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Sorghum
SORGHUM is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae
Poaceae
. Seventeen of the twenty-five species are native to Australia
Australia
, with the range of some extending to Africa
Africa
, Asia
Asia
, Mesoamerica
Mesoamerica
, and certain islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans . One species is grown for grain , while many others are used as fodder plants, either cultivated in warm climates worldwide or naturalized, in pasture lands . Sorghum
Sorghum
is in the subfamily Panicoideae
Panicoideae
and the tribe Andropogoneae (the tribe of big bluestem and sugarcane )
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Pacific Islands
The PACIFIC ISLANDS are the islands of the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
. Three major groups of islands in the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
are Polynesia , Micronesia and Melanesia
Melanesia
. Depending on the context, Pacific Islands
Pacific Islands
may refer to countries and islands with common Austronesian origins, islands once or currently colonized , or Oceania
Oceania
. CONTENTS * 1 Name ambiguity * 2 Pacific islands by area (over 10,000 square kilometers) * 3 List of islands * 3.1 Pacific islands by continent * 3.1.1 Antarctica * 3.1.2 Asia * 3.1.3 North America * 3.1.4 Oceania
Oceania
* 3.1.5 South America * 4 See also * 5 Footnotes * 6 References NAME AMBIGUITYIn English, the umbrella term Pacific Islands
Pacific Islands
may take on several meanings
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Pasture
PASTURE (from the Latin pastus, past participle of pascere, "to feed") is land used for grazing . Pasture
Pasture
lands in the narrow sense are enclosed tracts of farmland , grazed by domesticated livestock , such as horses , cattle , sheep or swine . The vegetation of tended pasture, forage , consists mainly of grasses , with an interspersion of legumes and other forbs (non-grass herbaceous plants). Pasture
Pasture
is typically grazed throughout the summer, in contrast to meadow which is ungrazed or used for grazing only after being mown to make hay for animal fodder . Pasture
Pasture
in a wider sense additionally includes rangelands , other unenclosed pastoral systems , and land types used by wild animals for grazing or browsing
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Food
FOOD is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients , such as carbohydrates , fats , proteins , vitamins , or minerals . The substance is ingested by an organism and assimilated by the organism's cells to provide energy , maintain life, or stimulate growth. Historically, humans secured food through two methods: hunting and gathering and agriculture . Today, the majority of the food energy required by the ever increasing population of the world is supplied by the food industry . Food safety
Food safety
and food security are monitored by agencies like the International Association for Food Protection , World Resources Institute , World Food Programme , Food
Food
and Agriculture
Agriculture
Organization , and International Food Information Council
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Indian Ocean
The INDIAN OCEAN is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering 70,560,000 km2 (27,240,000 sq mi) (approximately 20% of the water on the Earth
Earth
's surface). It is bounded by Asia
Asia
on the north, on the west by Africa
Africa
, on the east by Australia
Australia
, and on the south by the Southern Ocean
Southern Ocean
or, depending on definition, by Antarctica
Antarctica
. It is named after the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
. The Indian Ocean
Ocean
is known as Ratnākara ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: रत्नाकर), "the mine of gems" in ancient Sanskrit
Sanskrit
literature, and as Hind Mahāsāgar ( Hindi
Hindi
: हिन्द महासागर), in Hindi
Hindi

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Asia
Major Cities of Asia
Asia
List of cities in Asia List * Tokyo
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Australia
Coordinates : 25°S 133°E / 25°S 133°E / -25; 133 Commonwealth of Australia Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: " Advance Australia Fair " CAPITAL Canberra
Canberra
35°18′29″S 149°07′28″E / 35.30806°S 149.12444°E / -35.30806; 149.12444 LARGEST CITY Sydney
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Africa
AFRICA is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent (the first being Asia
Asia
). At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth\'s total surface area and 20.4% of its total land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population . The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula
Sinai Peninsula
to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar
Madagascar
and various archipelagos . It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries ), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition
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Xerophyte
A XEROPHYTE (from Greek ξηρός xeros dry, φυτόν phuton plant) is a species of plant that has adapted to survive in an environment with little liquid water, such as a desert or an ice- or snow-covered region in the Alps
Alps
or the Arctic
Arctic
. The morphology and physiology of xerophytes are variously adapted to conserve water, and commonly also to store large quantities of water, during dry periods. Other species may be adapted to survive long periods of desiccation of their tissues, during which their metabolic activity may effectively shut down. Plants with such morphological and physiological adaptations are XEROMORPHIC
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Arid
