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Silures
The SILURES were a powerful and warlike tribe or tribal confederation of ancient Britain , occupying what is now south east Wales
Wales
and perhaps some adjoining areas. They were bordered to the north by the Ordovices
Ordovices
; to the east by the Dobunni
Dobunni
; and to the west by the Demetae
Demetae
. CONTENTS * 1 Origins * 2 Etymology * 3 Fierce resistance to Roman forces * 4 Romanization * 5 The term "Silurian" * 6 References ORIGINSAccording to Tacitus
Tacitus
's biography of Agricola , the Silures
Silures
usually had a dark complexion and curly hair. Due to their appearance, Tacitus believed they had crossed over from Spain at an earlier date. "..
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Roman Empire
Mediolanum (286–402, Western ) Augusta Treverorum
Augusta Treverorum
Sirmium Ravenna
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Forum (Roman)
A FORUM ( Latin
Latin
forum "public place outdoors", plural fora; English plural either fora or forums) was a public square in a Roman municipium , or any civitas , reserved primarily for the vending of goods; i.e., a marketplace, along with the buildings used for shops and the stoas used for open stalls. Many forums were constructed at remote locations along a road by the magistrate responsible for the road, in which case the forum was the only settlement at the site and had its own name, such as Forum Popili or Forum Livi . CONTENTS * 1 The functions of a forum * 2 Typical forum structures * 3 Equivalent spaces in other cultures * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links THE FUNCTIONS OF A FORUM The Forum of Jerash , in Jordan. The columns mark the location of a stoa , or covered walkway, where the stalls of open-air vendors might be located in bad weather
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Temple
A TEMPLE (from the Latin
Latin
word templum ) is a structure reserved for religious or spiritual rituals and activities such as prayer and sacrifice . It is typically used for such buildings belonging to all faiths where a more specific term such as church , mosque or synagogue is not generally used in English. These include Hinduism
Hinduism
, Buddhism
Buddhism
, and Jainism
Jainism
among religions with many modern followers, as well as other ancient religions such as Ancient Egyptian religion . The form and function of temples is thus very variable, though they are often considered by believers to be in some sense the "house" of one or more deities . Typically offerings of some sort are made to the deity, and other rituals enacted, and a special group of clergy maintain and operate the temple
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Silchester
SILCHESTER is a village and civil parish about 5 miles (8 km) north of Basingstoke
Basingstoke
in Hampshire. It is adjacent to the county boundary with Berkshire
Berkshire
and about 9 miles (14 km) south-west of Reading . Silchester
Silchester
is most notable for the archaeological site and Roman town of Calleva Atrebatum , an Iron Age settlement first occupied by the Romans in about AD 45 and includes what is considered the best-preserved Roman wall in Great Britain. CONTENTS * 1 Location * 2 Local government * 3 Transport * 4 Manor * 5 Church and chapel * 6 Iron Age "> Parish church of St Mary the Virgin behind the Roman town wall The Church of England
England
parish church of St Mary the Virgin is just within the walls of the former Roman town, possibly on the site of a Roman temple
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Calleva Atrebatum
CALLEVA, formally CALLEVA ATREBATUM ("Calleva of the Atrebates
Atrebates
"), was an Iron Age
Iron Age
oppidum and subsequently a town in the Roman province of Britannia
Britannia
and the civitas capital of the Atrebates
Atrebates
tribe. Its ruins are now known as SILCHESTER ROMAN TOWN and are beneath and to the west of the Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin , which is just within the town wall and about 1 mile (1.6 km) to the east of the modern village of Silchester
Silchester
, in the English county of Hampshire
Hampshire
close to the boundary with Berkshire
Berkshire
. Reading is centred 9 miles (14 km) north-east and Basingstoke
Basingstoke
5 miles (8.0 km) south. The Ordnance Survey grid reference is SU639624
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Siluria, Alabama
SILURIA is a former town and now a neighborhood in Alabaster, Alabama , located in Shelby County, Alabama
Alabama
in the Birmingham, Alabama, metropolitan area . It was the home of a large cotton mill and company-built mill village which began operations in 1896 and finally closed in 1979. It was incorporated on 25 May 1954, but was later annexed by Alabaster in May 1971. It's named for the Silurian geological period because of rocks found there. A post office was established in 1872, and remained in operation until it was discontinued in 1972. CONTENTS * 1 Demographics * 2 Notable people * 3 References * 4 External links DEMOGRAPHICS HISTORICAL POPULATION CENSUS POP. %± 1960 736 — 1970 678 −7.9% U.S
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Caerleon
CAERLEON (/kərˈliːən/ ; Welsh : Caerllion) is a suburban town and community , situated on the River Usk in the northern outskirts of the city of Newport, Wales . Caerleon
Caerleon
is a site of archaeological importance, being the location of a notable Roman legionary fortress , Isca Augusta , and an Iron Age
Iron Age
hillfort . The Wales
Wales
National Roman Legion Museum and Roman Baths Museum are in Caerleon
