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Sorghum (other)
SORGHUM is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae
Poaceae
. Seventeen of the twenty-five species are native to Australia
Australia
, with the range of some extending to Africa
Africa
, Asia
Asia
, Mesoamerica
Mesoamerica
, and certain islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans . One species is grown for grain , while many others are used as fodder plants, either cultivated in warm climates worldwide or naturalized, in pasture lands . Sorghum
Sorghum
is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe Andropogoneae
Andropogoneae
(the tribe of big bluestem and sugarcane )
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Xerophyte
A XEROPHYTE (from Greek ξηρός xeros dry, φυτόν phuton plant) is a species of plant that has adapted to survive in an environment with little liquid water, such as a desert or an ice- or snow-covered region in the Alps
Alps
or the Arctic
Arctic
. The morphology and physiology of xerophytes are variously adapted to conserve water, and commonly also to store large quantities of water, during dry periods. Other species may be adapted to survive long periods of desiccation of their tissues, during which their metabolic activity may effectively shut down. Plants with such morphological and physiological adaptations are XEROMORPHIC
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Arid
A region is ARID when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life. Environments subject to arid climates tend to lack vegetation and are called xeric or desertic . Most "arid" climates surround the equator; these places include most of Africa
Africa
and parts of South America , Central America
Central America
and Australia
Australia
. CHANGE OVER TIME THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (January 2008)The distribution of aridity observed at any one point in time is largely the result of the general circulation of the atmosphere
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Staple Food
A STAPLE FOOD, or simply a STAPLE, is a food that is eaten routinely and in such quantities that it constitutes a dominant portion of a standard diet for a given people, supplying a large fraction of energy needs and generally forming a significant proportion of the intake of other nutrients as well. The staple food of a specific society may be eaten as often as every day or every meal, and most people live on a diet based on just a small number of staples. Staple foods vary from place to place, but typically they are inexpensive or readily-available foods that supply one or more of the three organic macronutrients needed for survival and health: carbohydrates , proteins , and fats . Typical examples of staples include tubers and roots; and grains, legumes, and other seeds
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Food Crop
A CROP is "a plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence." Crop
Crop
may refer either to the harvested parts or to the harvest in a more refined state (husked , shelled, etc.). Most crops are cultivated in agriculture or aquaculture . A CROP is usually expanded to include macroscopic fungus (e.g. mushrooms ), or alga (algaculture ). Most crops are harvested as food for humans or livestock (fodder crops). Some crops are gathered from the wild (including intensive gathering , e.g. ginseng ). Important non-food crops include horticulture, floriculture and industrial crops. Horticulture
Horticulture
crops include plants used for other crops (e.g. fruit trees ). Floriculture
Floriculture
crops include bedding plants, houseplants, flowering garden and pot plants, cut cultivated greens, and cut flowers
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Sweet Sorghum
SWEET SORGHUM is any of the many varieties of the sorghum grass whose stalks have a high sugar content. Sweet sorghum
Sweet sorghum
thrives better under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage , silage , and syrup production. Although, in most of the United States the term molasses refers to a sweet syrup, made as a byproduct of sugarcane or sugar beet sugar extraction, sweet sorghum syrup is known as "sorghum molasses" in some regions of the U.S . CONTENTS * 1 Cultivation * 2 Uses * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links CULTIVATION Sweet sorghum
Sweet sorghum
has been widely cultivated in the U.S. since the 1850s for use in sweeteners, primarily in the form of sorghum syrup. By the early 1900s, the U.S. produced 20 million US gallons (76,000 m3) of sweet sorghum syrup annually. Making syrup from sorghum (as from sugar cane ) is heavily labor-intensive
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Food
FOOD is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients , such as carbohydrates , fats , proteins , vitamins , or minerals . The substance is ingested by an organism and assimilated by the organism's cells to provide energy , maintain life, or stimulate growth. Historically, humans secured food through two methods: hunting and gathering and agriculture . Today, the majority of the food energy required by the ever increasing population of the world is supplied by the food industry . Food safety
Food safety
and food security are monitored by agencies like the International Association for Food Protection , World Resources Institute , World Food Programme , Food
Food
and Agriculture
