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Siem Reap
SIEM REAP (Khmer : ក្រុងសៀមរាប, pronounced ; Thai : เสียมราฐ) is the capital city of Siem Reap Province in northwestern Cambodia
Cambodia
. It is a popular resort town and a gateway to the Angkor
Angkor
region. Siem Reap has colonial and Chinese-style architecture in the Old French Quarter, and around the Old Market. In the city, there are museums, traditional Apsara dance performances, a Cambodian cultural village, souvenir and handicraft shops, silk farms, rice-paddies in the countryside, fishing villages and a bird sanctuary near the Tonle Sap Lake , and a vibrant, cosmopolitan drinking and dining scene. Siem Reap today—being a popular tourist destination—has a large number of hotels, resorts, restaurants and businesses closely related to tourism
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Sawankhalok
SAWANKHALOK (Thai : สวรรคโลก, pronounced ) is a district (amphoe ) in the northern part of Sukhothai Province , in the lower north of Thailand . CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Ceramics * 4 Administration * 5 References * 6 External links GEOGRAPHYNeighboring districts are (from the south clockwise) Si Samrong , Thung Saliam , Si Satchanalai , Si Nakhon of Sukhothai Province, Phichai of Uttaradit Province and Phrom Phiram of Phitsanulok Province . HISTORYThe district was originally the capital district of Sawankhalok province, which in 1932 was merged with Sukhothai province. The new province was at first named Sawankhalok, but in 1939 was renamed to Sukhothai and its capital district moved to Sukhothai district . In 1917, the district was renamed from Mueang (เมือง) to Wang Mai Khon (วังไม้ขอน)
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Vassal State
A VASSAL STATE is any state that is subordinate to another. The vassal in these cases is the ruler, rather than the state itself. Being a vassal most commonly implies providing military assistance to the dominant state when requested to do so; it sometimes implies paying tribute , but a state which does so is better described as a tributary state . In simpler terms the vassal state would have to provide military power to the dominant state. Today, more common terms are puppet state , protectorate or associated state
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Ayutthaya Kingdom
Phitsanulok
Phitsanulok
(1463–1488) Ayutthaya (1463–1666) Lopburi (1666–1688) Ayutthaya (1688–1767) LANGUAGES Ayutthayan Thai RELIGION MAJORITY: Theravada BuddhismMINORITY:
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Kanchanaburi
KANCHANABURI (Thai : กาญจนบุรี (Pronunciation)) is a town municipality (thesaban mueang ) in the west of Thailand
Thailand
and part of Kanchanaburi Province
Kanchanaburi Province
. In 2006 it had a population of 31,327. The town covers the complete tambon Ban Nuea and Ban Tai and parts of Pak Phraek and Tha Makham, all of Mueang Kanchanaburi
Kanchanaburi
district , and parts of the tambon Tha Lo of Tha Muang district . Kanchanaburi
Kanchanaburi
lies 123 km west of Bangkok. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Climate * 3 Location * 4 Buddhism
Buddhism
* 5 Death railway * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYIn the late 18th century, Kanchanaburi
Kanchanaburi
was established by King Rama I as a defensive outpost against possible Burmese attacks in what is now Lat Ya subdistrict
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Prachin Buri
PRACHINBURI (Thai : ปราจีนบุรี, RTGS : Prachin Buri, pronounced ) is a town (thesaban mueang ) in central Thailand , capital of Prachinburi Province . It covers the entire tambon Na Mueang of the Mueang Prachinburi District . As of 2000, the population of the town was 25,157. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 Climate * 3 Transportation * 4 Hospital * 5 References * 6 External links GEOGRAPHYPrachinburi is on the banks of the Prachinburi River, about 100 kilometres (62 mi) northeast of Bangkok . Most of the city's environs are flats alluvial plains , but the foothills of the Sankamphaeng Range begin to rise about 10 kilometres (6 mi) to the north. CLIMATEPrachinburi has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Winters are dry and very warm. Temperatures rise until April, which is very hot with the average daily maximum at 36.8 °C (98.2 °F)
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Worawongsathirat
WORAWONGSATHIRAT (Thai : วรวงศาธิราช) was a usurper in the Ayutthaya Kingdom , ruling for only 42 days in 1548 before being assassinated . Siamese chronicles relate that Worawongsathirat attainted the crown — his kingship is not accepted by most traditional historians. His birth-name was "Bun Si " (or Bun Sri) (Thai : บุญศรี), and he was a Brahmin . Upon entering service to the crown as keeper of Ho Phra Thep Bidon (หอพระเทพบิดร), a cloister on the palace grounds (with duties such as organising various rites and ceremonies,) Bun Si was then styled Phan But Si Thep (พันบุตรศรีเทพ). He was later promoted to the rank of Khun and styled Khun Chinnarat (ขุนชินราช); this was perhaps even as he was having an adulterous affair with Si Suda Chan (or Sri Sudachan ศรีสุดาจันทร์), a first-class concubine of King Chairachathirat
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Chiang Mai
CHIANG MAI (/ˈtʃjɑːŋˈmaɪ/ , from Thai : เชียงใหม่ ( listen ), Lanna : ᨩ᩠ᨿᨦᩉ᩠ᨾᩲ᩵ ( listen )) sometimes written as "Chiengmai" or "Chiangmai", is the largest city in northern Thailand
Thailand
. It is the capital of Chiang Mai Province and was a former capital of the Kingdom of Lan Na (1296–1768), which became the Kingdom of Chiang Mai
Chiang Mai
, a tributary state of Siam
Siam
from 1774 to 1899 and finally the seat of a merely ceremonial prince until 1939. It is 700 km (435 mi) north of Bangkok
