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South Kensington Museum
3,432,325 (2015) * Ranked 6th nationally (2015) * Ranked 11th globally (2013) DIRECTOR Tristram Hunt PUBLIC TRANSIT ACCESS South Kensington WEBSITE vam.ac.uk In 2000, an 11-metre high, blown glass chandelier by Dale Chihuly was installed as a focal point in the rotunda at the V&A's main entrance. The VICTORIA AND ALBERT MUSEUM (often abbreviated as the V&A), London, is the world's largest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 4.5 million objects. It was founded in 1852 and named after Queen Victoria and Prince Albert . The V&A is located in the Brompton district of the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea , in an area that has become known as " Albertopolis " because of its association with Prince Albert, the Albert Memorial
Albert Memorial
and the major cultural institutions with which he was associated. These include the Natural History Museum , the Science Museum and the Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
. The museum is a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport . Like other national British museums, entrance to the museum has been free since 2001 . The V&A covers 12.5 acres (5.1 ha) and 145 galleries. Its collection spans 5,000 years of art, from ancient times to the present day, from the cultures of Europe , North America , Asia and North Africa
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Cromwell Road
CROMWELL ROAD is a major London
London
road in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea , designated as part of the A4 . It was created in the 19th century and is said to be named after Richard Cromwell , son of Oliver Cromwell , who once owned a house there. Cromwell Road
Cromwell Road
was not always the main traffic route it is now, as when it was built, it ended at Earls Court. The Cromwell Road extension, across the West London
London
railway line and towards Hammersmith, was authorised as a bridge across the railway in 1884 but completed only in 1941. Thus, it was only in after World War II
World War II
that it became the main A4 route into London. The large traffic increase brought much demolition and road rearrangement beyond Earls Court Road in 1967 to 1972, but the main part of Cromwell Road
Cromwell Road
has not had its basic building line changed. 1.5 miles (2.4 km) long, it starts as WEST CROMWELL ROAD, near West Kensington tube station , and continues eastwards from Talgarth Road . It becomes Cromwell Road
Cromwell Road
proper as it crosses Earl\'s Court Road . It travels just south of Cromwell Hospital , and then past Gloucester Road and Gloucester Road tube station
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London
LONDON /ˈlʌndən/ ( listen ) is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom . Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain , London has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans , who named it _ Londinium _. London's ancient core, the City of London
City of London
, largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km2) medieval boundaries. Since at least the 19th century, "London" has also referred to the metropolis around this core, historically split between Middlesex , Essex , Surrey , Kent , and Hertfordshire , which today largely makes up Greater London
Greater London
, a region governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly . London is a leading global city in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism, and transportation. It is crowned as the world's largest financial centre and has the fifth- or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world . London is a world cultural capital. It is the world's most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the world\'s largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic
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SW Postcode Area
POSTCODE DISTRICT BOUNDARIES: Google Template:Attached KML/SW postcode area KML is from Wikidata LONDON SW POSTCODE AREA SW POSTCODE AREA SW POSTCODE AREA NAME London SW POST TOWNS 1 POSTCODE DISTRICTS 29 POSTCODE SECTORS 139 POSTCODES (LIVE) 21,046 POSTCODES (TOTAL) 34,726 Statistics as at February 2012 The SW (SOUTH WESTERN AND BATTERSEA) POSTCODE AREA, also known as the LONDON SW POSTCODE AREA, is a group of postcode districts covering part of southwest London , England. The area originates from the South Western (SW1–SW10) and Battersea (SW11–SW20) districts of the London post town. CONTENTS* 1 Postal administration * 1.1 List of postcode districts * 1.2 SW1 * 2 Boundaries * 3 Map * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links POSTAL ADMINISTRATIONThe postcode area originated in 1857 as the SW district. In 1868 it gained some of the area of the abolished S district, with the rest going to SE . It was divided into numbered districts in 1917. The South Western district consists of the postcode districts SW1–SW10 and the Battersea district consists of the postcode districts SW11–SW20
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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List Of Most Visited Museums In The United Kingdom
This article LISTS THE MOST VISITED MUSEUMS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM (including art galleries ). The list of 40 is based on the 2016 attendance numbers of the members of the Association of Leading Visitor Attractions unless otherwise noted
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List Of Most Visited Art Museums In The World
This article LISTS THE MOST VISITED ART MUSEUMS (significant museums where art is the major focus; i.e., some museums that contain art are not included such as the Natural History Museum ) based in part on an attendance survey for 2014 compiled by _ The Art Newspaper _. Many of the most visited art museums also feature on the overall list of the most visited museums . Figures may be unreliable due to conflicting sources or self-reporting. Palace Museum , Beijing, China. Musée du Louvre , Paris, France. The British Museum , London, United Kingdom. The Metropolitan Museum of Art , New York City, United States. The National Gallery , London, United Kingdom. Vatican Museums , Vatican City. National Palace Museum , Taipei, Taiwan. Tate Modern , London, United Kingdom. The National Gallery of Art , Washington, D.C., United States. The Centre Pompidou , Paris, France. The Musée d\'Orsay , Paris, France. Victoria and Albert Museum , London, United Kingdom. Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía , Madrid, Spain