A region is ARID when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life. Environments subject to arid climates tend to lack vegetation and are called xeric or desertic . Most "arid" climates surround the equator; these places include most of Africa
Africa
and parts of South America , Central America
Central America
and Australia
Australia
. CHANGE OVER TIME THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (January 2008)The distribution of aridity observed at any one point in time is largely the result of the general circulation of the atmosphere
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United States Department Of Agriculture
The UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (USDA), also known as the AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, agriculture, forestry, and food. It aims to meet the needs of farmers and ranchers, promote agricultural trade and production, work to assure food safety, protect natural resources, foster rural communities and end hunger in the United States and internationally. Approximately 80% of the USDA's $140 billion budget goes to the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) program. The largest component of the FNS budget is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
(formerly known as the Food Stamp program), which is the cornerstone of USDA's nutrition assistance
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Solar Energy
SOLAR ENERGY is radiant light and heat from the Sun
Sun
that is harnessed using a range of ever-evolving technologies such as solar heating , photovoltaics , solar thermal energy , solar architecture , molten salt power plants and artificial photosynthesis . It is an important source of renewable energy and its technologies are broadly characterized as either passive solar or active solar depending on how they capture and distribute solar energy or convert it into solar power . Active solar techniques include the use of photovoltaic systems , concentrated solar power and solar water heating to harness the energy. Passive solar techniques include orienting a building to the Sun, selecting materials with favorable thermal mass or light-dispersing properties, and designing spaces that naturally circulate air . The large magnitude of solar energy available makes it a highly appealing source of electricity
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Chemical Energy
In chemistry , CHEMICAL ENERGY is the potential of a chemical substance to undergo a transformation through a chemical reaction to transform other chemical substances. Examples include batteries, food, gasoline, and more. Breaking or making of chemical bonds involves energy , which may be either absorbed or evolved from a chemical system. A very common misconception is that energy is released when bonds are broken, whereas energy is required to break bonds. Energy
Energy
that can be released (or absorbed) because of a reaction between a set of chemical substances is equal to the difference between the energy content of the products and the reactants, if the initial and final temperatures are the same. This change in energy can be estimated from the bond energies of the various chemical bonds in the reactants and products
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Invasive Species
An INVASIVE SPECIES is a plant , fungus , or animal species that is not native to a specific location (an introduced species ), and which has a tendency to spread to a degree believed to cause damage to the environment, human economy or human health. One study pointed out widely divergent perceptions of the criteria for invasive species among researchers (p. 135) and concerns with the subjectivity of the term "invasive" (p. 136). Some of the alternate usages of the term are below: * The term as most often used applies to introduced species (also called "non-indigenous" or "non-native") that adversely affect the habitats and bioregions they invade economically, environmentally, or ecologically. Such invasive species may be either plants or animals and may disrupt by dominating a region, wilderness areas , particular habitats , or wildland–urban interface land from loss of natural controls (such as predators or herbivores )
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Hydrogen Cyanide
HYDROGEN CYANIDE (HCN), sometimes called PRUSSIC ACID, is a chemical compound with the chemical formula HCN. It is a colorless , extremely poisonous and flammable liquid that boils slightly above room temperature , at 25.6 °C (78.1 °F). HCN is produced on an industrial scale and is a highly valuable precursor to many chemical compounds ranging from polymers to pharmaceuticals. CONTENTS * 1 Structure and general properties * 2 History of discovery * 3 Production and synthesis * 3.1 Historical methods of production * 4 Applications * 5 Occurrence * 5.1 HCN on the young Earth * 5.2 HCN in mammals * 5.3 HCN and the origin of life * 5.4 HCN in space * 6 As a poison and chemical weapon * 7 References * 8 External links STRUCTURE AND GENERAL PROPERTIES Hydrogen
Hydrogen
cyanide is a linear molecule, with a triple bond between carbon and nitrogen. A minor tautomer of HCN is HNC, hydrogen isocyanide
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Central America
CENTRAL AMERICA (Spanish : América Central or Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent , which connects with the South American continent on the southeast. Central America is bordered by Mexico
Mexico
to the north, Colombia
Colombia
to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
to the east, and the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
to the west. Central America
Central America
consists of seven countries: Belize
Belize
, Costa Rica
Costa Rica
, El Salvador , Guatemala
Guatemala
, Honduras
Honduras
, Nicaragua
Nicaragua
, and Panama