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Siem Reap
Siem Reap
Siem Reap
(Khmer: ក្រុងសៀមរាប, pronounced [siəm riəp]; Thai: เสียมราฐ) is the capital city of Siem Reap Province in northwestern Cambodia. It is a popular resort town and a gateway to the Angkor
Angkor
region. Siem Reap
Siem Reap
has colonial and Chinese-style architecture in the Old French Quarter, and around the Old Market. In the city, there are museums, traditional Apsara dance performances, a Cambodian cultural village, souvenir and handicraft shops, silk farms, rice-paddies in the countryside, fishing villages and a bird sanctuary near the Tonle Sap Lake, and a vibrant, cosmopolitan drinking and dining scene. Siem Reap
Siem Reap
today—being a popular tourist destination—has a large number of hotels, resorts, restaurants and businesses closely related to tourism
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Siem Reap Province
A province is almost always an administrative division, within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman provincia, which was the major territorial and administrative unit of the Roman Empire's territorial possessions outside Italy. The term province has since been adopted by many countries, and in those with no actual provinces, it has come to mean "outside the capital city". While some provinces were produced artificially by colonial powers, others were formed around local groups with their own ethnic identities. Many have their own powers independent of federal authority, especially in Canada
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Ayutthaya Kingdom
Phitsanulok
Phitsanulok
(1463–1488) Ayutthaya (1488–1666) Lopburi
Lopburi
(1666–1688) Ayutthaya (1688–1767)Languages Ayutthayan ThaiReligion Majority:
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Chiang Mai
Chiang Mai
Chiang Mai
(/ˌtʃæŋ ˈmaɪ/, from Thai: เชียงใหม่  [tɕʰiəŋ màj] ( listen), Lanna: ᨩ᩠ᨿᨦᩉ᩠ᨾᩲ᩵ [t͡ɕīaŋ.màj] ( listen)) sometimes written as "Chiengmai" or "Chiangmai", is the largest city in northern Thailand. It is the capital of Chiang Mai Province
Chiang Mai Province
and was a former capital of the kingdom of Lan Na
Lan Na
(1296–1768), which later became the Kingdom of Chiang Mai, a tributary state of Siam
Siam
from 1774 to 1899, and finally the seat of a princely rulers until 1939. It is 700 km (435 mi) north of Bangkok
Bangkok
and is situated amongst the highest mountains in the country
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Royal Barge Procession
Thailand's Royal Barge Procession (Thai: กระบวนพยุหยาตราชลมารค; RTGS: Krabuan Phayuhayattra Chonlamak) is a ceremony of both religious and royal significance which has been taking place for nearly 700 years. The exquisitely crafted Royal Barges are a blend of craftsmanship and traditional Thai art. The Royal Barge Procession takes place rarely, typically coinciding with only the most significant cultural and religious events. During the reign of King Bhumibol Adulyadej, spanning over 70 years, the Procession has only occurred 16 times. The Royal Barge Procession, in the present, consists of 52 barges: 51 historical Barges, and the Royal Barge, the Narai Song Suban, which King Rama IX built in 1994. It is the only Barge built during King Bhumibol's reign. These barges are manned by 2,082 oarsmen
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Prachin Buri
Prachinburi (Thai: ปราจีนบุรี, RTGS: Prachin Buri, pronounced [prāː.t͡ɕīːn bū.rīː]) is a town (thesaban mueang) in central Thailand, capital of Prachinburi Province. It covers the entire tambon Na Mueang of the Mueang Prachinburi District. As of 2000, the population of the town was 25,157.[1]Contents1 Geography 2 Climate 3 Transportation 4 Hospital 5 References 6 External linksGeography[edit] Prachinburi is on the banks of the Prachinburi River, about 100 kilometres (62 mi) northeast of Bangkok. Most of the city's environs are flats alluvial plains, but the foothills of the Sankamphaeng Range begin to rise about 10 kilometres (6 mi) to the north. Climate[edit] Prachinburi has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Winters are dry and very warm. Temperatures rise until April, which is very hot with the average daily maximum at 36.8 °C (98.2 °F)
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Suphanburi
Suphan Buri
Suphan Buri
(Thai pronunciation: [sù.pʰān būrīː]) is a town (thesaban mueang) in central Thailand. It covers the whole tambon Tha Philiang and parts of tambons Rua Yai and Tha Rahat, all within the Mueang Suphan Buri
Suphan Buri
District. As of 2006 it had a population of 26,656. The town is 101 km north-northwest of Bangkok.Contents1 Geography 2 Climate 3 Culture 4 Transportation 5 Gallery 6 External linksGeography[edit] Suphan Buri
Suphan Buri
lies on the Tha Chin River
Tha Chin River
(known locally as the Suphan River), at an elevation of 11 metres (36 ft). The surrounding area is low-lying and flat, with rice farms covering much of the land. Climate[edit] Suphan Buri
Suphan Buri
has a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Winters are quite dry and very warm
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Sawankhalok
Sawankhalok (Thai: สวรรคโลก, pronounced [sā.wǎn.kʰā.lôːk]) is a district (amphoe) in the northern part of Sukhothai Province, in the lower north of Thailand.[1][2]Contents1 Geography 2 History 3 Ceramics 4 Administration 5 References 6 External linksGeography[edit] Neighboring districts are (from the south clockwise) Si Samrong, Thung Saliam, Si Satchanalai, Si Nakhon of Sukhothai Province, Phichai of Uttaradit Province and Phrom Phiram of Phitsanulok Province. History[edit] The district was originally the capital district of Sawankhalok province, which in 1932 was merged with Sukhothai province.[3] The new province was at first named Sawankhalok, but in 1939 was renamed to Sukhothai and its capital district moved to Sukhothai district.[4] In 1917, the district was renamed from Mueang (เมือง) to Wang Mai Khon (วังไม้ขอน).[5] 1938 it was named Mueang Sawankhalok (เมืองสวรรคโลก),[6] whic
