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Sohn Kee-chung
SOHN KEE-CHUNG (Korean : 손기정; August 29, 1912 – November 15, 2002) was a Korean athlete and long-distance runner. He became the first Korean to medal at the Olympic Games
Olympic Games
, winning gold in the marathon at the 1936 Berlin Olympics as a member of the Japanese delegation . Sohn competed under the Japanese name SON KITEI, as Korea was part of the Japanese Empire
Japanese Empire
during his career
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Korean Name
A KOREAN NAME consists of a family name followed by a given name , as used by the Korean people in both South Korea
South Korea
and North Korea
North Korea
. In the Korean language , _ireum_ or _seongmyeong_ usually refers to the family name (_seong_) and given name (_ireum_ in a narrow sense) together. Traditional Korean family names typically consist of only one syllable. There is no middle name in the English language sense. Many Koreans have their given names made of a generational name syllable and an individually distinct syllable, though this practice is declining in the younger generations. The generational name syllable is shared by siblings in North Korea
North Korea
, and by all members of the same generation of an extended family in South Korea
South Korea
. Married men and women usually keep their full personal names, and children inherit the father's family name
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Tokyo
TOKYO (Japanese: (_ listen ), English: /ˈtoʊki.oʊ/ ), officially TOKYO METROPOLIS, is the capital of Japan and one of its 47 prefectures . The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world. It is the seat of the Emperor of Japan and the Japanese government . Tokyo is in the Kantō region on the southeastern side of the main island Honshu and includes the Izu Islands and Ogasawara Islands . Formerly known as Edo , it has been the de facto seat of government since 1603 when Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu made the city his headquarters. It officially became the capital after Emperor Meiji moved his seat to the city from the old capital of Kyoto in 1868; at that time Edo was renamed Tokyo
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Japan
Coordinates : 35°N 136°E / 35°N 136°E / 35; 136 Japan 日本国 _Nippon-koku_ _Nihon-koku_ _ Flag Imperial Seal ANTHEM: * " Kimigayo _" * 君が代 "His Imperial Majesty's Reign" GOVERNMENT SEAL OF JAPAN * _ * Go-Shichi no Kiri_ (五七桐) Area controlled by Japan shown in green; claimed but uncontrolled shown in light green
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North Korea
Coordinates : 40°00′N 127°00′E / 40.000°N 127.000°E / 40.000; 127.000 Democratic People's Republic of Korea 조선민주주의인민공화국 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國 _CHOSŏN MINJUJUŭI INMIN KONGHWAGUK_ _ Flag Emblem MOTTO: Chosŏn\'gŭl : 강성대국; MR : Kangsŏng Daeguk_ " Powerful and Prosperous Nation " ANTHEM: * " Aegukka " * Korean : 애국가, _The Patriotic Song_ Area controlled by the Democratic People's
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Provinces Of Korea
KOREA \'S PROVINCES (Do ; hangul : 도; hanja : 道) have been the primary administrative division of Korea
Korea
since the mid Goryeo
Goryeo
dynasty in the early 11th century, and were preceded by provincial-level divisions (Ju and Mok) dating back to Unified Silla
Unified Silla
, in the late 7th century. During the Unified Silla
Unified Silla
Period (AD 668–935), Korea
Korea
was divided into nine Ju (주; 州), an old word for "province" that was used to name both the kingdom's provinces and its provincial capitals
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Flag Of Japan
The national FLAG OF JAPAN is a white rectangular flag with a red disc in the center. This flag is officially called NISSHōKI (日章旗, "sun-mark flag") in the Japanese language
Japanese language
, but is more commonly known as HINOMARU (日の丸, "circle of the sun"). The flag embodies Japan
Japan
's nickname as the Land of the Rising Sun
Land of the Rising Sun
. The Nisshōki flag is designated as the national flag in the Law Regarding the National Flag and National Anthem , which was promulgated and became effective on August 13, 1999. Although no earlier legislation had specified a national flag, the sun-disc flag had already become the de facto national flag of Japan. Two proclamations issued in 1870 by the Daijō-kan
Daijō-kan
, the governmental body of the early Meiji period
Meiji period
, each had a provision for a design of the national flag
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Berlin State Museums
The BERLIN STATE MUSEUMS (German : Staatliche Museen zu Berlin) are a group of institutions in Berlin
Berlin
, Germany
Germany
, comprising seventeen museums in five clusters, several research institutes, libraries, and supporting facilities. They are overseen by the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation and funded by the German federal government in collaboration with Germany's federal states. The central complex on Museum Island
Museum Island
was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1999. By 2007 the Berlin
Berlin
State Museums had grown into the largest complex of museums in Europe
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Japanese Empire
Other: Buddhism GOVERNMENT Daijō-kan
Daijō-kan
(1868–1885) Constitutional monarchy
Constitutional monarchy
(1890–1940, 1945-1947) One-party totalitarian military dictatorship under the Emperor (1940–1945) Supreme C