Agriculture
Organization , and International Food Information Council
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Fodder
FODDER, a type of animal feed , is any agricultural foodstuff used specifically to feed domesticated livestock , such as cattle , goats , sheep , horses , chickens and pigs . "Fodder" refers particularly to food given to the animals (including plants cut and carried to them), rather than that which they forage for themselves (called forage ). Fodder
Fodder
(/ˈfɒdər/ ) is also called PROVENDER (/ˈprɒvəndər/ ) and includes hay , straw , silage , compressed and pelleted feeds , oils and mixed rations, and sprouted grains and legumes (such as bean sprouts , fresh malt , or spent malt ). Most animal feed is from plants, but some manufacturers add ingredients to processed feeds that are of animal origin. The worldwide animal feed industry produced 873 million tons of feed (compound feed equivalent) in 2011, fast approaching 1 billion tonnes according to the International Feed Industry Federation, with an annual growth rate of about 2%
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Pasture
PASTURE (from the Latin pastus, past participle of pascere, "to feed") is land used for grazing . Pasture
Pasture
lands in the narrow sense are enclosed tracts of farmland , grazed by domesticated livestock , such as horses , cattle , sheep or swine . The vegetation of tended pasture, forage , consists mainly of grasses , with an interspersion of legumes and other forbs (non-grass herbaceous plants). Pasture
Pasture
is typically grazed throughout the summer, in contrast to meadow which is ungrazed or used for grazing only after being mown to make hay for animal fodder . Pasture
Pasture
in a wider sense additionally includes rangelands , other unenclosed pastoral systems , and land types used by wild animals for grazing or browsing
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Andropogon Gerardi
ANDROPOGON GERARDI, known commonly as BIG BLUESTEM, TURKEYFOOT, TALL BLUESTEM, and BLUEJOINT, is a tall grass (family Poaceae
Poaceae
) native to much of the Great Plains
Great Plains
and prairie regions of central North America and grasslands, savannas and woodlands throughout eastern North America. Wikimedia Commons has media related to ANDROPOGON GERARDII . Wikispecies
Wikispecies
has information related to: ANDROPOGON GERARDI CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Ecology * 3 Uses * 3.1 Agriculture * 3.2 Landscaping * 3.3 Biofuel * 4 Symbols * 5 Nomenclatural notes * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links DESCRIPTIONThis species is tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions. Depending on soil and moisture conditions, it grows to a height of 1–3 metres (3.3–9.8 ft). Big bluestem is a perennial bunchgrass . The stem base turns blue or purple as it matures
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Sugarcane
SUGARCANE, or SUGAR CANE, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum , tribe Andropogoneae , native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South Asia
South Asia
and Melanesia
Melanesia
, and used for sugar production. It has stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are rich in the sugar sucrose , which accumulates in the stalk internodes . The plant is two to six meters (six to twenty feet) tall. All sugar cane species interbreed and the major commercial cultivars are complex hybrids . Sugarcane
Sugarcane
belongs to the grass family Poaceae, an economically important seed plant family that includes maize, wheat, rice, and sorghum , and many forage crops. Sucrose, extracted and purified in specialized mill factories, is used as raw material in the food industry or is fermented to produce ethanol
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Central America
CENTRAL AMERICA (Spanish : América Central or Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent , which connects with the South American continent on the southeast. Central America is bordered by Mexico
Mexico
to the north, Colombia
Colombia
to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
to the east, and the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
to the west. Central America
Central America
consists of seven countries: Belize
Belize
, Costa Rica
Costa Rica
, El Salvador , Guatemala
Guatemala
, Honduras
Honduras
, Nicaragua
Nicaragua
, and Panama
Panama

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South Asia
SOUTH ASIA or SOUTHERN ASIA is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent , which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC
SAARC
countries and, for some authorities , adjoining countries to the west and east. Topographically, it is dominated by the Indian Plate , which rises above sea level as Nepal
Nepal
and northern parts of India situated south of the Himalayas
Himalayas
and the Hindu Kush
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Chemical Energy
In chemistry , CHEMICAL ENERGY is the potential of a chemical substance to undergo a transformation through a chemical reaction to transform other chemical substances. Examples include batteries, food, gasoline, and more. Breaking or making of chemical bonds involves energy , which may be either absorbed or evolved from a chemical system. A very common misconception is that energy is released when bonds are broken, whereas energy is required to break bonds.