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Simcha Bunim Alter
SIMCHA BUNIM ALTER ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: שמחה בונים אלתר‎; April 6, 1898 – August 6, 1992), also known as the LEV SIMCHA (Hebrew: לב שמחה) after the works he authored, was the sixth Rebbe
Rebbe
of the Hasidic dynasty of Ger , a position he held from 1977 until his passing. In 1980, he instituted Yerushalmi Yomi, the daily learning of a page of the Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Talmud , similar to the renowned Daf Yomi for the Babylonian Talmud . He died of unknown causes on July 7, 1992 (7th of Tammuz 5752) and was interred in the cave of the Gerrer Rebbes in the Mount of Olives cemetery
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Babylonian Talmud
—— Tannaitic —— * Mishnah
Mishnah
* Tosefta
Tosefta
—— Amoraic ( Gemara
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Góra Kalwaria
GóRA KALWARIA is a town on the Vistula
Vistula
River in the Mazovian Voivodship , Poland, about 25 kilometres (16 miles) southeast of Warsaw
Warsaw
. It has a population of about 11,000 (1992). The town has significance for both Catholic Christians and Hasidic
Hasidic
Jews. Originally, its name was simply GóRA (literally: "Mountain"), changed in 1670 to NOWA JEROZOLIMA ("New Jerusalem
Jerusalem
"), and in the 18th century to Góra Kalwaria
Góra Kalwaria
(" Calvary
Calvary
Mountain"). Major industries previously included food processing ( Hortex ), sports equipment (Polsport ), and chemical industry . However, by 2005, they had all closed. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 People * 3 See also * 4 External links HISTORY Historic town hall The village of Góra already existed in the 13th century
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Ger (Hasidic Dynasty)
GER, or GUR (or GERRER when used as an adjective) is a Hasidic dynasty originating from Ger, the Yiddish name of Góra Kalwaria
Góra Kalwaria
, a small town in Poland
Poland
. The founder of the dynasty was Rabbi Yitzchak Meir Alter (1798–1866), known as the Chiddushei HaRim after his primary scholarly work by that title. Prior to the Holocaust , followers of Ger were estimated to number in excess of 100,000, making it the largest and most influential Hasidic groups in Poland. Today, the movement is based in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, and its membership is estimated at 13,000 families, most of whom live in Israel
Israel
, making Ger the largest Hasidic dynasty in Israel. However, there are also well-established Ger communities in Brooklyn, New York, and London, UK; and minor Ger communities in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and Los Angeles, California
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Tammuz (Hebrew Month)
TAMMUZ (Hebrew : תמוז‎‎: Standard Tammuz, Tiberian Tammûz), or TAMUZ, is the tenth month of the civil year and the fourth month of the ecclesiastical year on the Hebrew calendar
Hebrew calendar
, and the Assyrian calendar . It is a boreal summer month of 29 days, which occurs on the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
around June–July. The name of the month was adopted from the Assyrian and Babylonian month Araḫ Dumuzu, named in honour of the Assyro-Babylonian god Tammuz . CONTENTS * 1 Holidays in Tammuz * 2 Tammuz in Jewish history * 3 Other uses * 4 References In fiction * 5 References HOLIDAYS IN TAMMUZ17 TAMMUZ - Seventeenth of Tammuz – (Fast Day) 17 Tammuz is a fast day from 1 hour before sunrise to sundown in remembrance of Jerusalem's walls being breached
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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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Library Of Congress Control Number
The LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CONTROL NUMBER (LCCN) is a serially based system of numbering cataloging records in the Library of Congress in the United States. It has nothing to do with the contents of any book, and should not be confused with Library of Congress Classification . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Format * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe LCCN numbering system has been in use since 1898, at which time the acronym LCCN originally stood for Library of Congress Card Number. It has also been called the Library of Congress Catalog Card Number, among other names. The Library of Congress prepared cards of bibliographic information for their library catalog and would sell duplicate sets of the cards to other libraries for use in their catalogs. This is known as centralized cataloging. Each set of cards was given a serial number to help identify it