Bangkok
and is situated amongst the highest mountains in the country. The city sits astride the Ping River
Ping River
, a major tributary of the Chao Phraya River
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Royal Barge Procession
Thailand's ROYAL BARGE PROCESSION (Thai : กระบวนพยุหยาตราชลมารค; RTGS: Krabuan Phayuhayattra Chonlamak) is a ceremony of both religious and royal significance which has been taking place for nearly 700 years. The exquisitely crafted Royal Barges are a blend of craftsmanship and traditional Thai art . The Royal Barge Procession takes place rarely, typically coinciding with only the most significant cultural and religious events. During the reign of King Bhumibol Adulyadej , spanning over 60 years, the Procession has only occurred 16 times. The Royal Barge Procession, in the present, consists of 52 barges : 51 historical Barges, and the Royal Barge, the Narai Song Suban, which King Rama IX built in 1994. It is the only Barge built during King Bhumibol's reign. These barges are manned by 2,082 oarsmen
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António Da Madalena
ANTóNIO DA MADALENA (sometimes spelled, in English, Antonio da Magdalena) was a Portuguese Capuchin friar who was the first Western visitor to Angkor . He was born in Coimbra and lived in the Alcobaça Monastery from 1575 to 1579. He travelled to Goa in 1580, to establish a library for his order. In 1583 he travelled overland to what is today Cambodia, where in 1586 he was the first Western visitor to Angkor. In 1589 gave an account of his impressions to the historian Diogo do Couto before being killed in a shipwreck off Natal . He attempted to aid in a reconstruction effort of Angkor, but the project was unsuccessful. REFERENCES * Manuel Teixeira, "The Portuguese Missions in Malacca and Singapore (1511-1958): Malacca", Agência Geral do Ultramar, 1961 * Charles Higham, "The Civilization of Angkor", p
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Khmer Rouge
The KHMER ROUGE (/kəˈmɛər ˈruːʒ/ , French: , "Red Khmers "; Khmer : ខ្មែរក្រហម Khmer Kror-Horm) was the name given to the followers of the Communist Party of Kampuchea in Cambodia . It was formed in 1968 as an offshoot of the Vietnam
Vietnam
People\'s Army from North Vietnam , and allied with North Vietnam , the Viet Cong , and the Pathet Lao during the Vietnam War
Vietnam War
against the anti-communist forces from 1968 to 1975
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Resort
A RESORT ( North American English
North American English
) is a self-contained commercial establishment that tries to provide most of a vacationer's wants, such as food, drink, lodging , sports , entertainment , and shopping , on the premises. The term resort may be used for a hotel property that provides an array of amenities, typically including entertainment and recreational activities. A hotel is frequently a central feature of a resort, such as the Grand Hotel
Hotel
at Mackinac Island, Michigan
Mackinac Island, Michigan
. Some resorts are also condominium complexes that are timeshares or owed fractionally or wholly owned condominium. A resort is not always a commercial establishment operated by a single company, but in the late 20th century, that sort of facility became more common
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UNESCO World Heritage Site
A WORLD HERITAGE SITE is a landmark or area which has been officially recognized by the United Nations , specifically by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO ). Sites are selected on the basis of having cultural, historical, scientific or some other form of significance, and they are legally protected by international treaties. UNESCO regards these sites as being important to the collective interests of humanity
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Khmer Empire
The KHMER EMPIRE (Khmer : ចក្រភពខ្មែរ ឬ អាណាចក្រខ្មែរ), officially the ANGKOR EMPIRE (Khmer : ចក្រភពអង្គរ), the predecessor state to modern Cambodia
Cambodia
("Kampuchea" or "Srok Khmer" to the Khmer people
Khmer people
), was a powerful Hindu
Hindu
- Buddhist
Buddhist
empire in Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
. The empire, which grew out of the former kingdoms of Funan
Funan
and Chenla
Chenla
, at times ruled over and/or vassalised most of mainland Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
. Its greatest legacy is Angkor
Angkor
, in present-day Cambodia
Cambodia
, which was the site of the capital city during the empire's zenith
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Hotel
A HOTEL is an establishment that provides paid lodging on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a modest-quality mattress in a small room to large suites with bigger, higher-quality beds, a dresser, a refrigerator and other kitchen facilities, upholstered chairs, a flatscreen television and en-suite bathrooms . Small, lower-priced hotels may offer only the most basic guest services and facilities. Larger, higher-priced hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre (with computers, printers and other office equipment), childcare, conference and event facilities, tennis or basketball courts, gymnasium, restaurants, day spa and social function services
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Pagoda
A PAGODA is a tiered tower with multiple eaves , built in traditions originating as stupa in historic South Asia
South Asia
and further developed in East Asia
East Asia
or with respect to those traditions, common to Nepal
Nepal
, India
India
, China
China
, Japan
Japan
, Korea
Korea
, Vietnam
Vietnam
, Burma
Burma
, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and other parts of Asia. Some pagodas are used as Taoist
Taoist
houses of worship
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