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Sohn Kee-chung
SOHN KEE-CHUNG (Korean : 손기정; August 29, 1912 – November 15, 2002) became the first medal-winning Korean Olympian , when he won the gold medal in the marathon at the 1936 Berlin Olympics as a member of the Japanese delegation . He competed under the Japanese name SON KITEI, as Korea was part of the Japanese Empire
Japanese Empire
at the time. The name is based on the Japanese kanji pronunciation of his Korean hanja name, both are written the same. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Athletics career * 3 1936 Berlin Olympics * 3.1 Political significance * 3.2 Hellenic prize * 4 Later life * 5 Death and legacy * 6 In popular culture * 6.1 Actors who played Sohn Kee-chung
Sohn Kee-chung
* 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links EARLY LIFE Sohn Kee-chung
Sohn Kee-chung
was born in what is now Sinuiju , North P\'yŏngan Province , North Korea
North Korea
, occupied by Japan
Japan
at the time. He studied at Yangjeong High School (양정고등학교) in Seoul
Seoul
and Meiji University in Tokyo, where he graduated in 1940. ATHLETICS CAREERSohn first competed in the 1,500 and 5,000 m, but turned to longer distances after winning an 8-mile race in October 1933
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Korean Name
A KOREAN NAME consists of a family name followed by a given name , as used by the Korean people in both South Korea
South Korea
and North Korea
North Korea
. In the Korean language , _ireum_ or _seongmyeong_ usually refers to the family name (_seong_) and given name (_ireum_ in a narrow sense) together. Traditional Korean family names typically consist of only one syllable. There is no middle name in the English language sense. Many Koreans have their given names made of a generational name syllable and an individually distinct syllable, though this practice is declining in the younger generations. The generational name syllable is shared by siblings in North Korea
North Korea
, and by all members of the same generation of an extended family in South Korea
South Korea
. Married men and women usually keep their full personal names, and children inherit the father's family name. The family names are subdivided into _bongwan _ (clans), i.e. extended families which originate in the lineage system used in previous historical periods. Each clan is identified by a specific place, and traces its origin to a common patrilineal ancestor
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List Of Korean Family Names
This is a LIST OF KOREAN FAMILY NAMES, in Hangul alphabetical order. Note: (S) denotes South Korea . (N) denotes North Korea . The most common Korean family name (particularly in South Korea) is Kim , followed by Lee and Park . Together, these three family names are held by around half of the ethnic Korean population. As of 2000 , 286 Korean family names were in use. However, each family name is divided into one or more clans (_bon-gwan _) and in order to identify a person's family name, the identification of a person's clan is needed
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Son (Korean Name)
SON, SOHN or SHON (孫, 손) is a common Korean family name . As of 2000, there were 415,182 people by this surname in South Korea. LIST OF NOTABLE PEOPLE WITH THIS NAME * Sohn Kee-chung * Peter Sohn , American animator, director of The Good Dinosaur * Shon Seung-mo * Sohn Won-yil * Son Byeong-hui * Son Chae-young , member of South Korean girl group Twice * Son Dam Bi * Son Dong-woon , South Korean singer of B2ST * Son Eun-seo , South Korean actress * Son Ga-in , member of South Korean girl group Brown Eyed Girls * Son Juyeon (also known as Eunseo), member of Cosmic Girls * Son Hak-gyu * Son Heung-min , South Korean footballer * Son Ho-young , Korean American singer, member of g.o.d * Son Hyunwoo (also known as Shownu), South Korean singer, member of Monsta X * Son Masayoshi Japanese-Korean businessman, founder of Softbank and Chairman of Sprint Corporation * Son Na-eun , member of South Korean girl group Apink * Son Seung-wan , better known as Wendy, member of South Korean girl group Red Velvet * Sue Son , 2009 Britain\'s Got Talent contestant and classical crossover violinist * Son Ye-jin * Son Yeon-Jae , South Korean rhythmic gymnast * Son Young-hee , South Korean Olympic weightlifterSEE ALSO * Korean name * List of Korean family names * List of people of Korean descent * Sun (surname) REFERENCES * ^ 2000 records from the Korean National Statistical Office
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South Korea
Coordinates : 36°N 128°E / 36°N 128°E / 36; 128 Republic
