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Sitemap Google
A SITE MAP (or SITEMAP) is a list of pages of a web site accessible to crawlers or users. It can be either a document in any form used as a planning tool for Web design , or a Web page that lists the pages on a website , typically organized in hierarchical fashion. Sitemaps make relationships between pages and other content components. It shows shape of information space in overview. Sitemaps can demonstrate organization, navigation, and labeling system. CONTENTS * 1 Types of site maps * 2 XML
XML
sitemaps * 2.1 Benefits of XML
XML
sitemaps to search-optimize Flash sites * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links TYPES OF SITE MAPS A site map of what links from the English 's Main Page. Sitemap of Google
Google
There are two popular versions of a site map. An XML
XML
Sitemap is a structured format that a user doesn't need to see, but it tells the search engine about the pages in a site, their relative importance to each other, and how often they are updated. HTML sitemaps are designed for the user to help them find content on the page, and don't need to include each and every subpage. This helps visitors and search engine bots find pages on the site. You cannot submit an HTML sitemap in Google
Google
Webmaster Tools as it is not a supported sitemap format
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Site Tree (forestry)
SITE TREE refers to a type of tree used in forestry , which is used to classify the quality of growing conditions trees at a particular forest location. A site tree, is a single tree in a stand (group of growing trees) that gives a good representation of the average dominant or co-dominant tree in the stand. Site trees are used to calculate the site index of the site in reference to a particular tree species. A site tree should belong to the dominant or co-dominant overstory class. The total height of the tree and age measured at Diameter at breast height
Diameter at breast height
of a sample of site trees will be used to determine a site index , which will show how tall trees of different species can grow on that site in a set amount of time. Sometimes several years are added to the breast-height age to account for time grown below 4.5 feet (1.4 m). Determining what a site tree should look like in a stand varies with what kind of stand one is standing in. The simplest stand to find a site tree in is an even aged stand of a single species , much like a forest plantation . In this stand almost any dominant or co-dominant tree can be used. Finding a site tree is more difficult in uneven-aged, mixed species, stands. There are multiple assumptions that are made when a site tree is chosen. Each site tree is assumed to have been a dominant or co-dominant individual its entire life
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Sitemaps
The SITEMAPS protocol allows a webmaster to inform search engines about URLs on a website that are available for crawling. A Sitemap is an XML
XML
file that lists the URLs for a site. It allows webmasters to include additional information about each URL: when it was last updated, how often it changes, and how important it is in relation to other URLs in the site. This allows search engines to crawl the site more intelligently. Sitemaps are a URL inclusion protocol and complements robots.txt , a URL exclusion protocol
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Web Design
WEB DESIGN encompasses many different skills and disciplines in the production and maintenance of websites. The different areas of web design include web graphic design; interface design ; authoring, including standardised code and proprietary software ; user experience design ; and search engine optimization . Often many individuals will work in teams covering different aspects of the design process, although some designers will cover them all. The term web design is normally used to describe the design process relating to the front-end (client side) design of a website including writing mark up. Web design partially overlaps web engineering in the broader scope of web development . Web designers are expected to have an awareness of usability and if their role involves creating mark up then they are also expected to be up to date with web accessibility guidelines
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Web Page
A WEB PAGE, or WEBPAGE, is a document that is suitable for the World Wide Web and web browsers . A web browser displays a web page on a monitor or mobile device . The web page is what displays, but the term also refers to a computer file , usually written in HTML
HTML
or comparable markup language . Web browsers coordinate the various web resource elements for the written web page, such as style sheets , scripts , and images , to present the web page. Typical web pages provide hypertext that includes a navigation bar or a sidebar menu to _other_ web pages via hyperlinks , often referred to as _links_. On a network, a web browser can retrieve a web page from a remote web server . On a higher level, the web server may restrict access to only a private network such as a corporate intranet or it provides access to the World Wide Web. On a lower level, the web browser uses the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) to make such requests. A _static web page _ is delivered exactly as stored, as web content in the web server's file system , while a _dynamic web page _ is generated by a web application that is driven by server-side software or client-side scripting. Dynamic website pages help the browser (the client ) to enhance the web page through user input to the server
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Website
A WEBSITE , or simply SITE, is a collection of related web pages , including multimedia content, typically identified with a common domain name , and published on at least one web server . A website may be accessible via a public Internet Protocol (IP) network, such as the Internet
Internet
