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Serer People
Senegal
Senegal
(1.84 million), Gambia
Gambia
(31,900), Mauritania
Mauritania
and expats. LANGUAGES Serer proper , Cangin languages
Cangin languages
, Wolof French ( Senegal
Senegal
and Mauritania), English (Gambia), RELIGION Senegal
Senegal
2002: 90% Islam
Islam
, 9% Christianity
Christianity
and Serer religion (ƭat Roog) RELATED ETHNIC GROUPS Wolof people , Toucouleur people
Toucouleur people
and Lebou people The SERER PEOPLE are a West African
West African
ethnoreligious group
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Fatou Diome
FATOU DIOME (born 1968 in Niodior) is a Franco- Senegalese writer, known for her bestselling novel The Belly of the Atlantic, published in 2001. Her work explores immigrant life in France
France
, and the relationship between France
France
and Africa. Fatou Diome
Fatou Diome
currently lives in Strasbourg
Strasbourg
, France. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Works * 3 Bibliography * 4 References * 5 External links * 5.1 fr BIOGRAPHY Fatou Diome
Fatou Diome
was born in Niodior on the island of the same name in the Sine-Saloum
Sine-Saloum
Delta. She was raised by her grandmother and went to school and became passionate about French literature. At the age of 13 she left Niodior and continued her education in M\'Bour . Later she moved to Dakar
Dakar
to study at the university, supporting herself by working as a housekeeper
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Léopold Senghor
LéOPOLD SéDAR SENGHOR (9 October 1906 – 20 December 2001) was a Senegalese poet , politician, and cultural theorist who for two decades served as the first president of Senegal
Senegal
(1960–80). Ideologically an African socialist , he was associated with the Négritude movement. He was the founder of the Senegalese Democratic Bloc party. Senghor was the first African elected as a member of the Académie française . He is regarded by many as one of the most important African intellectuals of the 20th century
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Senegal
Coordinates : 14°N 14°W / 14°N 14°W / 14; -14 Republic of Senegal _République du Sénégal_ (French ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Un Peuple, Un But, Une Foi" (French ) "One People, One Goal, One Faith" ANTHEM: _ Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons _ _Everyone strum your koras , strike the balafons _ Location of Senegal (dark blue) in the African Union (light blue) Capital and largest city
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The Gambia
THE GAMBIA (/ˈɡæmbi.ə/ ( listen )), officially the REPUBLIC OF THE GAMBIA, is a country in West Africa that is entirely surrounded by Senegal except for its coastline on the Atlantic Ocean at its western end. It is the smallest country in mainland Africa . The Gambia is situated on either side of the Gambia River , the nation's namesake, which flows through the centre of The Gambia and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. Its area is 10,689 square kilometres (4,127 sq mi) with a population of 1,882,450 at the April 2013 census (provisional). Banjul is the Gambian capital, and the largest cities are Serekunda and Brikama
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Mauritania
Coordinates : 20°N 12°W / 20°N 12°W / 20; -12 Islamic Republic
Republic
of Mauritania الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية (Arabic ) _al-Jumhūrīyah al-Islāmīyah al-Mūrītānīyah_ _République islamique de Mauritanie_ (French ) Flag Seal MOTTO: شرف إخاء عدل (Arabic) "Honor, Fraternity, Justice" ANTHEM: نشيد وطني موريتاني _"
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Serer Language
SERER, sometimes called SERER-SINE "Serer proper" (_Seereer-Siin_, etc.) after its prestige dialect , is a language of the Senegambian branch of Niger–Congo spoken by 1.2 million people in Senegal and 30,000 in the Gambia . It is the principal language of the Serer people . CONTENTS * 1 Classification * 2 Phonology * 2.1 Consonants * 3 Serer greetings * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 Bibliography CLASSIFICATIONSerer is one of the Senegambian languages , which are characterized by consonant mutation . The traditional classification of Atlantic is that of Sapir (1971), which found that Serer was closest to Fulani . However, a widely cited misreading of the data by Wilson (1989) inadvertently exchanged Serer for Wolof . Dialects of Serer are Serer Sine (the prestige dialect ), Segum, Fadyut-Palmerin, Dyegueme (Gyegem), and Niominka . They are mutually intelligible . Not all Serer people speak Serer
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Cangin Languages
The CANGIN LANGUAGES are spoken by 200,000 people (as of 2007) in a small area east of Dakar
Dakar
, Senegal
Senegal
. They are the languages spoken by the Serer people who do not speak the Serer language (Serer-Sine). Because the people are ethnically Serer, the Cangin languages
Cangin languages
are commonly thought to be dialects of the Serer language. However, they are not closely related; Serer is closer to Fulani than it is to Cangin. The languages are: Safen , or Saafi-Saafi, the language of the Saafi people . Spoken inland from the Petite Côte, an area southeast of Dakar. The largest Cangin language, with over 100,000 speakers and growing (2007). Lehar (Laalaa), the language of the Serer-Laalaa (or Serer-Lehar), spoken in a small area north of Thiès . Noon , the language of the Serer-Noon , spoken around Thiès
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Wolof Language
