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Shirak Province
Shirak (Armenian: Շիրակ, Armenian pronunciation: [ʃiˈɾɑk] ( listen)), is a province (marz) of Armenia. It is located in the north-west of the country, bordering Turkey
Turkey
in the west and Georgia in the north. Its capital and largest city is Gyumri. It is as much semi-desert as it is mountain meadow or high alpine. In the south, the high steppes crash into mountain terrain, verdant green in the spring, hues of reddish brown in the summer
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Media In Armenia
The media of Armenia
Armenia
refers to mass media outlets based in the Republic of Armenia. Television, magazines, and newspapers are all operated by both state-owned and for-profit corporations which depend on advertising, subscription, and other sales-related revenues. As a country in transition, Armenia's media system is under transformation.[1] The Constitution of Armenia
Armenia
guarantees freedom of speech, yet media freedom remains restricted, among threats of violence, strong political inferences, and expensive defamation lawsuits
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Argishti I Of Urartu
Argishti I (Armenian: Արգիշտի Ա), was the sixth known king of Urartu, reigning from 786 BC to 764 BC. He founded the citadel of Erebuni in 782 BC, which is the present capital of Armenia, Yerevan.[1] A son and the successor of Menua, he continued the series of conquests initiated by his predecessors. He was involved in a number of inconclusive conflicts with the Assyrian king Shalmaneser IV. He conquered the northern part of Syria
Syria
and made Urartu
Urartu
the most powerful state in post-Hittite Asia Minor
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Ayrarat
Ayrarat
Ayrarat
(Armenian: Այրարատ) was a province of old Armenia
Armenia
(c. 300–800). The main city was Oshakan
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Movses Khorenatsi
Movses Khorenatsi
Movses Khorenatsi
(ca. 410–490s AD; Armenian: Մովսես Խորենացի, pronounced [mɔfˈsɛs χɔɾɛnɑˈtsʰi], also written as Movsēs Xorenac‘i and Moses of Khoren, Moses of Chorene, and Moses Chorenensis in Latin sources) was a prominent Armenian historian from the period of Late Antiquity
Late Antiquity
and the author of the History of Armenia. Khorenatsi is credited with the earliest known historiographical work on the history of Armenia
Armenia
written in Armenian, but was also a poet, or hymn writer, and a grammarian. The History of Armenia
Armenia
was written at the behest of Prince Sahak of the Bagratuni dynasty
Bagratuni dynasty
and has had an enormous impact on Armenian historiography. It was used and quoted extensively by later medieval Armenian authors
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Hayk
Hayk
Hayk
the Great (Armenian: Հայկ), Armenian pronunciation: [hajk], or The Great Hayk, also known as Hayk Nahapet (Հայկ Նահապետ, Armenian pronunciation: [hajk nahapɛt], Hayk
Hayk
the "head of family" or patriarch[1]), is the legendary patriarch and founder of the Armenian nation. His story is told in the History of Armenia
History of Armenia
attributed to the Armenian historian Moses of Chorene
Moses of Chorene
(410 to 490).Contents1 Etymology 2 Genealogy 3 Folklore3.1 Hayk
Hayk
and King Bel 3.2 Battle of Giants and defeat of Bel4 Comparative mythology 5 See also 6 References 7 Sources 8 External linksEtymology[edit] The name of the patriarch, Հայկ Hayk
Hayk
is not exactly homophonous with the name for "Armenia", Հայք Hayk’
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Demographics Of Armenia
Contents1 Demographics trends 2 Human development 3 Languages 4 Religions 5 Vital statistics5.1 Fertility Rate (The Demographic Health Survey) [10] 5.2 Structure of the population [12] 5.3 Vital statistics summary data [13][14][15][16][17]6 Ethnic groups 7 Demographic statistics from CIA World Factbook7.1 Population 7.2 Urbanization 7.3 Sex ratio 7.4 Infant mortality rate 7.5 Life expectancy at birth 7.6 Total fertility rate 7.7 HIV/AIDS 7.8 Nationality 7.9 Ethnic groups8 See also 9 References 10 External linksDemographics trends[edit] After registering a steady increase during Soviet period, the population of Armenia
Armenia
declined from peak value of nearly 3.6 mln to 2.92 mln in 2016.[3][4][5] Armenia
Armenia
is the only republic of the former Soviet Union that has an ethnically nearly homogeneous population
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History Of Armenia
Armenia
Armenia
lies in the highlands surrounding the Biblical mountains of Ararat. The original Armenian name for the country was Hayk, later Hayastan (Armenian: Հայաստան), translated as the land of Haik, and consisting of the name of the ancient Mesopotamian god Haya[1] (ha-ià) and the Persian suffix '-stan' ("land")
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Vardavar
Vardavar
Vardavar
