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Simplified Characters
SIMPLIFIED CHINESE CHARACTERS (简化字; jiǎnhuàzì) are standardized Chinese characters
Chinese characters
prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
Characters for use in mainland China . Along with traditional Chinese characters
Chinese characters
, it is one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language . The government of the People\'s Republic of China
Republic of China
in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s in an attempt to increase literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China
Republic of China
and Singapore
Singapore

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Singapore
SINGAPORE (/ˈsɪŋəpɔːr/ ( listen ), /ˈsɪŋɡə-/ ), officially the REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
. It lies one degree (137 kilometres or 85 miles) north of the equator , at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula , with Indonesia
Indonesia
's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia
to the north. Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets . Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23% (130 square kilometres or 50 square miles)
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Hong Kong
HONG KONG (Chinese : 香港, Cantonese: ), officially the HONG KONG SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGION OF THE PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, is an autonomous territory on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia
East Asia
, south of the mainland Chinese province of Guangdong
Guangdong
, and east of the special administrative region of Macau
Macau
. With over 7.3 million Hongkongers of various nationalities in a territory of 1,104 km2, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
is the fourth-most densely populated region in the world . Hong Kong
Hong Kong
was formerly a colony of the British Empire
British Empire
, after the perpetual cession of Hong Kong Island from Qing China
China
at the conclusion of the First Opium War
First Opium War
in 1842
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Government Of China
Government
Government
of the People's Republic of China TRADITIONAL CHINESE 中華人民共和國政府 SIMPLIFIED CHINESE 中华人民共和国政府 TRANSCRIPTIONS STANDARD MANDARIN HANYU PINYIN Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Zhèngfǔ CHINA This article is part of a series on the politics and government of China
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Mainland China
MAINLAND CHINA, also known as the CHINESE MAINLAND, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People\'s Republic of China
China
(PRC). It includes Hainan
Hainan
island and strictly speaking, politically, includes the special administrative regions of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau
, even though both are partially on the geographic mainland (continental landmass), although Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau
can appear alongside Mainland China. The term "mainland China" was coined by the Kuomintang
Kuomintang
(KMT Party) after receiving control of Taiwan
Taiwan
from Japan
Japan
after World War II
World War II

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Replacement Character
SPECIALS is a short Unicode
Unicode
block allocated at the very end of the Basic Multilingual Plane
Basic Multilingual Plane
, at U+FFF0–FFFF. Of these 16 code points, five are assigned as of Unicode
Unicode
10.0: * U+FFF9 INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION ANCHOR, marks start of annotated text * U+FFFA INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION SEPARATOR, marks start of annotating character(s) * U+FFFB INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION TERMINATOR, marks end of annotation block * U+FFFC  OBJECT REPLACEMENT CHARACTER, placeholder in the text for another unspecified object, for example in a compound document . * U+FFFD � REPLACEMENT CHARACTER used to replace an unknown, unrecognized or unrepresentable character * U+FFFE not a character. * U+FFFF not a character.FFFE and FFFF are not unassigned in the usual sense, but guaranteed not to be a Unicode
Unicode
character at all
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Macau
MACAU (/məˈkaʊ/ ( listen ); 澳門; 澳门; literally: "Bay Gate"), also spelled MACAO, is an autonomous region on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia
East Asia
. Macau
Macau
is bordered by the city of Zhuhai
Zhuhai
in Mainland China
China
to the north and the Pearl River Delta to the east and south. Hong Kong
Hong Kong
lies about 64 kilometres (40 mi) to its east across the Delta. With a population of 650,900 living in an area of 30.5 km2 (11.8 sq mi), it is the most densely populated region in the world. A former Portuguese colony, it was returned to Chinese sovereignty on 20 December 1999. Macau
Macau
was administered by the Portuguese Empire
Portuguese Empire
and its inheritor states from the mid-16th century until late 1999, when it constituted the last remaining European colony in Asia
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Logographic
In written language , a LOGOGRAM or LOGOGRAPH is a written character that represents a word or phrase . Chinese characters
Chinese characters
and Japanese kanji are logograms; some Egyptian hieroglyphs
Egyptian hieroglyphs
and some graphemes in cuneiform script are also logograms. The use of logograms in writing is called logography. A writing system that is based on logograms is called a logographic system. In alphabets and syllabaries , individual written characters represent sounds rather than concepts. These characters are called phonograms . Unlike logograms, phonograms do not necessarily have meaning by themselves, but are combined to make words and phrases that have meaning. Writing language in this way is called phonemic orthography
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Bird-worm Seal Script
BIRD-WORM SEAL SCRIPT ( Simplified Chinese : 鸟虫篆; Traditional Chinese : 鳥蟲篆; Pinyin
Pinyin
: Niǎo Chóng Zhuàn) is a type of ancient seal script originating in China
China
. CONTENTS * 1 Names * 2 Introduction and history * 3 Usage * 4 See also * 5 References NAMESThe Chinese character