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Olympia, Greece
OLYMPIA (Greek : Ὀλυμπία; Ancient Greek: ; Modern Greek: Olymbía), a sanctuary of ancient Greece
Greece
in Elis
Elis
on the Peloponnese peninsula, is known for having been the site of the Olympic Games
Olympic Games
in classical times. The Olympic Games
Olympic Games
were held every four years throughout Classical antiquity , from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD
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International Association Of Athletics Federations
The INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF ATHLETICS FEDERATIONS (IAAF) is the international governing body for the sport of athletics . It was founded on 17 July 1912 as the INTERNATIONAL AMATEUR ATHLETIC FEDERATION by representatives from 17 national athletics federations at the organization's first congress in Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm, Sweden
. Since October 1993, it has been headquartered in Monaco
Monaco
. Beginning in 1982, the IAAF
IAAF
passed several amendments to its rules to allow athletes to receive compensation for participating in international competitions. However, the organization retained the word amateur in its name until its 2001 congress, at which it changed its name to the International Association of Athletics Federations. The IAAF's president is Sebastian Coe of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom

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Minami Jiro
JIRō MINAMI (南 次郎, Minami Jirō, 10 August 1874 – 5 December 1955) was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army and Governor-General of Korea between 1936 and 1942. He was convicted of war crimes and sentenced to life imprisonment . CONTENTS * 1 Life and military career * 2 References * 2.1 Books * 3 External links * 4 Notes LIFE AND MILITARY CAREERBorn to an ex-samurai family in Hiji , Ōita Prefecture
Ōita Prefecture
, Minami came to Tokyo
Tokyo
as a boarding student, and was eventually accepted into the Imperial Japanese Army Academy . After graduating from the academy in February 1895, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the cavalry in May. He was promoted to lieutenant in October 1897 and to captain in November 1900
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Bronze Medal
A BRONZE MEDAL in sports and other similar areas involving competition is a medal made of bronze awarded to the third-place finisher of contests or competitions such as the Olympic Games , Commonwealth Games , etc. The outright winner receives a gold medal and the second place a silver medal . More generally, bronze is traditionally the most common metal used for all types of high-quality medals, including artistic ones. The practice of awarding bronze third place medals began at the 1904 Olympic Games in St. Louis, Missouri , prior to which only first and second places were awarded. CONTENTS * 1 Olympic Games * 2 Psychological study * 3 See also * 4 External links * 5 References OLYMPIC GAMES Main article: Olympic medal Minting Olympic medals is the responsibility of the host city
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International Olympic Committee
Coordinates : 46°31′5″N 6°35′49″E / 46.51806°N 6.59694°E / 46.51806; 6.59694 International Olympic Committee _Comité International Olympique_ _ MOTTO Citius, Altius, Fortius _ ( Latin : Faster, higher, stronger) FORMATION 23 June 1894; 123 years ago (1894-06-23) TYPE Sports federation HEADQUARTERS Lausanne , Switzerland MEMBERSHIP 105 active members, 32 honorary members, 1 honour member OFFICIAL LANGUAGE French and English and the host country's official language when necessary HONORARY PRESIDENT Jacques Rogge PRESIDENT Thomas Bach VICE PRESIDENTS John Coates Uğur Erdener Juan Antonio Samaranch Yu Zaiqing WEBSITE Olympic.orgThe INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE (IOC; French : _Comité international olympique_, CIO) is the supreme authority of the worldwide Olympic movement
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Kempetai
The KENPEITAI (憲兵隊, " Military
Military
Police Corps") /kɛmpeɪˈtaɪ/ was the military police arm of the Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army
from 1881 to 1945. It was not a conventional military police, but more of a secret police . While it was institutionally part of the Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army
, it also discharged the functions of the military police for the Imperial Japanese Navy under the direction of the Admiralty Minister (although the IJN had its own much smaller Tokkeitai ), those of the executive police under the direction of the Interior Minister , and those of the judicial police under the direction of the Justice Minister . A member of the corps was called a kenpei
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Gold Medal
A GOLD MEDAL is a medal awarded for highest achievement in a non-military field. Its name derives from the use of at least a fraction of gold in form of plating or alloying in its manufacture. Since the eighteenth century, gold medals have been awarded in the arts, for example, by the Royal Danish Academy, usually as a symbol of an award to give an outstanding student some financial freedom. Others offer only the prestige of the award. Many organizations now award gold medals either annually or extraordinarily, including UNESCO
UNESCO
and various academic societies