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Serbia
Coordinates : 44°N 21°E / 44°N 21°E / 44; 21 Republic of Serbia Република Србија (Serbian ) _Republika Srbija_ (Serbian ) Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: Боже правде / Bože pravde _God of Justice_ Location of Serbia (green) and the disputed territory of Kosovo (light green) in Europe (dark grey)
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Republika Srpska
REPUBLIKA SRPSKA (Serbian Cyrillic : Република Српскa, pronounced ( listen )) is one of two constitutional and legal entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina , the other being the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina . The entities are largely autonomous. The administrative centre is Banja Luka . CONTENTS * 1 Name * 2 History * 2.1 Impact of war * 3 Geography * 3.1 Boundary * 3.2 Municipalities * 3.3 Mountains * 3.4 Hydrology * 3.5 Protected areas * 4 Demography * 4.1 Ethnic composition * 5 Economy * 5.1 Foreign investment * 5.2 External trade * 5.3 Taxation and salaries * 6 Politics * 6.1 External relations * 6.2 Representative offices * 6.3 Holidays * 7 Culture * 7.1 Education * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 Bibliography * 11 External links NAMEIn Serbo-Croatian , _Republika Srpska_ means " Serb Republic". The second word is a nominalized adjective derived by adding the suffix _-ska_ to _srb-_, the root of the noun _Srbin_, meaning Serb . The _-ps-_ sequence rather than _-bs-_ is a result of voicing assimilation
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Serbian Language
SERBIAN (српски / _srpski_, pronounced ) is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language mainly used by Serbs . It is the official language of Serbia and one of the three official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina . In addition, it is a recognized minority language in Montenegro , Croatia , Macedonia , Romania , Hungary , Slovakia , and the Czech Republic . Standard Serbian is based on the most widespread dialect of Serbo-Croatian, Shtokavian (more specifically on Šumadija-Vojvodina and Eastern Herzegovinian dialects ), which is also the basis of Standard Croatian , Bosnian , and Montenegrin . The other dialect spoken by Serbs is Torlakian in southeastern Serbia, which is transitional to Macedonian and Bulgarian . Serbian is practically the only European standard language with complete synchronic digraphia , using both Cyrillic and Latin alphabets; speakers read the two scripts equally well. The Serbian Cyrillic alphabet was devised in 1814 by Serbian linguist Vuk Karadžić , who created the alphabet on phonemic principles
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Flag Of Serbia
The FLAG OF SERBIA is a tricolor consisting of three equal horizontal bands, red on the top, blue in the middle and white on the bottom. The same tricolor, in altering variations, has been used since the 19th century as the flag of the state of Serbia
Serbia
and the Serbian nation . The current form of the flag was officially adopted on 11 November 2010. CONTENTS * 1 Design * 2 Middle Ages * 2.1 Flag of Stefan Vladislav
Stefan Vladislav
* 2.2 Flag of Stefan Uroš * 2.3 Flag of Stefan Dečanski * 2.4 Flags of Emperor Dušan * 3 Revolutionary flags * 4 Modern flags * 5 Related flags * 6 Proper flag protocol * 6.1 State flag
State flag
* 6.2 Civil flag * 6.3 Other flags * 6.4 Respect for the flag * 6.5 Correct display * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Sources * 10 External links DESIGN State flag
State flag
construction sheet The state flag bears the lesser coat of arms , centered vertically and shifted to the hoist side by one-seventh of the flag's length
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Coat Of Arms Of Serbia
The COAT OF ARMS OF SERBIA is a re-introduction of the coat of arms of the Kingdom of Serbia
Serbia
(1882–1918) adopted by the Republic
Republic
of Serbia
Serbia
in 2004 and later slightly redesigned in 2010. The coat of arms consists of two main heraldic symbols which represent the national identity of the Serbian people across the centuries, the Serbian eagle (a white double-headed eagle adopted from the Nemanjić dynasty ) and the Serbian cross
Serbian cross
(or cross with fire-steels). CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 1945-2004 * 2 Description * 2.1 Serbian eagle * 2.2 Serbian cross
Serbian cross
* 3 Gallery * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Sources * 7 External links HISTORY1945-2004The Emblem of the Socialist Republic of Serbia was adopted the same time as the flag, on 17 January 1947 as the State Coat of arms