Chinese character
"鸟" (or "鳥" in traditional Chinese, and "Niǎo" in Pinyin) means "BIRD". The Chinese character
Chinese character
"虫" (or "蟲" in traditional Chinese, and "Chóng" in Pinyin) means any creature that looks like a "worm", including invertebrate worms and reptiles such as snakes and lizards (and even the Chinese dragon). The character "篆" means "SEAL (SCRIPT)". Other names for this kind of seal script: * NIAO-CHONG SCRIPT (Simplified Chinese: 鸟虫书; Traditional Chinese: 鳥蟲書; Pinyin: Niǎo Chóng Shū)
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East Asian Sans-serif Typeface
GOTHIC TYPEFACES (simplified Chinese : 黑体; traditional Chinese : 黑體; pinyin : hēitǐ; Japanese : ゴシック体 goshikku-tai; Korean : 돋움 dotum, 고딕체 godik-che) are a type style characterised by strokes of even thickness and lack of decorations akin to sans serif styles in Western typography . It is the second most commonly used style in East Asian typography, after Ming . CONTENTS* 1 Characteristics * 1.1 Classifications * 2 Sans-serif typefaces in computing * 3 See also * 4 External links CHARACTERISTICSSimilar to Ming and Song typefaces , sans-serif typefaces were designed for printing, but they were also designed for legibility. They are commonly used in headlines, signs, and video applications
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Mao Zedong
MAO ZEDONG (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976), commonly known as CHAIRMAN MAO, was a Chinese communist revolutionary, poet, political theorist and founding father of the People\'s Republic of China
China
, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. His theories, military strategies, and political policies are collectively known as Maoism . Mao Zedong was the son of a wealthy farmer in Shaoshan , Hunan . Mao adopted a Chinese nationalist and anti-imperialist outlook early in his life, and was particularly influenced by the events of the Xinhai Revolution
Revolution
of 1911 and May Fourth Movement
May Fourth Movement
of 1919
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Overseas Chinese
OVERSEAS CHINESE (traditional Chinese : 海外華人; simplified Chinese : 海外华人; pinyin : Hǎiwài Huárén) are people of Chinese birth or descent who live outside the People\'s Republic of China
China
(the Mainland , Hong Kong
Hong Kong
, Macau
Macau
) and Republic of China (Taiwan) . People of partial Chinese ancestry living outside the Greater China Area may also consider themselves overseas Chinese. Overseas Chinese
Overseas Chinese
can be of the Han Chinese ethnic majority, or from any of the other ethnic groups in China
China
. On a per capita basis, Singapore
Singapore
has the highest proportion of Overseas Chinese
Overseas Chinese
outside of Greater China , while Australia
Australia
has the highest proportion outside of Asia
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Taiwan
TAIWAN (/ˌtaɪˈwɑːn/ ( listen )), officially the REPUBLIC OF CHINA (ROC), is a state in East Asia
East Asia
. Its neighbors include the People\'s Republic of China
China
(PRC) to the west, Japan
Japan
to the northeast, and the Philippines
Philippines
to the south. Taiwan
Taiwan
is the most populous state and largest economy that is not a member of the United Nations
United Nations
. The island of Taiwan
Taiwan
, formerly known as Formosa, was inhabited by aborigines before the 17th century, when Dutch and Spanish colonies opened the island to mass Han immigration. After a brief rule by the Kingdom of Tungning
Kingdom of Tungning
, the island was annexed by the Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
, the last dynasty of China
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Unicode
UNICODE is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding , representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems . The latest version contains a repertoire of 136,755 characters covering 139 modern and historic scripts , as well as multiple symbol sets. The Unicode
Unicode
Standard is maintained in conjunction with ISO/IEC 10646 , and both are code-for-code identical. The Unicode
Unicode
Standard consists of a set of code charts for visual reference, an encoding method and set of standard character encodings , a set of reference data files , and a number of related items, such as character properties, rules for normalization , decomposition, collation , rendering, and bidirectional display order (for the correct display of text containing both right-to-left scripts, such as Arabic and Hebrew , and left-to-right scripts)
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Republic Of China
TAIWAN (/ˌtaɪˈwɑːn/ ( listen )), officially the REPUBLIC OF CHINA (ROC), is a state in East Asia
East Asia
. Its neighbors include China (officially the People's Republic of China, PRC) to the west, Japan
Japan
to the northeast, and the Philippines
Philippines
to the south. Taiwan
Taiwan
is the most populous state that is not a member of the United Nations
United Nations
and the largest economy outside the UN. The island of Taiwan
Taiwan
, formerly known as Formosa, was inhabited by Taiwanese aborigines
Taiwanese aborigines
before the 17th century, when Dutch and Spanish colonies opened the island to mass Han immigration. After a brief rule by the Kingdom of Tungning
Kingdom of Tungning
, the island was annexed by the Qing dynasty , the last dynasty of China
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Zhuyin
Egyptian hieroglyphs
Egyptian hieroglyphs
32 c. BCE * Hieratic
Hieratic
32 c. BCE * Demotic 7 c. BCE * Meroitic 3 c. BCE* Proto-Sinaitic 19 c. BCE * Ugaritic 15 c. BCE* Epigraphic South Arabian 9 c. BCE * Ge’ez 5–6 c. BCE* Phoenician 12 c. BCE * Paleo-Hebrew 10 c. BCE * Samaritan 6 c. BCE* Libyco-Berber
Libyco-Berber
3 c. BCE * Tifinagh
Tifinagh
* Paleohispanic (semi-syllabic) 7 c. BCE* Aramaic 8 c. BCE * Kharoṣṭhī
Kharoṣṭhī
4 c. BCE* Brāhmī 4 c. BCE * Brahmic family
Brahmic family
(see) * E.g. Tibetan 7 c. CE * Hangul
Hangul
(core letters only) 1443* Devanagari
Devanagari
13 c. CE * Canadian syllabics 1840 * Hebrew 3 c. BCE* Pahlavi 3 c. BCE * Avestan 4 c. CE * Palmyrene 2 c. BCE* Syriac 2 c. BCE * Nabataean 2 c
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