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Sibelius Academy
The SIBELIUS ACADEMY (Finnish : _Taideyliopisto Sibelius-Akatemia_, Swedish : _Konstuniversitetets Sibelius-Akademi_) is part of the University of the Arts Helsinki and a university-level music school which operates in Helsinki
Helsinki
and Kuopio , Finland
Finland
. It also has an adult education centre in Järvenpää and a training centre in Seinäjoki . The Academy is the only music university in Finland. It is among the biggest European music universities with roughly 1,700 enrolled students. The Sibelius Academy
Sibelius Academy
is one of the organizers of the International Jean Sibelius Violin Competition held every five years in Helsinki. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Degrees * 3 Degree programmes * 4 Notable students and faculty (past and present) * 4.1 Composers * 4.2 Conductors * 4.3 Instrumentalists * 4.4 Vocalists * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYThe academy was founded in 1882 by Martin Wegelius as _Helsingfors musikinstitut_ (" Helsinki
Helsinki
Music Institute") and renamed _Sibelius-Akatemia_ in 1939 to honour its own former student and Finland's most celebrated composer Jean Sibelius
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Public University
A PUBLIC UNIVERSITY is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government, as opposed to private universities . Whether a national university is considered public varies from one country (or region) to another, largely depending on the specific education landscape
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University Of The Arts Helsinki
The UNIVERSITY OF THE ARTS HELSINKI (Finnish : Taideyliopisto, Swedish : Konstuniversitetet) is a Finnish arts university that was launched in the beginning of 2013. Apart from a few exceptions, it is the only university in Finland that provides education in the fields it represents. The University of the Arts Helsinki
Helsinki
is mainly located in Helsinki, but it also has operations in Kuopio
Kuopio
(department of church music) and Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
at the University Consortium of Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
(department of popular and folk music). The university comprises three academies that were formerly independent universities: The Academy of Fine Arts of the University of the Arts Helsinki
Helsinki
(until 2013 Finnish Academy of Fine Arts ), the Sibelius Academy of the University of the Arts Helsinki
Helsinki
(until 2013 Sibelius Academy ) and the Theatre Academy of the University of the Arts Helsinki
Helsinki
(until 2013 Theatre Academy Helsinki
Helsinki
). The total number of students is 1785 (as of 2015)
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Dean (education)
In academic administrations such as colleges or universities, a DEAN is the person with significant authority over a specific academic unit, or over a specific area of concern, or both. Deans are occasionally found in middle schools and high schools as well. The term comes from the Latin
Latin
decanus , "a leader of ten," taken from the medieval monasteries (particularly those following the Cluniac Reforms ) which were often extremely large, with hundreds of monks (the size of a small college campus). The monks were organized into groups of ten for administrative purposes, along the lines of military platoons , headed by a senior monk, the decanus. The term was later used to denote the head of a community of priests, as the chapter of a cathedral , or a section of a diocese (a "deanery"). When the universities grew out of the cathedral and monastery schools, the title of dean was used for officials with various administrative duties. CONTENTS* 1 United States * 1.1 Professional schools * 2 Great Britain and Republic of Ireland * 3 Canada * 4 Bulgaria
Bulgaria
* 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links UNITED STATESSome junior high schools and high schools have a teacher or administrator referred to as a dean who is in charge of student discipline and to some degree administrative services
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Helsinki
HELSINKI (/hɛlˈsɪŋki/ ; Finnish pronunciation: (_ listen ); Swedish : Helsingfors_; Swedish pronunciation: ( listen )) is the capital and largest city of Finland . It is in the region of Uusimaa , in southern Finland, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland . Helsinki has a population of 629,512, an urban population of 1,231,595, and a metropolitan population of over 1.4 million, making it the most populous municipality and urban area in Finland. Helsinki is located some 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of Tallinn , Estonia , 400 km (250 mi) east of Stockholm , Sweden , and 390 km (240 mi) west of Saint Petersburg , Russia . Helsinki has close historical connections with these three cities. The Helsinki metropolitan area includes the urban core of Helsinki, Espoo , Vantaa , Kauniainen , and surrounding commuter towns . It is the world's northernmost metro area of over one million people, and the city is the northernmost capital of an EU member state . The Helsinki metropolitan area is the third largest metropolitan area in the Nordic countries after Stockholm and Copenhagen , and the City of Helsinki being the third largest after Stockholm and Oslo
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Finland