Caerleon
close to the remains of Isca Augusta. The town also has strong historical and literary associations, as Geoffrey of Monmouth elevated the significance of Caerleon
Caerleon
as a major centre of British history in his Historia Regum Britanniæ , and Alfred Lord Tennyson
Alfred Lord Tennyson
wrote Idylls of the King while staying there
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Amphitheatre
An AMPHITHEATRE or AMPHITHEATER /ˈæmfɪˌθiːətər/ is an open-air venue used for entertainment, performances, and sports. The term derives from the ancient Greek ἀμφιθέατρον (amphitheatron), from ἀμφί (amphi), meaning "on both sides" or "around" and θέατρον (théātron), meaning "place for viewing". Ancient Roman amphitheatres
Ancient Roman amphitheatres
were oval or circular in plan, with seating tiers that surrounded the central performance area, like a modern open-air stadium . In contrast both ancient Greek and ancient Roman theatres were built in a semicircle, with tiered seating rising on one side of the performance area. In modern usage, an "amphitheatre" is theatre-style stages with spectator seating on only one side, theatres in the round , and stadia. Natural formations of similar shape are sometimes known as natural amphitheatres
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Mars
7006339620000000000♠3,396.2±0.1 km   0.533 Earths POLAR RADIUS 7006337620000000000♠3,376.2±0.1 km   0.531 Earths FLATTENING 6997589000000000000♠0.00589±0.00015 SURFACE AREA 7014144798500000000♠144,798,500 km2 0.284 Earths VOLUME 7020163180000000000♠1.6318×1011 km3 0.151 Earths MASS 7023641710000000000♠6.4171×1023 kg 0.107 Earths MEAN DENSITY 7000393350000000000♠3.9335±0.0004 g/cm³ SURFACE GRAVITY 7000371100000000000♠3.711 m/s² 0.376 g MOMENT OF INERTIA FACTOR 6999366200000000000♠0.3662±0.0017 ESCAPE VELOCITY 5.027 km/s SIDEREAL ROTATION PERIOD 7004886426848000000♠1.025957 d 24h 37m 22s EQUATORIAL ROTATION VELOCITY 868.22 km/h (241.17 m/s) AXIAL TILT 25.19° to its orbital plane NORTH POLE RIGHT ASCENSION 21h 10m 44s 7000554458692594390♠317.68143°


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South Wales
SOUTH WALES (Welsh : De Cymru) is the region of Wales
Wales
bordered by England
England
and the Bristol Channel
Bristol Channel
to the east and south, and Mid Wales and West Wales
Wales
to the north and west. The most densely populated region in the southwest of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, it is home to around 2.2 million people. The region contains almost three-quarters of the population of Wales, including the capital city of Cardiff
Cardiff
(population approximately 350,000), as well as Swansea and Newport , with populations approximately 240,000 and 150,000 respectively. The Brecon Beacons national park covers about a third of South Wales, containing Pen y Fan
Pen y Fan
, the highest mountain south of Snowdonia
Snowdonia

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Geologic Period
A GEOLOGIC PERIOD is one of several subdivisions of geologic time enabling cross-referencing of rocks and geologic events from place to place. These periods form elements of a hierarchy of divisions into which geologists have split the Earth\'s history . Eons and eras are larger subdivisions than periods while periods themselves may be divided into epochs and ages . The rocks formed during a period belong to a stratigraphic unit called a system . CONTENTS * 1 Structure * 2 Correlation issues * 3 See also * 4 References STRUCTUREThe twelve currently recognised periods of the present eon – the Phanerozoic
Phanerozoic
– are defined by the International Commission on Stratigraphy
Stratigraphy
(ICS) by reference to the stratigraphy at particular locations around the world
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Roderick Murchison
RODERICK IMPEY MURCHISON, 1ST BARONET KCB DCL FRS FRSE
FRSE
FLS PRGS PBA MRIA (22 February 1792 – 22 October 1871) was a Scottish geologist who first described and investigated the Silurian
Silurian
system. CONTENTS * 1 Early life and work * 2 Silurian
Silurian
system * 3 Scotland
Scotland
* 4 Later life * 5 Legacy * 5.1 Memorials * 6 Bibliography * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links EARLY LIFE AND WORKMurchison was born at Tarradale House , Muir of Ord , Ross-shire , the son of Kenneth Murchison. His wealthy father died in 1796, when Roderick was 4 years old, and he was sent to Durham School 3 years later, and then the military college at Great Marlow
Great Marlow
to be trained for the army. In 1808 he landed with Wellesley in Galicia , and was present at the actions of Roliça and Vimeiro
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Celt
Pontic Steppe * Domestication of the horse * Kurgan
Kurgan
* Kurgan
Kurgan
culture * Steppe cultures * Bug-Dniester * Sredny Sto
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King Arthur
KING ARTHUR is a legendary British leader who, according to medieval histories and romances , led the defence of Britain against Saxon invaders in the late 5th and early 6th centuries AD. The details of Arthur's story are mainly composed of folklore and literary invention, and his historical existence is debated and disputed by modern historians. The sparse historical background of Arthur
Arthur
is gleaned from various sources, including the Annales Cambriae , the Historia Brittonum , and the writings of Gildas . Arthur's name also occurs in early poetic sources such as Y Gododdin
Y Gododdin
. Arthur
Arthur
is a central figure in the legends making up the Matter of Britain
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