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Skandinavia
Scandinavia[a] (/ˌskændɪˈneɪviə/ SKAN-dih-NAY-vee-ə) is a region in Northern Europe, characterized by common ethnocultural North Germanic heritage and mutually intelligible North Germanic languages.[2] The term Scandinavia
Scandinavia
in local usage covers the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, but in English usage, it also sometimes refers to the Scandinavian Peninsula
Scandinavian Peninsula
or to the broader region which includes Finland
Finland
and Iceland.[1] This broader region is usually known locally as the Nordic countries.[3] The remote Norwegian islands of Svalbard
Svalbard
and Jan Mayen
Jan Mayen
are usually not seen as a part of Scandinavia, nor is Greenland, a constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark
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Nordic Countries
The Nordic countries
Nordic countries
or the Nordics[1] are a geographical and cultural region in Northern Europe
Northern Europe
and the North Atlantic, where they are most commonly known as Norden (literally "the North"). The term includes Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, including Greenland
Greenland
and Faroe Islands—which are both constituent countries within the Kingdom of Denmark—and the Åland
Åland
Islands.[2] Scandinavians comprise over three quarters of the region's population and is thus the largest group by far, followed by Finns, who comprise the majority in Finland; other groups are indigenous minorities such as the Greenlandic Inuit and the Sami people, and recent immigrants and their descendants
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Nordic Council
The Nordic Council
Nordic Council
is the official body for formal inter-parliamentary co-operation between the Nordic countries. Formed in 1952, it has 87 members from Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway
Norway
and Sweden
Sweden
as well as from the autonomous areas of the Faroe Islands, Greenland
Greenland
and the Åland
Åland
Islands. The representatives are members of parliament in their respective country/area and are elected by those parliaments. The Council holds ordinary sessions each year in October/November and usually one extra session per year with a specific theme. [1] In 1971, the Nordic Council
Nordic Council
of Ministers, an intergovernmental forum, was established to complement the Council
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Norse Mythology
Norse mythology
Norse mythology
is the body of myths of the North Germanic peoples, stemming from Norse paganism
Norse paganism
and continuing after the Christianization of Scandinavia, and into the Scandinavian folklore
Scandinavian folklore
of the modern period
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Denmark–Norway
As territory Denmark  ∟  Faroe Islands  ∟  Greenland  Iceland  Norway  Sweden  Estonia  Latvia   United States
United States
(1600–1680)  GermanyAs colonies United States
United States
(1754–)  India  Ghanaa: Frederick VI was regent for his father, so ruled as de facto king from April 14, 1784; he continued to rule Denmark
Denmark
after the Treaty of Kiel until his death on December 3, 1839. b: Denmark
Denmark
(43,094 km2 or 16,639 sq mi), Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
(15,763 km2 or 6,086 sq mi), Norway (mainland: 324,220 km2 or 125,180 sq mi), Faroes (1,399 km2 or 540 sq mi), Iceland
Iceland
(103,000 km2 or 40,000 sq mi)
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Sweden–Finland
Sweden–Finland
Sweden–Finland
(Finnish: Ruotsi-Suomi, Swedish: Sverige-Finland) is a Finnish historiographical term referring to Sweden
Sweden
from the Kalmar Union to the Napoleonic wars, i.e. from the 14th to the early 19th century.[1][2] In 1809, the realm was split after the Finnish war
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Union Between Sweden And Norway
b. ^ The written Norwegian language
Norwegian language
ceased to exist in the first half of the 16th century and was replaced by Danish. Written Danish was still used during the union with Sweden, but was slightly norwegianized in the latter half of the 19th century. In 1885, the Storting
Storting
accepted Landsmål
Landsmål
as an official written language at par with Danish. c. ^ 1820: 2,585,000 in Sweden, and 970,000 in Norway.[1] 1905: 5,260,000 in Sweden, and 2,300,000 in Norway.[2] d. ^ The Swedish Riksdag
Riksdag
was a diet composed of four estates until 1866, when it was transformed into a bicameral legislature
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Kalmar Union
The Kalmar Union
Kalmar Union
or Union of Kalmaris (Danish, Norwegian and Swedish: Kalmarunionen; Latin: Unio Calmariensis) was a personal union that from 1397 to 1523[1] joined under a single monarch the three kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden
Sweden
(then including most of Finland's populated areas), and Norway, together with Norway's overseas dependencies (then including Iceland, Greenland,[N 1] the Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
