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Solanum Tuberosum Tuberosum
The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum
Solanum
tuberosum. Potato
Potato
may be applied to both the plant and the edible tuber.[2] Potatoes have become a staple food in many parts of the world and an integral part of much of the world's food supply. Potatoes are the world's fourth-largest food crop, following maize (corn), wheat, and rice.[3] The green leaves and green skins of tubers exposed to the light are toxic.[citation needed] In the Andes, where the species is indigenous, some other closely related species are cultivated. Potatoes were introduced to Europe in the second half of the 16th century by the Spanish
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Potato (other)
A potato, Solanum tuberosum, is a tuberous food crop grown throughout the world. Potato
Potato
may also refer to:Contents1 Places 2 Art, entertainment, and media2.1 Fictional entities 2.2 Films and television 2.3 Other art, entertainment, and media3 Other uses 4 See alsoPlaces[edit] Potato
Potato
Hill, a summit in Idaho Potato
Potato
Lake, a lake in MinnesotaArt, entertainment, and media[edit] Fictional entities[edit]Elena Potato, fictional Monster Allergy series character Potato, fictional Air novel characterFilms and television[edit]"Potato" (Blackadder), television episode from BBC sitcom Blackadder II Potato
Potato
(film), a Korean film Potato
Potato
(production company), a British TV production companyOther art, entertainment, and media[edit] Potato
Potato
(band), a Thai rock group Mr
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John Gerard
John Gerard, also spelt John Gerarde, (c. 1545–1612) was an English botanist and herbalist. He maintained a large herbal garden in London. His chief notability is as the author of a large (1,484 pages) illustrated Herball, or Generall Historie of Plantes. First published in 1597, it was the most widely circulated botany book in English in the 17th century
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Indigenous (ecology)
In biogeography, a species is defined as indigenous to a given region or ecosystem if its presence in that region is the result of only natural process, with no human intervention.[1] The term is equivalent to native in less scientific usage. Every wild organism (as opposed to a domesticated organism) has its own natural range of distribution in which it is regarded as indigenous. Outside this native range, a species may be introduced by human activity; it is then referred to as an introduced species within the regions where it was anthropogenically introduced.[2] The notion of 'indigenous' is of necessity a blurred concept, and is clearly a function of both time and political boundaries. Seen over long periods of time, plants take part in the constant movement of tectonic plates - species appear and may flourish, endure or become extinct, but their distribution is never static or confined to a particular geographic location. An indigenous species is not necessarily endemic
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Peru
Coordinates: 10°S 76°W / 10°S 76°W / -10; -76 Republic
Republic
of Peru República del Perú  (Spanish)[a]FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Firme y feliz por la unión" (Spanish) "Firm and Happy for the Union"Anthem: "Himno Nacional del Perú"  (Spanish) "National Anthem of Peru"National SealGran Sello del Estado  (Spanish) Great Seal of the StateLocation of  Peru  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital and largest city Lima 12°2.6′S 77°1.7′W / 12.0433°S 77
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Bolivia
Coordinates: 16°42′43″S 64°39′58″W / 16.712°S 64.666°W / -16.712; -64.666Plurinational State of BoliviaEstado Plurinacional de Bolivia  (Spanish) Tetã Hetãvoregua Volívia  (Guaraní) Buliwya Mamallaqta  (Quechua) Wuliwya Suyu  (Aymara)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "La Unión es la Fuerza" (Spanish) "Unity is Strength"[1]Anthem: Himno Nacional de Bolivia  (Spanish)Location of  Bolivia  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital Sucre
Sucre
<

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Solanum Brevicaule
Solanum
Solanum
brevicaule is a tuberous perennial of the Solanaceae
Solanaceae
family. The species is native to South America
South America
(Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru). It is related to the potato, but unlike the potato which is tetraploid, it has several levels of ploidy: diploid, tetraploid, and hexaploid. This species gives its name to the " Solanum
Solanum
brevicaule complex" which includes about twenty species of morphologically close wild potato species distributed between central Peru
Peru
and northern Argentina, and are considered by some taxonomists to be the ancestors of the traditional varieties of potatoes grown in the Andean regions.[1] References[edit]^ David Spooner. "Roadmaps to the origins of potato". International Year of the Potato
Potato
2008
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Selective Breeding
Selective breeding
Selective breeding
(also called artificial selection) is the process by which humans use animal breeding and plant breeding to selectively develop particular phenotypic traits (characteristics) by choosing which typically animal or plant males and females will sexually reproduce and have offspring together. Domesticated animals are known as breeds, normally bred by a professional breeder, while domesticated plants are known as varieties, cultigens, or cultivars. Two purebred animals of different breeds produce a crossbreed, and crossbred plants are called hybrids. Flowers, vegetables and fruit-trees may be bred by amateurs and commercial or non-commercial professionals: major crops are usually the provenance of the professionals. In animal breeding, techniques such as inbreeding, linebreeding, and outcrossing are utilized
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List Of Potato Cultivars
This is a list of potato varieties or cultivars.Name Image NotesAdirondack BlueAdirondack RedAgataAgria potatoAjanhuiriAlmondAlpine RussetAlturasAmandineAmfloraAndean blackAnnabelleAnuschkaAnyaArran VictoryAtlanticAtlasAugustaAustrian CrescentAvalancheBaccaraBambergBambergerBannock RussetBarbaraBelanaBellarosaBelle de FontenayBerlichingenBF-15BildtstarBintjeBiontaBlack ChampionBlaue HindelbankBlaue St. GallerBlaue UttenwillBlaue ViolaBlaue Vogtländer'Blauer SchwedeBlazer RussetBloomerBlue BellBlue ChristieBlue CongoAlso known as 'Blue Swede' or 'Idaho blue' and was voted "potato of the year 2006".[1]BojarBonnotteBramboryBritish QueenButteCabritasCamotaCanela RussetCaraCarolaChampionChelinaChérieCheyenneChiloé[2]CiclameCieloClavela BlancaColetteCream of the CropFrom South America
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Spanish Royal Academy
The Royal Spanish Academy
Royal Spanish Academy
(Spanish: Real Academia Española, generally abbreviated as RAE) is the official royal institution responsible for overseeing the Spanish language. It is based in Madrid, Spain, but is affiliated with national language academies in 22 other hispanophone (Spanish-speaking) nations through the Association of Academies of the Spanish Language.[1] The RAE's emblem is a fiery crucible, and its motto is "Limpia, fija y da esplendor" ("Cleans, fixes, and gives splendor"). The RAE dedicates itself to language planning by applying linguistic prescription aimed at promoting linguistic unity within and between the various territories, to ensure a common standard[citation needed] in accordance with Article 1 of its founding charter: "..
