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Software Developer
A SOFTWARE DEVELOPER is a person concerned with facets of the software development process, including the research, design, programming , and testing of computer software . Other job titles which are often used with similar meanings are programmer , software analyst , and software engineer . According to developer Eric Sink, the differences between system design, software development , and programming are more apparent. Already in the current market place there can be found a segregation between programmers and developers, being that one who implements is not the same as the one who designs the class structure or hierarchy. Even more so that developers become systems architects , those who design the multi-leveled architecture or component interactions of a large software system. (see also Debate over who is a software engineer ) In a large company, there may be employees whose sole responsibility consists of only one of the phases above
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Software Copyright
SOFTWARE COPYRIGHT is the extension of copyright law to machine-readable software . While many of the legal principles and policy debates concerning software copyright have close parallels in other domains of copyright law, there are a number of distinctive issues that arise with software. This article will primarily focus on topics particular to software. Software
Software
copyright is used by Software
Software
Developers and proprietary software companies to prevent the unauthorized copying of their software. Free and open source licenses also rely on copyright law to enforce their terms. For instance, copyleft licenses impose a duty on licensees to share their modifications to the work with the user or copy owner under some circumstances. No such duty would apply had the software in question been in the public domain
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Client Software
A CLIENT is a piece of computer hardware or software that accesses a service made available by a server . The server is often (but not always) on another computer system , in which case the client accesses the service by way of a network . The term applies to the role that programs or devices play in the client–server model . CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Types * 2.1 Fat * 2.2 Thin * 2.3 Hybrid * 3 References OVERVIEWA client is a computer or a program that, as part of its operation, relies on sending a request to another computer program (which may or may not be located on another computer). For example, web browsers are clients that connect to web servers and retrieve web pages for display. Email
Email
clients retrieve email from mail servers . Online chat uses a variety of clients, which vary depending on the chat protocol being used. Multiplayer video games or online video games may run as a client on each computer
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Cloud Computing
CLOUD COMPUTING is a form of Internet
Internet
-based computing that provides shared computer processing resources and data to computers and other devices on demand. It is a model for enabling ubiquitous access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., computer networks, servers, storage, applications and services), which can be rapidly provisioned with minimal management effort. Cloud computing allows users and enterprises with various capabilities to store and process data in either a privately owned cloud, or on a third-party server in order to make data accessing mechanisms more efficient and reliable. Data centers that may be located far from the user–ranging in distance from across a city to across the world. Cloud computing
Cloud computing
relies on sharing of resources to achieve coherence and economy of scale , similar to a utility
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Proprietary Software
PROPRIETARY SOFTWARE is computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code , but sometimes patent rights. CONTENTS * 1 Software becoming proprietary * 2 Legal basis * 2.1 Limitations * 3 Exclusive rights * 3.1 Use of the software * 3.2 Inspection and modification of source code * 3.3 Redistribution * 4 Interoperability with software and hardware * 4.1 Proprietary file formats and protocols * 4.2 Proprietary APIs * 4.3 Vendor lock-in * 4.4 Software limited to certain hardware configurations * 5 Abandonment by owners * 6 Formerly open-source software * 7 Pricing and economics * 8 Examples * 9 See also * 10 References SOFTWARE BECOMING PROPRIETARYUntil the late 1960s computers—large and expensive mainframe computers , machines in specially air-conditioned computer rooms—were leased to customers rather than sold
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Software-as-a-service
SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE (SAAS; pronounced /sæs/ ) is a software licensing and delivery model in which software is licensed on a subscription basis and is centrally hosted . It is sometimes referred to as "on-demand software", and was formerly referred to as "software plus services" by Microsoft
Microsoft
. SaaS is typically accessed by users using a thin client via a web browser . SaaS has become a common delivery model for many business applications, including office software , messaging software , payroll processing software, DBMS software , management software, CAD software , development software, gamification , virtualization , accounting , collaboration , customer relationship management (CRM), Management Information Systems (MIS), enterprise resource planning (ERP), invoicing, human resource management (HRM), talent acquisition , content management (CM), and service desk management
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Operating System