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Tristram Hunt
TRISTRAM JULIAN WILLIAM HUNT FRHistS (born 31 May 1974) is a British historian, broadcast journalist and former Labour Party politician who served as the Member of Parliament for Stoke-on-Trent Central from 2010 to 2017. In January 2017 he announced he would leave the House of Commons in order to take up the post of Director of the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. Hunt is a lecturer in modern British History at Queen Mary University of London . He has written several books and presented history programmes on television. He is a regular writer for The Guardian and The Observer . CONTENTS * 1 Early life and education * 2 Career as a historian * 3 Political career * 3.1 Political views * 4 Personal life * 5 Bibliography * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONHunt was born in Cambridge, the son of Julian, Baron Hunt of Chesterton , a meteorologist and leader of the Labour Party group on Cambridge
Cambridge
City Council in 1972–73, who was created a Life Peer on the recommendation of Tony Blair
Tony Blair
in 2000. He was educated at University College School , an independent school in London, where he achieved two As (History and Latin) and a B (English Literature) at A-Level . He took a First in History at Trinity College, Cambridge
Cambridge
, in 1995
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London Underground
The LONDON UNDERGROUND (also known simply as THE UNDERGROUND, or by its nickname THE TUBE) is a public rapid transit system serving London and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire , Essex and Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom. The world's first underground railway, the Metropolitan Railway , which opened in 1863, is now part of the Circle , Hammersmith the first line to operate underground electric traction trains , the City later, smaller, roughly circular tunnels – which gave rise to its nickname, the Tube – were dug through at a deeper level. The system has 270 stations and 250 miles (400 km) of track. Despite its name, only 45% of the system is actually underground in tunnels, with much of the network in the outer environs of London being on the surface. In addition, the Underground does not cover most southern parts of Greater London, with less than 10% of the stations located south of the River Thames . The early tube lines, originally owned by several private companies, were brought together under the "UndergrounD" brand in the early 20th century and eventually merged along with the sub-surface lines and bus services in 1933 to form _London Transport_ under the control of the London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB)
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South Kensington Tube Station
SOUTH KENSINGTON is a London Underground
London Underground
station in the district of Kensington
Kensington
, south west London . It is served by the District , Circle and Piccadilly lines. On the District and Circle lines, the station is between Gloucester Road and Sloane Square , and on the Piccadilly line, it is between Gloucester Road and Knightsbridge . It is in Travelcard Zone 1
Travelcard Zone 1
. The main station entrance is located at the junction of Old Brompton Road (A3218 ), Thurloe Place, Harrington Road, Onslow Place and Pelham Street. Subsidiary entrances are located in Exhibition Road
Exhibition Road
giving access by pedestrian tunnel to the Natural History , Science and Victoria and Albert Museums . Also close by are the Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
, Imperial College London , the Royal College of Music , the London branch of the Goethe-Institut and the Ismaili Centre . The station is in two parts: sub-surface platforms opened in 1868 by the Metropolitan Railway and the District Railway as part of the companies' extension of the Inner Circle route eastwards from Gloucester Road to Westminster and deep level platforms opened in 1906 by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway
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V&A Rotunda Chandelier
The V&A ROTUNDA CHANDELIER (often known as V&A CHANDELIER and originally called ICE BLUE AND SPRING GREEN CHANDELIER) is a glass sculpture by Dale Chihuly . It hangs under the glass rotunda at the entrance to the Victoria and Albert Museum in South Kensington , London
London
. Considered to be an artwork as much as a source of light, it was installed in 1999 and then substantially altered and enlarged to its current size in 2001, coinciding with a V"> Detail of the chandelier The first chandelier was installed in 1999 and was more modest, however, Chihuly decided it needed to be bigger and enlarged it so that it now fills the central rotunda at the entrance to the museum. Commenting in The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
, art critic Richard Dorment noted: "The V&A chandelier isn't exactly 'finished' – Chihuly just stopped adding baubles and curlicues and wiggly bits to it. Because its shape is so amorphous, there is no aesthetic reason that I can see why the glass-maker should not continue to ornament the work for the rest of his life, or for as long as the laws of physics allow him to". While referred to as a chandelier, technically this is a hanging sculpture, a concept Chihuly has favored throughout his career. His technique is to let the glass naturally shape itself
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Dale Chihuly
