moves into another society. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage , ancestry , origin myth , history , homeland , language or dialect , symbolic systems such as religion , mythology and ritual , cuisine , dressing style, art , and physical appearance . Ethnic groups, derived from the same historical founder population , often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool . By way of language shift , acculturation , adoption and religious conversion , it is sometimes possible for individuals or groups to leave one ethnic group and become part of another (except for ethnic groups emphasizing racial purity as a key membership criterion). Ethnicity is often used synonymously with ambiguous terms such as nation or people . In English, it can also have the connotation of something exotic (cf. " White ethnic ", "ethnic restaurant", etc.), generally related to cultures of more recent immigrants, who arrived after the founding population of an area was established
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Christianity
CHRISTIANITY is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ , who serves as the focal point of the Christian faith . It is the world\'s largest religion , with over 2.4 billion followers, or 33% of the global population, known as Christians . Christians make up a majority of the population in 158 countries and territories . They believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as the Messiah (the Christ ) was prophesied in the Old Testament . Christian theology is summarized in creeds such as the Apostles\' Creed and Nicene Creed . These professions of faith state that Jesus suffered , died , was buried , descended into hell , and rose from the dead, in order to grant eternal life to those who believe in him and trust in him for the remission of their sins . The creeds further maintain that Jesus physically ascended into heaven, where he reigns with God the Father in the unity of the Holy Spirit , and that he will return to judge the living and the dead and grant eternal life to his followers. His incarnation , earthly ministry, crucifixion and resurrection are often referred to as "the gospel ", meaning "good news"
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