FINLAND (/ˈfɪnlənd/ (_ listen ); Finnish : Suomi_ (_ listen ); Swedish : Finland_ ), officially the REPUBLIC OF FINLAND, is a sovereign state in Northern Europe . A peninsula with the Gulf of Finland to the south and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west, the country has land borders with Sweden to the northwest, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east. Estonia is south of the country across the Gulf of Finland. Finland is a Nordic country situated in the geographical region of Fennoscandia , which also includes Scandinavia . Finland's population is 5.5 million (2014), and the majority of the population is concentrated in the southern region. 88.7% of the population is Finnish people who speak Finnish , a Uralic language unrelated to the Scandinavian languages; the second major group are the Finland-Swedes (5.3%). In terms of area, it is the eighth largest country in Europe and the most sparsely populated country in the European Union . Finland is a parliamentary republic with a central government based in the capital Helsinki , local governments in 311 municipalities , and an autonomous region , the Åland Islands . Over 1.4 million people live in the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area, which produces a third of the country's GDP
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Athletic Nickname
The ATHLETIC NICKNAME, or equivalently ATHLETIC MONIKER, of a university or college within the United States is the name officially adopted by that institution for at least the members of its athletic teams . Typically as a matter of engendering school spirit , the institution either officially or unofficially uses this moniker of the institution's athletic teams also as a nickname to refer to people associated with the institution, especially its current students , but also often its alumni , its faculty , and its administration as well. This practice at the university and college tertiary higher-education level has proven so popular that it extended to the high school secondary-education level in the USA and in recent years even to the primary-education level as well. CONTENTS* 1 Themes * 1.1 Abstract concept * 1.2 Animal * 1.3 Collection * 1.4 Hero or archetype * 1.5 Native American likeness * 1.6 Common and uncommon names * 2 See also * 3 References THEMESIn the USA, multiple recurring themes have appeared over time for choosing a school's athletic nickname. In almost all cases, the institution chooses an athletic nickname with an overtly positive goal in mind, where that goal reflects the character of the institution—either a previously established characteristic or a characteristic hoped for as a goal henceforth
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Finnish Language
FINNISH (_ suomi_ (help ·info ), or _suomen kieli_ ) is the language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland. It is one of the two official languages of Finland and an official minority language in Sweden . In Sweden, both standard Finnish and Meänkieli , a Finnish dialect, are spoken. The Kven language , a dialect of Finnish, is spoken in Northern Norway by a minority group of Finnish descent. Finnish is the eponymous member of the Finnic language family and is typologically between fusional and agglutinative languages . It modifies and inflects nouns , adjectives , pronouns , numerals and verbs , depending on their roles in the sentence
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Swedish Language
SWEDISH (_ svenska_ (help ·info ) ) is a North Germanic language, spoken natively by more than 9 million people predominantly in Sweden (as sole official language) and parts of Finland , where it has equal legal standing with Finnish . It is largely mutually intelligible with Norwegian and Danish . Swedish is a descendant of Old Norse , the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era . It is currently the largest of the North Germanic languages by number of speakers. Standard Swedish , spoken by most Swedes , is the national language that evolved from the Central Swedish dialects in the 19th century and was well established by the beginning of the 20th century. While distinct regional varieties descended from the older rural dialects still exist, the spoken and written language is uniform and standardized. The standard word order is, as in most Germanic languages, V2 , which means that the finite verb (V) appears in second position (2) of a declarative main clause. Swedish morphology is similar to English; that is, words have comparatively few inflections . There are two genders , no grammatical cases (except for pronouns), and a distinction between plural and singular . Older analyses posit the cases nominative and genitive and there are some remains of distinct accusative and dative forms as well
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Music School
A MUSIC SCHOOL is an educational institution specialized in the study, training and research of music. Such an institution can also be known as a SCHOOL OF MUSIC, MUSIC ACADEMY, MUSIC FACULTY, COLLEGE OF MUSIC, MUSIC DEPARTMENT (of a larger institution), CONSERVATORY or CONSERVATOIRE. Instruction includes training in the performance of musical instruments , singing, musical composition , conducting, musicianship , as well as academic and research fields such as musicology , music history and music theory . Music instruction can be provided within the compulsory general education system, or within specialized children's music schools such as the Purcell School . Elementary-school children can access music instruction also in after-school institutions such as music academies or music schools. In Venezuela El Sistema of youth orchestras provides free after-school instrumental instruction through music schools called núcleos
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Kuopio
KUOPIO is a city and a municipality located in the region of Northern Savonia , Finland
Finland
. A population of 112,158 makes it the ninth biggest city in the country. The city has a total area of 2,775.73 square kilometres (1,071.72 sq mi), of which 719.85 km2 (277.94 sq mi) is water and half forest. The population density is only 70/km2 (180/sq mi), but the city's urban areas are populated very densely (urban area: 1 618 /km² ), nationally second only to capital Helsinki (urban area: 1,690.0/km² ). Since 1969 Kuopio