Republic
of Korea 대한민국 大韓民國 _DAEHAN MINGUK_ _ Flag Emblem MOTTO: "홍익인간 (弘益人間) " (Korean ) (de facto _) "Benefit broadly in the human world/Devotion to the Welfare of Humanity" ANTHEM: Aegukga "애국가 (愛國歌)" (Korean ) (_de facto _) "Patriotic Song" GOVERNMENT EMBLEM 대한민국정부 상징문양 (Korean) Government Emblem of South Korea
Korea
Area controlled by the Republic
Republic
of Korea
Korea
shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green
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Sinuiju
SINŭIJU ((Korean pronunciation: ); Sinŭiju-si) is a city in North Korea which faces Dandong , China across the international border of the Yalu River . It is the capital of North P\'yŏngan province . Part of the city is included in the Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region , which was established in 2002 to experiment with introducing a market economy. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 Administrative divisions * 3 History * 4 Economy * 4.1 Trade with China * 4.2 Central market * 5 Transportation * 5.1 Air * 5.2 Rail * 6 Climate * 7 Places of interest * 8 See also * 9 Notes * 10 References * 11 Further reading * 12 External links GEOGRAPHY A park near Sino-Korea Friendship Bridge Sinŭiju is bordered by the Yalu River , and by P\'ihyŏn and Ryongch\'ŏn counties . The city's altitude is 4 feet, or about one meter, above sea level. There are several islands at the mouth of the Yalu River - Wihwa-do , Rim-do , Ryuch\'o-do and Tongryuch\'o-do . ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONSSinuiju city is the heart of the Sinuiju Special Administrative Region
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North Pyongan
NORTH PYONGAN PROVINCE (PHYŏNGANBUKTO; Korean pronunciation: ) is a province of North Korea . The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former P\'yŏng\'an Province, remained a province of Korea until 1945, then became a province of North Korea. Its capital is Sinŭiju . In 2002, Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region —near the city of Sinuiju—was established as a separately governed Special Administrative Region. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 Administrative divisions * 2.1 Cities * 2.2 Counties * 3 Gallery GEOGRAPHYThe Yalu River forms the northern border with China . The province is also bordered on the east by Chagang Province and on the south by South Pyong\'an Province . Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region (_Sinŭiju T'ŭkpyŏl Haengjŏnggu_) is located in the western corner of the province, and was created as an administrative entity separate from North P'yŏngan in 2002. North P'yŏngan is bounded by water on the west with Korea Bay and the Yellow Sea (called the West Sea by Koreans). ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONSNorth P'yŏngan is divided into 3 cities ("Si") and 22 counties ("Kun")
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Korea Under Japanese Rule
KOREA UNDER JAPANESE RULE began with the end of the short-lived Korean Empire in 1910 and ended at the conclusion of World War II in 1945. Japanese rule of Korea was the outcome of a process that began with the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1876 , whereby a complex coalition of the Meiji government, military, and business officials sought to integrate Korea both politically and economically into the Empire of Japan . A major stepping-stone towards the Japanese occupation of Korea was the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905 , in which the then-Empire of Korea was declared a protectorate of Japan. The annexation of Korea by Japan was set up in the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910 , which was never actually signed by the Korean Regent, Gojong . Imperial Japanese rule over Korea ended in 1945, when U.S. and Soviet forces captured the peninsula. In 1965 the unequal treaties between Joseon-ruled Korea and Imperial Japan, especially those of 1905 and 1910, were declared "already null and void" at the time of their promulgation (i.e. "dead on arrival", implicitly a declaration of their illegality) by the Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea . Japanese administration of the Korean Peninsula was directed through the General Government
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Seoul
SEOUL (/soʊl/ ; 서울; Korean: ( listen )), officially the SEOUL SPECIAL CITY – is the capital and largest metropolis of the Republic of Korea
Korea
(commonly known as South Korea). Seoul
Seoul