Coat of arms
of the People's Republic
Republic
of Serbia. It was designed by Đorđe Andrejević-Kun . The traditional shield of arms of Serbia
Serbia
with 4 fire steels (but without the cross ). The cross which has always been included shield of arms was removed for ideological reasons of socialist atheism
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Bože Pravde
"BOžE PRAVDE" (Serbian Cyrillic : Боже правде; ; English: God of Justice) is the national anthem of Serbia
Serbia
, as defined by the Article 7 of the Constitution of Serbia
Serbia
. Bože pravde
Bože pravde
was the anthem of the Principality of Serbia
Serbia
and the Kingdom of Serbia
Serbia
until 1918 when the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
was formed. It was recommended by the Parliament of Serbia
Serbia
on August 17, 2004 and constitutionally adopted on November 8, 2006. The recommended text was made Law on May 11, 2009. The original song was written in 1872 with music by Davorin Jenko
Davorin Jenko
and lyrics by Jovan Đorđević . It was then a piece for the theater play Marko kazuje na kome je carstvo (English: Marko names the Emperor), and its immense popularity with audiences prompted its adoption as the Serbian national anthem
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Kosovo
Coordinates : 42°35′N 21°00′E / 42.583°N 21.000°E / 42.583; 21.000 Republic of Kosovo * Republika e Kosovës (Albanian )* Република Косово Republika Kosovo (Serbian ) Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: " Europe " Location and extent of Kosovo in Europe
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Belgrade
BELGRADE (/ˈbɛlɡreɪd/ _BELL-grade_ ; Serbian : Beograd / Београд; Serbian pronunciation: ( listen ); names in other languages ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia . It is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, where the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkans . Its name translates to "White city". The urban area of the City of Belgrade has a population of 1.23 million, while over 1.65 million people live within its administrative limits. One of the most important prehistoric cultures of Europe, the Vinča culture , evolved within the Belgrade area in the 6th millennium BC. In antiquity, Thraco - Dacians inhabited the region, and after 279 BC Celts conquered the city, naming it _Singidūn _. It was conquered by the Romans during the reign of Augustus , and awarded city rights in the mid-2nd century. It was settled by the Slavs in the 520s, and changed hands several times between the Byzantine Empire , Frankish Empire , Bulgarian Empire and Kingdom of Hungary before it became the capital of Serbian king Stephen Dragutin (1282–1316). In 1521, Belgrade was conquered by the Ottoman Empire and became the seat of the Sanjak of Smederevo
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Ethnic Groups
An ETHNIC GROUP or ETHNICITY is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestral , language , social , cultural or national experiences . Ethnicity is often an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. In some cases, it can be adopted if a person moves into another society. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage , ancestry , origin myth , history , homeland , language or dialect , symbolic systems such as religion , mythology and ritual , cuisine , dressing style, art , and physical appearance . Ethnic groups, derived from the same historical founder population , often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool . By way of language shift , acculturation , adoption and religious conversion , it is sometimes possible for individuals or groups to leave one ethnic group and become part of another (except for ethnic groups emphasizing racial purity as a key membership criterion). Ethnicity is often used synonymously with ambiguous terms such as nation or people . In English, it can also have the connotation of something exotic (cf. " White ethnic ", "ethnic restaurant", etc.), generally related to cultures of more recent immigrants, who arrived after the founding population of an area was established
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Serbs
b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and Republic of Kosovo . The 2011 census in Kosovo was largely boycotted by the Serb community. c The number of people of Serb descent in North America and Australia is higher, as people who identify as having Yugoslav ancestry (310,682 in the U.S., 48,320 in Canada and 26,883 people in Australia ) are mostly of Serb origin