, or a private local area network (LAN), by referencing a uniform resource locator (URL) that identifies the site. Websites have many functions and can be used in various fashions; a website can be a personal website , a commercial website for a company, a government website or a non-profit organization website. Websites are typically dedicated to a particular topic or purpose, ranging from entertainment and social networking to providing news and education. All publicly accessible websites collectively constitute the World Wide Web , while private websites, such as a company's website for its employees, are typically a part of an intranet . Web pages, which are the building blocks of websites, are documents , typically composed in plain text interspersed with formatting instructions of Hypertext Markup Language ( HTML , X HTML ). They may incorporate elements from other websites with suitable markup anchors
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Search Engine
A WEB SEARCH ENGINE is a software system that is designed to search for information on the World Wide Web. The search results are generally presented in a line of results often referred to as search engine results pages (SERPs). The information may be a mix of web pages , images, and other types of files. Some search engines also mine data available in databases or open directories . Unlike web directories , which are maintained only by human editors, search engines also maintain real-time information by running an algorithm on a web crawler
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Internet Bot
An INTERNET BOT, also known as WEB ROBOT, WWW ROBOT or simply BOT, is a software application that runs automated tasks (scripts) over the Internet
Internet
. Typically, bots perform tasks that are both simple and structurally repetitive, at a much higher rate than would be possible for a human alone. The largest use of bots is in web spidering (_web crawler_), in which an automated script fetches, analyzes and files information from web servers at many times the speed of a human. More than half of all web traffic is made up of bots. Efforts by servers hosting websites to counteract bots vary. Servers may choose to outline rules on the behaviour of internet bots by implementing a robots.txt file: this file is simply text stating the rules governing a bot's behaviour on that server. Any bot interacting with (or 'spidering') any server that does not follow these rules should, in theory, be denied access to, or removed from, the affected website. If the only rule implementation by a server is a posted text file with no associated program/software/app, then adhering to those rules is entirely voluntary – in reality there is no way to enforce those rules, or even to ensure that a bot's creator or implementer acknowledges, or even reads, the robots.txt file contents. Some bots are "good" – e.g. search engine spiders – while others can be used to launch malicious and harsh attacks
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XML
In computing , EXTENSIBLE MARKUP LANGUAGE (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable . The W3C 's XML
XML
1.0 Specification and several other related specifications —all of them free open standards —define XML. The design goals of XML
XML
emphasize simplicity, generality, and usability across the Internet
Internet
. It is a textual data format with strong support via Unicode for different human languages . Although the design of XML
XML
focuses on documents, the language is widely used for the representation of arbitrary data structures such as those used in web services . Several schema systems exist to aid in the definition of XML-based languages, while programmers have developed many application programming interfaces (APIs) to aid the processing of XML
XML
data
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Robots Exclusion Standard
The ROBOTS EXCLUSION STANDARD, also known as the ROBOTS EXCLUSION PROTOCOL or simply ROBOTS.TXT, is a standard used by websites to communicate with web crawlers and other web robots . The standard specifies how to inform the web robot about which areas of the website should not be processed or scanned. Robots are often used by search engines to categorize web sites. Not all robots cooperate with the standard; email harvesters , spambots , malware , and robots that scan for security vulnerabilities may even start with the portions of the website where they have been told to stay out. The standard is different from, but can be used in conjunction with, Sitemaps , a robot _inclusion_ standard for websites. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 About the standard * 3 Security * 4 Alternatives * 5 Examples * 6 Nonstandard extensions * 6.1 Crawl-delay directive * 6.2 Allow directive * 6.3 Sitemap * 6.4 Host * 6.5 Universal "*" match * 7 Meta tags and headers * 8 See also * 9 External resources * 10 References * 11 External links HISTORYThe standard was proposed by Martijn Koster , when working for Nexor in February 1994 on the _www-talk_ mailing list, the main communication channel for WWW-related activities at the time. Charles Stross claims to have provoked Koster to suggest robots.txt, after he wrote a badly-behaved web crawler that inadvertently caused an denial of service attack on Koster's server
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Search Engine Optimization
SEARCH ENGINE OPTIMIZATION (SEO) is the process of affecting the visibility of a website or a web page in a web search engine 's unpaid results—often referred to as "natural", "organic ", or "earned" results. In general, the earlier (or higher ranked on the search results page), and more frequently a site appears in the search results list, the more visitors it will receive from the search engine's users; these visitors can then be converted into customers. SEO may target different kinds of search, including image search , video search , academic search , news search, and industry-specific vertical search engines. SEO differs from local search engine optimization in that the latter is focused on optimizing a business' online presence so that its web pages will be displayed by search engines when a user enters a local search for its products or services. The former instead is more focused on national searches. As an Internet marketing
Internet marketing
strategy, SEO considers how search engines work, what people search for, the actual search terms or keywords typed into search engines and which search engines are preferred by their targeted audience. Optimizing a website may involve editing its content, HTML , and associated coding to both increase its relevance to specific keywords and to remove barriers to the indexing activities of search engines
