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Shaolin Monastery
The SHAOLIN MONASTERY (Chinese : 少林寺; pinyin : _Shàolín sì_), also known as the SHAOLIN TEMPLE, is a Chan ("Zen") Buddhist temple in Dengfeng County , Henan Province , China . Dating back 1,500 years when founded by Fang Lu-Hao, Shaolin Temple is the main temple of the Shaolin school of Buddhism to this day. Shaolin Monastery and its Pagoda Forest were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2010 as part of the "Historic Monuments of Dengfeng ". CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Establishment * 1.2 Destructions and renovations * 1.3 Recent history * 2 Shaolin temple buildings * 3 Southern and Northern Shaolin Monasteries * 4 References * 5 Sources HISTORY See also: Shaolin Kung Fu ESTABLISHMENTThe name refers to the forests of Shaoshi (少室; _Shǎo Shì_) mountain, one of the seven peaks of the Song mountains
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Shaolin Temple (other)
SHAOLIN MONASTERY or Shaolin Temple is a Buddhist monastery in Henan province, China. SHAOLIN TEMPLE or SHAOLIN MONASTERY may also refer to: * Southern Shaolin Monastery , Buddhist monastery in Fujian, China * Shaolin Temple (1976 film) , a martial arts film by Chang Cheh * Shaolin Temple (1982 film) * Shaolin Temple UK , martial arts school and centre for study of Shaolin culture in the United KingdomSEE ALSO * Shaolin (other) * Xiaolin (other) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title SHAOLIN TEMPLE. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shaolin_Temple_(other) additional terms may apply
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Dengfeng
DENGFENG (Chinese : 登封; pinyin : Dēngfēng; postal : Tengfeng) is a county-level city in Zhengzhou
Zhengzhou
, Henan
Henan
Province , China
China
. In ancient times, it was known as Yangcheng (simplified Chinese: 阳城; traditional Chinese: 陽城; pinyin: Yángchéng). Dengfeng
Dengfeng
has an area of 1220 square kilometers and a population of 630,000. Dengfeng
Dengfeng
is located at the foot of the Mount Song , one of the most sacred mountains in China. The city is one of the most renowned spiritual centres of China, home to various religious institutions and temples, such as the Taoist Zhongyue Temple, the Buddhist Shaolin Temple , as well as the Confucian Songyang Academy, hence its poetic expression derived from Chinese literature as the spiritual "centre of heaven and earth"
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Zhengzhou
ZHENGZHOU is a Chinese city and the provincial capital of Henan Province in east-central China . As a prefecture-level city , it also serves as the political, economic, technological, and educational centre of the province, as well as a major transportation hub for Central China. The city lies on the southern bank of the Yellow River , and is one of the Eight Great Ancient Capitals of China . Zhengzhou has a population of 9,378,000 inhabitants with an urban population of 6,406,000, the city is one of the main built up areas of Henan region. Zhengzhou is now a rapidly growing city. Greater Zhengzhou was named as one of the 13 emerging megacities or megalopolises in China in a July 2012 report by the Economist Intelligence Unit
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Henan
HENAN (Chinese : 河南) is a province of the People\'s Republic of China , located in the central part of the country. Henan is often referred to as ZHONGYUAN or ZHONGZHOU (中州) which literally means "central plain land" or "midland", although the name is also applied to the entirety of China proper . Henan is the birthplace of Chinese civilization with over 3,000 years of recorded history, and remained China's cultural, economical, and political center until approximately 1,000 years ago. HENAN PROVINCE is a home to a large number of heritage sites which have been left behind including the ruins of Shang Dynasty capital city Yin and the Shaolin Temple . Four of the Eight Great Ancient Capitals of China , Luoyang , Anyang , Kaifeng , and Zhengzhou are located in Henan
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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List Of Religions And Spiritual Traditions
Religion is a collection of cultural systems , beliefs and world views that establishes symbols that relate humanity to spirituality and, sometimes to moral values. While religion is hard to define, one standard model of religion, used in religious studies courses, was proposed by Clifford Geertz , who simply called it a "cultural system." A critique of Geertz's model by Talal Asad categorized religion as "an anthropological category." Many religions have narratives , symbols , traditions and sacred histories that are intended to give meaning to life or to explain the origin of life or the universe. They tend to derive morality , ethics , religious laws , or a preferred lifestyle from their ideas about the cosmos and human nature . According to some estimates, there are roughly 4,200 religions in the world