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Taíno Language
Taíno is an extinct and poorly-attested Arawakan language that was spoken by the Taíno people of the Caribbean. At the time of Spanish contact, it was the principal language throughout the Caribbean. Classic Taíno (Taíno proper) was the native language of the northern Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, the Turks and Caicos Islands, and most of Hispaniola, and it was expanding into Cuba. Ciboney is essentially unattested, but colonial sources suggest that it was a dialect of Taíno and was spoken in westernmost Hispaniola, the Bahamas, Jamaica, and most of Cuba. By the late 15th century, Taíno had displaced earlier languages except for western Cuba and pockets in Hispaniola. As the Taíno culture declined during Spanish colonization, the language was replaced by Spanish and other European languages
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Quechua Languages
Quechua (/ˈkɛtʃuə/, in AmE also /ˈkɛtʃwɑː/)[2], known as Runasimi ("people's language") in the Quechuan language, is an indigenous language family, with variations spoken by the Quechua peoples, primarily living in the Andes
Andes
and highlands of South America.[3] Derived from a common ancestral language, it is the most widely spoken language family of indigenous peoples of the Americas, with a total of probably some 8–10 million speakers.[4] Approximately 25% (7.7 million) of Peruvians speak some variation of Quechua.[5][6] It is perhaps most widely known for being the main language of the Inca Empire. The colonisers initially encouraged its use, but from the middle of their reign they suppressed it
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Sweet Potato
The sweet potato ( Ipomoea
Ipomoea
batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae. Its large, starchy, sweet-tasting, tuberous roots are a root vegetable.[1][2] The young leaves and shoots are sometimes eaten as greens. The sweet potato is only distantly related to the potato (Solanum tuberosum) and does not belong to the nightshade family, Solanaceae, but both families belong to the same taxonomic order, the Solanales. The plant is a herbaceous perennial vine, bearing alternate heart-shaped or palmately lobed leaves and medium-sized sympetalous flowers. The edible tuberous root is long and tapered, with a smooth skin whose color ranges between yellow, orange, red, brown, purple, and beige. Its flesh ranges from beige through white, red, pink, violet, yellow, orange, and purple
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Mario Pei
Mario Andrew Pei (1901–1978) was an Italian-American
Italian-American
linguist and polyglot who wrote a number of popular books known for their accessibility to readers without a professional background in linguistics.Contents1 Life 2 Pei and Esperanto 3 Quotes3.1 Value of neologisms 3.2 Creative innovation and slang4 Works4.1 Language 4.2 Discography 4.3 Other5 See also 6 NotesLife[edit] Pei was born in Rome, Italy, and emigrated to the United States with his parents in 1908. By the time that he was out of high school, he spoke not only English and his native Italian but also French and had studied Latin
Latin
as well
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Chile
Coordinates: 30°S 71°W / 30°S 71°W / -30; -71Republic of Chile República de Chile  (Spanish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: Por la razón o la fuerza (Spanish) (English: "By Right or Might") [1]Anthem:  National Anthem of ChileLocation of  Chile  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital and largest city Santiagoa 33°26′S 70°40′W / 33.433°S 70.667°W / -33.433; -70.667National language SpanishEthnic groups (2012[2])64% White 30% Mestizo 5% Mapuche 0.7% Aymara 0.1% Other 0.2% UnspecifiedDemonym ChileanGovernment Unitary presidential constitutional republic• PresidentSebastián Piñera• Senate PresidentCarlos Montes Cisternas• President of the Chamber of DeputiesMaya FernándezLegislature National Congress• Upper houseSenate
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False Etymology
A false etymology (popular etymology, etymythology,[1] pseudo-etymology, or par(a)etymology), sometimes called folk etymology – although the latter is also a technical term in linguistics - is a popularly held but false belief about the origin or derivation of a specific word. Such etymologies often have the feel of urban legends, and can be much more colorful and fanciful than the typical etymologies found in dictionaries, often involving stories of unusual practices in particular subcultures (e.g
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