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Social Dance
SOCIAL DANCE is that category of dances that have a social function and context. Social dances are generally intended for participation rather than performance and can be led and followed with relative ease. They are often danced merely to socialise and for entertainment, though they may have ceremonial , competitive and erotic functions. Many social dances of European origin are partner dances (see Ballroom dance
Ballroom dance
) but this is quite rare elsewhere, where there may be instead be circle dances or line dances , perhaps reserved for those of a certain age, sex or social position. CONTENTS* 1 Social dance
Social dance
in the west * 1.1 20th century America * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Further reading SOCIAL DANCE IN THE WEST Eighteenth-century social dance. Translated caption: A cheerful dance awakens love and feeds hope with lively joy, ( Florence
Florence
, 1790)
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Pavan (dance)
The PAVANE, pavan, paven, pavin, pavian, pavine, or pavyn (It. pavana, padovana; Ger. Paduana) is a slow processional dance common in Europe during the 16th century (Renaissance ). The pavane, the earliest-known music for which was published in Venice by Ottaviano Petrucci , in Joan Ambrosio Dalza 's Intabolatura de lauto libro quarto in 1508, is a sedate and dignified couple dance , similar to the 15th-century basse danse . The music which accompanied it appears originally to have been fast or moderately fast but, like many other dances, became slower over time (Brown 2001 ). CONTENTS * 1 Origin of term * 2 History * 3 Music * 4 Dance * 5 Modern use * 6 Notes * 7 References ORIGIN OF TERMThe word "Pavane" is most probably derived from Italian " Padovana" (En. Britannica ), (Treccani 2016 ), meaning " typical of Padua" (similar to Bergamask , "dance from Bergamo"); "pavan" is a dialectal/old form for the modern Italian adjective "padovano" (= from Padua)
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Florence
FLORENCE (/ˈflɒrəns/ FLOR-əns ; Italian : Firenze ( listen )) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany
Tuscany
. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with 383,083 inhabitants in 2013, and over 1,520,000 in its metropolitan area. Florence
Florence
was a centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of that era. It is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance
Renaissance
, and has been called "the Athens
Athens
of the Middle Ages ". A turbulent political history includes periods of rule by the powerful Medici family and numerous religious and republican revolutions. From 1865 to 1871 the city was the capital of the recently established Kingdom of Italy
Italy