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Buddhism
BUDDHISM ( /ˈbʊdɪzəm/ or /ˈbuːdɪzəm/ ) is a religion and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions , beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to the Buddha
Buddha
. Buddhism
Buddhism
originated in Ancient India sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, from where it spread through much of Asia
Asia
, whereafter it declined in India
India
during the Middle Ages. Two major extant branches of Buddhism
Buddhism
are generally recognized by scholars: Theravada ( Pali
Pali
: "The School of the Elders") and Mahayana ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: "The Great Vehicle"). Buddhism
Buddhism
is the world\'s fourth-largest religion , with over 500 million followers or 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists
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China
CHINA, officially the PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia and the world\'s most populous country , with a population of over 1.381 billion . Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles), it is the world's second-largest state by land area and third- or fourth-largest by total area . Governed by the Communist Party of China , it exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces , five autonomous regions , four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin , Shanghai , and Chongqing ) and the Special Administrative Regions Hong Kong and Macau , also claiming sovereignty over Taiwan . China is a great power and a major regional power within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower
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Chinese Language
LEGEND: Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers Major Chinese-speaking settlements THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters
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Standard Chinese
STANDARD CHINESE, also known as MODERN STANDARD MANDARIN, STANDARD MANDARIN, or simply MANDARIN, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China
China
and Taiwan
Taiwan
, and also one of the four official languages of Singapore
Singapore
. Its pronunciation is based on the Beijing dialect , its vocabulary on the Mandarin dialects , and its grammar is based on written vernacular Chinese . Like other varieties of Chinese, Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
is a tonal language with topic-prominent organization and subject–verb–object word order. It has more initial consonants but fewer vowels, final consonants and tones than southern varieties. Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
is an analytic language , though with many compound words
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Hanyu Pinyin
PINYIN, or HàNYǔ PīNYīN, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China , Malaysia , Singapore , and Taiwan . It is often used to teach Standard Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters . The system includes four diacritics denoting tones . Pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet , and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters. The pinyin system was developed in the 1950s by many linguists, including Zhou Youguang , based on earlier forms of romanization of Chinese . It was published by the Chinese government in 1958 and revised several times. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) adopted pinyin as an international standard in 1982, followed by the United Nations in 1986
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Wade–Giles
WADE–GILES (/ˌweɪd ˈdʒaɪlz/ ), sometimes abbreviated WADE, is a Romanization system for Mandarin Chinese . It developed from a system produced by Thomas Wade , during the mid-19th century, and was given completed form with Herbert A. Giles 's Chinese–English Dictionary of 1892. Wade–Giles was the system of transcription in the English-speaking world for most of the 20th century, used in standard reference books and in English language books published before 1979. It replaced the Nanking dialect -based romanization systems that had been common until the late 19th century, such as the Postal Romanization (still used in some place-names). In mainland China it has been entirely replaced by the Hanyu Pinyin system approved in 1958
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Wu Chinese
WU ( Shanghainese : Wu Chinese
Wu Chinese
pronunciation: , Suzhou dialect : Wu Chinese pronunciation: , Wuxi dialect : Wu Chinese
Wu Chinese
pronunciation: ) is a group of linguistically similar and historically related varieties of Chinese primarily spoken in the whole city of Shanghai
Shanghai
, Zhejiang province, southern Jiangsu
Jiangsu
province and bordering areas. Major Wu varieties include those of Shanghai
Shanghai
, Suzhou
Suzhou
, Ningbo , Wuxi , Wenzhou/Oujiang , Hangzhou
Hangzhou
, Shaoxing , Jinhua and Yongkang
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