is the world's 16th largest city , and forms the heart of the Seoul Capital Area , which includes the surrounding Incheon
Incheon
metropolis and Gyeonggi province. The Seoul Capital Area houses about half of the country's population of 51.44 million people with 678,102 international residents. Situated on the Han River , Seoul's history stretches back more than two thousand years when it was founded in 18 BCE by Baekje
Baekje
, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea . It continued as the capital of Korea under the Joseon Dynasty . The Seoul Capital Area contains five UNESCO World Heritage
World Heritage
Sites : Changdeok Palace
Palace
, Hwaseong Fortress , Jongmyo Shrine , Namhansanseong and the Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty . Seoul
Seoul
is surrounded by mountains, the tallest being Mt. Bukhan , the world's most visited national park per square foot
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Japan
Coordinates : 35°N 136°E / 35°N 136°E / 35; 136 Japan 日本国 _Nippon-koku_ _Nihon-koku_ _ Flag Imperial Seal ANTHEM: * " Kimigayo _" * 君が代 "His Imperial Majesty's Reign" GOVERNMENT SEAL OF JAPAN * _ * Go-Shichi no Kiri_ (五七桐) Area controlled by Japan shown in green; claimed but uncontrolled shown in light green
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Athletics At The Summer Olympics
ATHLETICS has been contested at every SUMMER OLYMPICS since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics . The athletics program traces its earliest roots to events used in the ancient Greek Olympics . The modern program includes track and field events, road running events, and racewalking events. Cross country running was also on the program in earlier editions but it was dropped after the 1924 Summer Olympics . CONTENTS* 1 Events * 1.1 Men\'s events * 1.2 Women\'s events * 2 Nations * 3 Medal table * 4 References * 5 External links EVENTSThe events contested have varied widely. From 1900 to 1920, tug of war was considered to be part of the Olympic athletics programme, although the sports of tug of war and athletics are now considered distinct. MEN\'S EVENTSNo new events have been added to the men's athletics programme since the 1952 addition of the short racewalk. The roster of events has not changed since then, with the exception of the omission of the long racewalk in 1976 (the IAAF held a 50 km walk World Championships that year instead and as a result the event was restored in 1980). The long racewalk is the only event currently held for men but not included on the women's programme, with the exception of women taking part in the heptathlon rather than the decathlon and the 100 metres hurdles rather than the 110 metres hurdles
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1936 Summer Olympics
The 1936 SUMMER OLYMPICS (German : _Olympische Sommerspiele 1936_), officially known as the GAMES OF THE XI OLYMPIAD, was an international multi-sport event that was held in 1936 in Berlin , Germany . Berlin won the bid to host the Games over Barcelona , Spain , on 26 April 1931, at the 29th IOC Session in Barcelona (two years before the Nazis came to power). It marked the second and final time the International Olympic Committee gathered to vote in a city that was bidding to host those Games. To outdo the Los Angeles games of 1932 , Adolf Hitler had built a new 100,000-seat track and field stadium , six gymnasiums, and many other smaller arenas. The games were the first to be televised , and radio broadcasts reached 41 countries. Filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl was commissioned by the German Olympic Committee to film the Games for $7 million. Her film, titled _Olympia _, pioneered many of the techniques now common in the filming of sports. Reich Chancellor Adolf Hitler saw the Games as an opportunity to promote his government and ideals of racial supremacy and antisemitism , and the official Nazi party paper, the _ Völkischer Beobachter _, wrote in the strongest terms that Jews should not be allowed to participate in the Games
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Athletics At The 1936 Summer Olympics – Men's Marathon