Kuopio
has grown extensively through municipality mergers . Kuopio’s population surpassed the 100,000 mark when the town of Nilsiä
Nilsiä
joined Kuopio
Kuopio
at the beginning of 2013. CONTENTS * 1 Name * 2 History * 3 Geography * 3.1 Climate * 4 Transport * 5 Education and business * 6 People and culture * 7 Religion * 8 Notable people * 9 Sports in Kuopio
Kuopio
* 10 International relations * 10.1 Twin towns — Sister cities * 11 References * 12 External links NAMEThere are several explanations behind the name Kuopio. The first is that in the 16th century, a certain influential person named Kauhanen in Tavinsalmi changed his name to Skopa and the people's pronunciation was Coopia and finally Cuopio
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Järvenpää
JäRVENPää (Finnish pronunciation: ; Swedish : Träskända) is a town and municipality of Finland . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Traffic * 4 Culture * 4.1 Events * 5 Neighbourhoods * 6 Politics * 7 Management * 8 International relations * 8.1 Twin towns — Sister cities * 9 References * 10 External links HISTORY Järvenpää
Järvenpää
was separated from its parent community Tuusula in 1951. Järvenpää
Järvenpää
was granted the status of a market town (kauppala) after the separation. Neighbouring districts Kellokoski and Nummenkylä were not added to the municipality of Järvenpää
Järvenpää
and the controversy over the issue still raises blood pressure fifty years later. In the event, Kellokoski remained part of the municipality of Tuusula. Järvenpää was granted full legal town (kaupunki) status in 1967. GEOGRAPHY Järvenpää
Järvenpää
is located on the Helsinki
Helsinki
Riihimäki railway track, some 37 kilometres (23 mi) north of Helsinki. Neighbouring cities are Tuusula , Sipoo and Mäntsälä . People also refer to Kerava as Järvenpää's neighbour, even though they do not technically share a border, thanks to the one kilometre-wide land area that belongs to Tuusula. TRAFFICThe railroad goes through the city centre
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Seinäjoki
SEINäJOKI is a city located in Southern Ostrobothnia , Finland
Finland
. Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
originated around the Östermyra bruk iron and gunpowder factories founded in 1798. Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
became a municipality in 1868, market town in 1931 and town in 1960. In 2005, the municipality of Peräseinäjoki was merged into Seinäjoki, and in the beginning of 2009, the neighbouring municipalities of Nurmo and Ylistaro were consolidated with Seinäjoki. The Town
Town
library, Lakeuden Risti Church and central administrative buildings are designed by Alvar Aalto
Alvar Aalto
. The asteroid 1521 Seinäjoki bears the town's name. Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
was historically called Östermyra in Swedish . Today this name is very seldom used even among the Swedish speakers. Literal translation for Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
is "Wallriver". Seinäjoki Airport is located in the neighbouring municipality of Ilmajoki , 11 kilometres (10 mi) south of the Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
city centre. Seinäjoki
Seinäjoki
is home of the Crocodiles, a professional American Football team that competes in the Finnish Maple League
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International Jean Sibelius Violin Competition
The INTERNATIONAL JEAN SIBELIUS VIOLIN COMPETITION, named after Finnish composer Jean Sibelius , is a competition for violinists up to age 30. It is held every five years (-00 and -05) in Helsinki
Helsinki
and is considered to be one of the most prestigious violin competitions in the world. The first competition took place in year 1965, eight years after the death of the composer. The competition is arranged by the Sibelius Society of Finland and the Sibelius Academy . The competition has always had high-level competitors, and winners such as Oleg Kagan , Viktoria Mullova , and Leonidas Kavakos
Leonidas Kavakos
have become internationally performing soloists. The popularity amongst the players might be explained by the location of the competition: Finland connecting western Europe and USSR
USSR
was probably considered safe enough by the Soviet authority to allow players to attend the competition. The competition has three rounds: the first round, the second round, and the final round. After each round, a number of competitors are chosen to proceed to the next round, and after the final round the finalists are ranked. In the final ranking, the performance in each round is considered as a whole. To be accepted in the competition, candidates need to send a performance sample for a competition committee for pre-selection
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Martin Wegelius
MARTIN WEGELIUS (10 November 1846 – 22 March 1906) was a Finnish composer and musicologist , primarily remembered as the founder, in 1882, of the Helsinki Music Institute, now known as the Sibelius Academy . Wegelius studied in Leipzig, Vienna and Munich. He had intended to pursue a career as a composer, and wrote handful of orchestral works and a significant number of chamber and vocal works. He was a particular admirer of Wagner
Wagner
but wrote predominantly in the Romantic style. After founding the Institute he had little time for composing, and appears to have concentrated exclusively on teaching. The most famous graduate of Wegelius' Institute was Jean Sibelius . He is often compared with his contemporary and rival Robert Kajanus
Robert Kajanus
, founder of the Helsinki Symphony Orchestra, the first professional symphony orchestra in the Nordic countries. He is buried in the Hietaniemi Cemetery
Hietaniemi Cemetery
in Helsinki. NOTES * ^ "Hietaniemen hautausmaa – merkittäviä vainajia" (PDF). Helsingin seurakuntayhtymä. Retrieved 27 August 2016
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