or Vartavar (Armenian: Վարդավառ) is an Armenian festival in Armenia
Armenia
where people of social groups drench each other with water.Contents1 Origin 2 Festival 3 Gallery 4 External linksOrigin[edit] Although now a Christian
Christian
tradition, celebrating the transfiguration of Jesus Christ (the Feast of the Transfiguration), Vardavar's history dates back to pagan times. The ancient festival is traditionally associated with the goddess Astghik, who was the goddess of water, beauty, love and fertility
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Sport In Armenia
A wide array of sports are played in Armenia. Popular Sports in Armenia
Armenia
include football, basketball, volleyball and hockey.[1] Further, the country sends athletes to the Olympics
Olympics
in boxing, wrestling, weightlifting, judo, gymnastics, track and field, diving, swimming and shooting.[1] Armenia's mountainous terrain provides great opportunities for the practice of sports like skiing and rock climbing. Being a landlocked country, water sports can only be practiced on lakes, notably Lake Sevan. Competitively, Armenia
Armenia
has been very successful at chess, weightlifting, and wrestling at the international level. Armenia
Armenia
is also an active member of the international sports community, with full membership in the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), Federation of International Bandy (FIB), and International Ice Hockey
Hockey
Federation (IIHF)
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Urartu
Urartu
Urartu
(/ʊˈrɑːrtuː/; Armenian: Ուրարտու), also known as Kingdom of Van (Urartian: Biai, Biainili;[3] Assyrian: māt Urarṭu;[4] Babylonian: Urashtu; Armenian: Վանի թագավորություն, translit. Vani t′agavorut′yun)[5] was an Iron Age
Iron Age
kingdom centred on Lake Van
Lake Van
in the Armenian Highlands. It corresponds to the biblical Kingdom of Ararat. Strictly speaking, Urartu
Urartu
is the Assyrian term for a geographical region, while "Kingdom of Urartu" or "Biainili lands" are terms used in modern historiography for the Urartian-speaking Iron Age
Iron Age
state that arose in that region
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Music Of Armenia
The music of Armenia
Armenia
has its origins in the Armenian Highlands, where people traditionally sang popular folk songs. Armenia
Armenia
has a long musical tradition that was primarily collected and developed by Komitas, a prominent priest and musicologist, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries
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Cinema Of Armenia
The cinema of Armenia
Armenia
was born on April 16, 1923, when the Armenian State Committee of Cinema was established by government decree. The first Armenian film with Armenian subject called "Haykakan Sinema" was produced in 1912 in Cairo by Armenian-Egyptian publisher Vahan Zartarian
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Armenian Art
Armenian art
Armenian art
is the unique form of art developed over the last five millennia in which the Armenian people
Armenian people
lived on the Armenian Highland. Armenian architecture
Armenian architecture
and miniature painting have dominated Armenian art and have shown consistent development over the centuries.[1] Other forms of Armenian art
Armenian art
include sculpture, fresco, mosaic, ceramic, metalwork, engraving, and textiles, especially Armenian carpets. Prehistoric Armenia
Armenia
was home to the Urartu
Urartu
culture in the Iron Age, notable for its early metal sculptures, often of animals. The region was, as later, often contested by the large empires holding the nearby regions of Persia, Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
and Anatolia, and these all had considerable influence of Armenian art
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Kamsarakan
Kamsarakan (Armenian: Կամսարական) was an Armenian noble family that was an offshoot of the House of Karen, also known as the Karen-Pahlav. The Karens were one of the seven great houses of Iran and were of Parthian origin.[1] In the Byzantine-Sasanian era, the Kamsarakan were mostly known for following a pro-Byzantine policy. In the late 8th century, they met their downfall as a result of participating in an uprising against Arab rule. After the 8th century, a branch of the Kamsarakan, the Pahlavuni, rose to prominance
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Georgia (country)
Coordinates: 42°00′N 43°30′E / 42.000°N 43.500°E / 42.000; 43.500Georgia საქართველო (Georgian) SakartveloFlagCoat of armsMotto:  ძალა ერთობაშია Dzala Ertobashia (English: "Strength is in Unity")Anthem:  თავისუფლება Tavisupleba (English: "Freedom")Areas under the control of the government in Tbilisi
Tbilisi
shown in dark green; areas outside of that control shown in light greenCapital Tbilisi 41°43′N 44°47′E / 41.717°N 44.783°E
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