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French Revolution
The FRENCH REVOLUTION (French : Révolution française ) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France
France
that lasted from 1789 until 1799, and was partially carried forward by Napoleon
Napoleon
during the later expansion of the French Empire . The Revolution
Revolution
overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, experienced violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon
Napoleon
that rapidly brought many of its principles to Western Europe
Europe
and beyond. Inspired by liberal and radical ideas, the Revolution
Revolution
profoundly altered the course of modern history , triggering the global decline of absolute monarchies while replacing them with republics and liberal democracies
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Canario
JOSé ALBERTO JUSTINIANO born December 22, 1958 in Villa Consuelo , Santo Domingo , Dominican Republic , better known by his stage name JOSé ALBERTO "EL CANARIO" is a Dominican salsa singer. José Alberto moved to Puerto Rico with his family at the age of 7, and inspired by Latin music went on to polish his singing at Las Antillas Military Academy. He relocated to New York in the early 1970s and sang with several orchestras. He received international attention as the singer of Tipica 73 in October 1977. CAREERJosé Alberto started his own band in 1983, and became a major Latin star after the release of his 1984 debut Noches Calientes . His 1991 album Dance With Me , which established a new style of salsa called salsa romántica . He has sung hit songs such as "Sueño Contigo" His voice was widely adored by his fans, and his exceptional whistling abilities (being able to improvise as if he was playing a traverse flute) led them to give him the nickname EL CANARIO (The Canary)
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Thoinot Arbeau
THOINOT ARBEAU is the anagrammatic pen name of French cleric JEHAN TABOUROT (March 17, 1519 – July 23, 1595). Tabourot is most famous for his Orchésographie, a study of late sixteenth-century French Renaissance social dance. He was born in Dijon and died in Langres . ORCHéSOGRAPHIE AND OTHER WORKOrchésographie, first published in Langres , 1589, provides information on social ballroom behaviour and on the interaction of musicians and dancers. It is available online in facsimile and in plain text. There is an English translation by Mary Stewart Evans, edited by Julia Sutton , in print with Dover Publications . It contains numerous woodcuts of dancers and musicians and includes many dance tabulations in which extensive instructions for the steps are lined up next to the musical notes, a significant innovation in dance notation at that time
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Ballo
The BALLO was an Italian dance form during the fifteenth century, most noted for its frequent changes of tempo and meter. The name ballo has its origin in Latin ballō, ballāre, meaning "to dance", which in turn comes from the Greek "βαλλίζω" (ballizō), "to dance, to jump about". In Greece there is the Greek dance named Ballos . CONTENTS * 1 Dance of the 15th century * 2 The baroque ballo * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links DANCE OF THE 15TH CENTURYDuring the Quattrocento balli were written by various composers, primarily the dance masters Domenico da Piacenza and Guglielmo Ebreo da Pesaro who also wrote treatises including choreographies to their works
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Carol (music)
A CAROL is in modern parlance a festive song, generally religious but not necessarily connected with church worship, and often with a dance-like or popular character. Today the carol is represented almost exclusively by the Christmas carol , the Advent
Advent
carol, and to a much lesser extent by the Easter carol; however, despite their present association with religion, this has not always been the case. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Modern carols * 3 Notes * 4 Bibliography * 5 See also HISTORY Coventry Carol The Coventry Carol , performed by the U.S. Army Band Chorus ------------------------- Problems playing this file? See media help .The word carol is derived from the Old French
Old French
word carole, a circle dance accompanied by singers (in turn derived from the Latin choraula)
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Quadrille
The QUADRILLE is a dance that was fashionable in late 18th- and 19th-century Europe and its colonies. Performed by four couples in a rectangular formation, it is related to American square dancing . The Lancers , a variant of the quadrille, became popular in the late 19th century and was still danced in the 20th century in folk-dance clubs. A derivative found in the Francophone Lesser Antilles
Lesser Antilles
is known as kwadril , and the dance is also still found in Madagascar
Madagascar
and is within old Jamaican / Caribbean culture. The quadrille consists of a chain of four to six contredanses , courtly versions of English country dances that had been taken up at the court of Louis XIV
Louis XIV
and spread across Europe. Latterly the quadrille was frequently danced to a medley of opera melodies
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Choreography
CHOREOGRAPHY is the art or practice of designing sequences of movements of physical bodies (or their depictions) in which motion , form , or both are specified. Choreography may also refer to the design itself. A CHOREOGRAPHER is one who creates choreographies by practicing the art of choreography, a process known as choreographing. Choreography is used in a variety of fields, including musical theater, cheerleading , cinematography , gymnastics , fashion shows , ice skating , marching band , show choir , theatre , synchronized swimming , cardistry , video game production and animated art. In the performing arts , choreography applies to human movement and form. In dance , choreography is also known as dance choreography or dance composition. The word choreography literally means "dance-writing" from the Greek words "χορεία" (circular dance, see choreia ) and "γραφή" (writing)
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Jeté (dance)
Because ballet became formalized in France , a significant part of BALLET TERMINOLOGY is in the French language . Contents * Top * A * B * C * D * E * F * G * H * I * J * K * L * M * N * O * P * Q * R * S * T * U * V * W * X * Y * Z * See also * References * External links AÀ LA SECONDE(French pronunciation: ​ ) A position of the leg to the side with the body facing directly forward ("en face"). À LA QUATRIèME(French pronunciation: ​ ) One of the directions of body, facing the audience (en face), arms in second position, with one leg extended either to fourth position in front (quatrième devant) or fourth position behind (quatrième derrière). À TERRE(French pronunciation: ​ ) Touching the floor
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Saltarello
The SALTARELLO is a musical dance form originally from Italy. The first mention of it is in Add MS 29987 , a fourteenth-century manuscript probably of Tuscan origin, now in the British Library
British Library
. It was played in a fast triple meter and is named for its peculiar leaping step, after the Italian verb saltare ("to jump"). This characteristic is also the basis of the German name Hoppertanz or Hupfertanz ("hopping dance"); other names include the French pas de Brabant and the Spanish alta or alta danza. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Saltarello
Saltarello
as a folk dance * 3 Medieval saltarelli * 4 In classical music * 5 Sources HISTORY Saltarello
Saltarello
rhythm . The saltarello enjoyed great popularity in the courts of medieval Europe
Europe

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Stampita
The ESTAMPIE (French : estampie, Occitan and Catalan : estampida, Italian : istampitte) is a medieval dance and musical form which was a popular instrumental and vocal form in the 13th and 14th centuries. The name was also applied to poetry (Bellingham 2002 ). CONTENTS * 1 Musical form * 2 Dance * 3 Etymology * 4 Media * 5 Footnotes * 6 References MUSICAL FORMThe estampie is similar in form to the lai , consisting of a succession of repeated sections (Bellingham 2002 ). According to Johannes de Grocheio , there were both vocal and instrumental estampies (for which he used the Latin calque "stantipes"), which differed somewhat in form, in that the vocal estampie begins with a refrain, which is repeated at the end of each verse (Page 2012 ). Also according to Grocheio, the repeating sections in both the vocal and instrumental estampie were called puncta (singular punctus) (Hiley 2001 ), in the form: aa, bb, cc, etc.
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Napoleonic Wars
Overall Coalition victory Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna
* Fall of the First French Empire
First French Empire
* Exile of Napoleon I
Napoleon I
to St. Helena
St

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Branle
A BRANLE (/ˈbrænəl/ or /ˈbrɑːl/ ; French pronunciation: ​ )—also bransle, brangle, brawl, brawle, brall(e), braul(e), brando (Italy), bran (Spain), or brantle (Scotland)—is a type of French dance popular from the early 16th century to the present, danced by couples in either a line or a circle . The term also refers to the music and the characteristic step of the dance
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The Woodlands, Texas
THE WOODLANDS is a master-planned community and census-designated place (CDP) in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Texas
Texas
in the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. According to The Woodlands Development Company, the population was 107,769 as of a January 2014 estimate , an increase of 93.7% over its population of 55,649 at the 2000 census . The Woodlands is 28 miles (45 km) north of Houston
Houston
along Interstate 45
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