DALE CHIHULY /tʃᵻˈhuːli/ (born September 20, 1941) is an American glass sculptor and entrepreneur. His works are considered to be outstanding artistic merit in the field of blown glass , "moving it into the realm of large-scale sculpture." The technical difficulties of working with glass forms are considerable, yet Chihuly uses it as the primary medium for installations and environmental artwork. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 About his work * 4 Galleries * 5 2006 lawsuit * 6 Permanent collections * 7 Exhibitions * 8 References * 9 Bibliography * 10 External links EARLY LIFEChihuly was born in Tacoma, Washington , to George and Viola Magnuson Chihuly. In 1956, his older brother and only sibling, George, died in a Navy aviation training accident in Pensacola, Florida . Two years later, in 1957, Chihuly's father died of a heart attack at the age of 52. Chihuly had no interest in continuing his formal education after graduating from Woodrow Wilson High School in 1959. However, at his mother's urging, he enrolled at the College of Puget Sound . A year later, he transferred to the University of Washington
University of Washington
in Seattle
Seattle
to study interior design . In 1961, he joined the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity (Kappa Epsilon chapter), and the same year he learned how to melt and fuse glass
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Decorative Arts
The DECORATIVE ARTS are arts or crafts concerned with the design and manufacture of beautiful objects that are also functional. It includes interior design , but not usually architecture . The decorative arts are often categorized in opposition to the "fine arts ", namely, painting , drawing , photography , and large-scale sculpture , which generally have no function other than to be seen. CONTENTS * 1 "Decorative" and "fine" arts * 2 Influence of different materials * 3 Renaissance
Renaissance
attitudes * 4 Arts and Crafts movement * 5 See also * 6 References and sources * 7 Further reading * 8 External links "DECORATIVE" AND "FINE" ARTS Surahi, Mughal , 17th Century CE. National Museum, New Delhi The distinction between the decorative and the fine arts has essentially arisen from the post- Renaissance
Renaissance
art of the West, where the distinction is for the most part meaningful. This distinction is much less meaningful when considering the art of other cultures and periods, where the most highly regarded works – or even all works – include those in decorative media. For example, Islamic art
Islamic art
in many periods and places consists entirely of the decorative arts, often using geometric and plant forms , as does the art of many traditional cultures
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Victoria Of The United Kingdom
VICTORIA (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India . Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn , the fourth son of George III of the United Kingdom . Both the Duke of Kent and King George III died in 1820, and Victoria was raised under close supervision by her German-born mother, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld . She inherited the throne at the age of 18, after her father's three elder brothers had all died, leaving no surviving legitimate children. The United Kingdom was already an established constitutional monarchy , in which the sovereign held relatively little direct political power. Privately, Victoria attempted to influence government policy and ministerial appointments; publicly, she became a national icon who was identified with strict standards of personal morality. Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha , in 1840. Their nine children married into royal and noble families across the continent, tying them together and earning her the sobriquet "the grandmother of Europe". After Albert's death in 1861, Victoria plunged into deep mourning and avoided public appearances
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Albert, Prince Consort
PRINCE ALBERT OF SAXE-COBURG AND GOTHA (Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel; 26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
. He was born in the Saxon duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld , to a family connected to many of Europe's ruling monarchs. At the age of 20, he married his first cousin, Queen Victoria; they had nine children. Initially he felt constrained by his role of consort, which did not afford him any power or responsibilities, but gradually developed a reputation for supporting many public causes, such as educational reform and the abolition of slavery worldwide, and was entrusted with running the Queen's household , office and estates. He was heavily involved with the organisation of the Great Exhibition of 1851
Great Exhibition of 1851
, which was a resounding success. Victoria came to depend more and more on his support and guidance. He aided the development of Britain's constitutional monarchy by persuading his wife to be less partisan in her dealings with Parliament —although he actively disagreed with the interventionist foreign policy pursued during Lord Palmerston 's tenure as Foreign Secretary . In 1857, he was given the formal title of Prince Consort
Prince Consort
. Albert died at the relatively young age of 42, plunging the Queen into deep mourning
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Brompton, London
BROMPTON is an area located near the district of Knightsbridge in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea . It is roughly defined by a triangle formed by the Brompton Cemetery, Old Brompton Road/Brompton Road / Cromwell Road , and Walton Street/ Fulham Road . CONTENTS * 1 Development * 2 Landmarks in or near Brompton * 3 Streets in Brompton * 4 Nearest places * 5 References DEVELOPMENT A map showing the Brompton ward of Kensington Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916. Charles Dickens, Jr. (eldest child of Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
) wrote in his 1879 book Dickens\'s Dictionary of London that " was at one time almost exclusively the artist quarter and is still largely frequented by the votaries of the brush and chisel, though of late years Belgravia has been encroaching upon its boundaries, and Belgravian rents are stealing westward." Westward was the settlement of West Brompton , still leafy on the edge of Counter\'s Creek and of industrialisation through canals and railways. Brompton has been home to many writers and actors, and those in similar occupations. The Survey of London gives a long list