and the Northern Isles). The union was not quite continuous; there were several short interruptions. Legally the countries remained separate sovereign states, but with their domestic and foreign policies being directed by a common monarch. One main impetus for its formation was to block German expansion northward into the Baltic region
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History Of Denmark
The history of Denmark
Denmark
as a unified kingdom began in the 8th century, but historic documents describe the geographic area and the people living there—the Danes—as early as 500 AD. These early documents include the writings of Jordanes
Jordanes
and Procopius. With the Christianization
Christianization
of the Danes
Danes
c. 960 AD, it is clear that there existed a kingship speaking
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History Of Norway
The history of Norway
Norway
has been influenced to an extraordinary degree by the terrain and the climate of the region. About 10,000 BC, following the retreat of the great inland ice sheets, the earliest inhabitants migrated north into the territory which is now Norway. They traveled steadily northwards along the coastal areas, warmed by the Gulf Stream, where life was more bearable. In order to survive they fished and hunted reindeer (and other prey). Between 5,000 BC and 4,000 BC the earliest agricultural settlements appeared around the Oslofjord. Gradually, between 1500 BC and 500 BC, these agricultural settlements spread into the southern areas of Norway
Norway
- whilst the inhabitants of the northern regions continued to hunt and fish. The Neolithic
Neolithic
period started 4000 BC
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History Of Sweden
During the 11th and 12th centuries, Sweden
Sweden
gradually became a unified Christian kingdom that later included what is today Finland. During the early Middle Ages, the Swedish state also expanded to control Norrland
Norrland
and Finland. Modern Sweden
Sweden
started out of the Kalmar Union formed in 1397 and by the unification of the country by King Gustav Vasa in the 16th century. Vasa fought for an independent Sweden
Sweden
and broke with the papacy, establishing the Lutheran Church in Sweden. In the 17th century Sweden
Sweden
expanded its territories to form the Swedish empire. Most of these conquered territories had to be given up during the 18th century. During the 17th century, after winning wars against Denmark, Russia, and Poland, Sweden
Sweden
emerged as a great power by taking direct control of the Baltic region
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Scandinavism
Scandinavism, also called Pan-Scandinavianism,[1] Nordism, and Pan-Nordism,[2] are literary and political movements that support various degrees of cooperation among the Scandinavian or Nordic countries
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Scandinavian Defence Union
A Scandinavian defence union
Scandinavian defence union
between Sweden, Norway, Finland
Finland
and Denmark
Denmark
was planned (but never formed) after the end of World War II. Finland
Finland
had fought two wars against the Soviet Union, Denmark
Denmark
and Norway
Norway
had been occupied by Germany
Germany
between 1940 and 1945, and Sweden, having been a neutral state throughout the war, had still felt its effects
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Scandinavia (other)
Scandinavia
Scandinavia
generally refers to the region consisting of Denmark, Norway, Sweden. Scandinavia
Scandinavia
may also refer to: Places[edit]Scandinavian Peninsula, a peninsula in Northern Europe Scandinavia
Scandinavia
Township, Harlan County, Nebraska, a township in the U.S. state of Nebraska Scandinavia, Wisconsin, a village in the U.S
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Scandinavian Airlines
EuroBonusSAS Gold Lounge SAS Business Lounge SAS Café Lounge SAS City LoungeAlliance Star AllianceSubsidiaries Scandinavian Airlines
Scandinavian Airlines
IrelandFleet size 182Destinations 119[1]Company slogan We are travelers (English)Parent company SAS GroupHeadquarters Solna, Stockholm, SwedenKey peopleFritz Schur, Chairman Rickard Gustafson, CEOWebsite flysas.comScandinavian Airlines, usually known as SAS, is the flag carrier of Sweden, Norway
Norway
and Denmark, which together form mainland Scandinavia.[2] SAS is an abbreviation of its former full name, Scandinavian Airlines System or legally Scandinavian Airlines
Scandinavian Airlines
System Denmark–Norway–Sweden
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Northern Europe
Northern Europe
Europe
is the general term for the geographical region in Europe
Europe
that is approximately north of the southern coast of the Baltic Sea. Nations usually included within this region are Iceland, the Faroe Islands, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia
Latvia
and Lithuania, and occasionally Ireland, Britain, northern Germany, northern Belarus
Belarus
and northwest Russia. Narrower definitions may be based on other geographical factors such as climate and ecology. A broader definition would include the area north of the Alps
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