WOLOF (/ˈwɒlɒf/ ) is a language of Senegal , the Gambia and Mauritania , and the native language of the Wolof people . Like the neighbouring languages Serer and Fula , it belongs to the Senegambian branch of the Niger–Congo language family . Unlike most other languages of Sub-Saharan Africa , Wolof is not a tonal language . Wolof originated as the language of the Lebu people . It is the most widely spoken language in Senegal, spoken natively by the Wolof people (40% of the population) but also by most other Senegalese as a second language. Wolof dialects vary geographically and between rural and urban areas. " Dakar -Wolof", for instance, is an urban mixture of Wolof, French , and Arabic . "Wolof" is the standard spelling and may refer to the Wolof people or to Wolof culture
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Islam
ISLAM (/ˈɪslɑːm/ ) is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion which professes that there is only one and incomparable God ( Allah ) and that Muhammad is the last messenger of God. It is the world\'s second-largest religion and the fastest-growing major religion in the world , with over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population, known as Muslims . Muslims make up a majority of the population in 49 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful , all-powerful , unique , and has guided mankind through prophets , revealed scriptures and natural signs . The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran , viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the _sunnah _, composed of accounts called _hadith _) of Muhammad (c. 570–8 June 632 CE)
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Christianity
CHRISTIANITY is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ , who serves as the focal point of the Christian faith . It is the world\'s largest religion , with over 2.4 billion followers, or 33% of the global population, known as Christians . Christians make up a majority of the population in 158 countries and territories . They believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as the Messiah (the Christ ) was prophesied in the Old Testament . Christian theology is summarized in creeds such as the Apostles\' Creed and Nicene Creed . These professions of faith state that Jesus suffered , died , was buried , descended into hell , and rose from the dead, in order to grant eternal life to those who believe in him and trust in him for the remission of their sins
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Serer Religion
The SERER RELIGION, or A ƭAT ROOG ("the way of the Divine"), is the original religious beliefs, practices, and teachings of the Serer people of Senegal
Senegal
in western Africa
Africa
. The Serer people believe in a universal supreme deity called Roog (or Rog). In the Cangin languages , Roog is referred to as Koox (var : Kooh ), Kopé Tiatie Cac , Kokh Kox , etc. The Serer people are found throughout the Senegambia region . Serer religious practices encompass ancient chants and poems, veneration of and offerings to deities as well as spirits (pangool ), astronomy , Initiation rites, medicine , cosmology and the history of the Serer people
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Wolof People
The WOLOF PEOPLE (UK : /woʊlɒf/ ) are a West African ethnic group found in northwestern Senegal
Senegal
, The Gambia
The Gambia
, and southwestern coastal Mauritania
Mauritania
. In Senegal, the Wolof are the largest ethnic group (~ 39%), while elsewhere they are a minority. They refer to themselves as Wolof, and speak the Wolof language – a West Atlantic branch of the Niger-Congo family of languages. Their early history is unclear and based on oral traditions that link the Wolof to the Almoravids
Almoravids
. The earliest documented mention of the Wolof is found in the records of 15th-century Portuguese financed Italian traveller Alvise Cadamosto
Alvise Cadamosto
, who mentioned well established Islamic Wolof chiefs advised by Muslim counselors and divines
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Toucouleur People
The TOUCOULEUR PEOPLE, also called TUKULOR or HAALPULAAR , are a West African ethnic group. They are found mostly in Futa Tooro region of Senegal
Senegal
, with some in Mali
Mali
and Mauritania
Mauritania
. The Toucouleur have been Muslims who embraced Islam
Islam
in the 11th century, their early and strong Islamic heritage is a matter of great pride for them. They have been influential in the spread of Islam
Islam
to West Africa
West Africa
in the medieval era, later founded the vast Toucouleur Empire in the 19th century under El Hadj Umar Tall that led a religious war against their neighboring ethnic groups and the French colonial forces. They speak the Pulaar language , and are distinct from but related to the Fula , Wolof and Serer people
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Lebou People
The LEBU (LEBOU, Lébou) are an ethnic group of Senegal
Senegal
, West Africa , living on the peninsula of Cap-Vert . The Lebu are primarily a fishing community, but they have a substantial business in construction supplies. They speak Lebu Wolof , which is closely related to Wolof proper but is not intelligible with it. Their political and spiritual capital is at Layene, situated in the Yoff neighborhood of northern Dakar
Dakar
. They have a religious sect and theocracy, the Layene , headquartered there. The traditional date of the founding of Yoff
Yoff
is 1430. Although they were conquered by the Kingdoms of Jolof (Diolof) and Cayor
Cayor
, and later the French in the 19th century, and were incorporated into modern Senegal
Senegal
, since 1815 they have had a special legal autonomy as a special kind of "theocratic republic"
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West African
WEST AFRICA, also called WESTERN AFRICA and the WEST OF AFRICA, is the westernmost subregion of Africa
Africa

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