An OPERATING SYSTEM (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs . All computer programs , excluding firmware , require an operating system to function. Time-sharing operating systems schedule tasks for efficient use of the system and may also include accounting software for cost allocation of processor time , mass storage , printing , and other resources. For hardware functions such as input and output and memory allocation , the operating system acts as an intermediary between programs and the computer hardware, although the application code is usually executed directly by the hardware and frequently makes system calls to an OS function or is interrupted by it. Operating systems are found on many devices that contain a computer – from cellular phones and video game consoles to web servers and supercomputers
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Business Model
A BUSINESS MODEL describes the rationale of how an organization creates, delivers, and captures value, in economic, social, cultural or other contexts. The process of business model construction is part of business strategy . In theory and practice, the term business model is used for a broad range of informal and formal descriptions to represent core aspects of a business , including purpose, business process , target customers, offerings, strategies, infrastructure, organizational structures, sourcing, trading practices, and operational processes and policies including culture
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Bus Factor
The BUS FACTOR is a measurement of the risk resulting from information and capabilities not being shared among team members, from the phrase "in case they get hit by a bus". It is also known as the LOTTERY FACTOR, TRUCK FACTOR, BUS/TRUCK NUMBER or LORRY FACTOR. The concept is similar to the much older idea of key person risk , but considers the consequences of losing key technical experts, versus financial or managerial executives (who are theoretically replaceable at an insurable cost). Personnel must be both key and irreplaceable to contribute to the bus factor; losing a replaceable or non-key person would not result in a bus-factor effect. The term was first applied to software development , where a team member might create critical components by crafting code that performs well, but which also is unavailable to other team members, such as work that was undocumented , never shared , encrypted , obfuscated , unpublished, or otherwise incomprehensible to others
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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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TechRepublic
TECHREPUBLIC is an online trade publication and social community for IT professionals, with advice on best practices and tools for the day-to-day needs of IT decision-makers. It was founded in 1997 in Louisville, Kentucky , United States by Tom Cottingham and Kim Spalding, and debuted as a website in May 1999. The site was purchased by CNET Networks
CNET Networks
in 2001 for $23 million. TechRepublic is part of the CBS Interactive
CBS Interactive
business portfolio alongside ZDNet , BNET , SmartPlanet and CBS MoneyWatch . REFERENCES * ^ " TechRepublic Alexa ranking". Alexa Internet
Alexa Internet
. Retrieved March 6, 2016. * ^ " CNET Networks
CNET Networks
About". cnetnetworks.com. Retrieved 2008-02-11. * ^ "Cottingham named regional entrepreneur of the year". American City Business Journals . 2000-07-07
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US Department Of Labor
The UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government responsible for occupational safety , wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance benefits, reemployment services, and some economic statistics; many U.S. states also have such departments. The department is headed by the U.S. Secretary of Labor . The purpose of the Department of Labor is to foster, promote, and develop the welfare of the wage earners, job seekers, and retirees of the United States; improve working conditions; advance opportunities for profitable employment; and assure work-related benefits and rights. In carrying out this mission, the Department of Labor administers and enforces more than 180 federal laws and thousands of federal regulations. These mandates and the regulations that implement them cover many workplace activities for about 10 million employers and 125 million workers
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Digital Object Identifier
In computing, a DIGITAL OBJECT IDENTIFIER or DOI is a persistent identifier or handle used to uniquely identify objects, standardized by the ISO
ISO
. An implementation of the Handle System , DOIs are in wide use mainly to identify academic, professional, and government information, such as journal articles, research reports and data sets, and official publications though they also have been used to identify other types of information resources, such as commercial videos. A DOI aims to be "resolvable", usually to some form of access to the information object to which the DOI refers. This is achieved by binding the DOI to metadata about the object, such as a URL , indicating where the object can be found. Thus, by being actionable and interoperable, a DOI differs from identifiers such as ISBNs and ISRCs which aim only to uniquely identify their referents. The DOI system uses the indecs Content Model for representing metadata
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IEEE Computer Society
IEEE
IEEE
COMPUTER SOCIETY (sometimes abbreviated COMPUTER SOCIETY or CS) is a professional society of IEEE
IEEE
. Its purpose and scope is "to advance the theory, practice, and application of computer and information processing science and technology" and the "professional standing of its members." The CS is the largest of 39 technical societies organized under the IEEE
IEEE
Technical Activities Board . The Computer Society sponsors workshops and conferences, publishes a variety of peer-reviewed literature, operates technical committees, and develops IEEE
IEEE
computing standards. It supports more than 200 chapters worldwide and participates in educational activities at all levels of the profession, including distance learning, accreditation of higher education programs in computer science, and professional certification in software engineering
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