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Adobe Flash
ADOBE FLASH is a soon to be deprecated multimedia software platform used for production of animations , rich Internet applications , desktop applications , mobile applications , mobile games and embedded web browser video players. Adobe plans to end support for this platform by 2020. Flash displays text, vector graphics and raster graphics to provide animations, video games and applications. It allows streaming of audio and video , and can capture mouse, keyboard, microphone and camera input. Artists may produce Flash graphics and animations using Adobe Animate . Software developers may produce applications and video games using Adobe Flash Builder
Adobe Flash Builder
, FlashDevelop
FlashDevelop
, Flash Catalyst , or any text editor when used with the Apache Flex
Apache Flex
SDK. End-users can view Flash content via Flash Player (for web browsers), AIR (for desktop or mobile apps ) or third-party players such as Scaleform (for video games). Adobe Flash Player (supported on Microsoft Windows , macOS and Linux
Linux
) enables end-users to view Flash content using web browsers . Adobe Flash Lite enabled viewing Flash content on older smartphones , but has been discontinued and superseded by Adobe AIR
Adobe AIR

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JavaScript
com.netscape.javascript-source TYPE OF FORMAT Scripting language Part of a series on JAVASCRIPT * JavaScript syntax * JavaScript library * Unobtrusive JavaScript * JavaScript engine
JavaScript engine
LISTS OF FRAMEWORKS AND LIBRARIES * Ajax frameworks * JavaScript
JavaScript
web frameworks * Comparison of JavaScript frameworks * List of JavaScript libraries * JavaScript
JavaScript
unit testing frameworks JAVASCRIPT OBJECT NOTATION _See also_ * ECMAScript * v * t * e JAVASCRIPT (/ˈdʒɑːvəˌskrɪpt/ ), often abbreviated as JS, is a high-level , dynamic , weakly typed , object-based , multi-paradigm , and interpreted programming language . Alongside HTML
HTML
and CSS
CSS
, JavaScript
JavaScript
is one of the three core technologies of World Wide Web content production . It is used to make webpages interactive and provide online programs, including video games. The majority of websites employ it, and all modern web browsers support it without the need for plug-ins by means of a built-in JavaScript engine
JavaScript engine

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HTML
HYPERTEXT MARKUP LANGUAGE (HTML) is the standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications . With Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and JavaScript it forms a triad of cornerstone technologies for the World Wide Web . Web browsers receive HTML
HTML
documents from a webserver or from local storage and render them into multimedia web pages. HTML
HTML
describes the structure of a web page semantically and originally included cues for the appearance of the document. HTML
HTML
elements are the building blocks of HTML
HTML
pages. With HTML constructs, images and other objects, such as interactive forms, may be embedded into the rendered page. It provides a means to create structured documents by denoting structural semantics for text such as headings, paragraphs, lists, links , quotes and other items. HTML elements are delineated by _tags_, written using angle brackets . Tags such as and introduce content into the page directly. Others such as ... surround and provide information about document text and may include other tags as sub-elements. Browsers do not display the HTML tags, but use them to interpret the content of the page
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Google
GOOGLE is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet
Internet
-related services and products. These include online advertising technologies, search , cloud computing , software , and hardware . Google
Google
was founded in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin while they were Ph.D. students at Stanford University
Stanford University
, in California. Together, they own about 14 percent of its shares, and control 56 percent of the stockholder voting power through supervoting stock . They incorporated Google
Google
as a privately held company on September 4, 1998. An initial public offering (IPO) took place on August 19, 2004, and Google
Google
moved to its new headquarters in Mountain View, California
California
, nicknamed the Googleplex
Googleplex
. In August 2015, Google announced plans to reorganize its various interests as a conglomerate called Alphabet Inc. Google, Alphabet's leading subsidiary, will continue to be the umbrella company for Alphabet's Internet
Internet
interests. Upon completion of the restructure, Sundar Pichai was appointed CEO
CEO
of Google; he replaced Larry Page , who became CEO
CEO
of Alphabet
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Web Crawlers
A WEB CRAWLER, sometimes called a SPIDER, is an Internet bot that systematically browses the World Wide Web , typically for the purpose of Web indexing (_web spidering_). Web search engines and some other sites use Web crawling
Web crawling
or spidering software to update their web content or indices of others sites' web content. Web crawlers can copy all the pages they visit for later processing by a search engine which indexes the downloaded pages so the users can search much more efficiently. Crawlers consume resources on the systems they visit and often visit sites without approval. Issues of schedule, load, and "politeness" come into play when large collections of pages are accessed. Mechanisms exist for public sites not wishing to be crawled to make this known to the crawling agent. For instance, including a robots.txt file can request bots to index only parts of a website , or nothing at all. As the number of pages on the internet is extremely large, even the largest crawlers fall short of making a complete index. For that reason search engines were bad at giving relevant search results in the early years of the World Wide Web, before the year 2000. This is improved greatly by modern search engines; nowadays very good results are given instantly. Crawlers can validate hyperlinks and HTML
HTML
code. They can also be used for web scraping (see also data-driven programming )
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