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Judaism
JUDAISM (from Latin : Iudaismus, derived from Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, originally from Hebrew יהודה‎, Yehudah, "Judah "; in Hebrew: יהדות‎, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos ) is an ancient monotheistic Abrahamic religion
Abrahamic religion
, with the Torah
Torah
as its foundational text (part of the larger text known as the Tanakh
Tanakh
or Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
), and supplemental oral tradition represented by later texts such as the Midrash
Midrash
and the Talmud . It encompasses the religion , philosophy , culture and way of life of the Jewish people . Judaism
Judaism
is considered by religious Jews
Jews
to be the expression of the covenantal relationship that God
God
established with the Children of Israel
Israel

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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Hasidic Judaism
HASIDISM, sometimes HASIDIC JUDAISM ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: חסידות‎, hasidut, Ashkenazi pronunciation : ; originally, "piety"), is a Jewish religious sect. It arose as a spiritual revival movement in contemporary Western Ukraine
Western Ukraine
during the 18th century and spread rapidly throughout Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
. Today, most affiliates reside in the United States
United States
, Israel
Israel
, and Britain . Israel
Israel
Ben Eliezer, the " Baal Shem Tov
Baal Shem Tov
", is regarded as its founding father, and his disciples developed and disseminated it. Present-day Hasidism is a sub-group within Ultra-Orthodox ("Haredi") Judaism and is noted for its religious conservatism and social seclusion
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Jerusalem Talmud
—— Tannaitic —— * Mishnah
Mishnah
* Tosefta
Tosefta
—— Amoraic ( Gemara
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Jerusalem
JERUSALEM (/dʒəˈruːsələm/ ; Hebrew
Hebrew
: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם‎ Yerushalayim ; Arabic : القُدس‎‎ al-Quds ) is a city in the Middle East
Middle East
, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains
Judaean Mountains
between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea
Dead Sea
. Israelis and Palestinians both claim Jerusalem
Jerusalem
as their capital, as the State of Israel
Israel
maintains its primary governmental institutions there while the State of Palestine ultimately foresees the city as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally
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Rebbe
REBBE (Hebrew : רבי‎‎) /ˈrɛbɛ/ or /ˈrɛbi/ , is a Yiddish word derived from the Hebrew word rabbi , which means "master, teacher, or mentor". Like the title "rabbi" it refers to teachers of Torah
Torah
or leaders of Judaism . In common parlance of modern times, the term "The Rebbe" is often used specifically by Hasidim to refer to the leader of their Hasidic movement
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Hebrew
HEBREW (/ˈhiːbruː/ ; עִבְרִית‎, Ivrit ( listen ) or ( listen )) is a Northwest Semitic language native to Israel
Israel
, spoken by over 9 million people worldwide. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites and their ancestors, although the language was not referred to by the name Hebrew
Hebrew
in the Tanakh
Tanakh
. The earliest examples of written Paleo- Hebrew
Hebrew
date from the 10th century BCE. Hebrew
Hebrew
belongs to the West Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family. Hebrew
Hebrew
is the only living Canaanite language left, and the only truly successful example of a revived dead language . Hebrew
Hebrew
had ceased to be an everyday spoken language somewhere between 200 and 400 CE, declining since the aftermath of the Bar Kokhba revolt
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Mount Of Olives
The MOUNT OF OLIVES or MOUNT OLIVET (Hebrew : הַר הַזֵּיתִים‎, Har ha-Zeitim; Arabic : جبل الزيتون, الطور‎‎, Jabal al-Zaytun, Al-Tur) is a mountain ridge east of and adjacent to Jerusalem\'s Old City . It is named for the olive groves that once covered its slopes. The southern part of the Mount was the Silwan necropolis , attributed to the ancient Judean kingdom . The Mount has been used as a Jewish cemetery for over 3,000 years and holds approximately 150,000 graves, making it central in the tradition of Jewish cemeteries . Several key events in the life of Jesus