The MEN\'S MARATHON event at the 1936 SUMMER OLYMPIC GAMES took place August 9. The race was won by Son Kitei . CONTENTS * 1 Marathon route * 2 Korean athletes * 3 Results * 4 References MARATHON ROUTEThe marathon course started in the Olympic Stadium. After going around stadium, the starting field left the stadium through the Marathon Gate. The runners crossed the Maifeld and then turned right into the Angerburger Avenue. Shortly thereafter, it was then left into Glockenturmstraße and the first checkpoint after 4 km on the Havelchaussee. They went on the banks of the Havel along the Grunewald to the left side. The second checkpoint was 6 kilometers on Rupenhorn, at kilometer 8 of the third control point followed on Schildhorn. The Grunewaldturm was reached after 10 km, at the level of the island Lindwerder sending the runners southeast. At the end of Havelchaussee runners then turned left on the long, straight Avus . The course went on the race track to the Nordschleife, there returned to the rotor field and the previous route ran back to the Olympic Stadium. The athletes came through the Marathon Gate back to the stadium and then ran for about 150 meters to the finish line. This route differs from the present-day Berlin Marathon . KOREAN ATHLETESDuring the time of the competition, Korea was a colony of Japan, therefore Korean sportsmen competed as members of Japanese team and were using their Japanese names
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Hangul
The KOREAN ALPHABET, 한글 , known as HANGUL in South Korea (also transcribed HANGEUL) and as 조선글(CHOSŏN\'GŭL) /조선문자(CHOSŏN MUNTCHA) in North Korea , is the alphabet that has been used to write the Korean language since the 15th century. It was created in 1443 under King Sejong the Great during the Joseon Dynasty . Now the alphabet is the official script of both South Korea and North Korea, and co-official in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County of China's Jilin Province . In South Korea, primarily Hangul is used to write the Korean language, as using Hanja ( Chinese characters ) in typical Korean writing fell out of common usage during the late 1990s. In its classical and modern forms, the alphabet has 19 consonant and 21 vowel letters. However, instead of being written sequentially like the letters of the Latin script, Hangul letters are grouped into blocks, such as 한 _han_, each of which transcribes a syllable . That is, although the syllable 한 _han_ may look like a single character, it is actually composed of three letters: _h_, _a_, and ㄴ _n_. Each syllabic block consists of two to six letters, including at least one consonant and one vowel . These blocks are then arranged horizontally from left to right or vertically from top to bottom
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Hanja
HANJA ( Hangul : 한자; Hanja: 漢字; Korean pronunciation: ) is the Korean name for Chinese characters (Chinese : 漢字; pinyin : _hànzì_). More specifically, it refers to those Chinese characters borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the Korean language with Korean pronunciation . _Hanja-mal_ or _hanja-eo _ refers to words that can be written with hanja, and _hanmun_ (한문, 漢文) refers to Classical Chinese writing, although "hanja" is sometimes used loosely to encompass these other concepts. Because hanja never underwent major reform, they are almost entirely identical to traditional Chinese and _kyūjitai _ characters. Only a small number of hanja characters are modified or unique to Korean. By contrast, many of the Chinese characters currently in use in Japan and Mainland China have been simplified, and contain fewer strokes than the corresponding hanja characters. Although a phonetic Korean alphabet, now known as hangul , had been created by a team of scholars commissioned in the 1440s by King Sejong the Great , it did not come into widespread use until the late 19th and early 20th century. Thus, until that time it was necessary to be fluent in reading and writing hanja in order to be literate in Korean, as the vast majority of Korean literature and most other Korean documents were written in hanja
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Revised Romanization Of Korean
The REVISED ROMANIZATION OF KOREAN (국어의 로마자 표기법; _gugeoui romaja pyogibeop_; lit. "Roman-letter notation of the national language") is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea
South Korea
proclaimed by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism to replace the older McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
system. The new system eliminates diacritics in favor of digraphs and adheres more closely to Korean phonology than to a suggestive rendition of Korean phonetics for non-native speakers. The Revised Romanization limits itself to the ISO basic Latin alphabet , apart from limited, often optional use of the hyphen . It was developed by the National Academy of the Korean Language from 1995 and was released to the public on 7 July 2000 by South Korea's Ministry of Culture and Tourism in Proclamation No
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