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Hungarians In Serbia
HUNGARIANS IN SERBIA are the second largest ethnic group in the country if not counting Kosovo
Kosovo
. According to the 2011 census, there are 253,899 ethnic Hungarians
Hungarians
composing 3.5% of the population of Serbia. The majority of them live in the northern province of Vojvodina
Vojvodina
, where they number 251,136 or 13% of the population of the province. Most Hungarians
Hungarians
in Serbia
Serbia
are Roman Catholics
Roman Catholics
by faith, while smaller numbers of them are Protestant (mostly Calvinist ). Hungarian is listed as one of the six official languages of Vojvodina. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Settlement * 1.2 World War II
World War II
* 1.3 After World War II
World War II
* 2 Demographics * 3 Politics * 4 Culture * 4.1 Media * 5 Notable people * 5.1 Born before 1920 in the Kingdom of Hungary
Kingdom of Hungary
* 5.2 Born after 1920 in Yugoslavia and Serbia
Serbia
* 6 See also * 7 Further reading * 8 References * 9 Notes * 10 External links HISTORY This section POSSIBLY CONTAINS ORIGINAL RESEARCH
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Roma In Serbia
ROMANI PEOPLE (Serbian : Роми/Romi) IN SERBIA , are the third largest ethnic group in Serbia, numbering 147,604 (2.1%) according to the 2011 census. Another name used for Roma in Serbia, often with a negative connotation, is CIGANI (Цигани). Several migration waves of Romani to Serbia
Serbia
are recorded from Romania, Turkey and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Romani people are divided into numerous subgroups, with different, although related, Romani dialects and history. The community has produced several notable musicians. Adding to a very large indigenous Roma population in Serbia
Serbia
which counts among the largest in the Balkans
Balkans
, anywhere between 46,000 to 97,000 Roma are internally displaced from Kosovo
Kosovo
after 1999. CONTENTS * 1 Subgroups * 2 History * 3 Culture * 4 Discrimination * 5 Demographics * 6 Political parties * 7 Notable people * 8 References * 9 Sources * 10 Further reading * 11 External links SUBGROUPSMain sub-groups include "Turkish Gypsies" (Turski Cigani), "White Gypsies" (Beli Cigani), "Wallachian Gypsies" (Vlaški Cigani) and "Hungarian Gypsies" (Mađarski Cigani), as studied by scholar Tihomir Đorđević (1868–1944). * Wallachian Roma . Migrated from Romania, through Banat
Banat

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Bosniaks Of Serbia
North America United States
United States
· Canada
Canada
South America Argentina · Bolivia · Brazil Chile · Colombia · Peru Oceania Australia
Australia
· New Zealand Culture Kinship · Architecture · Cultural Heritage Sites · Literature · Music ( Sevdalinka ) · Art · Cinema Cuisine · Sport History History of Bosniaks
Bosniaks
Rulers Language Bosnian Shtokavian South Slavic Serbo-Croatian
Serbo-Croatian
(Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian ) Related nations Muslims by nationality · Croats
Croats
Montenegrins · Serbs
Serbs
Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs
· Slovenes
Slovenes
South Slavs * v * t * e BOSNIAKS are the fourth largest ethnic group in SERBIA after Serbs
Serbs
, Hungarians and Roma , numbering 145,278 or 2.02% of the population according to the 2011 census. They are concentrated in south-western Serbia, and their cultural centre is Novi Pazar
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος _dẽmos_ "people, tribe", ὄνομα _ónoma_ "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously _GENTILIC_ was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the _ Oxford English Dictionary _ and _Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary_. Examples of demonyms include a _ Pakistani _ for a person from Pakistan , _Swahili _ for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial _Kiwi _ for a person from New Zealand , and a _Cochabambino_ for a person from the city of Cochabamba . Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region. Thus a _Thai_ may be any resident or citizen of Thailand of any ethnic group, or more narrowly a member of the Thai people . Conversely, some groups of people may be associated with multiple demonyms. For example, a native of the United Kingdom may be called a _ British person _, a _Briton_ or, informally, a _Brit_. In some languages, when a parallel demonym does not exist, a demonym is borrowed from another language as a nickname or descriptive adjective of a group of people
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