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Vassal State
A vassal state is any state that is subordinate to another. The vassal in these cases is the ruler, rather than the state itself. Being a vassal most commonly implies providing military assistance to the dominant state when requested to do so; it sometimes implies paying tribute, but a state which does so is better described as a tributary state. In simpler terms the vassal state would have to provide military power to the dominant state
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António Da Madalena
António da Madalena (sometimes spelled, in English, Antonio da Magdalena) was a Portuguese Capuchin friar who was the first Western visitor to Angkor. He was born in Coimbra and lived in the Alcobaça Monastery from 1575 to 1579. He travelled to Goa in 1580, to establish a library for his order. In 1583 he travelled overland to what is today Cambodia, where in 1586 he was the first Western visitor to Angkor. In 1589, gave an account of his impressions to the historian Diogo do Couto before being killed in a shipwreck off Natal
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Chairacha
Chairachathirat[1] (Thai: ไชยราชาธิราช), or Chai[2]:37 reigned 1534–1546 as King of the Ayutthaya kingdom
Ayutthaya kingdom
of Siam. His reign was remarkable for the influx of Portuguese traders, mercenaries, and early Modern warfare technology.Contents1 Uparaja 2 Coup 3 King of Ayutthaya3.1 Burmese invasion of Muang Chiang Kran 3.2 Sukhothai nobles4 Mysterious death 5 ReferencesUparaja[edit] Prince Chairachathirat was a son of King Ramathibodi II. In 1533, following the death of his brother Borommaracha IV, his nephew Prince Ratsadathirat (Borommaracha IV's son) succeeded the Ayutthayan throne. Chairachathirat was then appointed the Uparaja of Pitsanulok. Coup[edit] Government authority under five-year-old Ratsadathirat proved to be weak
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Khmer Rouge
The Khmer Rouge
Khmer Rouge
(/kəˈmɛər ˈruːʒ/, French: [kmɛʁ ʁuʒ], "Red Khmers"; Khmer: ខ្មែរក្រហម Khmer Kror-Horm) was the name given to Cambodian (Khmer) communists (rouge, French for red) and later the followers of the Communist Party of Kampuchea
Communist Party of Kampuchea
in Cambodia
Cambodia
who infamously carried out the Cambodian genocide. The Khmer Rouge's army was slowly built up in the jungles of Eastern Cambodia
Cambodia
during the late 1960s and was supported by the North Vietnamese army, the Viet Cong, and the Pathet Lao. The Khmer Rouge won the Cambodian Civil War
Cambodian Civil War
when, in 1975, they captured the Cambodian capital and overthrew the government of the Khmer Republic
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Pol Pot
Pol Pot
Pol Pot
(/pɒl pɒt/, US: /poʊl/; Khmer: ប៉ុល ពត; 19 May 1925 – 15 April 1998[1][2]) was a Cambodian revolutionary and politician who served as the Prime Minister of Democratic Kampuchea from 1976 to 1979. Ideologically a Marxist-Leninist and Khmer nationalist, he led the Khmer Rouge[4] group from 1963 until 1997. From 1963 to 1981, he served as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea. Born Saloth Sar (Khmer: សាឡុត ស) to a prosperous farmer in Prek Sbauv, French Cambodia, Pol Pot
Pol Pot
was educated at some of Cambodia's elite schools. In the 1940s he moved to Paris, France, where he joined the French Communist Party
French Communist Party
and adopted Marxism-Leninism, particularly as it was presented in the writings of Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
and Mao Zedong
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Buddhist
Buddhism
Buddhism
(/ˈbʊdɪzəm, ˈbuː-/)[1][2] is a religion[3][4] and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies. Buddhism
Buddhism
originated in Ancient India
India
sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, from where it spread through much of Asia, whereafter it declined in India
India
during the Middle Ages. Two major extant branches of Buddhism
Buddhism
are generally recognized by scholars: Theravada
Theravada
(Pali: "The School of the Elders") and Mahayana
Mahayana
(Sanskrit: "The Great Vehicle")
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Pagoda
A pagoda is a tiered tower with multiple eaves, built in traditions originating as stupa in historic South Asia[1][2] and further developed in East Asia
East Asia
or with respect to those traditions, common to Nepal, China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Myanmar, India, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and other parts of Asia. Some pagodas are used as Taoist
Taoist
houses of worship. Most pagodas were built to have a religious function, most commonly Buddhist, and were often located in or near viharas. In some countries, the term may refer to other religious structures
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Hotel
A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a modest-quality mattress in a small room to large suites with bigger, higher-quality beds, a dresser, a refrigerator and other kitchen facilities, upholstered chairs, a flat screen television and en-suite bathrooms. Small, lower-priced hotels may offer only the most basic guest services and facilities. Larger, higher-priced hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre (with computers, printers and other office equipment), childcare, conference and event facilities, tennis or basketball courts, gymnasium, restaurants, day spa and social function services. Hotel
Hotel
rooms are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some boutique, high-end hotels have custom decorated rooms. Some hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement
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